On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1835

  • Jan 2 Charles Russell Lowell Jr, American railroad executive and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1864)
  • Jan 3 Larkin Goldsmith Mead, sculptor
  • Jan 5 Hendrik van Rijgersma, Dutch naturalist & physician, born in Lemmer, Netherlands (d. 1877)
  • Jan 13 Gustaaf Rolin-Jaequemyns, Belgian jurist/minister of the Interior
  • Jan 17 Antanas Baranauskas, Lithuanian bishop/poet/dialectologist
  • Jan 18 Jan van Droogenbroeck, Flemish poet
  • Jan 30 Oliver Edwards, American inventor & Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1904)
  • Jan 31 William Charles Lunalilo, Monarch of Hawaii (d. 1874)
  • Feb 13 Mirza Ghulam Ahmad, Founder of the Ahmadiyya Muslim Community (d. 1908)
  • Feb 14 Francois Haverschmidt, Dutch writer (Snikken en grimlachjes), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1894)
  • Feb 15 Alexander Stuart Webb, Major General (Union Army), (d. 1911)
  • Feb 15 Demetrius Vikelas, Greek author (d. 1908)
  • Feb 20 Allessandro d'Ancona, Italian philologist
  • Feb 26 Richard Andree, German geography, etnologist (Andree's Handatlas)
  • Feb 27 Charles Cartuyvels, Belgian pulprit orator
  • Feb 27 Richard Garnett, English author (Ananda the Miracle Worker)

  • Mar 1 Matthias J Scheeben, German theologist (Natur und Gnade)
  • Mar 4 John Hughlings Jackson, English neurologist (d. 1911)
  • Mar 6 Charles Ewing, American attorney and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Lancaster, Ohio (d. 1883)
  • Mar 12 Simon Newcomb, American scientist/mathematician/astronomer
  • Mar 14 Giovanni Schiaparelli, Italian astronomer (discovered canals of Mars), born in Savigliano, Italy (d. 1910)
  • Mar 15 John Henrie Kagi, American abolitionist (d. 1859)
  • Mar 24 Josef Stefan, Austrian physicist (Stefan-Boltzmann law)
  • Mar 31 John La Farge, American painter
  • Apr 9 Leopold II, King of Belgium (1865-1909), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1909)
  • Apr 27 John Murray Corse, American politician and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania [or 9/27] (d. 1893)
  • May 1 Alfred Napoleon Alexander "Natti" Duffié, French-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Paris, France (d. 1880)
  • May 21 Newton Martin Curtis, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in De Peyster, New York (d. 1910)
  • May 21 František Chvostek, Moravian physician (d. 1884)
  • May 26 Edward Porter Alexander, Brigadier General (Confederate Army) and military engineer, born in Washington, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • May 30 Alfred Austin, English poet laureate of England (Garden), born in Headingley, Yorkshire, England (d. 1913)
  • May 31 Hijikata Toshizō, Japanese military leader, born in Hino, Tokyo, Japan (d. 1869)
  • Jun 2 Pius X, [Giuseppe Sarto], 257th Roman Catholic pope (1903-14)
  • Jun 10 Constant A Serrure, Flemish historian
  • Jun 10 Ferdinand IV, Grand Duke of Tuscany, born in Florence (d. 1908)
  • Jun 10 Rebecca Latimer Felton, American writer and politician (first woman to serve as U.S. Senator (Georgia)), born in Decatur, Georgia (d. 1930)

