On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1811

  • Jan 5 Cyrus Hamlin, American educator/missionary (est Robert College, Turkey), born in Waterford, Maine (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Charles Sumner, American leading Reconstruction senator, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1874)
  • Jan 9 Gilbert Abbott à Beckett, English writer (d. 1856)
  • Feb 3 Horace Greeley, American founder and editor of the New-York Tribune ("Go west, young man"), born in Amherst, New Hampshire (d. 1872)
  • Feb 6 Henry George Liddell, English lexicographer & father of the Alice in Alice in Wonderland, born in Bishop Auckland, United Kingdom (d. 1898)
  • Feb 8 Edwin Denison Morgan, Secretary of War (Confederacy), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 15 Domingo F Sarmiento, President of Argentina (1868-74), born in San Juan, Viceroyalty of the Río de la Plata (d. 1888)
  • Feb 24 Daniel A Payne, Bishop/reformer/educator of AME Church
  • Feb 24 Edward Dickinson Baker, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in London, England (d. 1861)
  • Mar 1 Robert Christie Buchanan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1878)
  • Mar 3 Vissarion Belinsky, Sveaborg Finland, Russian author (Literary Review)
  • Mar 11 Marsena Rudolph Patrick, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hounsfield, New York (d. 1888)
  • Mar 11 Urbain Jean Joseph le Verrier, co-discoverer (Neptune)
  • Mar 15 Robert Allen, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in West Point, Ohio (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 George Caleb Bingham, American politician/painter (Country Election)
  • Mar 20 Napoleon FKJ Bonaparte II, Napoleon's son/King of Rome

  • Mar 21 Nathaniel Woodard, English educationalist (d. 1891)

Person of interestRobert Bunsen

Mar 30 Robert Bunsen, German chemist who invented the Bunsen Burner, born in Göttingen, Westphalia, Rhine Confederation (d. 1899)

Chemist Robert Bunsen
Chemist
Robert Bunsen
  • Apr 21 Alson Sherman, American politician (8th Mayor of Chicago 1844-45), born in Barre, Vermont (d. 1903)
  • May 11 Chang & Eng Bunker, Chinese-Thai Siamese twins, born in Samutsongkram, Thailand (d. 1874)
  • May 11 Jean-Jacques Challet-Venel, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1893)
  • May 24 Charles Clark, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Ohio (d. 1877)
  • Jun 7 James Young Simpson, Scottish obstetrician who popularized chloroform for medicinal use, born in Bathgate, West Lothian, Scotland (d. 1870)

Person of interestHarriet Beecher Stowe

Jun 14 Harriet Beecher Stowe, American author (Uncle Tom's Cabin), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1896)

Abolitionist and Author Harriet Beecher Stowe
Abolitionist and Author
Harriet Beecher Stowe
  • Jun 17 Jón Sigurðsson, Icelandic independence fighter and Icelandic historian, born in Hrafnseyri, Arnarfjörður, Iceland (d. 1879)
  • Jun 19 Henry Prince, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Eastport, Maine (d. 1892)
  • Jun 21 Carlo Matteucci, Italian physicist and neurophysiologist (bioelectricity), born in Forlì, Papal States (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 John Archibald Campbell, American jurist and Supreme Court justice (1853–61), born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1889)
  • Jul 11 Joseph Lanman, American naval officer (Union Navy), born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1874)
  • Jul 11 William Robert Grove, Welsh physicist and inventor of the first fuel cell, born in Swansea, Wales (d. 1896)
  • Jul 18 William Makepeace Thackeray, British novelist (Vanity Fair), born in Kolkata, India (d. 1863)
  • Jul 20 James Bruce, 8th Earl of Elgin & Kincardine and Governor (Jamaica), born in London (d. 1863)

Person of interestElisha Otis

Aug 3 Elisha Otis, American founder of the Otis Elevator Company and inventor of a safety device that prevents elevators from falling if the hoisting cable fails, born in Halifax, Vermont (d. 1861)

