On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1834

  • Jan 1 Ludovic Halévy, French playwright (d. 1908)
  • Jan 5 William John Wills, English explorer of Australia, member of the Burke and Wills expedition, born in Totnes, United Kingdom (d. 1861)
  • Jan 7 Johann Philipp Reis, German physicist and inventor (Reis telephone.), born in Gelnhausen, (d. 1874)
  • Jan 10 John Dalberg-Acton. British politician and historian: “Power tends to corrupt, and absolute power corrupts absolutely”, born in Naples, Kingdom of the Two Sicillies (now Italy) (d. 1902)
  • Jan 16 Albert Lindley Lee, American lawyer, Kansas State Supreme Court Judge, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Fulton, New York (d. 1907)
  • Jan 17 August Weismann, German biologist (d. 1914)
  • Jan 20 George D. Robinson, 34th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1896)
  • Jan 27 Robert Sanford Foster, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Vernon, Indiana (d. 1903)
  • Feb 6 William Dorsey Pender, Major General (Confederate Army), born in Edgecombe County, North Carolina (d. 1863)
  • Feb 6 Edwin Klebs, German physician & bacteriologist (bacterial theory of infection, diphtheria bacillus), born in Königsberg, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1913)

Dmitri Mendeleev

Feb 8 Dmitri Mendeleev, Russian chemist and inventor who devised the periodic table of the elements, born in Tobolsk, Russia (d. 1907)

  • Feb 9 Felix Dahn, German Historian, jurist and poet, born in Hamburg (d. 1912)
  • Feb 15 William Henry Preece, Welsh electrical engineer/wireless pioneer, born in Caernarfon, Wales (d. 1913)
  • Feb 16 Ernst Haeckel, German biologist (Causes of Evolution) and philosopher (Social Darwinism), born in Potsdam, Prussia (d. 1919)
  • Feb 23 Gustav Hermann Nachtigal, German physician/colonizer/consul in Tunis
  • Mar 6 George du Maurier, Franco-British illustrator and writer (Trilby), born in Paris, France (d. 1896)
  • Mar 16 James Hector, Scottish geologist (d. 1907)

Gottlieb Daimler

Mar 17 Gottlieb Daimler, German engineer and inventor, designed 1st motorcycle, born in Schorndorf, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1900)

  • Mar 20 Charles William Elliot, President of Harvard (1869-1909), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Mar 22 Francis Asbury Shoup, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1896)
  • Mar 24 John Wesley Powell, American geologist/explorer/ethnologist
  • Mar 24 William Morris, England, designer/craftsman/poet/socialist
  • Apr 1 Big Jim Fisk, American entrepreneur (d. 1872)
  • Apr 21 William Rufus Terrill, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Covington City, Virginia (d. 1862)
  • Apr 30 Lord Avebury [John Lubbock], British banker and politician, born in London (d. 1913)
  • May 5 Viktor Hartmann, Russian architect and painter, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1873)
  • May 23 Carl Heinrich Bloch, Danish painter (d. 1890)
  • Jun 10 Hendrik Pierson, Dutch theologist (H Pierson Foundation), born in Amsterdam (d. 1923)
  • Jun 16 Wesley Merritt, American Major General (Union Army), 1st American Military Governor of the Philippines, born in NYC, New York (d. 1910)
  • Jun 19 Charles Spurgeon, English preacher and evangelist, born in Kelvedon, Essex, England (d. 1892)
  • Jul 1 Jadwiga Łuszczewska, Polish poet, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1908)
  • Jul 2 Hendrick Peter Godfried Quack, Dutch lawyer, economist and historian, born in Zetten, Netherlands (d. 1917)
  • Jul 10 James Abbott McNeill Whistler, American-British painter (Whistler's Mother), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • Jul 11 James McNeill Whistler, American artist (Whistler's Mother), born in Lowell, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • Jul 16 Peter Leyten, Bishop of Breda (1885-1914) (d. 1914)

Edgar Degas

Jul 19 Edgar Degas, French impressionist painter, sculptor and artist (The Bellelli Family), born in Paris (d. 1917)

  • Jul 22 Daniel McCook Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Carrollton, Ohio (d. 1864)
  • Jul 23 James Cardinal Gibbons, Archbishop of Baltimore, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1921)
  • Jul 31 Peter H Hugenholtz, Dutch reformer/founder (Free Parish)

Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi

Aug 2 Frédéric-Auguste Bartholdi, French sculptor (designed the Statue of Liberty), born in Colmar, France (d. 1904)

  • Aug 2 Isaac Capadose, Dutch clergyman in the Catholic Apostolic Church, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • Aug 4 John Venn, English mathematician (Venn Diagram), born in Kingston upon Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1923)
  • Aug 18 Marshall Field, American entrepreneur and the founder of Marshall Field and Company, born in Conway, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Aug 22 Nathaniel Harrison Harris, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Natchez, Mississippi (d. 1900)
  • Aug 22 Samuel Pierpont Langley, American astronomer and pioneer aviator, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1906)
  • Sep 9 Joseph Henry Shorthouse, English writer (John Inglesant), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1903)
  • Sep 9 William MacRae, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Wilmington, North Carolina (d. 1882)
  • Sep 15 Heinrich von Treitschke, German historian and political writer, born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony (d. 1896)
  • Sep 17 Edouard Pailleron, French attorney, poet and stage writer, born in Paris, France (d. 1899)
  • Oct 1 Francis Cockrell, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Warrensburg, Missouri (d. 1915)
  • Oct 10 Aleksis Kivi, Finnish writer and poet (Nummisuutarit), born in Nurmijärvi, Grand Duchy of Finland (d. 1872)
  • Oct 19 Francis Channing Barlow, US lawyer/gen-major/co-founder (ABA)
  • Oct 28 Dudley M. DuBose, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Memphis, Tennessee (d. 1883)
  • Nov 7 Lucy Lloyd, English-born creator (with Wilhelm Bleek) of archive of Bushman ǀxam and !kun texts, born in Norbury, England (d. 1914) [1]
  • Nov 10 Jose Hernandez, Argentine poet (MartinFierro), born in Chacra de Pueyrredon, Argentina (d. 1886)
  • Nov 10 Wager Swayne, American Colonel (Union Army), born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1902)
  • Nov 13 Ignacio Manuel Altamirano, Mexican author (El Zarco), born in Tixtla, Guerrero, Mexico (d. 1893)
  • Nov 17 Stephen Hinsdale Weed, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Potsdam, New York (d. 1863)
  • Nov 19 Georg Hermann Quincke, German physicist (test of Quincke), born in Frankfurt-on-Oder, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1924)

Hetty Green

Nov 21 Henrietta "Hetty" Green, American businesswoman and financier whose wealth and miserliness saw her known as the "Witch of Wall Street", born in New Bedford, Massachusetts (d. 1916)

  • Nov 21 Joseph Jackson Bartlett, American attorney, diplomat and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Binghamton, New York (d. 1893)
  • Nov 29 Thomas Edward Greenfield Ransom, American civil engineer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Norwich, Vermont (d. 1864)
  • Dec 16 Leon Walras, French economist (border use theory)