Historical Figures Born in 1755

  • Jan 7 Stephen Groombridge, English Astronomer (Catalogue of Circumpolar Stars), born in Goudhurst, Kent (d. 1832)

Alexander HamiltonAlexander Hamilton (1755-1804)

Jan 11 US Founding Father and 1st Secretary of the Treasury (1789-95), born in Charlestown, Nevis, West Indies

  • Feb 19 Pieter Gerardus van Overstraten, Dutch Governor-General of Dutch East Indies
  • Mar 12 Georges Couthon, French politician
  • Mar 24 Rufus King, American politician and framer of US constitution, born in Scarborough, Massachusetts (d. 1827)
  • Apr 1 Jean Anthelme Brillat-Savarin, French lawyer (Fisiologia del Gusto)
  • Apr 10 Samuel Hahnemann, German physician, originator of homeopathy, born in Meissen, Dresden (d. 1843)
  • Apr 11 James Parkinson, English physician (First description of Parkinson's disease) and political activist, born in Shoreditch, London (d. 1824)
  • Apr 16 Élisabeth-Louise Vigée Le Brun, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1842)
  • Apr 27 Marc-Antoine Parseval, French mathematician (Parseval's theorem), born in Rosières-aux-Salines, France (d. 1836)
  • May 10 Robert Gray, American sea captain and explorer who pioneered the maritime fur trade along the northern Pacific coast of North America, born in Tiverton, Rhode Island, British America (d. 1806)
  • May 21 Alfred Moore, American judge (d. 1810)

Nathan HaleNathan Hale (1755-1776)

Jun 6 American Revolutionary War patriot, "I only regret that I have but one life to give for my country", born in Coventry, Connecticut, North American Colonies

  • Jun 15 Antoine François, comte de Fourcroy, French chemist (d. 1809)
  • Jun 25 Princess Natalia Alexeievna of Russia, born in Prenzlau, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1776)
  • Jun 30 Paul-François-Jean-Nicolas, French politician of the French Revolution, born in Fox-Amphoux, France (d. 1829)
  • Jul 6 John Flaxman, English sculptor (Westminster Abbey tomb stones)
  • Jul 22 Gaspard de Prony, French mathematician (d. 1839)
  • Aug 4 Nicolas-Jacque Conte, French painter and inventor (modern pencil), born in Aunou-sur-Orne, France (d. 1805)
  • Sep 4 Axel von Fersen the Younger, Swedish Army officer, diplomat and statesman, born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1810)
  • Sep 9 Benjamin Bourne, American politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from Rhode Island), born in Bristol, Colony of Rhode Island and Providence Plantations, British America (d. 1808)
  • Sep 13 Oliver Evans, American inventor who pioneered high-pressure steam engine, born in Newport, Delaware (d. 1819)

John MarshallJohn Marshall (1755-1835)

Sep 24 4th Chief Justice of the United States (1801-35), born in Germantown, Virginia

  • Oct 31 Jean Louis van Aelbroeck, Flemish agronomist, born in Zottergem, Belgium (d. 1846)

Marie AntoinetteMarie Antoinette (1755-1793)

Nov 2 Queen of France (1774-92) who allegedly uttered the phrase "let them eat cake", born in Vienna, Austria

  • Nov 12 Gerhard von Scharnhorst, Prussia general and Minister of War (1808-10) who reformed the Prussian army, born in Bordenau, Electorate of Hanover, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1813)
  • Nov 15 Jan Blanken, Dutch hydraulic engineer, born in Bergambacht, Netherlands (d. 1838)

Louis XVIIILouis XVIII (1755-1824)

Nov 17 1st post-revolutionary King of France (1814-24), born in Versailles, France

  • Dec 3 Gilbert Stuart, American portrait painter (unfinished portrait of George Washington), born in Saunderstown, Rhode Island (d. 1828)
  • Dec 27 Anthony of Saxony, King of Saxony (1827-36), born in Dresden, Holy Roman Empire (d. 1836)