Historical Figures Born in 1838

  • Jan 1 William Hugh Young, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Jan 4 Charles Stratton [General Tom Thumb], famous short person
  • Jan 5 Camille Jordan, French mathematician, born in Lyon, France (d. 1922)
  • Jan 16 Franz Brentano, German philosopher & psychologist, born in Rhine Province, Germany (d. 1917)
  • Feb 6 Yisrael Meir Kagan [Chofetz Chayim], Belarusian rabbi, born in Dzyatlava, Belarus (d. 1933)
  • Feb 12 Charles C. Walcutt, American general in the Union Army during the American Civil War, born in Columbus, Ohio (d. 1898)
  • Feb 14 Margaret E. Knight, American inventor (flat-bottomed paper bag), described as a "female Thomas Edison", born in York, Maine (d. 1914)
  • Feb 16 Arnoldus Pannevis, South African ship's doctor and linguist
  • Feb 16 Henry Adams, American historian and writer (Education of Henry Adams), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • Feb 18 Ernst Mach, Chirlitz-Turas Austria, physicist/philosopher/psychologist
  • Feb 20 James Barbour Terrill, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Feb 23 Gilbert Moxley Sorrel, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1901)
  • Feb 24 Thomas Benton Smith, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1923)
  • Feb 28 Maurice Lévy, French engineer (d. 1910)
  • Mar 1 Gabriele dell' Addolorata [Francesco Possenti], Italian priest
  • Mar 3 George William Hill, US astronomer (calculated Moon's orbit)
  • Mar 11 Ōkuma Shigenobu, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1898, 1914-1916), born in Saga, Japan (d. 1922)
  • Mar 12 William Perkin, inventor (1st artificial dye)
  • Mar 15 Alice Cunningham Fletcher, ethnologist (Stranger in Her Native Land)
  • Mar 18 Jan B Stobbaerts, Flemish painter
  • Mar 18 Randal Cremer, Britain, trade unionist, pacifist (Nobel 1903)
  • Mar 31 Leon Dierx, French poet
  • Apr 3 Leon Michel Gambetta, French attorney and 37th Prime Minister of France (1881-82), born in Cahors, Kingdom of France (d. 1882)
  • Apr 5 Alpheus Hyatt, American zoologist and paleontologist, born in Washington, D.C. (d. 1902)
  • Apr 12 John Shaw Billings, American librarian and surgeon, born in Allensville, Switzerland County, Indiana (d. 1913)
  • Apr 18 Paul-Émile Lecoq de Boisbaudran, French scientist, born in Cognac, France (d. 1912)

John MuirJohn Muir (1838-1914)

Apr 21 Scottish naturalist and discoverer (glaciers in High Seirras), born in Dunbar

  • Apr 23 Alfred Verwee, Flemish painter, born in Saint-Josse-ten-Noode, Belgium (d. 1895)
  • Apr 28 Tobias Asser, Dutch advocate of world law (Nobel 1911), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • May 10 James, 1st Viscount Bryce, historian/statesman
  • May 11 Walter Goodman, British painter, illustrator and author (d. 1912)
  • May 20 Jules Méline, French statesman (d. 1925)
  • May 24 Paul Laband, German lawyer, born in Wrocław, Poland (d. 1918)
  • May 28 Basil W. Duke, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Georgetown, Kentucky (d. 1916)
  • May 31 Henry Sidgwick, English philosopher (Wife at University), born in Skipton, Yorkshire, England (d. 1900)
  • Jun 2 Grand Duchess Alexandra Petrovna (d. 1900)
  • Jun 4 Servaas Daems [Peeter Klein], Flemish writer (Lute & Flute), born in Noorderwijk, Netherlands (d. 1903)
  • Jun 16 Cushman Davis, American politician (d. 1900)
  • Jun 23 Edwin Henry Stoughton, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Chester, Vermont (d. 1868)
  • Jun 24 Gustav von Schmoller, German economist (Lectern Socialism), born in Heilbronn, Germany (d. 1917)
  • Jun 27 Bankim Chandra Chatterjee, Indian novelist (Anandamath), born in Naihati, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1894)
  • Jun 27 Paul Mauser, German weapon designer, born in Oberndorf am Neckar, Kingdom of Württemberg (d. 1914)
  • Jul 6 Vatroslav Jagić, Croatian scholar of Slavic studies, born in Varaždin, Austrian Empire (d. 1923)

Ferdinand von ZeppelinFerdinand von Zeppelin (1838-1917)

Jul 8 German general and inventor (rigid dirigibles) who founded the Zeppelin airship company, born in Konstanz, Grand Duchy of Baden, Germany

