On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1814

  • Jan 1 Hong Xiuquan, Chinese rebel (d. 1864)
  • Jan 10 Aubrey de Vere, Irish poet & critic (Victorian Observer), born in Toreen, Republic of Ireland (d. 1902)
  • Jan 11 James Paget, English surgeon (disease of Paget)
  • Jan 11 Richard Griffith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1862)
  • Jan 12 Jones Mitchell Withers, Mjr General (Confederate Army), (d. 1890)
  • Jan 17 Ellen Wood, English author (East Lynne, Pomeroy Abbey)
  • Jan 24 Abraham Czn van Stolk, Dutch art collector
  • Jan 25 Francis Harrison Pierpont, American lawyer & politician (Union), born in Morgantown, West Virginia (d. 1899)
  • Jan 26 Rufus King, American newspaper editor, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1876)
  • Jan 27 Eugène Viollet-le-Duc, French architect (d. 1879)
  • Jan 30 Jean-Baptist Capronnier, French-Belgian glass painter, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • Feb 7 Gardner Quincy Colton, American lecturer who was the first to use nitrous oxide as an anesthetic in dentistry, born in Georgia, Vermont
  • Feb 9 Samuel Jones Tilden, philanthropist for NY Public Library
  • Feb 18 Samuel Fenton Cary, U. S. Congressman (d. 1900)
  • Feb 25 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, born in Moryntsi, Ukraine (d. 1861) [OS]
  • Feb 26 Charles Joseph Sainte-Claire Deville, French geologist (d. 1876)
  • Mar 5 Wilhelm von Giesebrecht, German historian (d. 1889)
  • Mar 8 Ede Szigligeti [József Szathmáry], Hungarian dramatist, born in Nagyvárad-Olaszi (d. 1878)
  • Mar 9 Taras Shevchenko, Ukrainian national poet and painter, born in Moryntsi, Ukraine (d. 1861) [NS]
  • Mar 22 Thomas Crawford, US sculptor (Babes in the Wood)
  • Mar 24 Galen Clark, American naturalist/discovered Mariposa Grove
  • Apr 2 Henry L. Benning, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia County, Georgia (d. 1875)
  • Apr 2 Erastus Brigham Bigelow, American inventor of weaving machine, born in West Boylston, Massachusetts (d. 1879)
  • Apr 3 Lorenzo Snow, 5th president of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Mantua, Ohio (d. 1901)
  • Apr 4 John Blair Smith Todd, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1872)
  • Apr 15 John Lothrop Motley, American historian and author (The Rise of the Dutch Republic), born in Dorchester, Boston (d. 1877)
  • Apr 19 Louis Amédée Achard, French novelist (The Cloak and Dagger), born in Marseille, France (d. 1875)
  • Apr 21 Angela Burdett-Coutts, English philanthropist extrordinaire and "the richest heiress in England", born in London (d. 1906)
  • Apr 24 Vicente Fidel López, Argentine historian (La Novia del Hereje), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1903)
  • May 8 Thomas Green, American soldier & lawyer (Confederate Army), born in Buckingham County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • May 8 Mikhail Bakunin, Russian revolutionary anarchist, born in Pryamukhino, Tver Governorate of the Russian Empire (d. 1876)
  • May 14 Charles Beyer, German-British locomotive engineer (d. 1876)
  • May 30 Eugène Charles Catalan, French-Belgian mathematician (worked on continued fractions, descriptive geometry, number theory and combinatorics), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1894)
  • Jun 8 Charles Reade, English novelist (Cloister & Hearth), born in Ipsden, Oxfordshire (d. 1884)
  • Jun 19 Jan Hendrik Weissenbruch, Dutch landscape painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • Jun 22 James Henry Lane, US General during Civil War (Union) and Senator (Kansas), born in Lawrenceburg, Indiana (d. 1866)
  • Jun 25 Gabriel Auguste Daubrée, French geologist, born in Metz, France (d. 1896)
  • Jul 6 Justus McKinstry, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1897)

