Historical Figures Born in 1818

  • Jan 11 John Reese Kenly, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1891)
  • Jan 14 Zacharias Topelius, Finnish historical novelist (Surgeon's Stories), born in Nykarleby, Finland (d. 1898)
  • Jan 17 Antoine Dorion, (L) joint premier of Canada (1858, 1863-64)
  • Jan 18 Johannes van Vloten, Dutch literary figure and theologist
  • Jan 28 George Sewall Boutwell, MC (Union), (d. 1905)
  • Jan 31 William Raine Peck, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1871)
  • Feb 6 William Maxwell Evarts, American lawyer & statesman (Union), born in Charlestown, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • Feb 8 Austin Blair, American politician, Governor of Michigan, born in New York (d. 1894)
  • Feb 10 Isham Green Harris, Gov (Confederacy), (d. 1897)
  • Feb 12 Otto Ludwig, German writer (Die Heiterethei)

Frederick DouglassFrederick Douglass (c. 1817/18-1895)

Feb 14 African-American abolitionist, lecturer and editor who was also an escaped slave [exact birth year unknown], born in Talbot County, Maryland

  • Feb 23 Jeremy F Gilmer, Maj Gen/Chief Engineer Confederate War Dept
  • Mar 6 William Claflin, 27th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1905)
  • Mar 10 George Wythe Randolph, American Secretary of War for the Confederacy, born in Charlottesville, Virginia (d. 1867)
  • Mar 11 John Wilkins Whitfield, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Franklin, Tennessee (d. 1879)
  • Mar 12 John Lorimar Worden, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1897)
  • Mar 13 Albion Parris Howe, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Standish, Maine (d. 1897)
  • Mar 15 Mariano Álvarez, Filipino general (d. 1924)
  • Mar 22 John Ainsworth Horrocks, English-born explorer of South Australia (d. 1846)
  • Mar 23 Don Carlos Buell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Lowell, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Mar 25 Isaac Ingalls Stevens, American Major General (Union Army), born in North Andover, Massachusetts (d. 1862)
  • Mar 28 Wade Hampton, American politician, Lt Gen (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1902)
  • Apr 4 Thomas Mayne Reid, Irish-American novelist (The Headless Horseman), born in Ballyroney, County Down, Ireland (d. 1883)
  • Apr 5 Lewis Baldwin Parsons, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Perry, New York (d. 1907)
  • Apr 6 Aasmund Olavsson Vinje, Norwegian poet (d. 1870)
  • Apr 8 Christian IX, King of Denmark (1863-1906), born in Gottorf Castle, Schleswig, Duchy of Schleswig (d. 1906)
  • Apr 14 Marie of Saxe-Altenburg, Queen of Hanover, born in Hildburghausen, Saxe-Hildburghausen (d. 1907)
  • Apr 20 Heinrich Göbel, German-born mechanic and inventor, born in Springe, Germany (d. 1893)
  • Apr 22 Cadwallader Colden Washburn, American Major General (Union Army), born in Livermore, Maine (d. 1882)
  • Apr 23 James Anthony Froude, English historian and novelist (The Nemesis of Faith), born in Dartington Rectory, Devon (d. 1894)
  • Apr 23 John Gill Shorter, American politician (17th Governor of Alabama), born in Monticello, Georgia (d. 1872)

Alexander IIAlexander II (1818-1881)

Apr 29 Tsar of Russia (1855-81), born in the Moscow Kremlin in Russia

  • May 1 José Amador de los Ríos, Spanish historian and poet, born in Baena, Spain (d. 1878)

Karl MarxKarl Marx (1818-1883)

May 5 German philosopher (Communist Manifesto, Das Kapital), born in Trier, Prussia

  • May 20 William George Fargo, founder (Wells Fargo)
  • May 25 Jacob Burckhardt, Swiss cultural historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1897)
  • May 27 Amelia Jenks Bloomer, American reformer who campaigned for temperance and women’s rights, born in Homer, New York (d. 1894)
  • May 28 P. G. T. Beauregard, American Confederate general (Hero of Sumter), born in St. Bernard Parish, Louisiana (d. 1893)
  • May 31 John Albion Andrew, American politician (25th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Windham, Massachusetts (d. 1867)
  • Jun 3 Louis Faidherbe, French general and colonel administrator in Senegal, born in Lille, France (d. 1889)
  • Jun 17 Sophie of Württemberg, Queen of Netherlands as wife of William III, born in Ludwigsburg Palace, Stuttgart, Württemberg (d. 1877)
  • Jun 21 Joseph Abel Haskin, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Troy, New York (d. 1874)
  • Jun 23 Simon Vissering, Dutch economist/minister of Finances (1879-81)
  • Jul 1 Ignaz Semmelweis, Hungarian physician who discovered the cause of puerperal (childbed) fever and introduced antisepsis into medical practice, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1865)
  • Jul 10 John Stuart Williams, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Mount Sterling, Kentucky (d. 1898)
  • Jul 14 Nathaniel Lyon, American Brigadier General (Union Army), 1st Union General to die in battle, born in Ashford, Connecticut (d. 1861)
  • Jul 18 Louis Gerhard De Geer, 1st Swedish Prime Minister (1876-80), born in Finspång Castle, Sweden (d. 1896)

