Birthdays in History in 1831

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Justin Winston, historian/librarian (Harvard)
  • Jan 11 James Ronald Chalmers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Halifax County, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • Jan 14 John Bullock Clark Jr., American general (Confederate Army), born in Fayette, Missouri (d. 1903)
  • Jan 17 Archduchess Elisabeth Franziska of Austria (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Edward Ferrero, American ballroom operator and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Granada, Spain (d. 1899)
  • Jan 20 Pieter J Joubert, general (South Africa)
  • Jan 26 Mary Mapes Dodge, American writer (Hans Brinker & the Silver Skates), born in NYC, New York
  • Jan 28 Henry Brevard Davidson, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1899)
  • Feb 3 Cyrus Ballou Comstock, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Wrentham, Massachusetts (d. 1910)
  • Feb 4 Oliver Ames, 35th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1895)
  • Feb 13 John Aaron Rawlins, Bvt Major General (Union Army), (d. 1869)
  • Feb 16 Nikolai Leskow, writer
  • Feb 23 Hendrik W Mesdag, Dutch painter (Panorama Mesdag)
  • Feb 24 Georg Leo earl von Caprivi, German chancellor/premier of Prussia
  • Feb 27 Hiram Bond Everest, American co-founder of The Vacuum Oil Company (d. 1913)
  • Mar 1 Hiram Bronson Granbury, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)

  • Mar 3 George M Pullman, inventor (railway sleeping car)
  • Mar 6 Friedrich C K von Bodelschwingh, German theologist (Home Mission)
  • Mar 6 Philip Henry Sheridan, Major General (Union Army), born in Albany, New York
  • Mar 7 John Bratton [Old Reliable], American physician and Brigadier-General (Confederate Army), born in Winnsboro, South Carolina (d. 1898)
  • Mar 12 Clement Studebaker, automobile pioneer (Studebaker)
  • Mar 15 Edward Aylesworth Perry, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Mar 15 Daniel Comboni, Italian missionary (d. 1881)
  • Mar 20 Solomon L. Spink, U.S. Congressman (d. 1881)
  • Mar 23 Eduard Schlagintweit, German writer (d. 1866)
  • Mar 29 Amelia E. Barr, British-born American writer, born in Ulverston, Lancashire (d. 1919)
  • Mar 31 Archibald Scott, Scottish chemist
  • Apr 4 Edward Cary Walthall, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1898)
  • Apr 8 Allard Pierson, Dutch theologist, philosopher and art historian, born in Amsterdam (d. 1896)
  • Apr 12 Constantin Meunier, Belgian painter and sculptor, born in Etterbeek, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • Apr 12 George B. Anderson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Hillsborough, North Carolina (d. 1862)

Person of interestGrenville M. Dodge

Apr 12 Grenville M. Dodge, American railroad engineer (Transcontinental Railroad-Union Pacific) and Major General (Union Army), born in Danvers, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

Railroad Engineer and Union General Grenville M. Dodge
Railroad Engineer and Union General
Grenville M. Dodge
  • Apr 14 Gerhard Rohlfs, German explorer and ambassador in Abyssinia, born in Vegesack, Bremen, Germany (d. 1896)
  • Apr 22 Alexander McDowell McCook, American Major General (Union Army), born in Columbiana County, Ohio (d. 1903)
  • May 1 Emily Stowe, Canadian physician and suffragist (d. 1903)
  • May 13 Willem baron of Goltstein of Oldenaller, Dutch minister of Colonies

Person of interestDavid Edward Hughes

May 16 David Edward Hughes, British-American inventor (microphone, teleprinter), born in either London, England or Corwen, Wales (d. 1900)

  • Jun 1 John Bell Hood, Gen (Confederate Army), (d. 1879)
  • Jun 2 Benjamin Hardin Helm, Brigadier General (Conf)/Lincoln's brother-in-law
  • Jun 3 Otho French Strahl, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Jun 5 Marcus Joseph Wright, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Purdy, Tennessee (d. 1922)

