Birthdays in History in 1819

  • Jan 1 Arthur Hugh Clough, poet, friend of Matthew Arnold
  • Jan 1 George Foster Shepley, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Saco, Maine (d. 1878)
  • Jan 3 Charles Piazzi Smyth, Astronomer Royal for Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Jan 6 Baldassare Verazzi, Italian painter (d. 1886)
  • Jan 9 James Francis, Premier of Victoria (d. 1884)
  • Jan 12 Zealous Bates Tower, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Cohasset, Massachusetts (d. 1900)
  • Jan 14 Frederick Steele, American Major General (Union Army), born in Delhi, New York (d. 1868)
  • Feb 1 Henry Lawrence Eustis, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1885)

Person of interestEmperor Norton

Feb 4 Emperor Norton [Joshua Abraham Norton], British born self proclaimed "Norton I, Emperor of the United States," born in London, England (d. 1880)

Emperor of the USA Emperor Norton
Emperor of the USA
Emperor Norton
  • Feb 8 John Ruskin, writer/critic/artist/Gothic Revivalist (Prerafaelite)
  • Feb 14 James Green Martin, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Elizabeth City, North Carolina (d. 1878)
  • Feb 14 Christopher Latham Sholes, American newspaper man, politician and inventor of the typewriter, born in Mooresburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1890)
  • Feb 19 Mark Prager Lindo, English/Dutch author/novelist/writer
  • Feb 20 Alfred Escher, Swiss politician, railroad entrepreneur (d. 1882)
  • Feb 22 James Russell Lowell, poet/critic/diplomat/abolitionist
  • Mar 11 Henry Tate, English sugar producer (Tate Gallery)
  • Mar 19 David Henry Williams, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Allegheny County, Pennsylvania (d. 1891)
  • Mar 22 William Wirt Adams, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1888)
  • Mar 26 Louise Otto-Peters, German suffragist, women's rights movement activist and author (The Wandering Star), born in Meissen, Germany (d. 1895)
  • Mar 28 Sir Joseph Bazalgette, English civil engineer (London's Metropolitan Board of Works), born in Clay Hill, Enfield, London (d. 1891)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Drake, American businessman who drilled 1st productive US oil well, born in Greenville, New York (d. 1881)
  • Mar 29 Isaac Mayer Wise, American rabbi and founder (American Hebrew Congregations), born in Steingrub, Bohemia, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • Mar 31 Prince Chlodwig zu Hohenlohe-Schillingsfürst, Chancellor of Germany (d. 1901)
  • Apr 4 Queen Maria II of Portugal, Daughter of Emperor Pedro I of Brazil, born in Palace of São Cristóvão, Rio de Janeiro, Kingdom of Brazil (d. 1853)
  • Apr 6 Johann A H Scheler, Belgian librarian
  • Apr 18 Carlos Manuel de Céspedes, Cuban Revolutionary (d. 1874)
  • Apr 28 Ezra Abbot, American Bible scholar, born in Jackson, Maine (d. 1884)
  • May 1 William Steele, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1885)
  • May 15 Thomas Leonidas Crittenden, American lawyer, politician, and Major General (Union Army), born in Russellville, Kentucky (d. 1893)
  • May 16 Daniel Ammen, Capt (Union Navy), (d. 1898)

Person of interestVictoria

May 24 Queen Victoria, Queen of the United Kingdom and Ireland (1837-1901), born in London (d. 1901)

Queen of the United Kingdom Victoria
Queen of the United Kingdom
Victoria
  • May 27 Julia Ward Howe, American author/lecturer (Battle Hymn of the Republic)
  • May 28 William Birney, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Huntsville, Alabama (d. 1907)
  • May 30 William McMurdo, British army officer (d. 1894)

Person of interestWalt Whitman

May 31 Walt Whitman, American poet (Leaves of Grass), born in West Hills, New York (d. 1892)

  • Jun 3 Johann Barthold Jongkind, Lattrop Neth, Dut/Fr painter (Winter Scenes)
  • Jun 5 John Couch Adams, English astronomer (co-discover Neptune), born in Laneast, Launceston, Cornwall (d. 1892)
  • Jun 10 J D Gustave Courbet, French realist painter (Demoiselles the la Seine)
  • Jun 12 Charles Kingsley [Parson Lot], English vicar and historian (Westward Ho!), born in Holne Vicarage, England (d. 1875)
  • Jun 14 Henry J. Gardner, 23rd Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Jun 30 William A Wheeler, (R) 19th VP (1877-81)
  • Jul 2 Thomas Anderson, Scottish Chemist (discovered pyridine)
  • Jul 4 Reuben Fenton, American merchant and politician (22nd Governor of New York), born in Carroll, New York (d. 1885)
  • Jul 6 Ernst Wilhelm von Brücke, German Physician and Physiologist, born in Berlin, Germany
  • Jul 8 Alexander Hays, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Franklin, Pennsylvania (d. 1864)
  • Jul 8 Francis Leopold McClintock, British naval officer and explorer (d. 1907)
  • Jul 9 Elias Howe, American inventor (invented sewing machine), born in Spencer, Massachusetts (d. 1867)
  • Jul 19 Gottfried Keller, German-Swiss poet and novelist, born in Zurich (d. 1890)

