Historical Figures Born in 1840

  • Jan 3 Saint Damien, [Joseph de Veuster], Belgian priest and missionary who helped lepers in Hawaii, born in Tremelo, Belgium (d. 1889)
  • Jan 5 John Doby Kennedy, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Camden, South Carolina (d. 1896)
  • Jan 10 Louis Nazaire Bégin, French Canadian archbishop and cardinal, born in Lévis, Canada (d. 1925)
  • Jan 18 Austin Dobson, English poet, critic and biographer, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1921)
  • Jan 21 Sophia Louisa Jex-Blake, English physician and feminist who was one of the first female medical students at a British university, born in Hastings, England (d. 1912)
  • Jan 22 Ernest Roland Wilberforce, English bishop (d. 1907)
  • Jan 23 Ernst Abbe, German physicist & optical scientist (Carl Zeiss Optics Company), born in Eisenach, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Feb 5 Hiram Maxim, American-British inventor (Maxim gun, 1st automatic machine gun), born in Sangerville, Maine (d. 1916)
  • Feb 5 John Boyd Dunlop, Scottish vet and inventor (pneumatic rubber tire), born in Dreghorn, Scotland (d. 1888)
  • Feb 11 Sanuel Dana Greene, Lt Cmdr (Union Navy), (d. 1884)
  • Feb 22 F August Bebel, German social-democrat
  • Feb 23 Carl Menger, Austrian economist
  • Feb 25 Otto Liebmann, German philosopher (Climax of Theories)
  • Feb 28 Henri Duveyrier, French explorer of the Sahara, born in Paris, France (d. 1892)

John Philip HollandJohn Philip Holland (1840-1914)

Feb 29 Irish engineer and father of the modern submarine, born in Liscannor, Ireland

  • Feb 29 William Harvey Carney, American Civil War soldier (first African-American to be awarded the Congressional Medal of Honor), born in Norfolk, Virginia (d. 1908)
  • Mar 5 Constance Fenimore Woolson, NH, writer (Jupiter Lights)
  • Mar 11 Edmund Kirby Jr, American Brigadier General (Union Army), born in Brownville, New York(d. 1863)
  • Mar 16 Shibusawa Eiichi, Japanese industrialist (d. 1931)
  • Mar 18 William Cosmo Monkhouse, English poet and critic (d. 1901)
  • Mar 20 Illarion Pryanishnikov, Russian painter (d. 1894)
  • Mar 25 Myles Keogh, U.S. Soldier in U.S. 7th Cavalry Regiment & Irish Soldier of Fortune (d. 1876)
  • Mar 26 George Smith, English archaeologist and assyriologist (cuneiform script), born in London (d. 1876)
  • Mar 28 Emin Pasha, German explorer and governor (Equatoria), born in Oppeln, Silesia (d. 1892)
  • Mar 29 Matteo Albertone, Italian general who fought in the Italo-Ethiopian War, born in Alessandria (d. 1919)
  • Mar 31 Benjamin Baker, English civil engineer who designed the bridge over the Firth of Forth, Scotland and the London underground, born in Frome, England (d. 1907)
  • Mar 31 John Herbert Kelly, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1864)
  • Apr 2 Émile Zola, French novelist and critic (J'accuse - I Accuse), born in Paris, France (d. 1902)
  • Apr 20 Odilon Redon [Bertrand-Jean Redon], French symbolist painter, born in Bordeaux (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 James Dearing, U.S. Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Campbell County, Virginia (d. 1865)
  • Apr 27 Edward Whymper, English mountaineer, 1st to climb Matterhorn (1865), born in London (d. 1911)
  • May 10 Hadzhi Dimitar, Bulgarian military leader and revolutionary who fought against Ottoman rule, born in İslimiye, Adrianople Eyalet, Ottoman Empire (d. 1868)
  • May 13 Alphonse Daudet, French writer (Tartarin of Tarascon), born in Nîmes, France (d. 1897)
  • May 24 Frederick Walker, British social realist painter, born in London (d. 1875)
  • May 28 Hans Makart, Austrian painter (Plague in Florenz), born in Salzburg, Austria (d. 1884)
  • Jun 2 Thomas Hardy, poet and novelist (Far from the Madding Crowd), born in Higher Bockhampton, Dorset (d. 1928)
  • Jun 3 Eugeen van Oye, Flemish writer/poet (Morning Twilight)
  • Jun 6 William Francis Bartlett, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Haverhill, Massachusetts (d. 1876)
  • Jun 7 Carlota of Mexico, princess of Belgium and empress consort of Mexico (1864-67), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1927)
  • Jun 10 Theodor Philipsen, Danish painter, born in Copenhagen (d. 1920)
  • Jun 10 Thomas F. Toon, American Brigadier General (Confederate Army), born in Columbus County, North Carolina (d. 1902)
  • Jun 11 Henri Braekeleer, Flemish painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1888)
  • Jun 16 Ernst Otto Schlick, German engineer (d. 1913)
  • Jun 22 Ernest Debes, German cartographer (Baedeker)
  • Jul 1 Robert Stawell Ball, Irish mathematician and astronomer (Ball Screw), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1913)
  • Jul 12 Abraham Goldfaden, Russian-born Jewish poet and playwright (Shulamis), born in Starokostiantyniv, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • Jul 25 Flora Adams Darling, American writer and historian, founded Daughters of American Revolution, born in Lancaster, New Hampshire (d. 1910)
  • Jul 27 Ranald Slidell Mackenzie, American Brevet Major General (Union Army), born in Westchester County, New York (d. 1889)
  • Aug 14 Richard von Krafft-Ebing, Austro–German psychiatrist and author (Psychopathia Sexualis), born in Mannheim, Baden, Germany (d. 1902)
  • Aug 17 Wilfrid Scawen Blunt, England, writer (Irish Land League)
  • Aug 28 Alexander Cameron Sim, Scottish merchant, born in Aberlour, Scotland (d. 1900)
  • Sep 2 Giovanni Verga, Italian writer (Eros)
  • Sep 21 Murad V, 33rd Sultan of the Ottoman Empire (1876), born in Istanbul, Ottoman Empire (d. 1904)
  • Sep 26 Louis-Olivier Taillon, French Canadian politician, born in Terrebonne, Lower Canada (d. 1923)
  • Sep 27 Alfred Thayer Mahan, American naval officer (Influence of Sea Power), born in West Point, New York (d. 1914)

