Birthdays in History in 1841

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  • Jan 10 George Melville, polar explorer and naval engineer, born in NYC, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jan 14 Berthe M P Morisot, French painter/aquarellist
  • Jan 25 John Arbuthnot Fisher, Ceylon, 1st Baron Fisher/admiral of the fleet
  • Jan 27 Arkhip Kuindzhi, Russian painter (d. 1910)

Person of interestHenry Morton Stanley

Jan 28 Henry Morton Stanley, Welsh journalist and African explorer (found Livingstone in Africa), born in Denbigh, Wales (d. 1904)

Journalist and Explorer Henry Morton Stanley
Journalist and Explorer
Henry Morton Stanley
  • Jan 30 Alfred Townsend George, American Civil War journalist, born in Georgetown, Delaware (d. 1914)
  • Jan 30 Félix Faure, 6th President of the French Third Republic (1895-99), born in Paris (d. 1899)
  • Feb 1 William Henry Davenport, American stage magician, claimed to be a spirit medium, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1877)
  • Feb 2 François-Alphonse Forel, Swiss hydrologist (d. 1912)
  • Feb 4 Clément Ader, French aviation pioneer (d. 1926)
  • Feb 12 Gijsbert van Tienhoven, Dutch mayor (Amsterdam) and Prime Minister of the Netherlands 1891-1894
  • Feb 15 Manoel Ferraz de Campos Salles, Brazilian politician (d. 1913)

Person of interestPierre Auguste Renoir

Feb 25 Pierre Auguste Renoir, French Impressionist painter and sculptor (Bal du moulin de la Galette, Luncheon of the Boating Party), born in Limoges, France (d. 1919)

Painter & Sculptor Pierre Auguste Renoir
Painter & Sculptor
Pierre Auguste Renoir
  • Feb 26 Evelyn Baring earl Cromer, English consul-general (Egypt)
  • Feb 27 [Eleanor] Agnes Lee, daughter of US general Robert E. Lee
  • Feb 28 Adrien Albert Marie de Mun, French politician (d. 1914)
  • Mar 1 Blanche Kelso Bruce, Virginia, (Sen-Miss, 1875-1881)
  • Mar 3 John Murray, Canada oceanographer (Depths of the Ocean)
  • Mar 4 Kristian Mandrup Elster, Norwegian author (And fremmed Fugl)
  • Mar 7 Olegario Victor Andrade, Argentina, poet (El nido de condores)
  • Mar 7 William Rockhill Nelson, founder of The Kansas City Star and patron of Nelson-Atkins Museum of Art (d. 1915)

Person of interestOliver Wendell Holmes Jr

Mar 8 Oliver Wendell Holmes Jr, US 59th Supreme Court justice (1902-32), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)

  • Apr 6 Karl Binding, German jurist (d. 1920)
  • Apr 7 Alfred Cogniaux, Belgian botanicus
  • Apr 7 Jozef Neuhuys [Joseph Hendrikus Neuhuys], Dutch painter, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1889)
  • Apr 13 Louis-Ernest Barrias, French sculptor (d. 1905)
  • Apr 15 Joseph E. Seagram, Canadian distillery founder (d. 1919)
  • Apr 26 Wilhelm Scherer, German literature historian
  • May 10 James Gordon Bennett Jr., American publisher (d. 1918)
  • May 20 Sara Louisa Oberholtz, social reformer, anti-smoking advocate
  • May 22 Catulle Mendès, French poet (d. 1909)
  • May 24 Charles Napier Hemy, British painter, born in Newcastle, England (d. 1917)
  • May 29 Sylvester Magee, last living American slave and oldest person who ever lived, (d. 1971)
  • Jun 6 Eliza Orzeszkowa, Polish novelist (Dziurdziowie), born in Milkowszczyzna, Poland (d. 1910)
  • Jul 4 Edward Gailliard, Flemish linguist/archaeologicalist
  • Jul 4 Marie von Wied, Princess of Orange Nassau
  • Jul 5 William C. Whitney, American financier (d. 1904)
  • Jul 11 William Paul Roberts, Brigadier General (Confederate Army), (d. 1910)
  • Jul 13 Otto Wagner, Austrian architect (d. 1918)
  • Jul 23 Edmund John Armstrong, Irish poet, born in Dublin (d. 1865)
  • Jul 24 Raimundo Madrazo y Garretta, painter
  • Aug 17 Luis NF Varela, Brazilian romantic poet
  • Aug 25 Emil Theodor Kocher, Swiss surgeon, Thyroid specialist (Nobel 1909), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1917)
  • Aug 28 Louis Le Prince, French artist and original inventor of the motion picture camera sometimes called "the father of cinematography," born in Metz, France (d. 1890)

Person of interestCharles J. Guiteau

Sep 8 Charles J. Guiteau, American assassin of US President James A. Garfield, born in Freeport, Illinois (d. 1882)

  • Sep 13 Johannes de Koo, Dutch journalist/stage writer

Person of interestGeorges Clémenceau

Sep 28 Georges Clémenceau, Prime Minister of France (Radical-Socialist Party: 1906-09, 1917-20) who defended Dreyfuss, born in Mouilleron-en-Pareds, France (d. 1929)

Prime Minister of France Georges Clémenceau
Prime Minister of France
Georges Clémenceau
  • Oct 4 Prudente José de Morais Barros, President of Brazil (d. 1912)
  • Oct 4 Maria Sophie of Bavaria, queen of the Two Sicilies (d. 1925)
  • Oct 7 Nicolaas Petrovic Njegos, king of Montenegro (1910-18)
  • Oct 16 Itō Hirobumi, Japanese samurai, Japanese Prime Minister and Resident-General of Korea (d. 1909)
  • Nov 3 Johannes Eugenius Bülow Warming, Mandø, Danish Botanist (plant ecology, environment-organism interactions)
  • Nov 6 Nelson W. Aldrich, U.S. Senator from Rhode Island, born in Foster, Rhode Island (d. 1915)
  • Nov 6 Armand Fallières, French president (1906-13), born in Mézin, France (d. 1931)
  • Nov 9 Edward VII, King of England (1901-10), born in Buckingham Palace, London (d. 1910)

Person of interestJohn William Strutt

Nov 12 John William Strutt, 3rd Baron Rayleigh, English physicist and discoverer of argon (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Maldon, Essex, England (d. 1919)

Physicist and Nobel Laureate John William Strutt
Physicist and Nobel Laureate
John William Strutt
  • Nov 13 Edward Burd Grubb, American Civil War Union Brevet Brigadier General, born in Burlington, New Jersey (d. 1913)
  • Nov 16 Jules Violle, French physicist (d. 1923)

Person of interestWilfrid Laurier

Nov 20 Wilfrid Laurier, 7th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1896-1911), born in Saint-Lin, Quebec (d. 1918)

Prime Minister of Canada Wilfrid Laurier
Prime Minister of Canada
Wilfrid Laurier
  • Nov 20 Victor D'Hondt, Belgian mathematician (d. 1901)
  • Nov 25 Ernst Schröder, German mathematician (d. 1902)
  • Dec 5 Marcus Daly, American mining tycoon (d. 1900)
  • Dec 6 Frédéric Bazille, French painter (d. 1870)
  • Dec 20 Ferdinand Buisson, French pacifist, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1932)