Person of interestHerman Melville

Aug 1 Herman Melville, American author (Moby Dick, Billy Budd), born in NYC, New York (d. 1891)

Moby Dick Author Herman Melville
Moby Dick Author
Herman Melville
  • Aug 6 Samuel Powhatan Carter, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabethton, Tennessee (d. 1891)
  • Aug 8 Charles Anderson Dana, Asst Secy War, (Union) (d. 1897)

  • Aug 9 William Thomas Green Morton, dentist, used ether (HOF 1920)
  • Aug 9 Jonathan Homer Lane, American astrophysicist who mathematically analyzed the Sun as a gaseous body, born in Geneseo, New York (d. 1880)
  • Aug 12 Daniel Davidson Bidwell, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1864)
  • Aug 13 George Gabriel Stokes, physicist/mathematician (spectroscope)
  • Aug 17 James Henry Van Alen, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kinderhook, New York (d. 1886)
  • Aug 18 Grand Duchess Maria Nikolaevna, Duchess of Leuchtenberg, born in Peterhof Palace, Russia (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Allan Pinkerton, American private detective and founder of Chicago detective agency, born in Glasgow (d. 1894)
  • Aug 26 Albert "Bertie" von Saksen-Coburg-Gotha, husband of queen Victoria
  • Sep 6 Nicolae Filimon, Romanian writer and critic (Ciocoii Vechi Si Noi), born in Bucharest, Romania (d. 1865)
  • Sep 6 William Starke Rosecrans, American inventor, politician and US Army General (Union Army), born in Delaware County, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Sep 7 Jean E "Adriaan" van Bevervoorde, journalist (History of Holland)
  • Sep 9 Martin Luther Smith, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1866)
  • Sep 14 Henry Jackson Hunt, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Detroit, Michigan (d. 1889)
  • Sep 17 Leon Foucault, French physicist (pendulum proved Earth rotates), born in Paris (d. 1968)
  • Sep 17 Marthinus Wessels Pretorius, 1st president (Republic South Africa)
  • Sep 17 Thomas A. Hendricks, 21st US Vice President (D); died in office in 1885
  • Sep 21 Princess Louise Marie Thérèse of France (d. 1864)
  • Sep 22 Wilhelm Wattenbach, German historian (d. 1897)
  • Sep 23 Hippolyte Fizeau, French physicist (d. 1896)
  • Sep 28 Jacob G de Hoop Scheffer, Dutch vicar/theologist
  • Oct 2 George Washington Getty, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1901)
  • Oct 6 Willem A Scholten, Dutch potato-flour manufacturer (d. 1892)
  • Oct 10 Zebulon York, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1900)
  • Oct 15 Marinus FAG Campbell, bibliography/literary
  • Oct 16 Austin F. Pike, American politician from New Hampshire (d. 1886)
  • Oct 19 Samuel McGowan, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Laurens County, South Carolina (d. 1897)
  • Oct 19 Joseph C Juglar, French physician/economist (Crises Commercial)
  • Oct 20 Daniel Edgar Sickles, American politician, diplomat and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • Oct 20 The Báb, Persian founder of the Bábí Faith (d. 1850)
  • Oct 25 Zachariah C. Deas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1882)
  • Nov 10 Cyrus West Field, American financier noted for success of 1st transatlantic cable, born in Stockbridge, Massachusetts (d. 1892)
  • Nov 22 George Eliot, [Mary Anne Evans], English author (Middlemarch, Silas Marner), born in Nuneaton, Warwickshire (d. 1880)
  • Nov 23 Benjamin Mayberry Prentiss, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Belleville, Virginia (d. 1901)
  • Nov 23 Josiah Dwight Whitney, Northampton Massachusetts, American Geologist who led the California Geological Survey (Mount Whitney and Whitney Glacier are named for him)
  • Dec 16 Robert Selden Garnett, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Dec 17 Samuel Jones, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Dec 18 Yakov Petrovich Polonsky, Russian poet (Stichotvorenija)
  • Dec 19 James Clifford Veatch, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Elizabeth, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • Dec 20 John Geary, 1st SF postmaster, 1st mayor (May 1, 1850)
  • Dec 22 Pierre Ossian Bonnet, French mathematician (d. 1892)
  • Dec 23 Jan Jakob Lodewijk ten Kate, Dutch poet and clergyman (d. 1889)
  • Dec 26 E. D. E. N. Southworth, American novelist (d. 1899)
  • Dec 30 John White Geary, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Mount Pleasant, Pennsylvania (d. 1873)
  • Dec 30 Theodor Fontane, German writer (Effi Briest)