On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1836

  • Jan 2 Queen Emma of Hawaii, Consort of King Kamehameha IV (d. 1885)
  • Jan 2 Mendele Moykher Sforim, Jewish writer (d. 1917)
  • Jan 3 Sakamoto Ryoma, Japanese revolutionary (d. 1867)
  • Jan 8 Fanny Jackson Coppin, African-American educator & missionary, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1913)
  • Jan 8 Lawrence Alma Tadema, Dutch/British painter/husband of Laura Epps
  • Jan 10 Charles Ingalls, father of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder, born in Cuba, New York (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Hugh Judson Kilpatrick, American Major General (Union Army), born in Wantage Township, New Jersey (d. 1881)
  • Jan 14 Henri Fantin-Latour, French painter, born in Grenoble, France (d. 1904)
  • Jan 16 King Francis II of the Two Sicilies (d. 1894)
  • Jan 27 Leopold von Sacher-Masoch, Austrian writer (masochism)
  • Jan 29 Benjamin Franklin Potts, American lawyer, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Fox Township, Ohio (d. 1887)
  • Jan 29 James Meech Warner, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Middlebury, Vermont (d. 1897)
  • Feb 17 Gustavo Adolfo Bécquer, Spanish poet (d. 1870)
  • Feb 18 Ramakrishna [Gadadhar Chatterji], Indian mystic and yogi (preached unity of religions), born in Kamarpukur, British India (d. 1886)
  • Feb 24 Winslow Homer, American painter (Gulfstream)
  • Mar 2 Henry Billings Brown, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1913)

  • Mar 5 Charles Goodnight, American cattle rancher (d. 1929)
  • Mar 8 Matthew Calbraith Butler, American Major General (Confederate Army) and politician, born in Greenville, South Carolina (d. 1909)
  • Mar 16 Andrew Smith Hallidie, American inventor of the cable car, born in London (d. 1900)
  • Mar 20 Ferris Jacobs, Jr., American politician (d. 1886)
  • Mar 20 Sir Edward Poynter, British painter (d. 1919)
  • Mar 28 Frederick Pabst, German-American brewer (Pabst Brewing Company), born in Mönchpfiffel-Nikolausrieth, Germany (d. 1904)
  • Mar 30 Karl Freiherr von Stumm-Halberg, German industrialist/politician
  • Apr 24 Jeltje de Bosch Kemper, Dutch feminist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1916)
  • Apr 26 Erminnie Adelle Platt, American anthropologist (first woman to specialize in ethnographic field work), born in Marcellus shale, New York (d. 1886)
  • May 8 Bryan Morel Thomas, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Milledgeville, Georgia (d. 1905)
  • May 14 James Patrick Major, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1877)
  • May 17 Virginie Loveling, Flemish writer (Sophie) and poet, born in Nevele, East Flanders, Belgium (d. 1923)
  • May 17 Sir Norman Lockyer, English physicist, co-founder of helium gas, founder and editor of "Nature" magazine, born in Rugby, Warwickshire (d. 1920)
  • May 24 Joseph Rowntree, British social reformer, born in York, England (d. 1925)
  • May 27 Edwin Gray Lee, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Shepherdstown, Virginia (d. 1870)
  • May 27 Jay Gould, American railroad developer and speculator, born in Roxbury, New York (d. 1892)
  • May 28 Alexander Mitscherlich, German chemist and son of Eilhard Mitscherlich, born in Berlin (d. 1918)
  • Jun 9 Elizabeth Garrett Anderson, 1st qualified woman physician in Britain, first woman mayor (Aldeburgh), born in London (d. 1917)
  • Jun 10 Yamaoka Tesshū, Japanese swordsman and master of kendo, born in Tokyo (d. 1888)
  • Jun 14 Thomas Wilberforce Egan, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1887)

