Historical Figures Born in 1811

  • Jan 5 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Charles Sumner, American leading Reconstruction senator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • Jan 9 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • Feb 3 Horace Greeley, American founder and editor of the New-York Tribune ("Go west, young man"), born in Amherst, New Hampshire (d. 1872)
  • Feb 6 Henry George Liddell, English lexicographer & father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland, born in Bishop Auckland, United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • Feb 8 Edwin Denison Morgan, American politician, Governor of New York, born in Washington, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • Feb 15 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), born in San Juan, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1888)
  • Feb 24 Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • Feb 24 Edward Dickinson Baker, British-American attorney, politician (US Senator from Oregon, 1860-61; US Representative from Illinois, 1845-47, 1849-51), and Union Army officer, born in London, England (d. 1861)
  • Mar 1 Robert Christie Buchanan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1878)
  • Mar 3 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • Mar 11 Marsena Rudolph Patrick, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hounsfield, New York (d. 1888)
  • Mar 11 Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • Mar 15 Robert Allen, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Point, Ohio (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 George Caleb Bingham, American politician/painter (Country Election)
  • Mar 20 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome
  • Mar 21 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)

Robert BunsenRobert Bunsen (1811-1899)

Mar 30 German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation

  • Apr 21 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • May 11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • May 11 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • May 24 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1877)
  • Jun 7 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)

Harriet Beecher StoweHarriet Beecher Stowe (1811-1896)

Jun 14 American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut

  • Jun 17 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, born in Hrafnseyri, Arnarfjörður, Iceland (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • Jun 21 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 Joseph Lanman, American naval officer (Union Navy), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1874)
  • Jul 11 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1896)
  • Jul 18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • Jul 20 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), born in London (d. 1863)

Elisha OtisElisha Otis (1811-1861)

Aug 3 American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont

  • Aug 6 Judah P. Benjamin, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of State and 2nd Confederate States Secretary of War, born in Christiansted, Danish West Indies (d. 1884)
  • Aug 11 Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • Aug 17 Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)
  • Aug 20 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • Aug 21 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • Aug 25 Joseph Dana Webster, American civil engineer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1876)
  • Aug 26 Danville Leadbetter, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Aug 29 Henry Bergh, Founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), born in NYC, New York (d. 1888)
  • Aug 31 Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hancock County, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • Aug 31 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • Sep 3 John Humphrey Noyes, American preacher and founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists), born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • Sep 6 James Melville Gilliss, American astronomer and Founder of Naval Observatory in Washington, born in Georgetown, Washington (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), born in Auderghem, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Sep 7 William Hemsley Emory, American Major General (Union Army), born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland (d. 1887)
  • Sep 12 James Hall, American geologist and paleontologist (Natural history of NY), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • Sep 15 Willem Josephus van Zeggelen, Dutch author, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • Sep 19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republican politician, born in Eichtersheim, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Sep 30 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • Oct 17 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • Oct 18 Hugh Thompson Reid, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Union City, Indiana (d. 1874)
  • Oct 25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • Oct 27 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), born in Pittstown New York (d. 1875)
  • Oct 27 Stevens T. Mason, First Governor of Michigan (1835-40), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1843)
  • Nov 7 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • Nov 11 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1862)
  • Nov 19 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • Nov 24 Ditler Monrad, Danish politician and bishop (Council President of Denmark 1863-65), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1887)
  • Nov 24 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • Nov 26 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, Qing Empire (d. 1872)
  • Nov 28 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Munich (d. 1864)
  • Nov 29 Wendell Phillips, American abolitionist, women's suffrage advocate and prison reformer, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • Dec 2 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), born in Rivière-Ouelle, Lower Canada (d. 1885)
  • Dec 18 Alexander Sandor Asboth, Hungarian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1868)
  • Dec 25 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz