On This Day

Historical Figures Born in 1837

  • Jan 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet & writer [or Apr 5], born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1909)
  • Jan 16 James Phillip Simms, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1887)
  • Jan 19 William Williams Keen, surgeon (brain)
  • Jan 20 David Josiah Brewer, U.S. Supreme Court Justice (d. 1910)
  • Feb 5 Dwight Lyman Moody, American evangelist (Student Volunteer Movement)
  • Feb 7 James Murray, Scottish lexicographer and philologist (Oxford English Dictionary), born in Denholm, Scotland (d. 1915)
  • Feb 9 Jose Burgos, Filipino Catholic priest, born in Vigan, Philippines
  • Feb 17 Francis Jay Herron, American Major General (Union Army), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1902)
  • Feb 17 Sam[uel] van Houten, Dutch (lib) minister (child labor laws)
  • Feb 24 Rosalía de Castro, Santiago de Compostela Galician writer and poet ('Séculos Escuros') (d. 1885)
  • Feb 26 Charles Woeste, Belgian count, Minister of Justice, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Mar 1 Ion Creanga, Romanian fairy tale author (Amintiti the Copilarie)
  • Mar 1 William Dean Howells, American novelist/critic/editor (Atlantic)
  • Mar 7 Henry Draper, American astronomer (Moon, Orion Nebula), born in Prince Edward County, Virginia (d. 1882)
  • Mar 14 Charles Ammi Cutter, American librarian (Expansive classification), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1903)

Grover Cleveland

Mar 18 Grover Cleveland, 22nd and 24th US President (1885-89, 1893-97), born in Caldwell, New Jersey (d. 1908)

  • Mar 19 Robert Daniel Johnston, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1919)
  • Mar 24 Prince Philippe, Count of Flanders and son of Leopold I, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Belgium (d. 1905)
  • Mar 31 Robert Ross McBurney, 1st paid secretary of the YMCA
  • Apr 3 John Burroughs, American writer and nature enthusiast (Burroughs Medal namesake), born in Delaware County, New York (d. 1921)
  • Apr 5 Algernon Charles Swinburne, English poet (Atalanta in Calydon), born in London (d. 1909)
  • Apr 10 Forceythe Willson, American poet (The Old Sergeant), born in Little Genesee, New York (d. 1867)
  • Apr 11 Elmer E. Ellsworth, American soldier who was the 1st Union officer killed in the American Civil War, born in Malta, New York (d. 1861)
  • Apr 15 Horace Porter, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Huntingdon, Pennsylvania (d. 1921)

J. P. Morgan

Apr 17 J. P. Morgan, Sr. [John Pierpont], American financier and banker (General Electric, Steel Corporation, AT&T), born in Hartford, Connecticut (d. 1913)

  • Apr 21 Fredrik Bajer, Danish politician, feminist and pacifist politician (Nobel 1908), born in Næstved, Denmark (d. 1922)
  • Apr 24 Friedrich von Holstein, German civil servant (head of the political department of the German Foreign Office), born in Schwedt, Brandenburg, Germany (d. 1909)
  • Apr 29 Georges Boulanger, French general and politician, born in Rennes, Ille-et-Vilaine, France (d. 1891)
  • May 2 Henry Martyn Robert, American soldier and parliamentarian (Robert's Rules of Order), born in Robertville, South Carolina (d. 1923)
  • May 10 Pinckney B S Pinchback, Lt gov (Louisiana)
  • May 23 James Sanks Brisbin, American educator, lawyer, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Boalsburg, Pennsylvania (d. 1892)

Wild Bill Hickok

May 27 "Wild Bill" Hickok [James Butler], American cowboy and scout, born in Troy Grove, Illinois (d. 1876)

