Historical Figures Born in 1845

  • Jan 7 Ludwig III, the last king of Bavaria (1913-18), born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • Jan 7 Paul Deussen, German philosopher (Schopenhauer-Gesellschaft), born in Oberdreis, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Jan 13 Félix Tisserand, French Astronomer (d. 1896)
  • Jan 14 Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice, 5th Marquess of Lansdowne, British statesman, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1927)
  • Jan 15 Ella Flagg Young, American educator & 1st woman pres. (National Educational Association), born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1918)
  • Jan 17 Lucas Lindeboom, Dutch evangelist (Vredebond) (d. 1933)
  • Jan 22 Paul Vidal de la Blanche, French geographer, born in Pézenas, France (d. 1918)
  • Feb 3 Ernest von Wildenbruch, German playwright (Sedan)
  • Feb 15 Elihu Root, American statesman (R)/US Secretary of State (1905-09)/Nobel Peace Prize (1912), born in Clinton, New York (d. 1937)

Alexander IIIAlexander III (1845-1894)

Feb 26 Russian Tsar (1881-94), born in the Winter Palace, St Petersburg, Russian Empire

  • Mar 3 Georg Cantor, German mathematician (discover transfinite numbers)
  • Mar 7 Daniel David Palmer, Canadian founder of chiropractic (1897 Palmer School of Chiropractic), born in Port Perry, Canada West (d. 1913)
  • Mar 19 Moorfield Storey, American lawyer, pacifist, civil rights leader (co-founder of NAACP & president, 1909-29), born in Roxbury, Massachusetts (d. 1929)
  • Mar 19 Willem H de Beaufort, Dutch historian/politician

Wilhelm RöntgenWilhelm Röntgen (1845-1923)

Mar 27 German physicist who discovered X-rays (Nobel 1901), born in Lennep, Rhine Province

  • Apr 5 Jules Cambon, French ambassador, to U.S. (1897), Spain (1902–07) and Germany (1907–14), born in Paris (d. 1935)
  • Apr 17 Isabel Barrows, American editor and penologist (Conference on Negro Question), born in Irasburg, Vermont (d. 1913)
  • Apr 24 Carl Spitteler, Swiss poet (Prometheus & Epimetheus; Nobel 1919), born in Liestal, Switzerland (d. 1924)
  • May 1 [Robert] Lawson Tait, Scottish-born pioneering surgeon performed first salpingectomy for ectopic pregnancy, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1899)
  • May 7 Jacob van Stolk Azn, timber merchant/art collector
  • May 15 Ilya Mechnikov, Russian zoologist and bacteriologist known as the "father of natural immunity" (Nobel 1908), born in Ivanovka, Kharkov Governorate, Russian Empire
  • May 30 Amadeus/Amadeo I, duke of Aosta and King of Spain (1870-73), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1890)
  • Jun 9 Gilbert Elliot-Murray-Kynynmound, 4th Earl of Minto, Governor General of Canada and India, born in London (d. 1914)
  • Jun 17 Hendrik Peter Staal, Dutch reformed officer and politician, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1920)
  • Jun 18 Charles Louis Alphonse Laveran, French physician, recipient of the Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine (d. 1922)
  • Jun 22 Richard Seddon, New Zealand politician (longest serving Prime Minister of New Zealand, 1893-1906), born in Eccleston, England (d. 1906)
  • Jun 22 Tom Dula, American folk character (Tom Dooley) (d. 1868)
  • Jul 4 Thomas John Barnardo, British social worker, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1905)
  • Jul 18 Tristan Corbière, French poet, born in Morlaix, Brittany, France (d. 1875)
  • Aug 9 André Bessette, Canadian Roman Catholic religious figure, born in Mont-Saint-Grégoire, Quebec, Canada (d. 1937)
  • Aug 9 Xavier Mellery, Belgian painter and illustrator, born in Laken, Belgium (d. 1921)
  • Aug 16 Gabriel Lippmann, French physicist and inventor, born in Bonnevoie, Luxembourg City, Luxembourg (d. 1921)
  • Aug 20 Albert Chmielowski, Polish Catholic Saint, born in Igołomia, Małopolskie, Congress Poland (d. 1916)
  • Aug 22 William Lewis Douglas, 42nd Governor of Massachusetts, born in Plymouth, Massachusetts (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 James C. Calhoun, American soldier, brother-in-law of George Armstrong Custer (d. 1876)
  • Aug 25 Ludwig II, Mad king of Bavaria (1864-86), born in Nymphenburg Palace, Munich, Germany (d. 1886)

Mary Ann NicholsMary Ann Nichols (1845-1888)

Aug 26 English prostitute and 1st victim of Jack the Ripper, born in London

  • Sep 1 Paul S Methuen, English fieldmarshal/governor of Natal/Malta
  • Oct 17 Franz Ehrle, German prefect of Vatican library
  • Oct 28 Zygmunt Florenty Wróblewski, Polish physicist and chemist, born in Grodno, Russian Empire (d. 1888)
  • Nov 3 Edward Douglass White, American politician and jurist (9th Chief Justice of the United States), born in Thibodaux, Louisiana (d. 1921)
  • Nov 4 Vasudeo Balwant Phadke, Indian independence activist and revolutionary, born in Shirdhon village, Panvel taluka, Raigad district, British India (d. 1883)

John ThompsonJohn Thompson (1845-1894)

Nov 10 4th Prime Minister of Canada (Conservative: 1892-94), born in Halifax, Nova Scotia

  • Nov 14 Ulisse Dini, Italian mathematician and politician (Fondamenti per la teorica delle funzioni di variabili reali), born in Pisa, Grand Duchy of Tuscany (d. 1918)
  • Nov 18 John Mellaerts, Flemish social worker (1st Belgian farm gilde) (d. 1925)
  • Nov 25 José Maria de Eça de Queirós, Portuguese novelist, born in Póvoa de Varzim (d. 1900)
  • Dec 12 Bruce Price, American architect, born in Cumberland, Maryland (d. 1903)
  • Dec 21 Emmanuel-Persillier Lachapelle, Canadian physician and founder of Hôpital Notre-Dame, Montreal), born in Sault-au-Récollet, Montreal (d. 1918)
  • Dec 23 Gustave Ador, Swiss politician and 36th President of the Swiss Confederation (1919), born in Cologny, Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1928)