Inventor and Elevator Industrialist Elisha Otis
Inventor and Elevator Industrialist
Elisha Otis
  • Aug 6 Judah P. Benjamin, 3rd Confederate States Secretary of State and 2nd Confederate States Secretary of War, born in Christiansted, Danish West Indies (d. 1884)
  • Aug 11 Judah P Benjamin, US lawyer/minister of Confederacy navy [or Aug 6]
  • Aug 17 Johannes H Scholten, Dutch theologist (Free Will)

  • Aug 20 Gilman Marston, American Brigadier General (Union Army) and politician (R-NH), born in Orford, New Hampshire (d. 1890)
  • Aug 21 William Kelly, American inventor (pneumatic process of steelmaking), born in Pittsburgh Pennsylvania (d. 1888)
  • Aug 25 Joseph Dana Webster, American civil engineer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1876)
  • Aug 26 Danville Leadbetter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Aug 29 Henry Bergh, Founder of American Society for the Prevention of Cruelty to Animals (ASPCA), born in NYC, New York (d. 1888)
  • Aug 31 Théophile Gautier, French writer, historian and poet (Albertus, La Chanson de Roland, Émaux et camées), born in Tarbes, France (d. 1872)
  • Aug 31 Goode Bryan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hancock County, Georgia (d. 1885)
  • Sep 3 John Humphrey Noyes, American preacher and founded the Oneida Community (Perfectionists), born in Brattleboro, Vermont (d. 1886)
  • Sep 6 James Melville Gilliss, American astronomer and Founder of Naval Observatory in Washington, born in Georgetown, Washington (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 Johanna D Courtmans-Berchmans, Flemish author (Rozeken Pot), born in Auderghem, Belgium (d. 1890)
  • Sep 7 William Hemsley Emory, American Major General (Union Army), born in Queen Anne's County, Maryland (d. 1887)
  • Sep 12 James Hall, American geologist and paleontologist (Natural history of NY), born in Hingham, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • Sep 15 Willem Josephus van Zeggelen, Dutch author, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1879)
  • Sep 19 Orson Pratt, American mathematician and religious leader, born in Hartford, New York (d. 1881)
  • Sep 28 Friedrich Hecker, German revolutionary republican politician, born in Eichtersheim, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Sep 30 Augusta of Saxe-Weimar, Queen of Prussia and German Empress (d. 1890)
  • Oct 17 Albertus C van Raalte, Dutch/US vicar (owned land in Mich)
  • Oct 18 Hugh Thompson Reid, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Union City, Indiana (d. 1874)
  • Oct 25 Évariste Galois, French mathematician (Group theory), born in Bourg-la-Reine, France (d. 1832)
  • Oct 27 Isaac Singer, American inventor (1st practical home sewing machine), born in Pittstown New York (d. 1875)
  • Oct 27 Stevens T. Mason, First Governor of Michigan (1835-40), born in Leesburg, Virginia (d. 1843)
  • Nov 7 Karel Jaromír Erben, Czech poet (Bouquet), born in Miletín, Austria (d. 1870)
  • Nov 11 Ben McCulloch, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Rutherford County, Tennessee (d. 1862)
  • Nov 19 John Ancrum Winslow, American naval officer (Mexican–American War), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1873)
  • Nov 24 Ditler G Monrad, Danish theologist/bishop/premier (1863- )
  • Nov 24 Ulrich Ochsenbein, Swiss Federal Councillor (d. 1890)
  • Nov 26 Zeng Guofan, Chinese statesman, military general and Confucian scholar of the late Qing dynasty, born in Xiangxiang, Hunan Province, Qing Empire (d. 1872)
  • Nov 28 Maximilian II of Bavaria, King of Bavaria (1848-64), born in Munich (d. 1864)
  • Nov 29 Wendell Phillips, women's suffrage/antislavery/prison reformer
  • Dec 2 Jean-Charles Chapais, Canadian politician (considered Father of the Canadian Confederation), born in Rivière-Ouelle, Lower Canada (d. 1885)
  • Dec 18 Alexander Sandor Asboth, Hungarian-American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Keszthely, Hungary (d. 1868)
  • Dec 25 Wilhelm E Freiherr von Ketteler, German politician/bishop of Mainz