Birthdays in History in 1849

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 11 Oskar Lassar, German dermatologist (bath house)
  • Jan 12 Jean Béraud, French painter (d. 1935)
  • Jan 18 Edmund Barton, 1st PM of Australia (1900-03)
  • Jan 22 August Strindberg, Swedish dramatist/novelist (Apologia)
  • Feb 2 Pavol Országh Hviezdoslav, Slovak poet (d. 1921)
  • Feb 4 Jean Richepin, French poet/writer (Les Chansons de Gueux)
  • Feb 13 Lord Randolph Churchill, England, politician, Winston's father
  • Feb 17 Selwyn Image, Bodiam Sussex, painter
  • Feb 18 Alexander L. Kielland, Norwegian writer and politician (Garman og Worse)
  • Feb 22 Nikolay Yakovlevich Sonin, Russian mathematician (d. 1915)
  • Mar 2 Robert Means Thompson, U.S. Naval Officer (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Jacques Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer

Person of interestLuther Burbank

Mar 7 Luther Burbank, American horticulturist who developed more than 800 strains and varieties of plants, born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1926)

Horticulturist Luther Burbank
Horticulturist
Luther Burbank
  • Mar 16 James E Smith, became father at 100 with woman 64 years younger
  • Mar 19 Alfred von Tirpitz, German World War I Admiral (d. 1930)
  • Mar 28 James Darmesteter, French author and antiquarian (translations of the Avesta, the sacred scripture of Zoroastrianism), born in Château-Salins, France (d. 1894)

  • Apr 6 John William Waterhouse, British painter (d. 1917)
  • Apr 13 Enrique Jose Varona, Cuban sociologist/psychologist
  • Apr 17 William R. Day, American diplomat and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court, born in Ravenna, Ohio (d. 1923)
  • Apr 21 Oskar Hertwig, German embryologist, discovered fertilization
  • Apr 24 Joseph Gallieni, French general (Battle of Marne) and military governor of Paris, born in Saint-Béat, France (d. 1916)
  • Apr 25 Felix Klein, German mathematician (Evanston Colloquium), born in Düsseldorf, Germany (d. 1925)
  • May 3 Jacob Riis, Danish-American social reformer and "muck raking" reporter (NY Tribune, NY Evening Sun), born in Ribe, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • May 3 Bernhard von Bülow, Chancellor of Germany, born in Klein-Flottbeck, Germany (d. 1929)
  • May 5 Hambletonian, greatest standardbred horse, born in Chester, New York
  • May 6 Wyatt Eaton, Canadian American artist, born in Philipsburg, Quebec (d. 1896)
  • May 22 Louis Perrier, Swiss politician (d. 1913)
  • Jun 2 Paul-Albert Besnard, French painter and graphic artist (La femme), born in Paris, France (d. 1909)
  • Jun 8 Julien Dillens, Flemish sculptor (Anspach Monument), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1904)
  • Jun 9 Michael Peter Ancher, Danish painter (d. 1927)
  • Jun 23 John Hunn, American businessman and 51st Governor of Delaware, born in Odessa, Delaware (d. 1926)
  • Jun 27 Harriet Hubbard Ayer, American cosmetics manufacturer and columnist, born in Chicago (d. 1903)
  • Jun 29 Sergei Witte, 1st Prime Minister of Russia (1905-06), born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1915)
  • Jul 2 Maria Theresia of Austria-Este, queen of Bavaria (d. 1919)
  • Jul 12 William Osler, Canadian physician and author (circulatory system), born in Bond Head, Province of Canada (1919)
  • Jul 19 François Victor Alphonse Aulard, French historian, born in Montbron, France (d. 1928)
  • Jul 19 Ferdinand Brunetière, French writer and critic, born in Toulon, Var, France (d. 1906)
  • Jul 20 Robert Anderson Van Wyck, Mayor of New York City (d. 1918)

Person of interestEmma Lazarus

Jul 22 Emma Lazarus, poet ("New Colossus" - on the base of Statue of Liberty), born in NYC, New York

  • Jul 27 John Hopkinson, British physicist and electrical engineer (Hopkinson's Law), born in Manchester (d. 1898)
  • Jul 29 Max Nordau, Austrian author and Zionist leader (d. 1923)

  • Aug 12 Abbott Handerson Thayer, painter/naturalist
  • Aug 23 William Ernest Henley, British poet, critic, and editor, born in Gloucester, England (d. 1903)
  • Aug 27 Manuel Acuña, Mexican poet (Nocturno), born in Saltillo, Coahuila, Mexic0 (d. 1873)
  • Aug 29 Titus van Asch van Wijck, Dutch governor Suriname (1891-97), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1902)
  • Aug 30 J. M. Dent, British publisher, born in Darlington, England (d. 1926)
  • Sep 1 Elizabeth Harrison, American educator (National Congress of Parents & Teachers)
  • Sep 3 Sarah Orne Jewett, American author (Country of the Pointed Firs), born in South Berwick, Maine (d. 1909)

Person of interestIvan Pavlov

Sep 14 Ivan Pavlov, Russian physiologist and pioneer in psychology (Nobel Prize 1904), born in Ryazan, Russia [N.S. September 26] (d. 1936)

Physiologist Ivan Pavlov
Physiologist
Ivan Pavlov
  • Sep 21 Edmund Gosse, British translator and critic (Father & Son), born in London, England (d. 1928)
  • Sep 22 John Godden, English explorer (Curacao)
  • Sep 28 Dudley Allen Sargent, American physician and educator (Harvard U gymnasium), born in Belfast, Maine (d. 1924)
  • Oct 6 Basil Zaharoff, Greek arms dealer (merchant of death), born in Muğla, Turkey (d. 1936)
  • Oct 7 James Whitcomb Riley, American poet (Raggedy Man)
  • Oct 26 Ferdinand Georg Frobenius, German mathematician (Frobenius–Stickelberger formulae), born in Charlotteburg, Berlin, Germany (d. 1917)
  • Oct 30 Johan Willem, son of Dutch princess Marianne & coachman
  • Nov 5 Rui Barbosa, Brazil, statesman/jurist/essayist/civil liberties
  • Nov 22 Friedrich von Bernhardi, German historian (Germany & the Next War)
  • Nov 22 Christian Rohlfs, German artist (d. 1938)
  • Nov 24 Frances Hodgson Burnett, British-American playwright and children's author ("The Secret Garden"), born in Manchester (d. 1924)
  • Nov 29 Ambrose Fleming, inventor (diode)
  • Dec 6 August von Mackensen, German field marshal (d. 1945)
  • Dec 11 Ellen Key, Swedish theory/author/feminist (Courageous Woman)
  • Dec 19 Henry Clay Frick, Penn, built world's largest coke & steel operation
  • Dec 21 James Lane Allen, American writer (Kentucky Cardinal)
  • Dec 22 Fritz Mauthner, Bohemia, German author/philosopher (skepticism)
  • Dec 28 Herbert von Bismarck, German politician/son of Otto of Bismarck