Historical Figures Born in 1788

  • Jan 8 Archduke Rudolph of Austria, Austrian clergyman & noble, born in Florence, Tuscany (d. 1831)
  • Jan 8 Pavel Kiselyov, Russian general & politician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1874)
  • Jan 11 William Thomas Brande, English chemist (d. 1866)

Lord ByronLord Byron (1788-1824)

Jan 22 English romantic poet (Don Juan), born in London

  • Feb 5 Karoly Kisfaludy, Hungarian pioneering dramatist (A Tat rok Magyarorsz gon), born in Tét, Hungary (d. 1830)

Robert PeelRobert Peel (1788-1850)

Feb 5 British Prime Minister (Tory/Conservative/Peelite: 1834-35; 1841-46), founder of the British Conservative Party and the modern police force (Bobbies), born in Bury, Lancashire, England

  • Feb 16 Juan van Halen, Dutch/Spanish officer/adventurer
  • Feb 22 Arthur Schopenhauer, German philosopher (Great Pessimist)
  • Mar 1 Gheorghe Asachi, Moldovian-Romanian author, poet, polyglot and humanist (1st newspaper in Moldavia), born in Hertsa, Principality of Moldavia (d. 1869)
  • Mar 7 Antoine César Becquerel, French physicist who pioneered the study of electric and luminescent phenomena, born in Châtillon-Coligny, France (d. 1878)
  • Mar 10 Joseph Freiherr von Eichendorff, German poet (Das Marmorbild)
  • Mar 12 Pierre J David [David d'Angers], French sculptor
  • Apr 2 Francisco Balagtas, Filipino poet (Florante at Laura), born in Barrio Panginay, Balagtas, Bulacan (d. 1862)
  • Apr 5 Franz Pforr, German painter and cartoonist (Lukasbund), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1812)
  • Apr 14 David G. Burnet, interim president of the Republic of Texas, born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1870)
  • Apr 17 Joseph Gilbert Totten, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • May 10 Augustin Fresnel, French civil engineer & physicist, born in Broglie, France (d. 1827)
  • May 10 Augustin-Jean Fresnel, optics pioneer/physicist
  • May 10 Catherine Pavlovna of Russia, German queen (d. 1819)
  • May 16 Friedrich Rückert, German Poet, Translator and Orientalist (d. 1866)
  • May 18 Hugh Clapperton, Scottish explorer of Africa, born in Annan, Scotland (d. 1827)
  • Jun 21 Princess Augusta of Bavaria, born in Strasbourg (d. 1851)
  • Jul 1 Jean-Victor Poncelet, French mathematician and engineer who was one of the founders of modern projective geometry, born in Metz, France (d. 1867)
  • Aug 2 Leopold Gmelin, German chemist (Gmelin's test), born in Göttingen, Germany (d. 1853)
  • Aug 15 Carel Sirardus Willem van Hogendorp, Dutch colonial director, born in Cossimbazar, British East India (d. 1856)
  • Aug 22 Thomas Tredgold, British civil engineer (railway design), carpenter, and writer (Elementary Principles of Carpentry), born in Brandon, Durham, England (d. 1829)
  • Aug 25 Cornelis J van Assen, Dutch jurist (Language of the Constitution), born in Harlingen, Friesland (d. 1859)
  • Sep 6 Friedrich Wilhelm von Schadow, German painter (Modern Vasari), born in Berlin (d. 1862)
  • Sep 10 Jacques Boucher de Crèvecœur de Perthes, French archaeologist (discovered flint tools in the gravels of the Somme valley), born in Rethel, Ardennes, France (d. 1868)
  • Sep 12 Alexander Campbell, Irish-American clergyman and Founder of Disciples of Christ, born in Ballymena, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1866)
  • Sep 21 Margaret Taylor (née Smith), wife of Zachary Taylor and 1st lady of the United States (1849-50), born in Calvert County, Maryland (d. 1852)
  • Sep 22 Theodore Hook, English author, famous practical joker and recipient of the world's 1st postcard, born in London (d. 1841)
  • Sep 30 FitzRoy Somerset, 1st Baron Raglan, British Army officer (commander of the British forces during the Crimean War), born in Badminton, England (d. 1855)
  • Oct 24 Sarah Josepha Hale, American writer (Mary Had a Little Lamb), editor, activist, and founder of the Seaman's Aid Society of Boston, born in Newport, New Hampshire (d. 1879)
  • Dec 29 Christian Jürgensen Thomsen, Danish antiquarian (named the stone/iron/bronze ages), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1865)