On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1778

  • Jan 3 Antoni Melchior Fijałkowski, Polish bishop (d. 1861)
  • Jan 24 Charles F, duke of Berry/son of French King Charles X
  • Jan 26 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Ultime lettere di Jacopo Ortis)
  • Jan 31 Franz Anton graaf von Kolowrat, Austrian premiere of Bohemia (1848)
  • Feb 4 A. P. de Candolle, Swiss botanist (d. 1841)
  • Feb 6 Ugo Foscolo, Italian poet (Last Letters of Jacopo Ortis), born in Zakynthos Island, Greece (d. 1827)
  • Feb 22 Rembrandt Peale, portrait/historical painter (Court of Death)

Person of interestJosé de San Martín

Feb 25 José de San Martín, Argentine General, liberated Argentina, Chile and Peru from Spanish rule, born in Yapeyú, Argentina (d. 1850)

Revolutionary Leader José de San Martín
Revolutionary Leader
José de San Martín
  • Mar 3 Frederica of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, Queen of Hanover (d. 1841)
  • Mar 19 Edward Pakenham, British general (d. 1815)
  • Mar 31 Coenraad Jacob Temminck, Dutch zoologist (d. 1858)
  • Apr 10 William Hazlitt, English essayist and critic, born in Kent, England (d. 1830)
  • May 18 Charles William Vane, 3rd Marquess of Londonderry (d. 1854)
  • Jun 7 Beau [George Bryan] Brummel, English dandy, born in London, England (d. 1840)
  • Jul 28 Charles Stewart, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), (d. 1869)
  • Aug 12 Francis Horner, politician

  • Aug 20 Bernardo O'Higgins, Chillán, Chile, South American independence leader who freed Chile from Spanish rule (1817-1823 Supreme Director of Chile)
  • Sep 2 Leopold F. J. J. J. van Sassen Ysselt, Dutch politician
  • Sep 2 Louis Bonaparte, King of Holland (d. 1846)
  • Sep 4 Louis Napoléon Bonaparte, French King of Netherlands (1806-10), born in Ajaccio, Corsica, Kingdom of France (d. 1846)
  • Sep 8 Clemens Brentano, German poet and author (The Story of the Just Casper and Fair Annie), born in Ehrenbreitstein, Germany (d. 1842)
  • Sep 19 Henry Brougham, 1st Baron Brougham and Vaux and Lord High Chancellor of Great Britain, born in Cowgate, Edinburgh (d. 1868)
  • Nov 1 Gustav IV Adolf, King of Sweden (1792-1809), born in Stockholm Palace, Sweden (d. 1837)
  • Nov 25 Mary Anne Schimmelpenninck, British Christian writer, born in Birmingham (d. 1856)
  • Nov 27 John Murray, Scottish publisher (d. 1843)
  • Dec 6 Joseph Louis Gay-Lussac, French physicist and chemist, born in Saint-Léonard-de-Noblat, Kingdom of France (d. 1850)
  • Dec 15 Godert van der Capellen, Dutch governor-general (Dutch-Indies), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Dec 17 Humphry Davy, English chemist, studied electro-chemistry, invented the Davy lamp), born in Penzance, Cornwall, England (d. 1829)

Person of interestJoseph Grimaldi

Dec 18 Joseph Grimaldi, English pantomimist and the "greatest clown in history", born in London (d. 1837)

Greatest Clown in History Joseph Grimaldi
Greatest Clown in History
Joseph Grimaldi
  • Dec 19 Princess Marie-Thérèse-Charlotte, eldest child of Marie Antoinette and Louis XVI (d. 1851)
  • Dec 21 Anders Sandøe Ørsted, Danish politician, born in Rudkøbing, Denmark (d. 1860)
  • Dec 26 Juan Lovera, Venezuela, artist
  • Dec 28 Franciszek Ksawery Drucki-Lubecki, Polish politician (d. 1846)