On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1824

  • Jan 7 James Morrison Hawes, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1889)
  • Jan 8 [William] Wilkie Collins, English writer (Woman in White), born in London (d. 1889)
  • Jan 8 Francisco González Bocanegra, Mexican poet, born in San Luis Potosi, Mexico (d. 1861)
  • Jan 15 Marie Duplessis [Alphonsine Rose Plessis], French courtesan, born in Nonant-le-Pin, Normandy, France (d. 1847)

Person of interestStonewall Jackson

Jan 21 Stonewall Jackson [Thomas Jonathan], Confederate general during the American Civil War, born in Clarksburg, Virginia (d. 1863)

Confederate General Stonewall Jackson
Confederate General
Stonewall Jackson
  • Jan 27 Jozef Israels, Dutch painter
  • Feb 3 George Thomas "Tige" Anderson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Feb 3 Nathan George "Shanks" Evans, American Brigadier-General (Confederate States Army), born in Marion County, South Carolina (d. 1868)
  • Feb 3 Ranald MacDonald, Canadian-born Scottish educator and interpreter (d. 1894)
  • Feb 7 William Higgins, discoverer (nature of spiral nebulae)
  • Feb 8 Barnard Elliot Bee, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1861)
  • Feb 10 Samuel Plimsoll, inventor (Plimsoll line for ships), born in Bristol, England
  • Feb 12 Arya Samaj Maha Rishi Dayanand Sarsvati, Indian hindu leader
  • Feb 14 Winfield Scott Hancock, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Montgomeryville, Pennsylvania (d. 1886)
  • Feb 16 Peter Kozler, Slovenian cartographer and geographer (d. 1879)
  • Feb 17 William Farrar "Baldy" Smith, American Major General (Union Army), born in St. Albans, Vermont (d. 1903)

  • Feb 22 Pierre Janssen, French astronomer (d. 1907)
  • Feb 23 Herman N van der Tuuk, Dutch philologist (Tobasch' Grammar)
  • Feb 23 Lewis Cass Hunt, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brown County Wisconsin (d. 1886)
  • Feb 24 John Crawford Vaughn, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1875)
  • Feb 26 Carlos Calvo, Argentine diplomat/people rights scholar (Calvo Clause)
  • Feb 28 Charles Blondin, French acrobat and tight rope walker, born in St. Omer (d. 1897)
  • Feb 28 John Creed Moore, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Mar 2 Konstantin Ushinsky, Russian educationalist, credited as the founder of scientific pedagogy in Russia
  • Mar 2 Henry Beebee Carrington, American lawyer, professor, prolific author, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Wallingford, Connecticut (d. 1912)
  • Mar 5 Elisha Harris, American physician/found American Public Health Assoc
  • Mar 5 James Merritt Ives, American lithographer and businessman (Currier and Ives), born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)

Person of interestLeland Stanford

Mar 9 Leland Stanford, American business tycoon (Southern Pacific Railroad), 8th Governor of California and founder of Stanford University, born in Watervliet, New York (d. 1893)

Business Tycoon and Politican Leland Stanford
Business Tycoon and Politican
Leland Stanford
  • Mar 10 Thomas James Churchill, Major General (Confederate Army), (d. 1905)
  • Mar 12 Gustav Kirchhoff, German physicist (spectroscopy, coined "black body" radiation), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1887)
  • Mar 15 Branko Radicevic, Serbian poet (1st Serbian Uprising)
  • Mar 15 Jules Chevalier, French Roman Catholic priest (Missionaries of the Sacred Heart, Daughters of Our Lady of the Sacred Heart), born in Richelieu, Touraine, France (d. 1907)
  • Mar 22 William Henry Chase Whiting, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Biloxi, Mississippi (d. 1865)
  • Mar 25 Clinton L. Merriam, American politician (d. 1900)
  • Mar 29 Ludwig Büchner, German philosopher and physician, born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1899)
  • Mar 30 Innis Newton Palmer, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1900)

  • Apr 5 Sydney Thompson Dobell, English poet, born in Cranbrook, Kent (d. 1874)
  • Apr 20 Alfred H. Colquitt, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Monroe, Georgia (d. 1894)
  • Apr 24 François Fournier, Swiss-French postage stamp forger, born in Croix-de-Rozon, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • Apr 25 Gustave Boulanger, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1888)
  • May 8 William Walker, American physician and president of Nicaragua (1856-57), born in Nashville, Tennessee (d. 1860)
  • May 9 William Edmonson "Grumble" Jones, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Washington County, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • May 10 Charles Henry Van Wyck, American politician and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Poughkeepsie, New York (d. 1895)
  • May 11 Jean-Léon Gérôme, French painter and sculptor (d. 1904), born in Rome, Italy
  • May 16 Edmund Kirby Smith, American General (Confederate Army), born in St Augustine, Florida (d. 1893)
  • May 16 Levi Parsons Morton, (R) 22nd US VP (1889-93)

Person of interestAmbrose Burnside

May 23 Ambrose Burnside, American soldier, industrialist and politician (Governor of Rhode Island, 1866-69) who popularized sideburns, born in Liberty, Indiana (d. 1881)

