On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1754

  • Jan 15 Richard Martin, Irish politician & animal rights activist, born in Ballynahinch Castle, Ireland (d. 1834)
  • Jan 24 Andrew Ellicott, American surveyor (d. 1820)
  • Jan 29 Moses Cleaveland, founder of Cleveland (d. 1806)
  • Jan 30 John Lansing Jr., American lawyer & statesman, born in Albany, New York (d. 1829)

Person of interestTalleyrand

Feb 2 Charles-Maurice de Talleyrand-Périgord, French statesman, born in Paris (d. 1838)

Politician and Diplomat Talleyrand
Politician and Diplomat
  • Feb 19 Vincenzo Monti, Italian poet/translator (Al Signor di Montgolfier)
  • Feb 19 Nicolas Baudin, French explorer, led cartographic survey of the coast of Australia, born in St-Pierre-de-Ré, France (d. 1803)
  • Mar 4 Benjamin Waterhouse, physician co-founder of Harvard Medical School, and smallpox vaccine pioneer,, born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1846)
  • Mar 17 Madame Roland [Marie-Jeanne Phlippon], French revolutionary (member of the Girondist faction), born in Paris, France (d. 1793)
  • Mar 23 Baron Jurij Vega, Slovenian mathematician, physicist, and artillery officer (d. 1802)
  • May 10 Asmus Jakob Carstens, painter
  • May 23 Andrea Appiani, Italian royal painter (Napoleon), born in Milan (d. 1817)
  • Jun 4 Franz Xaver, Baron Von Zach, Austrian astronomer, born in Pest, Hungary (d. 1832)
  • Jun 16 Salawat Yulayev, Bashkir national hero, poet (d. 1800)
  • Jul 11 Thomas Bowdler, British physician and writer (Family Shakespeare), born in Ashley, Somerset, England (d. 1825)
  • Jul 20 Antoine Destutt de Tracy, French Enlightenment philosopher, born in Paris (d. 1836)

Person of interestPierre Charles L'Enfant

Aug 2 Pierre Charles L'Enfant, French-born American architect who laid out Washington, D.C., born in Paris, France (d. 1825)

Washington D.C. Architect Pierre Charles L'Enfant
Washington D.C. Architect
Pierre Charles L'Enfant
  • Aug 18 François, marquis de Chasseloup-Laubat, French general (d. 1833)
  • Aug 21 William Murdoch, Scottish inventor (oscillating cylinder steam engine), born in Cumnock, East Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1839)
  • Aug 21 Banastre Tarleton, British soldier and politician (Waxhaws Massacre), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1833)

Person of interestLouis XVI

Aug 23 Louis XVI, King of France (1774-93) eventually guillotined, born in Versailles, Yvelines, France (d. 1793)

King of France Louis XVI
King of France
Louis XVI

Person of interestWilliam Bligh

Sep 9 William Bligh, British naval commander (mutinied against on HMS Bounty), born in Plymouth (probable), England (d. 1817)

Naval Commander William Bligh
Naval Commander
William Bligh
  • Sep 19 John Ross Key, American lawyer, commissioned officer in the Continental Army and the father of Francis Scott Key, born in Redland, Frederick County, Maryland (d. 1821)
  • Oct 16 Morgan Lewis, Governor of New York (1804-07) (d. 1844)

Person of interestJohn Laurens

Oct 28 John Laurens, American soldier, diplomat and abolitionist, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1782)

Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist John Laurens
Soldier, Diplomat and Abolitionist
John Laurens
  • Nov 26 Georg Forster, German writer, naturalist (A Voyage Round the World) and revolutionary, born in Nassenhuben (Mokry Dwór), Royal Prussia, Polish-Lithuanian Commonwealth (d. 1794)
  • Dec 2 William Cooper, American judge and developer (founded Cooperstown, New York), born in Smithfield, Pennsylvania (d. 1809)
  • Dec 7 Jack Jouett, American politician and patriot (warn Thomas Jefferson of British attack), born in Albemarle County, Virginia (d. 1822)
  • Dec 24 George Crabbe, English poet (Everlasting Mercy), born in Aldeburgh, England (d. 1832)