On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1813

  • Jan 4 Alexander Freiherr von Bach, Austria attorney/premier (1852-59)

Person of interestIsaac Pitman

Jan 4 Isaac Pitman, English teacher and inventor of Pitman shorthand (Stenographic Soundhand), born in Trowbridge, England (d. 1897)

English Teacher and Inventor Isaac Pitman
English Teacher and Inventor
Isaac Pitman
  • Jan 4 Louis L Bonaparte, English/French linguist/senator
  • Jan 5 Thomas Neville Waul, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sumter County, South Carolina (d. 1903)
  • Jan 7 Ann Rutledge, said to be Abraham Lincoln's true love, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1835)
  • Jan 13 Agostino Depretis, Italian statesman, Prime Minister of Italy (1876-78, 1778-79, 1881-87), born in Bressana Bottarone, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1887)
  • Jan 15 James Marion Sims, American physician & surgical pioneer (vesicovaginal operation), born in Lancaster County, South Carolina (d. 1883)
  • Jan 18 Joseph Glidden, American inventor of 1st commercial usable barbed wire, born in Charlestown, New Hampshire (d. 1906)
  • Jan 19 Henry Bessemer, engineer/inventor (Bessemer engine)
  • Jan 20 Jacon Gartner Lauman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Taneytown, Maryland (d. 1867)
  • Jan 26 Juan Pablo Duarte, Dominican founding father (d. 1876
  • Jan 31 Samuel Sarphati, Amsterdam, physician/pharmacist/social activist
  • Feb 8 Jacob G Agarah, Swedish algologist
  • Feb 11 Otto Ludwig, German writer and critic (d. 1865)
  • Feb 13 Charles Pierre Schimpf, governor of Suriname (1855-59)
  • Feb 14 John McNeil, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia, Canada (d. 1891)

  • Feb 16 Joseph Reid Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) (d. 1892)
  • Mar 4 Wijnand Nuijen, Dutch romantic and water color painter (Wrecked), born in Den Haag, Netherlands (d. 1839)
  • Mar 15 John Snow, English epidemiologist (d. 1858)
  • Mar 18 Friedrich Hebbel, writer

Person of interestDavid Livingstone

Mar 19 David Livingstone, Scottish explorer (found by Stanley in Africa), born in Blantyre, South Lanarkshire, Scotland (d. 1873)

Physician and Explorer David Livingstone
Physician and Explorer
David Livingstone
  • Mar 20 Matthias Keller, German hymm writer (O Farther un High), born in Ulm, Württemberg (d. 1875)
  • Mar 21 James Jesse Strang, King of Mormons on Beaver Is, MI (1850-56)
  • Mar 22 Gabriel René Paul, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1886)
  • Mar 26 Thomas West Sherman, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1879)
  • Mar 27 Nathaniel Currier, American lithographer (Currier & Ives), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • Mar 29 John Letcher, American lawyer and politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Virginia, born in Lexington, Virginia (d. 1884)
  • Apr 14 Junius Spencer Morgan, American merchant and philanthropist (Metro Museum of Art), born in Holyoke, Massachusetts (d. 1890)
  • Apr 17 Henry Washington Benham, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cheshire, Connecticut (d. 1884)
  • Apr 18 James McCune Smith, African-American doctor and abolitionist, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1865)
  • Apr 23 Stephen A. Douglas, American politician, US senator from Illinois (Lincoln-Douglas debates), born in Brandon, Vermont (d. 1861)
  • Apr 23 Frédéric Ozanam, French scholar and founder of the Society of Saint Vincent de Paul, born in Milan, Italy (d. 1853)
  • May 5 Søren Kierkegaard, Danish philosopher, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1855)
  • May 6 Joseph Tarr Copeland, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in New Castle, Maine (d. 1893)
  • May 10 Montgomery Blair, American lawyer (Dred Scott V Sandford), born in Franklin County, Kentucky (d. 1883)
  • May 12 Johann Czerski, German chaplin