  • Jul 11 John Wanamaker, American merchant (Wanamakers Department Store), pioneer in marketing and Postmaster General, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1922)
  • Jul 19 Joel Asaph Allen, American zoologist (Allen's rule) and first curator of birds and mammals at the American Museum of Natural History, born in Springfield, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • Jul 20 Augustin Daly, American playwright and theatrical manager, born in Plymouth, North Carolina (d. 1899)
  • Jul 20 George Otto Trevelyan, British statesman and biographer (d. 1928)
  • Jul 30 Eugen Richter, German politician (Liberal), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Aug 3 Yamagata Aritomo, Japanese soldier and statesman (Prime Minister of Japan 1889–91,1898–1900), born in Hagi, Japan (d. 1922)
  • Aug 17 Laura de Force Gordon, California lawyer, a prominent suffragette, and 1st woman to run a daily newspaper in the US (Stockton Daily Leader, 1874), born in North East, Pennsylvania (d. 1907)
  • Sep 2 Liliuokalani [Lydia Kamakaʻeha], last queen of Hawaii (1891-93), born in Honolulu, Oʻahu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1917)
  • Sep 6 Samuel Arnold, Lincoln conspirator, born in Georgetown, Washington, D.C. (d. 1906)
  • Sep 11 John Ireland, Irish-American archbishop of St Paul (1888-1918), born in Burnchurch, Ireland (d. 1918)
  • Sep 14 John Pelham, U.S. Confederate artillery major, born in Alexandria, Alabama (d. 1863)
  • Sep 16 James J. Hill, Canadian-American railroad entrepreneur (Great Northern Railroad), born in Eramosa Township, Ontario (d. 1916)
  • Sep 18 Anton Mauve, Dutch realist painter and cousin of Vincent Van Gogh, born in Zaandam, Netherlands (d. 1888)

Victoria WoodhullVictoria Woodhull (1838-1927)

Sep 23 American civil rights activist (1872 presidential candidate, woman's suffrage movement), born in Homer, Ohio

  • Sep 27 Anthony Modderman, Dutch politician (Minister of Justice, 1879-83), born in Winschoten, Netherlands (d. 1885)
  • Sep 29 Henry Hobson Richardson, American Romanesque revival architect (Thomas Crane Public Library), born in St James, Louisiana (d. 1886)
  • Oct 6 Giuseppe Cesare Abba, Italian patriot and writer, born in Cairo Montenotte, Italy (d. 1910)
  • Oct 8 John Milton Hay, American politician (Union), born in Salem, Indiana (d. 1905)
  • Oct 27 John Davis Long, American politician (32nd Governor of Massachusetts 1880-1915), born in Buckfield, Maine (d. 1915)
  • Oct 31 Luís I, King of Portugal (1861-89), born in Necessidades Palace, Lisbon, Portugal (d. 1889)
  • Nov 1 Khedrup Gyatso, 11th Dalai Lama of Tibet, born in Lithang (d. 1856)
  • Nov 6 John Grant Mitchell, American lawyer and Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Piqua, Ohio (d. 1894)
  • Nov 7 Auguste Villiers de l'Isle-Adam, French writer (Contes cruels), born in Saint-Brieuc, Brittany, France (d. 1889)
  • Nov 13 Joseph F. Smith, 6th President of the Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Far West, Missouri (d. 1918)
  • Nov 14 August Senoa, Croatian writer (Zlatarevo zlato), born in Zagreb, Croatia (d. 1881)
  • Nov 20 William Painter, American inventor (crown cork bottle cap and opener), born in Ireland (d. 1906)
  • Nov 29 Aeneas Mackay, Dutch minister of the Interior and the Colonies (d. 1909)
  • Dec 3 Cleveland Abbe, American meteorologist (Father of Weather Bureau), born in NYC, New York (d. 1916)
  • Dec 3 Octavia Hill, British reformer, leader of open-space movement, born in London, England (d. 1912)
  • Dec 11 Emil Rathenau, German industrialist (AEG), born in Berlin (d. 1915)
  • Dec 11 John Labatt, Canadian brewer and businessman (Labatt Brewing Company), born in Westminster Township (d. 1915)
  • Dec 12 Sherburne Wesley Burnham, American astronomer (binary stars), born in Thetford, Vermont (d. 1921)
  • Dec 20 Edwin Abbott Abbott, English schoolmaster & theologian (Flatland), born in Marylebone, United Kingdom (d. 1926)
  • Dec 31 Emile Loubet, French politician (President 1899-1906), born in Marsanne, France (d. 1929)