On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1805

  • Jan 8 John Bigler, American politician, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1871)
  • Jan 8 Orson Hyde, American religious leader, born in Oxford, Connecticut (d. 1878)
  • Jan 13 Thomas Dyer, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1862)
  • Jan 27 Samuel Palmer, painter/etcher (Valley of Vision), born in London, England
  • Jan 27 Sophie of Bavaria, archduchess of Austria (d. 1872)
  • Jan 27 Maria Anna of Bavaria, queen consort of Saxony (d. 1877)
  • Feb 1 Auguste Blanqui, French revolutionary (workers' leader)
  • Feb 3 Otto Theodor von Manteuffel, Prussian conservative statesman and Minister-President of the Kingdom of Prussia (1850-88), born in Lübben (Spreewald), Electorate of Saxony (d. 1882)
  • Feb 4 William H Ainsworth, English writer (Old St Paul's, Rookwood)
  • Feb 13 David Dudley Field II, American lawyer, law codifier, born in Haddam, Connecticut (d. 1894)
  • Feb 13 Peter G L Dirichlet, German number theorist/analysist
  • Feb 18 Louis Malesherbes Goldsborough, Rear Admiral (Union Navy)

Angelina Grimké

Feb 20 Angelina Grimké, American abolitionist, women's rights activist and suffragette (An Appeal to the Christian Women of the South), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1879)

  • Feb 21 David Tod, US diplomat and politician (Gov-R-Ohio, 1861-63), born in Youngstown, Ohio (d. 1868)
  • Mar 3 Jonas Furrer, first President of the Swiss Confederation (d. 1861)
  • Mar 16 Peter Ernst von Lasaulx, German philosopher and writer (d. 1861)

Hans Christian Andersen

Apr 2 Hans Christian Andersen, Danish author of 150 fairy tales (The Ugly Duckling, The Snow Queen), born in Odense, Denmark (d. 1875)

  • Apr 7 Francis Wilkinson Pickens, (Gov-SC, Confederacy), (d. 1869)
  • Apr 30 William Kerley Strong, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1867)
  • Jun 14 Robert Anderson, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1871)
  • Jun 15 William Butler Ogden, American real estate investor, politician (1st Mayor of Chicago, 1837-38), railroad executive (president of Union Pacific, 1862-63), and philanthropist, born in Walton, New York (d. 1877) at 72
  • Jun 21 Charles Thomas Jackson, American physician and geologist, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • Jun 22 Giuseppe Mazzini, Italian revolutionary (Il Apostolato Popolare)
  • Jun 29 Hiram Powers, American sculptor (Greek Slave), born in Woodstock, Vermont (d. 1873)
  • Jul 5 Robert FitzRoy, British naval officer and scientist, born in Ampton, Suffolk, England (d. 1865)
  • Jul 26 Constantino Brumidi, Greek-Italian-American historical artist (Myrtle Murdock), born in Rome (d. 1880)
  • Jul 29 Alexis de Tocqueville, French statesman/writer (Democracy in America)
  • Aug 4 William Rowan Hamilton, Irish astronomer and mathematician, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1865)
  • Aug 8 Antoon Jurgens, Dutch margarine manufacturer
  • Aug 9 Joseph Locke, English railway and civil engineer, born in Attercliffe, Sheffield, Yorkshire (d. 1860)
  • Aug 11 Pieter J Elout van Soeterwoude, Dutch judge/member of parliament
  • Aug 18 Josef Danhauser, Austrian painter (Mutterliebe), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1845)
  • Aug 23 Anton von Schmerling, Austrian statesman, born in Lichtental, Vienna, Austria (d. 1893)
  • Aug 29 Frederick Maurice, English theologian of the Church of England (Christian Socialism), and author, born in Normanston, Suffolk, England (d. 1872)
  • Aug 30 Michael Sars, Norwegian zoologist, born in Bergen, Norway (d. 1869)
  • Sep 2 Esteban Echeverría, Argentine writer (d. 1851)
  • Sep 6 Horatio Greenough, American neo-classical sculptor and writer (Form & Function), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1852)
  • Sep 7 Samuel Wilberforce, English bishop and one of the greatest public speakers of his day (remembered for his opposition to Darwin's theory of evolution), born in London (d. 1873)
  • Sep 18 Robert Cowdin, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jamaica, Vermont (d. 1874)
  • Sep 23 Matthew Adams Stickney, Rowley Mass, numismatist
  • Sep 27 George Müller, Prussian Christian evangelist and orphanage builder, born in Kroppenstedt, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1898)
  • Sep 30 Samuel Peter Heintzelman, American Major General (Union Army), born in Manheim, Pennsylvania (d. 1880)
  • Oct 23 Adalbert Stifter, Austrian author (Nachsommer)
  • Oct 23 John Russell Bartlett, American linguist (d. 1886)
  • Nov 7 Thomas Brassey, English civil engineering contractor, born in Buerton, Cheshire, England (d. 1870)
  • Nov 19 Ferdinand de Lesseps, French diplomat (built Suez Canal), born in Versailles, French Empire (d. 1894)
  • Nov 22 Benjamin Huger, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1877)
  • Nov 28 John Stephens, American explorer and archaeologist (pivotal figure in the rediscovery of Maya civilization throughout Middle America), born in Shrewsbury, New Jersey (d. 1852)
  • Dec 1 Lungtok Gyatso, 9th Dalai Lama, born near Dan Chokhor Monastery (d. 1815)
  • Dec 2 Ahmad Pasha Bey, 10th Husainid Bey of Tunis, (1837–1855) who abolished slavery, (d. 1855)
  • Dec 6 Adolf Reubke, German organ builder, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1875)
  • Dec 10 Johannes Elias Feisser, Dutch theologist and founder of 1st Dutch baptist church, born in Winsum, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1865)

William Lloyd Garrison

Dec 10 William Lloyd Garrison, American abolitionist, and publisher ("The Liberator"), born in Newburyport, Massachusetts (d. 1879)

  • Dec 10 Joseph Škoda, Bohemian physician, born in Pilsen, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1881)
  • Dec 12 Henry Wells, American businessman and founder (American Express Co & Wells Fargo & Co), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1878)
  • Dec 21 Thomas Graham, British chemist and father of colloid chemistry (d. 1869)
  • Dec 22 John Obadiah Westwood, British entomologist, born in Sheffield, United Kingdom (d. 1893)

Joseph Smith

Dec 23 Joseph Smith Jr, American founder of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Sharon, Vermont (d. 1844)

  • Dec 31 Marie d'Agoult (Daniel Stern), French author (Knife), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1876)