  • May 23 Mason Brayman, American attorney, newspaperman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1895)
  • Jun 6 Israel Washburn Jr., American politician, U.S. House of Representatives from Maine (1853-61), born in Livermore, Massachusetts (d. 1883)
  • Jun 8 David Dixon Porter, United States Navy admiral, born in Chester, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • Jun 16 Otto Jahn, German archaeologist (d. 1869)
  • Jun 18 Pavel Annenkov, Russian literature historian (Zametsjatelnoje desjatileti), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1887)
  • Jun 24 Henry Ward Beecher, American clergyman/orator (Independent), born in Litchfield, Connecticut (d. 1887)
  • Jun 25 William High Keim, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • Jul 7 William Scott Ketchum, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1871)
  • Jul 12 Claude Bernard, French physiologist involved in the founding of modern physiology (blind experiments), born in Saint-Julien, Rhône (d. 1878)
  • Jul 26 Isaac Baumann, Jewish pioneer and trader in Bloemfontein, South Africa, born in Kassel Hesse, Germany (d. 1881)
  • Aug 5 Carnot Posey, Confederate brigadier general
  • Aug 5 Ivar A Aasen, Norwegian linguistic/poet
  • Aug 15 Jules Grévy, 2nd President of the French Third Republic, born in Mont-sous-Vaudrey, France (d. 1891)
  • Aug 18 Benjamin Alvord, American scientist and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Vancouver, Washington (d. 1884)
  • Aug 21 Jean Stas, Belgian chemist, born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • Aug 26 Nicaise de Keyser, Flemish painter (Battle of Guilder Tracks)
  • Aug 30 Princess Mathilde Caroline of Bavaria, eldest daughter of Ludwig I of Bavaria, born in Augsburg, Germany (d. 1862)

Person of interestMark Hopkins

Sep 1 Mark Hopkins, American business tycoon and railroad executive (Central Pacific Railroad), born in Henderson, New York (d. 1878)

Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive Mark Hopkins
Business Tycoon and Railroad Executive
Mark Hopkins
  • Sep 11 Conrad Feger Jackson, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Alsace Township, Pennsylvania (d. 1862)
  • Sep 13 John Sedgwick, American Major General (Union Army), who is best remembered for his famous last words "they couldn't hit an elephant at this distance" before being shot in battle, born in Cornwall, Connecticut (d. 1864)
  • Oct 9 John J. Pettus, American politician, Confederate governor (D-Miss, 1859-63), born in Wilson County, Tennessee (d. 1867)
  • Oct 12 Lyman Trumbull, U.S. Senator from Illinois (1855-73), born in Colchester, Connecticut (d. 1896)
  • Oct 17 Georg Büchner, German playwright (d. 1837)
Explorer and Naturalist Ludwig Leichhardt
Explorer and Naturalist
Ludwig Leichhardt
  • Nov 13 John Wolcott Phelps, American abolitionist, author and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Guilford County, Vermont (d. 1885)
  • Nov 13 Peter II, prince-bishop of Montenegro (1830-51) and poet (The Ray of The Microcosm), born in Njeguši, Montenegro (d. 1851)
  • Nov 29 Franz von Miklosich, Slovenian linguist (d. 1891)
  • Nov 30 Hermann Kurz, German poet and novelist (Schillers Heimatjahre), born in Reutlingen, Germany (d. 1873)
  • Nov 30 Louise-Victorine Ackermann, French poet (works characterized by a deep sense of pessimism), born in Paris (d. 1890)
  • Dec 10 Zachariah Chandler, American merchant and politician (found Republican Party), born in Bedford, New Hampshire (d. 1879)
  • Dec 19 Thomas Andrews, Irish chemist and physicist (ozone), born in Belfast (d. 1885)
  • Dec 20 Samuel Jordan Kirkwood, American politician (Gov-Iowa)/US Sect of Interior (1881-82), born in Harford Country, Maryland (d. 1894)
  • Dec 25 Milledge Luke Bonham, (Confederacy) (d. 1890)