Thomas NastThomas Nast (1840-1902)

Sep 27 German-American caricaturist and political cartoonist of late 1800s America, born in Landau, Germany

  • Sep 28 Rudolf Baumbach, German writer of student drinking songs, born in Kranichfeld, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Sep 28 Sandie [Alexander Swift] Pendleton, American Lieutenant Colonel (Confederate Army), born in Alexandria, Virginia (d. 1864)
  • Oct 5 John Addington Symonds, British historian and writer (Probs in Greek Ethics), born in Bristol, England (d. 1893)
  • Oct 9 Simeon Solomon, English Pre-Raphaelite painter, born in London, England (d. 1905)
  • Oct 15 Honoré Mercier, Canadian politician and 9th Premier of Quebec (1887-91), born in Saint-Athanase, Lower Canada (d. 1894)
  • Oct 17 Yaa Asantewaa, Ghanaian queen of Ashanti Empire, led fight against British colonialism, born in Besease, Ghana (d. 1921) appropriate date
  • Oct 30 William Graham Sumner, American sociologist (Folkways), born in Paterson, New Jersey (d. 1910)
  • Oct 31 Franz Müller, German tailor and first train murderer (killing Thomas Briggs) (d. 1864)
  • Nov 9 Joseph-Adolphe Chapleau, French Canadian lawyer and politician, born in Sainte-Thérèse, Canada (d. 1898)
  • Nov 9 Kuroda Kiyotaka, Japanese diplomat and politician (2nd Prime Minister of Japan, 1888-1889; President of the Privy Council, 1894-90), born in Kagoshima, Satsuma Domain (d. 1900)

Auguste RodinAuguste Rodin (1840-1917)

Nov 12 French sculptor (Kiss, Thinker), born in Paris, France

Claude MonetClaude Monet (1840-1926)

Nov 14 French impressionist painter (Water Lilies, Haystacks, Poplars), born in Paris, France

  • Nov 15 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [NS=11/27]
  • Nov 19 Aleksandr Kovalevsky, Russian biologist (founded comparative embryology and experimental histology and identified a common pattern of embryological development in all multi-cellular animals), born in Shustyanka, Dvinsk, Russia (d. 1901)
  • Nov 21 Victoria, Empress of Germany and Queen of Prussia by marriage to German Emperor Frederick III, born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25 Hugo Verriest, Flemish author and poet (Flemish Movement), born in Deerlijk, Belgium (d. 1922)
  • Nov 27 Aleksey Apukhtin, Russian poet and friend of Tsjaikovski, born in Bolkhov, Russian Empire (d. 1893) [OS=11/15]
  • Nov 30 Henry Birks, Canadian businessman and founder of Henri Birks and Sons, born in Montreal, Lower Canada (d. 1928)

Crazy HorseCrazy Horse (1840-1877)

Dec 4 Oglala Sioux chief (Battle of the Little Bighorn), born in Fort Robinson, Nebraska

  • Dec 11 Namık Kemal, Turkish poet and author (Fatherland-1872), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)
  • Dec 21 Namık Kemal, Turkish journalist and political activist (Young Ottomans), born in Tekirdağ, Ottoman Empire (d. 1888)