On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1797

  • Jan 4 Wilhelm Beer, German amateur astronomer (constructed 1st Moon map)
  • Jan 12 Gideon Brecher, Austrian physician (d. 1873)
  • Jan 22 Maria Leopoldina of Austria, Empress of Brazil (d. 1826)
  • Jan 30 Edwin Vose Sumner, American Major General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1863)
  • Feb 6 Joseph Maria von Radowitz, German diplomat, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Feb 22 William I, Berlin, King of Prussia (1861-88)/German Emperor (1871-88)
  • Feb 28 Mary Lyon, American educator (Mt Holyoke) (Hall of Fame)
  • Feb 28 Frederick, prince of Netherlands, general and admiral (10 day campaign), born in Berlin (d. 1881)
  • Mar 22 Kaiser Wilhelm I, German emperor (1871-88)
  • Mar 24 Antonio Rosmini-Serbati, philosopher/founder (Institute of Charity)
  • Mar 25 John Winebrenner, American clergyman, founded Church of God
  • Mar 27 Alfred Victor, Comte de Vigny, French musketeer and writer (Moise, Chatterton), born in Loches, France (d. 1863)
  • Apr 10 Claude Ambroise Seurat, Frenchman exhibited in England as "Human Skeleton", born in Champaigne France (d. 1826)
  • Apr 14 Adolphe Thiers, 1st president of 3rd French Republic (1871-77), born in Bouc-Bel-Air, France (d. 1877)
  • Apr 30 Andreas Victor Michiels, Dutch military governor of West-Sumatra, Dutch East Indies, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1849)

Person of interestAbraham Gesner

May 2 Abraham Gesner, Canadian geologist (inventor of kerosene), born in Cornwallis, Nova Scotia (d. 1864)

Physician and Geologist Abraham Gesner
Physician and Geologist
Abraham Gesner

  • May 18 Frederick Augustus II, King of Saxony (1836-54)
  • May 19 Maria Isabel of Portugal, queen of Spain (d. 1818)
  • Jun 24 John Hughes, 1st Archbishop of the Archdiocese of New York, born in Annaloghan, County Tyrone, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1864)
  • Jul 10 Piet [Petrus Lafras] Uys, South African pioneer (Great Pull), born in Potberg, Swellendam, South Africa (d. 1838)
  • Jul 17 Hippolyte Delaroche, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1856)
  • Jul 18 Immanuel Hermann Fichte, German philosopher, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar (d. 1879)
  • Jul 20 Paweł Edmund Strzelecki, Polish explorer and geologist, born in Glausche, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1873)
  • Jul 25 Princess Augusta of Hesse-Kassel, Duchess of Cambridge, born in Offenbach, Germany (d. 1889)
  • Jul 29 Daniel Drew, American financier (d. 1879)
  • Aug 9 Charles Robert Malden, British naval officer (discoverer of Malden Island, central Pacific), born in Putney, Surrey (d. 1855)

Person of interestMary Shelley

Aug 30 Mary Shelley, English author (Frankenstein), born in London, England (d. 1851)

Frankenstein Author Mary Shelley
Frankenstein Author
Mary Shelley
  • Sep 6 Wililam "Extra Billy" Smith, American lawyer and Confederacy (Confederate Army), born in King George County, Virginia (d. 1887)
  • Oct 3 Leopold II, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1870)
  • Oct 4 Jeremias Gotthelf [Albert Bitzius], Swiss writer (The Black Spider), born in Murten, Switzerland (d. 1854)
  • Oct 13 William Motherwell, Scottish civil servant and poet, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Oct 16 James Brudenell, British Earl Of Cardigan (led the Charge of the Light Brigade), born in Hambleden, England (d. 1868)
  • Oct 23 John J Rochussen, governor-general of Dutch-Indies (1845-51)
  • Nov 4 Aleksander Bestuzhev-Marlinsky, Russian author, born in St. Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1837)
  • Nov 7 Silas H. Stringham, Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Middletown, New York (d. 1876)

Person of interestCharles Lyell

Nov 14 Charles Lyell, Scottish geologist (Principles of Geology), born in Kinnordy, Angus, Scotland (d. 1875)

Geologist Charles Lyell
Geologist
Charles Lyell

Person of interestSojourner Truth

Nov 18 Sojourner Truth [Isabella Baumfree], African-American abolitionist and feminist, born in Swartekill, New York (d. 1883) [birth date is approximate]

Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate Sojourner Truth
Abolitionist and Women's Rights Advocate
Sojourner Truth
  • Dec 3 Francis Kenrick, Irish-American Archbishop of Baltimore (1851-63), born in Dublin, Kingdom of Ireland (d. 1863)
  • Dec 11 Hiram Paulding, American Rear Admiral (Union Navy), born in Cortlandt, New York (d. 1878)
  • Dec 17 Joseph Henry, American scientist and pioneer of electromagnetism, born in Albany, New York (d. 1878)