  • May 27 Robert Hoke, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • May 27 Ivan Kramskoi, Russian painter and art critic, born in Ostrogozhsk, Voronezh Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1887)
  • May 28 George Ashlin, Irish architect noted for his work on churches and cathedrals, born in County Cork, Ireland (d. 1921)
  • May 28 Tony Pastor, American vaudeville performer, born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1908)
  • May 29 Alexander de Savornin Lohman, Dutch minister and party leader (CHU), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • May 31 Ernest Daudet, French journalist and writer (White Terror), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1921)
  • May 31 William Henry Fitzhugh Lee, American Major General (Confederate Army), born in Arlington House, Virginia (d. 1891)
  • May 31 Stephen Dodson Ramseur, American general and the youngest West Pointer to be Major General, born in Lincolnton, North Carolina (d. 1864)
  • Jun 7 Alois Hitler, father of Adolf Hitler, born in Strones, Waldviertel, Austrian Empire (d. 1903)
  • Jun 8 Moritz Heyne, German germanist (Beowulf), born in Weissenfels, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jun 16 Eli Long, American Bvt Major General (Union Army), born in Woodford County, Kentucky (d. 1903)
  • Jun 17 Strong Vincent, American army officer (died famously at Little Round Top during the Battle of Gettysburg), born in Waterford, Pennsylvania (d.1863)
  • Jun 26 Martin Davis Hardin II, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Jacksonville, Illinois (d. 1923)
  • Jun 26 Victor Girardey, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Lauw, France (d. 1864)
  • Jul 15 Stephanie of Hohenzollern-Sigmaringen, queen of Portugal (d. 1859)
  • Jul 18 Vasil Levski, Bulgarian revolutionary, born in Karlovo, Rumelia, Bulgaria (d. 1873)
  • Jul 30 Elon John Farnsworth, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Green Oak, Michigan (d. 1863)
  • Jul 31 William Quantrill, American guerrilla leader in the Confederate Army, born in Canal Dover, Ohio (d. 1865)
  • Aug 11 Marie François Sadi Carnot, President of France (1887-94), born in Limoges, France (d. 1894)
  • Aug 16 Emile A. H. Seipgens, Dutch priest, writer and beer brewer, born in Roermond, Netherlands (d. 1837)
  • Aug 30 Ellen Lewis Herndon Arthur, US 1st Lady (1881-85), born in Culpeper Court House, Virginia (d. 1880)
  • Sep 2 James Harrison Wilson, American topographic engineer and Major General (Union Army), born in Shawneetown, Illinois (d. 1925)
  • Sep 14 Nikolai Bugaev, Russian mathematician, born in Georgia, Russian Empire (d. 1903)
  • Sep 16 Pedro V van Alcantara, King of Portugal (1853-61), born in Lisbon (d. 1861)
  • Sep 18 Aires de Ornelas e Vasconcelos, Portuguese Roman Catholic Archbishop of Goa, born in Funchal, Madeira, Portugal (d. 1880)
  • Oct 14 Ellison Capers, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1908)
  • Oct 18 Friedrich Wilhelm Mengelberg, German-Dutch sculptor and architect of church interiors, born in Cologne (d. 1919)
  • Oct 26 James Lawlor Kieran, Irish-American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Mountbellew, County Galway (d. 1869)
  • Oct 28 Tokugawa Yoshinobu, 15th and last shōgun of the Tokugawa shogunate of Japan, born in Edo, Japan (d. 1913)
  • Oct 29 Abraham Kuyper, Prime Minister of the Netherlands (1901-05), born in Maassluis, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • Oct 29 Harriet Powers, African-American slave and quilt maker (Bible Quilt 1886), born in Clarke County, Georgia (d. 1910)
  • Nov 2 Émile Bayard, French artist and illustrator, born in La Ferté-sous-Jouarre, Seine-et-Marne, France (d. (1891)
  • Nov 9 Gerrit Jan van Heek, Dutch textile manufacturer and politician, born in Enschede, Netherlands (d. 1915)
  • Nov 13 James T. Rapier, African-American politician, born in Florence, Alabama (d. 1883)
  • Nov 17 David Capriles, director of psychiatry of Monte Christo, Curacao

Johannes van der Waals

Nov 23 Johannes van der Waals, Dutch physicist (Nobel 1910, Liquid and Gas States), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1923)

John Wesley Hyatt

Nov 28 John Wesley Hyatt, American inventor who simplified the production of celluloid, born in Starkey, New York (d. 1920)

  • Dec 2 Charles Garrison Harker, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Swedesboro, New Jersey (d. 1864)
  • Dec 14 William Wells, American businessman, politician, and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Waterbury, Vermont (d. 1892)
  • Dec 18 Adolf Daens, Flemish priest, politician and founder of the Daensist movement, born in Aalst, Belgium (d. 1907)
  • Dec 19 John Carpenter Carter, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Dec 24 Empress Elisabeth of Austria, born in Munich, Germany (d. 1898)

George Dewey

Dec 26 George Dewey, American admiral, naval hero in Battle of Manila Bay, born in Montpelier, Vermont (d. 1917)