Birthdays in History in 1838

  • Jan 1 William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jan 4 Charles Stratton, [General Tom Thumb] (famous short person)
  • Jan 5 Camille Jordan, French mathematician (d. 1922)
  • Jan 16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher and psychologist (d. 1917)
  • Feb 6 Yisrael Meir Kagan, Chofetz Chayim (d. 1933)
  • Feb 12 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Feb 14 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • Feb 16 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor/linguist
  • Feb 16 Henry Adams, historian, writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Feb 18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • Feb 20 James Barbour Terrill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Feb 22 Pierre Jules Cesar Janssen, discoverer of hydrogen in Sun
  • Feb 23 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Feb 24 Thomas Benton Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1923)
  • Feb 28 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • Mar 1 Gabriele dell' Addolorata, [Francesco Possenti], Italian priest
  • Mar 3 George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)
  • Mar 12 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • Mar 15 Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • Mar 18 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter
  • Mar 18 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • Mar 31 Leon Dierx, French poet
  • Apr 3 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), born in Cahors, Kingdom of France (d. 1882)
  • Apr 5 Alpheus Hyatt, American zoologist and paleontologist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1902)
  • Apr 12 John Shaw Billings, American librarian and surgeon, born in Allensville, Switzerland County, Indiana (d. 1913)
  • Apr 18 Paul Emile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist (d. 1912)

Person of interestJohn Muir

Apr 21 John Muir, Scottish naturalist/discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar

Environmental Philosopher John Muir
Environmental Philosopher
John Muir
  • Apr 23 Alfred Verwee, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1895)
  • Apr 28 Tobias Asser, Dutch advocate of world law (Nobel 1911), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • May 10 James, 1st Viscount Bryce, historian/statesman
  • May 11 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • May 20 Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925)
  • May 24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • May 28 Basil Wilson Duke, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1916)
  • May 31 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University)
  • Jun 2 Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
  • Jun 4 Servaas Daems, [Peeter Klein], Flemish writer (Lute & Flute)
  • Jun 16 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • Jun 23 Edwin Henry Stoughton, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism)
  • Jun 27 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Anandamath), born in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1894)
  • Jun 27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • Jul 6 Vatroslav Jagic, Croatian scholar (d. 1923)

Person of interestFerdinand von Zeppelin

Jul 8 Ferdinand von Zeppelin, German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany (d. 1917)

Inventor of the Zeppelin Ferdinand von Zeppelin
Inventor of the Zeppelin
Ferdinand von Zeppelin
  • Jul 11 John Wanamaker, American merchant (Wanamakers Department Store), pioneer in marketing and Postmaster General, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)
  • Jul 19 Joel Asaph Allen, American zoologist (Allen's rule) and first curator of birds and mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • Jul 20 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, born in Plymouth, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • Jul 20 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • Jul 30 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Sep 2 Liliuokalani [Lydia Kamakaʻeha], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93), born in Honolulu, Oʻahu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1917)
  • Sep 6 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator, born in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. (d. 1906)

  • Sep 11 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), born in Burnchurch, Ireland (d. 1918)
  • Sep 14 John Pelham, Major (Confederate Army), (d. 1863)
  • Sep 16 James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad), born in Eramosa Township, Ontario (d. 1916)
  • Sep 18 Anton Mauve, Dutch realist painter and cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1888)

Person of interestVictoria Woodhull

Sep 23 Victoria Woodhull, American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), born in Homer, Ohio (d. 1927)

Civil Rights Activist Victoria Woodhull
Civil Rights Activist
Victoria Woodhull
  • Sep 27 Antony E J Modderman, Dutch minister of Justice (1879-83)
  • Sep 29 Henry Hobson Richardson, St James LA, Romanesque revival architect
  • Oct 6 Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer, born in Cairo Montenotte, Italy (d. 1910)
  • Oct 8 John Milton Hay, American politician (Union), born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1905)
  • Oct 27 John Davis Long, 32nd Governor of Massachusetts (1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • Oct 31 Luís I, King of Portugal (1861-89), born in Necessidades Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1889)
  • Nov 1 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, born in Lithang (d. 1856)
  • Nov 6 John Grant Mitchell, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Piqua, Ohio (d. 1894)
  • Nov 7 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (Contes cruels), born in Saint-Brieuc, Brittany, France (d. 1889)
  • Nov 13 Joseph F. Smith, 6th President of Mormon church, born in Far West, Missouri (d. 1918)
  • Nov 14 August Senoa, Croatian author (Zlatarevo zlato)
  • Nov 20 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), born in Ireland (d. 1906)
  • Nov 29 Aeneas Mackay, Baron/Dutch minister of interior/Colonies
  • Dec 3 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau)
  • Dec 3 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • Dec 11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG)
  • Dec 11 John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), born in Westminster Township (d. 1915)
  • Dec 12 Sherburne W Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars)
  • Dec 20 Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster, theologian, and author (Flatland) (d. 1926)
  • Dec 31 Emile Loubet, premier/president of France (1892, 1899-1906)