Historical Figures Born in 1780

  • Jan 10 Heinrich Lichtenstein, German physician & explorer, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1857)
  • Jan 12 Wilhelm Martin Leberecht de Wette, German exegetist and theologist, born in Ulla, Thuringia (d. 1849)
  • Feb 2 Johannes van den Bosch, Dutch colonial administrator (Governor-General of Dutch East Indies 1830-33), born in Herwijnen, Dutch Republic (d. 1844)
  • Feb 19 Friedrich Heinrich von der Hagen, German philologist (Nibelungenlied), born in Angermünde-Schmiedeberg i (d. 1856)
  • Feb 19 Richard McCarty, American politician, born in Coeymans, New York (d. 1844)
  • Mar 1 Leonard PJ du Bus de Gisignies, gov-general of Neth Indies (1826-30)
  • Mar 17 Thomas Chalmers, Scottish minister and 1st moderator (Free Church of Scotland 1843-47), born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1847)
  • Mar 18 Milos Obrenovic, Leader of The Second Serbian Uprising and Prince of Serbia (d. 1860)
  • Mar 27 August Leopold Crelle, German inventor and mathematician (1st Prussian Railway), born in Eichwerder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1855)
  • Mar 29 Jørgen Jørgensen, Danish explorer and adventurer (attempted to rule Iceland), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1841)
  • Apr 7 William Ellery Channing, American Unitarian clergyman
  • Apr 13 Alexander Mitchell, Irish engineer (inventor of the screw-pile lighthouse), born in Dublin (d. 1868)
  • Apr 29 Charles Nodier, French writer (History du chien the Brisquet), born in Besançon, France (d. 1844)

Elizabeth FryElizabeth Fry (1780-1845)

May 21 English prison reformer, social reformer and Quaker Minister, born in Norwich, England

  • Jun 3 William Hone, English author and bookseller (Every-Day Book)
  • Jul 1 Carl von Clausewitz, Prussian general and strategist, born in Burg bei Magdeburg, Prussia (d. 1831)
  • Aug 21 Jernej Kopitar, Slovene philologist and linguist (Slovenian Grammar), born in Repnje, Slovenia (d. 1844)
  • Aug 29 Jean-Auguste-Dominique Ingres, French painter (Valpincon Bather), born in Montauban, France (d. 1867)
  • Sep 25 Jason Fairbanks, American murderer, born in Dedham, Massachusetts (d. 1801)
  • Sep 28 Élie, Duke Decazes, French Bourbon Restoration politician (4th Prime Minister of France), born in Sainte-Martin-de-Laye, France (d. 1860)
  • Oct 10 John Abercrombie, Scottish physician, born in Aberdeen (d. 1844)
  • Oct 20 Pauline Bonaparte, Corsican duchess of Parma and Guastalla, sister of Napoleon Bonaparte, born in Ajaccio, Corsica (d. 1825)
  • Nov 22 José Cecilio del Valle, Honduran philosopher and politician, born in Choluteca, Honduras (d. 1834)
  • Dec 14 Karl Robert von Nesselrode, German-Russian diplomat, born in Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1862)
  • Dec 23 Charles-Louis Panckoucke, French publisher and editor (Bibliothèque latine-française) (d. 1844)
  • Dec 26 Mary Fairfax Somerville, British mathematician (d. 1872)