  • Jun 12 George Atzerodt, American conspirator who failed to attempt an assassination of Vice President Andrew Johnson on the night Abraham Lincoln was murdered, born in Dorna, German Confederation (d. 1865)
  • Jul 27 Giosuè Carducci, Italian writer and Nobel Prize Laureate 1906 regarded as the official national poet of modern Italy, born in Pietrasanta, Italy (d. 1907)
  • Jul 31 Henri Brisson, French statesman (d. 1912)
  • Jul 31 Paul du Chaillu, French explorer (d. 1903)
  • Aug 2 Elisha Grey, American electrical engineer and inventor (Telephone), born in Barnesville, Ohio
  • Aug 8 James William Forsyth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Maumee, Ohio (d. 1906)
  • Aug 26 Theodore Washington Brevard, Brigadier General (Confederate Army)
  • Aug 27 Albijn van de Abeele, Flemish author and painter, born in Sint-Martens-Latem, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • Sep 3 William Gaston Lewis, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Sep 11 William Wirt Allen, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • Sep 14 Joseph Hayes, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in York County, Maine (d. 1912)
  • Sep 14 Y de Smit-Rog, oldest citizen of Netherlands (d. 1940 at 104)
  • Sep 27 John Murray Corse, American politician and Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1893 [or 4/27])
  • Oct 1 Robert H. Anderson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Savannah, Georgia (d. 1888)
  • Oct 1 William Hicks "Red" Jackson, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Paris, Tennessee (d. 1903)
  • Oct 1 Ádám Politzer, Hungarian-Austrian physician, born in Albertirsa, Pest, Hungary (d. 1920)
  • Oct 2 Louis-Antoine Ranvier, French anatomist and historian, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • Oct 11 Hunter McGuire, American physician and Med Director (Confederate Army), born in Winchester, Virginia (d. 1900)
  • Oct 23 Adlai Stevenson, (D) 23rd VP (1893-97)
  • Oct 31 Adelbert Ames, American soldier and politician, Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Rockland, Maine (d. 1933)
  • Oct 31 Adolf von Baeyer, German chemist (Nobel 1905), born in Berlin (d. 1917)
  • Oct 31 Krišjānis Barons, Latvian writer, born in Jaunpils Parish, Latvia (d. 1923)
  • Nov 1 Godfrey Weitzel, German-American Major General (Union Army), born in Pirmasens, Germany (d. 1884)
  • Nov 4 Lunsford L. Lomax, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1913)
  • Nov 5 Moritz Szeps, Austrian journalist and newspaper publisher, born in Busk, Austrian Galicia (d. 1902)
  • Nov 6 Cesare Lombroso, Italian psychiatrist and criminologist, born in Verona, Lombardy–Venetia (d. 1909)
  • Nov 16 Elliott Warren Rice, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Allegheny, Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1887)
  • Nov 16 Eugenio Beltrami, Italian mathematician (non-Euclidean geometry), born in Cremona, Lombardy, Austrian Empire (d. 1900)
  • Nov 17 Andrew L. Harris, governor of Ohio (d. 1915)
  • Nov 18 Americus Vespucius Rice, American politician, banker, and Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Perrysville, Ohio (d. 1904)
  • Nov 19 Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army) and 40th Governor of Virginia, born in Fairfax County, Virginia (d. 1905)
  • Nov 19 Lakshmi Bai, Indian Queen of the princely state of Jhansi in North India and leader of the Indian Mutiny (1857-58), born in Benares, Kingdom of Kashi-Benares (Varanasi) (d. 1858)
  • Nov 22 Frank Crawford Armstrong, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Choctaw Agency, Indian Territory (d. 1909)

Person of interestAndrew Carnegie

Nov 25 Andrew Carnegie, Scottish-American industrialist, steel tycoon, philanthropist and one of the richest Americans ever, born in Dunfermline, Scotland (d. 1919)

Industrialist and Philanthropist Andrew Carnegie
Industrialist and Philanthropist
Andrew Carnegie
  • Nov 29 Empress Dowager Cixi, Chinese ruler (d. 1908)

Person of interestMark Twain

Nov 30 Mark Twain [Samuel Clemens], American author (Tom Sawyer, Huckleberry Finn), born in Florida, Missouri (d. 1910)

Author Mark Twain
Author
Mark Twain
  • Dec 1 Micah Jenkins, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 4 Samuel Butler, English author (Erewhom, Way of All Flesh), born in Langar, Nottinghamshire, England (d. 1902)
  • Dec 6 Rudolf Fittig, German chemist (synthesizing organic compounds), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1910)
  • Dec 11 Adolf Stoecker, German conservative politician, and reformer who founded the German Christian Social Party, born in Halberstadt, Germany (d. 1909)
  • Dec 17 Alexander Agassiz, American biologist and geologist, born in Neuchâtel, Switzerland (d. 1910)
  • Dec 18 George Dashiell Bayard, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Seneca Falls, New York (d. 1862)
  • Dec 18 Lyman Abbott, American author (d. 1922)
  • Dec 28 Archibald Geikie, British geologist