Person of interestSamuel Colt

Jul 19 Samuel Colt, American inventor and industrialist (Colt 6 shot revolver), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1862)

Inventor/Industrialist Samuel Colt
Inventor/Industrialist
Samuel Colt
  • Aug 1 Ivan Gagarin, Russian Jesuit and founding editor of Études, born in Moscow (d. 1882)
  • Aug 1 Maxcy Gregg, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1862)
  • Aug 8 Esther Morris [Esther Hobart McQuigg], American suffragist, anti-slavery activist, and 1st female justice of the peace in the US, born in Tioga County, New York (d. 1902)
  • Aug 10 John Clifford Pemberton, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1881)
  • Aug 10 William Lowndes Yancey, MC (Confederacy), (d. 1863)

Person of interestHenri Nestlé

Aug 10 Henri Nestlé, German-Swiss industrialist (founder of Nestlé), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1890)

Founder of Nestlé Henri Nestlé
Founder of Nestlé
Henri Nestlé
  • Aug 13 Anders Jonas Ångström, Swedish physicist (Spectroscopy), born in Lögdö, Medelpad, Sweden (d. 1874)
  • Aug 14 Henry Hayes Lockwood, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent County, Delaware (d. 1899)
  • Aug 23 James Roosevelt Bayley, first Bishop of Newark, New Jersey, and the eighth Archbishop of Baltimore, born in NYC, New York (d. 1877)
  • Aug 28 Sheridan Le Fanu, Irish writer (The House by the Churchyard), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1873)
  • Sep 2 Ernst Curtius, German archaeologist/historian
  • Sep 6 George Cartier, Canadian co-PM (1858-62), born in Saint-Antoine-sur-Richelieu, Quebec, Canada (d. 1873)
  • Sep 8 Charles-Étienne Brasseur de Bourbourg, French writer and historian, born in Bourbourg, France (d. 1874)
  • Sep 13 Nicolas Beets [Hildebrand], Dutch writer (Camera Obscura) and theologian, born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • Oct 3 Mikhail Lermontov, Russian poet and writer (Demon & other poems), born in Moscow (d. 1841)
  • Oct 11 Jean Baptiste Lamy, 1st Archbishop of Santa Fe (1853-85), born in Lempdes, Puy-de-Dôme, France (d. 1888)
  • Oct 25 Prince Louis, French Duke of Nemours, born in Palais Royal, Paris (d. 1896)
  • Oct 27 Daniel H. Wells, Mormon leader and 3rd Mayor of Salt Lake City, born in Trenton, New York (d. 1891)
  • Nov 8 Girolamo de Rada, Albanian poet (Skanderbeku), born in Macchia Albanese, Kingdom of Sicily (d. 1903)
  • Nov 13 Joseph Hooker, American Major General (Union Army), born in Hadley, Massachusetts (d. 1879)
  • Nov 14 Michael Kelly Lawler, Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in County Kildare, Ireland (d. 1882)
  • Nov 15 Pleasant Adam Hackleman, American lawyer, politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Franklin County, Indiana (d. 1862)
  • Nov 17 Joseph Finegan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • Nov 22 Serranus Clinton Hastings, American politician and lawyer (3rd Attorney General of California), born in Watertown, Jefferson County, New York (d. 1893)
  • Nov 25 Julius Robert von Mayer, German physician and physicist (first law of thermodynamics), born in Heilbronn, Württemberg (d. 1878)

Person of interestEdwin Stanton

Dec 19 Edwin Stanton, US Secretary of War during most of the American Civil War (1861-65) and US Attorney General (1860-61), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1869)

US Secretary of War Edwin Stanton
US Secretary of War
Edwin Stanton
  • Dec 25 Jan de Liefde II, Dutch vicar/founder (Coop of Welfare of the People)
  • Dec 27 James Henry Carleton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Lubec, Maine (d. 1873)