On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1812

  • Jan 6 Melchora Aquino, Filipino revolutionary hero, born in Caloocan, Philippines (d. 1919)
  • Jan 10 Georg Hermann Nicolai, German architect & educator, born in Torgau, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Jan 13 Humphrey Marshall, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1872)
  • Jan 13 Victor de Laprade, French poet and critic (d. 1883)
  • Jan 15 Peter C Asbjornsen, Norwegian fairy tale writer, born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1885)
  • Jan 20 Ralph Pomeroy Buckland, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born Leyden, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jan 20 Thomas Meik, Scottish engineer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 21 Moses Hess, Jewish socialist and nationalist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1875)
  • Jan 31 John Randolph Tucker, American naval officer (Confederate Navy), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1883)

Person of interestCharles Dickens

Feb 7 Charles Dickens, English novelist (Oliver Twist, Tale of 2 Cities), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1870)

Novelist Charles Dickens
Novelist
Charles Dickens

Person of interestAlexander H. Stephens

Feb 11 Alexander H. Stephens, US Confederate Vice President, born in Crawfordville, Georgia (d. 1883)

Confederate States VP Alexander H. Stephens
Confederate States VP
Alexander H. Stephens
  • Feb 11 Benjamin Franklin Sands, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1883)
  • Feb 14 Alfred Thomas Agate, American artist, born in Sparta, New York (d. 1846)

Person of interestCharles Lewis Tiffany

Feb 15 Charles Lewis Tiffany, American jeweler and founder of Tiffany & Co, born in Killingly, Connecticut (d. 1902)

Jeweller and Entrepreneur Charles Lewis Tiffany
Jeweller and Entrepreneur
Charles Lewis Tiffany
  • Feb 16 Henry Wilson, (R) 18th VP (1873-75)
  • Feb 29 Sir James Wilson, Premier of Tasmania (d. 1880, also on 29 February)

  • Mar 1 Augustus Pugin, English-born architect (d. 1852)
  • Mar 6 Aaron Lufkin Dennison, father of American watchmaking
  • Mar 10 Victor Tesch, Belgian lawyer/min of Justice
  • Mar 11 James Speed, Atty Gen (Union), (d. 1887)
  • Mar 16 Henry Dwight Terry, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1869)
  • Mar 20 George Bibb Crittenden, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1880)
  • Mar 22 Stephen Pearl Andrews, American abolitionist (d. 1886)
  • Apr 3 Louisa Maria, Queen of Belgium (1832-50), Wife of Leopold I), born in Château de Saint-Germain-en-Laye, France (d. 1850)
  • Apr 6 Aaron Bernstein, writer
  • Apr 6 Alexander Herzen, Russian writer (d. 1870)
  • Apr 9 Randolph Barnes Marcy, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenwich, Massachusetts (d. 1887)
  • Apr 15 Théodore Rousseau, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1867)
  • Apr 22 Solomon Caesar Malan, British orientalist, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1894)
  • Apr 26 Alfred Krupp, German arms merchant, born in Essen, Germany (d. 1887)
  • Apr 27 William W. Snow, American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from New York (1851-53), born in Heath, Massachusetts (d. 1886)
  • Apr 28 Daniel Henry Rucker, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • Apr 30 Kaspar Hauser, German son of grand duke Karel van Bathe (who claimed to have grown up in the total isolation of a darkened cell) (d. 1833)
  • May 6 Martin Delany, African-American abolitionist and physician (1st African American major in US Army), born in Charles Town, Virginia (d. 1885)

Person of interestRobert Browning

May 7 Robert Browning, English poet (Pied Piper), born in London, England (d. 1889)

  • May 12 Edward Lear, English landscape painter and poet (Complete Nonsense Book), born in London, England (d. 1888)

  • May 12 Louis Ludwig Blenker, German-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Worms, Germany (d. 1863)
  • May 17 Joseph Warren Revere, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1880)
  • May 19 Felix Kirk Zollicoffer, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • May 23 Henri-François-Alphonse Esquiros, French poet and writer (Les Vierges Folles), born in Paris (d. 1876)
  • May 30 John Alexander McClernand, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Breckinridge County, Kentucky (d. 1900)
  • Jun 3 Pieter Mijer, Dutch gov-gen of Neth Indies (1866-72)
  • Jun 7 Theophilus Toulmin Garrard, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Clay County, Kentucky (d. 1902)
  • Jun 9 Hermann von Fehling, German chemist (Fehling's reagens)
  • Jun 9 Johann G Galle, German astronomer (discovered Neptune)
  • Jun 12 Edmond Hébert, French geologist, born in Villefargau, Yonne, France (d. 1890)
  • Jun 14 Fernando Wood, American politician, New York City mayor (1855-58 and 1860-62), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1881)
  • Jun 18 Ivan Goncharov, Russian novelist/travel writer (Oblomov)
  • Jun 28 Rudolf von Alt, Austrian painter, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1905)
  • Jul 1 Willem J d'Ablaing van Giessenburg, Dutch genealogist and heraldicus
  • Jul 15 Benno Adam, German animal painter, born in Munich (d. 1892)
  • Jul 15 James Hope-Scott, English barrister (d. 1873)
  • Jul 27 Thomas Lanier Clingman, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Huntsville, North Carolina (d. 1897)
  • Aug 8 John Rodgers II, Commander (Union Navy), (d. 1882)
  • Aug 25 Percival Drayton, American captain (Union Navy), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1865)
  • Sep 12 Richard Hoe, American inventor and industrialist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1886)
  • Sep 18 Herschel Vespasian Johnson, American politician (41st Governor of Georgia), born in Burke County, Georgia (d. 1880)
  • Sep 29 Adolph Gopel, German mathematician, born in Rostock
  • Oct 20 Austin Flint, 19th century heart research pioneer
  • Nov 2 Abraham I van Lier, theater director (Gran Theatre-van Lier)
  • Nov 4 Aleardo [Gaetano] Aleardi, Italian poet (Lettere a Maria), born in Verona, Austrian Empire (d. 1878)
  • Nov 9 Paul Abadie, French master builder (renovated Notre Dame), born in Paris (d. 1884)
  • Nov 14 Maria Christina of Savoy, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1836)
  • Nov 18 Jesse J. Finley, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lebanon, Tennessee (d. 1904)
  • Nov 19 Karl Schwarz, German theologian, born in Wiek, Rügen, Germany (d. 1885)
  • Dec 4 Elias Smith Dennis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newburgh, New York (d. 1894)
  • Dec 6 Robert Spear Hudson, English businessman, born in West Bromwich, Staffordshire (d. 1884)
  • Dec 14 Charles Canning, English 1st viceroy of British-Indies, born in Brompton, London (d. 1862)
  • Dec 16 William Grose, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1900)
  • Dec 23 Samuel Smiles, Scotland, author (Self-Help, Character, Duty)
  • Dec 24 Karl Eduard Zachariae, German jurist, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1894)