Union General, Politician and Industrialist Ambrose Burnside
Union General, Politician and Industrialist
Ambrose Burnside
  • May 29 Cadmus M. Wilcox, American Major General (Confederate Army - American Civil War), born in Wayne County, North Carolina (d. 1890)
  • Jun 2 Samuel Wilks, British Physician and founding father of clinical science, born in London, England
  • Jun 3 Charles Kinnaird Graham, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1889)
  • Jun 8 James Loudon, Dutch politician, Governor-General of Dutch East Indies (1872-75), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1900)
  • Jun 8 William Montgomery Gardner, American Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1901)
  • Jun 18 Johannes Heykamp, Catholic archbishop of Utrecht
  • Jun 20 George Edmund Street, English architect, born in Woodford, London (d. 1881)
  • Jun 20 John Tyler Morgan, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Athens, Tennessee (d. 1907)

Person of interestWilliam Thomson

Jun 26 William Thomson, 1st Baron Kelvin, Irish-Scottish mathematical physicist (Kelvin Scale) and engineer (transatlantic telegraph), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1907)

Mathematical Physicist and Engineer William Thomson
Mathematical Physicist and Engineer
William Thomson
  • Jun 28 Paul Broca, French brain surgeon and anthropologist (located speech center), born in Sainte-Foy-la-Grande, France (d. 1880)
  • Jun 28 William T. Wofford, Brigadier General (Confederate Army-American Civil War), born in Toccoa, Habersham County, Georgia (d. 1884)
  • Jun 29 Victor J van Hinsbergh, South Neth engraver (PTT Stempels)
  • Jul 7 Alfred Pleasonton, American Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1897)
  • Jul 8 Waldimir "Kriz" Krzyzanowski, Polish-American engineer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Greater Poland Voivodeship, Poland (d. 1887)
  • Jul 10 Rudolf von Bennigsen, German lawyer and politician, born in Lüneburg, Hanover (d. 1902)
  • Jul 12 Eugène Boudin, French painter (beach scenes), born in Honfleur, France (d. 1898)
  • Jul 20 Alexander Schimmelfennig, Prussian-American political revolutionary and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Bromberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1865)
  • Jul 23 Gabriel C. Wharton, American civil engineer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Culpeper County, Virginia (d. 1906)
  • Jul 25 Richard James Oglesby, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Oldham County, Kentucky (d. 1899)
  • Jul 25 George B. Vashon, American, lawyer, academic and poet, first African American lawyer in NY, born in Carlisle, Pennsylvania (d. 1878)
  • Aug 3 William Burnham Woods, American politician, judge, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • Aug 8 Maria Alexandrovna (Marie of Hesse), Tsarina of Russia (d. 1880)
  • Aug 9 Simon Goodell Griffin, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • Aug 14 William Terry, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Amherst County, Virginia (d. 1888)
  • Aug 20 Absalom Baird, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1905)
  • Aug 21 John Sanford Mason, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Steubenville, Ohio (d. 1897)
  • Aug 27 Hiram Gregory Berry, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Thomaston, Main (d. 1863)
  • Aug 28 Carel van Nispen of Sevenaer, Dutch Catholic politician, born in Zevenaar, Netherlands (d. 1884)
  • Sep 1 Isaac Hardin Duval, American businessman and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wellsburg, West Virginia (d. 1902)
  • Sep 4 Phoebe Cary, American poet (Poems of Alice & Phoebe Cary), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1871)
  • Sep 21 Joseph Andrew Jackson Lightburn, American Baptist Minister and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Webster, Pennsylvania (d. 1901)
  • Sep 24 Truman Seymour, American artist and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1891)
  • Sep 27 William "Bull" Nelson, American Major General (Union Army), born in Maysville, Kentucky (d. 1862)
  • Sep 28 Alfred Gilpin Jones, 8th Lieutenant Governor of Nova Scotia (1900-06), born in Weymouth, NOva Scotia, Canada (d. 1906)
  • Sep 28 Francis Turner Palgrave, English poet (Golden Treasury), born in Great Yarmouth, Norfolk, England (d. 1897)
  • Oct 19 Rufus Saxton, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Greenfield, Massachusetts (d. 1908)
  • Oct 23 Thomas Gamble Pitcher, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Rockport, Indiana (d. 1895)
  • Oct 26 Arthur Middleton Manigault, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1886)
  • Oct 29 Joseph Horace Lewis, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Barren County, Kentucky (d. 1904)
  • Nov 18 Franz Sigel, German teacher, newspaperman, politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Sinsheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • Nov 18 Isham Nicholas Hayne, American lawyer, politician, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Dover, Tennessee (d. 1868)
  • Nov 21 Hieronymus Theodor Richter, German mineralogist and co-discoverer of the element indium, born in Dresden, Saxony (d. 1898)
  • Nov 24 Charles Verlat, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgian (d. 1890)
  • Dec 5 Titian James Coffey, Atty Gen (Union), (d. 1867)
  • Dec 10 George MacDonald, Scottish poet and sci-fi author (Princess & Curdie), born in Huntly, Aberdeenshire, Scotland(d. 1905)
  • Dec 14 Pierre Puvis de Chavannes, French painter, born in Lyon, Rhône, France (d. 1898)
  • Dec 17 John Kerr, Scottish physicist and pioneer in the field of electro-optics (electro-visually Kerr-effect), born in Ardrossan, Scotland (d. 1907)
  • Dec 17 Manning Ferguson Force, American lawyer, judge and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1899)
  • Dec 17 Thomas Starr King, NY, Unitarian clergyman (Christianity & Humanity)
  • Dec 19 Hercules Robinson, British colonial administrator (Ceylon, Fiji, New Zealand, South Africa), born in County Westmeath Ireland (d. 1897)
  • Dec 26 Augustus Louis Chetlain, American Major General (Union Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1914)