  • Jul 2 Henry Eugene Davies, American writer, public official, lawyer, and Major General (Union Army), born in NYC, New York (d. 1894)
  • Jul 8 Joseph Chamberlain, British minister of Commerce/Colonies
  • Jul 9 Camille de Renesse, Belgian nobleman and entrepreneur, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • Jul 20 Thomas Allbutt, English physiologist (Diseases of the Heart), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire (d. 1925)
  • Jul 24 Jan Bloch, Polish military theorist and peace activist, born in Radom, Poland (d. 1902)
  • Aug 7 Evander M. Law, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Darlington, South Carolina (d. 1920)
  • Aug 11 Cato M. Guldberg, Norwegian mathematician and chemist (law of mass action), born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1902)
  • Aug 11 Warren Brown, American politician (d. 1919)
  • Aug 14 Walter Besant, English writer and philanthropist (Rebel Queen), born in Portsmouth, Hampshire (d. 1901)
  • Aug 22 Archibald M Willard, American artist (Spirit of '76), born in Bedford, Ohio (d. 1918)
  • Aug 23 Marie Henriette of Austria, Queen of the Belgians, born in Buda Castle, Budapest, Hungary (d. 1902)
  • Aug 25 Bret Harte, American author (Outcasts of Poker Flat), born in Albany, New York (d. 1902)
  • Sep 5 Justiniano Borgoño, President of Peru (1894), born in Trujillo, Peru (d. 1921)

Person of interestHenry Campbell-Bannerman

Sep 7 Henry Campbell-Bannerman, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1905-08), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1908)

British Prime Minister Henry Campbell-Bannerman
British Prime Minister
Henry Campbell-Bannerman
  • Sep 7 August Toepler, German physicist, born in Brühl bei Bonn, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Sep 10 Joseph Wheeler, American Major General (Confederacy/Cavalry/Army of Tennessee), born in Augusta, Georgia (d. 1906)
  • Sep 11 Fitz Hugh Ludlow, American author (The Hasheesh Eater), born in NYC, New York (d. 1870)
  • Sep 13 John McCausland, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1927)
  • Sep 14 Abraham Pieter Cornelis van Karnebeek, Dutch Foreign Minister (Liberal, 1918-27), born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)
  • Sep 28 Thomas Crapper, English plumber and inventor (ballcock), born in Thorne, Yorkshire (d. 1910)
  • Oct 4 Juliette Adam, French author (Salon/Nouvelle Revue) and feminist, born in Verberie, Oise, France (d. 1936)
  • Oct 5 George Washington Gordon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Pulaski, Tennessee (d. 1911)
  • Oct 15 Thomas Lafayette Rosser, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1910)
  • Oct 15 James Tissot, French artist, born in Nantes, France (d. 1902)
  • Nov 4 Henry J. Lutcher, American businessman and sawmill partner, born in Williamsport, Pennsylvania (d. 1912)
  • Nov 6 Francis Ellingwood Abbot, American theologian (Scientific Theism), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1903)
  • Nov 8 Milton Bradley, American business magnate and game manufacturer, born in Vienna, Maine (d. 1911)
  • Nov 11 Thomas Bailey Aldrich, American editor and writer (The Story of a Bad Boy), born in Portsmouth, New Hampshire (d. 1907)
  • Nov 15 Pierce M. B. Young, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Spartanburg, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • Nov 16 David Kalākaua, King of the Hawaiian Islands (1874-91), born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1891)

Person of interestWilliam Schwenck Gilbert

Nov 18 William Schwenck Gilbert, English dramatist, librettist, poet and illustrator (Gilbert & Sullivan), born in London, England

English Dramatist William Schwenck Gilbert
English Dramatist
William Schwenck Gilbert
  • Nov 20 John Thomas Croxton, American attorney, diplomat, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Paris, Kentucky, (d. 1874)
  • Nov 30 Lord Frederick Cavendish, English politician who was appointed Chief Secretary for Ireland in May 1882 and murdered only hours after his arrival in Dublin, born in Compton Place, Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1882)
  • Dec 13 Franz von Lenbach, German painter, born in Schrobenhausen, Bavaria (d. 1904)
  • Dec 15 Edmond Picard, French-Belgian lawyer and writer (La forge Roussel), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • Dec 19 Maria L Sanford, pioneer educator (PTA)
  • Dec 27 Henricus Oort, Dutch theologist (Leidse translation)