Emily BrontëEmily Brontë (1818-1848)

Jul 30 English novelist (Wuthering Heights), born in Thornton, West Yorkshire

  • Jul 30 John Heemskerk, Dutch politician (Minister of the Interior 1866-88), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1897)
  • Jul 31 Heinrich Kiepert, German cartographer/geographer
  • Aug 1 Maria Mitchell, 1st US woman astronomer (Vassar), born in Nantucket, Massachusetts (d. 1889)
  • Aug 2 Prince Alexander of the Netherlands, Prince of Orange-Nassau, born in Soestdijk, Netherlands (d. 1848)
  • Aug 3 Joseph Schadde, Flemish architect (New Stock exchange Antwerp), born in Antwerp (d. 1894)
  • Aug 4 Lovell Harrison Rosseau, American lawyer politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Stanford, Kentucky (d. 1869)
  • Aug 13 Lucy Stone, American abolitionist (US Woman's Suffrage Association), born in West Brookefield, Massachusetts (d. 1893)
  • Aug 18 William Farquhar Barry, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1879)
  • Aug 23 Rufus Ingalls, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Denmark, Maine (d. 1893)
  • Aug 30 Alexander H. Rice, American businessman and politician, 30th Governor of Massachusetts (1876-78), born in Newton, Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Sep 7 Thomas Talbot, American politician, 31st Governor of Massachusetts, born in Cambridge, New York (d. 1885)

Richard Jordan GatlingRichard Jordan Gatling (1818-1903)

Sep 12 American inventor famous for the Gatling Gun, the 1st hand-cranked machine gun, born in Hertford County, North Carolina

  • Sep 13 Gustave Aimard, French world explorer and writer (Grande Flibuste), born in Paris (d. 1883)
  • Sep 16 Francis Seymour Haden, English surgeon and etcher, born in London (d. 1910)
  • Sep 18 Marcellus Augustus Stovall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Sparta, Georgia (d. 1895)
  • Oct 4 Francesco Crispi, Italian statesman, born in Ribera, Italy (d. 1901)
  • Oct 8 John Henninger Reagan, American Confederate politician, born in Sevier County, Tennessee (d. 1905)
  • Oct 15 Irvin McDowell, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1885)
  • Oct 18 Edward Otho Cresap Ord, American engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1883)
  • Oct 22 Leconte de Lisle, French poet and writer, born in Saint-Paul, Réunion, France (d. 1894)
  • Oct 25 Pavel Melnikov, Russian historian and author (In the Forests), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russian Empire [NS=Nov 6]
  • Nov 3 Gustavus Adolphus DeRussy, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1891)
  • Nov 4 Alexander Robert Lawton, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)

Benjamin ButlerBenjamin Butler (1818-1893)

Nov 5 American Major General (Union Army), Governor of Massachusetts (1883-84) and US presidential candidate (Greenback anti-monopoly ticket), born in Deerfield, New Hampshire

  • Nov 7 Emil du Bois-Reymond, German physiologist, co-discoverer of nerve action potential and founder of modern electrophysiology, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1896)
  • Nov 9 Ivan Turgenev, Russian novelist, poet and playwright (Fathers & Sons), born in Oryol, Russian Empire (d. 1883)
  • Nov 22 Samuel Gibbs French, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Mullica Hill, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • Nov 29 George Brown, Birtish-Canadian journalist, publisher (Toronto Globe), Premier of Canada West (Liberal: 1858) and one of the Fathers of Confederation, born in Alloa, Clackmannanshire, Scotland (d. 1880)
  • Dec 4 William Wing "Old Blizzards" Loring, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1886)
  • Dec 12 Paul Octave Hébert, American Brigadier General and 14th Governor of Louisiana, born in Plaquemine, Louisiana (d. 1880)

Mary Todd LincolnMary Todd Lincoln (1818-1882)

Dec 13 American wife of Abraham Lincoln and US First Lady (1861-65), born in Lexington, Kentucky

  • Dec 21 Amalia, wife of king Otto of Greece
  • Dec 21 Lewis H. Morgan, American ethnologist (Systems of Consanguinity), born in Aurora, New York (d. 1881)
  • Dec 23 David Addison Weisiger, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Dec 24 James Prescott Joule, English physicist (the law of conservation of energy), born in Salford, United Kingdom (d. 1889)
  • Dec 30 James Cantey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1874)