  • Jun 7 Amelia Edwards, English author (The Phantom Coach) and Egyptologist, born in London (d. 1892)
  • Jun 8 Thomas J. Higgins, Union Army soldier during the American Civil War, recipient of America's highest military decoration (Medal of Honor), born in Huntington, Quebec, Canada (d. 1917)
  • Jun 13 James Clerk Maxwell, Scottish physicist (electromagnetic theory, speed of light), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1879)
  • Jun 26 Julius Rodenberg [Levy], German writer (Kriegs-Songs of War & Peace), born in Rodenberg, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William Thomas Clark, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwalk, Connecticut (d. 1905)

Person of interestJohn Pemberton

Jul 8 John Pemberton, American pharmacist (inventor of Coca-Cola), born in Knoxville, Georgia (d. 1888)

Pharmacist John Pemberton
Pharmacist
John Pemberton
  • Jul 9 Johan Philip van der Kellen, Dutch stamp cutter, lithographer and writer, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1906)
  • Jul 14 William Dwight, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1888)
  • Jul 17 Xianfeng, Emperor of the Manchu-led Qing dynasty, born in Old Summer Palace, Beijing, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1861)
  • Jul 30 Helena Blavatsky, Russian occultist, philosopher, and author (co-founded Theosophical Society), born in Yekaterinoslav, Ukraine (d. 1891)
  • Aug 16 Edward Payson Chapin, American lawyer and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Waterloo, New York (d. 1863)
  • Aug 16 John Jones Ross, Quebec politician (d. 1901)
  • Aug 19 Stephen Gano Burbridge, "Butcher of Kentucky", American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1894)
  • Aug 28 Lucy Ware Webb Hayes, 1st lady of the United States (1877-81), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1889)
  • Sep 7 Alexandre Falguière, French sculptor and painter, born in Toulouse, France (d. 1900)
  • Sep 8 Wilhelm Raabe [Jakob Corvinus], German author (Der Hungerpastor), born in Eschershausen, Germany (d. 1910)
  • Sep 13 Andrew Noble, Scottish physicist who was a founder of the science of ballistics, born in Greenock (d. 1915)
  • Sep 29 John McAlister Schofield, American Major General (Union Army), born in Gerry, New York (d. 1906)
  • Oct 1 Claudius Charles Wilson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Effingham County, Georgia (d. 1863)
  • Oct 6 Richard Dedekind, German mathematician (Nature & Meaning of Numbers), born in Braunschweig, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Oct 15 Helen Hunt Jackson, American author (Ramona), born in Amherst, Massachusetts (d. 1885)
  • Oct 18 Frederik III NK of Hohenzollern, German Kaiser/king of Prussia
  • Oct 31 Daniel Butterfield, American Major General (Union Army), assistant US Treasurer, born in Utica, New York (d. 1901)
  • Oct 31 Paolo Mantegazza, Italian neurologist and anthropologist, born in Monza, Italy (d. 1910)
  • Nov 8 Edward R L Bulwer-Lytton, English statesman and Viceroy of India (1876-1880)
  • Nov 12 Anton Kerner Ritter von Marilaun, Austria botanist

Person of interestJames Garfield

Nov 19 James A. Garfield, 20th US President (Republican: 1881), born in Moreland Hills, Ohio (d. 1881)

20th US President James Garfield
20th US President
James Garfield
  • Nov 21 John Franklin Miller, American lawyer, businessman, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in South Bend, Indiana (d. 1886)
  • Dec 6 Joshua Woodrow Sill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1862)
  • Dec 10 Alexander Conze, German archaeologist, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Dec 19 Bernice Pauahi Bishop, Hawaiian philanthropist (d. 1884)
  • Dec 22 Mark Rutherford [Hale White], English writer, born in Bedford, England (d. 1913)
  • Dec 22 Robert Ogden Tyler, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Hunter, New York (d. 1874)
  • Dec 27 Lucius Fairchild, American politician, diplomat, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Kent, Ohio (d. 1896)
  • Dec 29 Adam Badeau, US author, Union Army officer, and diplomat, born in NYC, New York (d. 1895)