On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1759

  • Jan 5 Jacques Cathelineau, French royalist & army leader, born in Le Pin-en-Mauges, France (d. 1793)
  • Jan 17 Paul Cuffe, Mass, merchant/shipbuilder/African American nationalist
  • Jan 21 Johan Valckenaer, Dutch politician/patriot

Person of interestRobert Burns

Jan 25 Robert Burns, Scottish poet (Auld Lang Syne), born in Alloway, Scotland (d. 1796)

  • Feb 15 Friedrich A Wolfius, [Wolf], German philological (Prolegomena)
  • Mar 22 Hedwig Elizabeth Charlotte of Holstein-Gottorp, Queen of Sweden and Norway (d. 1818)

Person of interestMary Wollstonecraft

Apr 27 Mary Wollstonecraft Godwin, English writer and feminist (A Vindication of the Rights of Woman), mother of Mary Shelley, born in London (d. 1797)

Author and Women's Rights Advocate Mary Wollstonecraft
Author and Women's Rights Advocate
Mary Wollstonecraft
  • May 1 Jacob Albright, German-American Christian leader, founder of Albright's People (Evangelical Association), born in Fox Mountain, Pennsylvania (d. 1808)
  • May 6 François Andrieux, French playwright, born in Strasbourg, France (d. 1833)
  • May 20 William Thornton, British-American architect (Capitol Building in Washington, D.C), born in Jost Van Dyke, British Virgin Islands (d. 1828)

Person of interestWilliam Pitt the Younger

May 28 William Pitt the Younger, British Prime Minister (Tory: 1783-1801, 1804-06), born in Hayes, Kent, England (d. 1806)

British Prime Minister William Pitt the Younger
British Prime Minister
William Pitt the Younger
  • Jun 2 Jan Ekels, the Young, Dutch painter, born in Amsterdam (d. 1793)
  • Jun 8 Thomas Dunham Whitaker, British topographer, born in Rainham, Norfolk (d. 1821)
  • Jun 21 Alexander J. Dallas, American statesman and financier born in Kingston, Jamaica (d. 1817)
  • Jul 19 Seraphim of Sarov, Russian Orthodox Saint, born in Kursk, Russian Empire (d. 1833) [OS]
  • Jul 24 Victor Emmanuel I, King of Sardinia (1802-21), born in Royal Palace of Turin, Italy (d. 1824)

Person of interestWilliam Wilberforce

Aug 24 William Wilberforce, British politician, philanthropist and leader of the movement to abolish the slave trade, born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1833)

Abolitionist William Wilberforce
Abolitionist
William Wilberforce
  • Sep 19 William Kirby, English entomologist and original member of the Linnean Society and a Fellow of the Royal Society, born in Witnesham, Suffolk, England (d. 1850)
  • Sep 26 Ludwig Yorck von Wartenburg, Prussian Generalfeldmarschall, born in Potsdam, Brandenburg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1830)
  • Oct 4 Louis François Antoine Arbogast, French mathematician (Du calcul des derivations), born in Mutzig, France (d. 1803)
  • Oct 13 Ecco Epkema, Dutch classic linguist (Frisian, old-Frisian), born in Wirdum, Netherlands (d. 1832)
  • Oct 20 Chauncey Goodrich, U.S. Senator from Connecticut (d. 1815)

Person of interestWilliam Grenville

Oct 25 William Grenville, 1st Baron Grenville, Prime Minister of the United Kingdom (Whig: 1806-07), born in Wotton Underwood, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1834)

British Prime Minister William Grenville
British Prime Minister
William Grenville
  • Oct 25 Maria Feodorovna of Russia, second wife of Tsar Paul I of Russia, born in Stettin, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1828)

Person of interestGeorges Danton

Oct 26 Georges Danton, French politician and revolutionary (1st president of the Committee of Public Safety during the French Revolution), born in Arcis-sur-Aube, France (d. 1794)

Politician and Revolutionary Georges Danton
Politician and Revolutionary
Georges Danton