On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1746

  • Jan 11 William Curtis, English botanist/publisher (Botanical Magazine)
  • Jan 12 Johann Heinrich Pestalozzi, Swiss educator (Leonard & Gertrude), born in Zurich, Switzerland (d. 1827)

Gustav III

Jan 24 Gustav III, King of Sweden (1771-92), born in Stockholm (d. 1792)

Tadeusz Kościuszko

Feb 4 Tadeusz Kościuszko, Polish-Lithuanian Military Leader and statesman considered a national hero, born in Mereczowszczyzna, Polish–Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1817)

  • Feb 16 Johann Heinse, German Sturm und Drang novelist/art critic
  • Feb 26 Archduchess Marie Amalie of Austria, Duchess and de facto ruler of Parma, daughter of Maria Therese of Austria and sister of Marie Antoinette, born in Vienna (d. 1806)
  • Mar 5 Jacob Wallenberg, Swedish writer/naval chaplain
  • Mar 8 André Michaux, French botanist, born in Satory, France (d. 1802)
  • Mar 27 Carlo Buonaparte, Corsican attorney and father of emperor Napoleon, born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Republic of Genoa (d. 1785)
  • Mar 27 Michael Bruce, Scottish poet (Elegy written in Spring), born in Portmoak, Kinross-shire, Scotland (d. 1767)
  • Mar 30 Francisco Goya, Spanish court painter and etcher (The Second of May 1808), born in Fuendetodos, Spain (d. 1828)
  • Apr 11 Wentworth Cheswell, American auditor and teacher, 1st African American elected to public office in the US, born in Newmarket, New Hampshire (d. 1817)
  • Apr 23 Félix Vicq-d'Azyr, French physician and anatomist (discover the theory of homology in biology), born in Valognes, Normandy, France (d. 1794)
  • May 10 Gaspard Monge, French mathematician (d. 1818)
  • Jul 16 Giuseppe Piazzi, Italian astronomer (found 1st asteroid-Ceres), born in Ponte in Valtellina, Italy (d. 1826)
  • Jul 25 Bernardo de Gálvez, Spanish military leader and colonial administrator (Spanish Governor of Louisiana and Cuba, 1777-83, Viceroy of New Spain, 1785-6), born in Macharaviaya, Spain (d. 1786)
  • Jul 28 Thomas Heyward, signed US Declaration of Independence, born in St. Luke's Parish, South Carolina (d. 1809)
  • Aug 2 Joan Lucaz, Dutch journalist and patriot (d. 1807)
  • Aug 7 Daniel Albert Wyttenbach, German-Swiss classical scholar and historian, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1820)
  • Aug 8 Hieronymus van Alphen, Dutch poet of children's poems (Proeve van kleine gedigen voor Kinder), born in Gouda, The Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • Sep 4 Bernardus Bosch, Dutch vicar and poet, born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1803)
  • Sep 20 Móric Beňovský, Slovak military officer, explorer and self-declared King of Madagascar, born in Verbó, Kingdom of Hungary (d. 1786)
  • Sep 28 William Jones, British orientalist and jurist (Indo-European languages), born in London (d. 1794)
  • Nov 6 Absalom Jones, African-American abolitionist and clergyman, born into slavery in Delaware (d. 1818)
  • Nov 12 Jacques-Alexandre-César Charles, Beaugency, French inventor and balloonist who, with Nicholas Robert, was the first to take flight in a hydrogen balloon

Tiradentes

Nov 12 Tiradentes, Brazilian revolutionary and independence fighter (Inconfidência Mineira) considered a national hero, born in Fazenda do Pombal, Minas Gerais, Portuguese Colony of Brazil (d. 1792)

  • Nov 14 Giulio Gabrielli the Younger, Italian Cardinal

Robert R. Livingston

Nov 27 Robert R. Livingston, US Founding Father who delivered oath of office to George Washington, born in NYC, New York (d. 1813)

  • Nov 27 Increase Sumner, American politician (5th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Roxbury, Province of Massachusetts Bay (d. 1799)