Birthdays in History in 1850

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 Theodoor Verstraete, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Jan 6 Eduard "Ede" Bernstein, German marxist (New Era)
  • Jan 10 John Wellborn Root, American architect (d. 1891)
  • Jan 11 J C Arthur, botanist (studied rusts), born in Lowville, New York
  • Jan 11 Philipp la Renotiere von Ferrary, famous philatelist
  • Jan 14 Pierre Loti, French writer (d. 1923)
  • Jan 15 Mihail Eminesco, [Eminovici], Romanian poet (Samanul Dionis)
  • Jan 15 Sofia Kovalevskaya, Russian mathematician. (d. 1891)
  • Jan 18 Seth Low, American politician (d. 1916)

Person of interestSamuel Gompers

Jan 27 Samuel Gompers, American labor union leader (American Federation of Labor), born in London, England (d. 1924)

Founder of the American Federation of Labor Samuel Gompers
Founder of the American Federation of Labor
Samuel Gompers
  • Jan 27 Edward J. Smith, English captain of the Titanic (d. 1912)
  • Jan 29 Ebenezer Howard, pioneer of garden cities, born in London, England
  • Jan 29 Lawrence Hargrave, inventor (box kite)
  • Feb 2 Carel V Gerritsen, Dutch free thinker
  • Feb 12 Amaat Vyncke, Flemish missionary (Flemish Flag)
  • Feb 16 Octave Mirbeau, French writer (Journal of a Lady's Maid)

  • Feb 20 Nérée Beauchemin, Canadian physician and poet (d. 1931)
  • Feb 22 Isaac L Rice, German (namesake of Columbia Univ's Rice stadium)
  • Feb 23 César Ritz, Swiss hotelier (d. 1918)
  • Feb 27 Henry Edwards Huntington, American railroad exec
  • Feb 28 Hermann Schell, German theologist/philosopher (Gott und Geist)

Person of interestTomáš Garrigue Masaryk

Mar 7 Tomáš Masaryk, Czech philosopher and 1st President of Czechoslovakia (1918-35), born in Hodonín, Austrian Empire (d. 1937)

Father of Czechoslovakia Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
Father of Czechoslovakia
Tomáš Garrigue Masaryk
  • Mar 7 Champ Clark, American politician (d. 1921)
  • Mar 10 Mary Mills Patrick, American author and 1st President of Istanbul Woman's College, born in Canterbury, New Hampshire (d. 1940)
  • Mar 24 Silas Hocking, British novelist and preacher (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Edward Bellamy, American author (Looking Backward) and socialist, born in Chicopee, Massachusetts (d. 1898)
  • Apr 8 William H. Welch, American pathologist who founded John Hopkins Hospital, born in Norfolk, Connecticut (d. 1934)
  • Apr 13 Arthur Matthew Weld Downing, British astronomer (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15 John Munroe Longyear, American capitalist/bank president
  • Apr 16 Herbert Baxter Adams, American historian (American Historical Association), born in Shutesbury, Massachusetts (d. 1901)
  • Apr 19 Edward John Gregory, painter/engraver
  • Apr 20 Daniel Chester French, American sculptor (Minute Man), born in Exeter, New Hampshire (d. 1931)
  • Apr 27 Hans Hartwig von Beseler, German Colonel General, born in Greifswald, Prussia (d. 1921)
  • May 1 Prince Arthur, Duke of Connaught and Strathearn, Governor General of Canada (d. 1942)
  • May 12 Henry Cabot Lodge, U.S. statesman (d. 1924)
  • May 18 Oliver Heaviside, physicist (predicted ionosphere), born in London, England
  • May 21 Giuseppe Mercalli, Italian volcanologist (d. 1914)
  • May 24 Ernest Albert Waterlow, English water-color painter, born in London (d. 1919)
  • May 27 Thomas Neill Cream, serial killer (Lambeth poisoner), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1892)
  • Jun 5 Pat Garrett, American Western lawman, born in Chambers County, Alabama (d. 1908)
  • Jun 6 Karl Ferdinand Braun, German inventor, co-developed wireless telegraphy (Nobel 1909), born in Fulda, Electorate of Hessen, Germany (d. 1918)

  • Jun 19 David Jayne Hill, American diplomat (d. 1932)

Person of interestHoratio Kitchener

Jun 24 Horatio Kitchener, British General who commanded British forces during the Battle of Omdurman (Sudan) and the Second Boer War who became British Secretary of State for War during WWI (1914-16), born in Ballylongford, County Kerry, Ireland (d. 1916)

General and Secretary of War Horatio Kitchener
General and Secretary of War
Horatio Kitchener
  • Jun 27 Ivan Vazov, Bulgarian poet, novelist and playwright (Under the Yoke), born in Sopot, Bulgaria (d. 1921)
  • Jun 27 Lafcadio Hearn, American author (Glimpses of Unfamiliar Japan), born in Leucas, Greece (d. 1904)
  • Jun 27 Jørgen Pedersen Gram, Danish mathematician (Gram–Schmidt process), born in Duchy of Schleswig, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Jul 11 Annie Armstrong, American missionary leader, born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1938)
  • Jul 12 Otto Schoetensack, German anthropologist, born in Stendal, Saxony-Anhalt, Germany (d. 1912)
  • Jul 15 Francesca Xavier Cabrini, [Mother Cabrini], 1st US saint
  • Jul 18 Rose Hartwick Thorpe, American poet (Curfew Must Not Ring) and writer, born in Mishawaka, Indiana, Kansas (d. 1939)
  • Aug 3 Paulus Adrianus Daum, Dutch writer, founder and editor (Batavian Newspaper), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1898)
  • Aug 3 Reginald Heber Roe, 2nd Headmaster of Brisbane Grammar School, born in Blandford, Dorset, England (d. 1926)
  • Aug 5 Guy de Maupassant, French author (Boule de Suif), born in Château de Miromesnil, France (d. 1893)
  • Aug 26 Charles Richet, French physiologist (anaphylaxis-Nobel 1913)
  • Sep 2 Eugene Field, author/journalist (Little Boy Blue)
  • Sep 2 Woldemar Voigt, German physicist (d. 1919)
  • Sep 4 Luigi Cadorna, Italian fieldmarshal (WW I-Caporetto), born in Verbania, Kingdom of Sardinia (d. 1928)
  • Sep 6 Louis Apol, Dutch painter, etcher and literary, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • Sep 9 Harishchandra, India, poet/dramatist/father of modern Hindi
  • Oct 4 John McGraw, 2nd Governor of Washington (1893-97), born in Penobscot County, Maine (d. 1910)
  • Oct 5 Sergey Muromtsev, Russian lawyer, politician and President of the First Imperial Duma, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1910)
  • Oct 8 Henri Louis le Chatelier, French chemist, born in Paris (d. 1936)
  • Oct 19 Annie S Peck, mountain climber/explorer/diplomat
  • Nov 5 Ella Wheeler Wilcox, American author and poet (d. 1919)
  • Nov 9 Lewis Lewin, German toxicologist (father of psychopharmacologist), born in Tuchel, West Prussia (d. 1929)

Person of interestRobert Louis Stevenson

Nov 13 Robert Louis Stevenson, Scottish author (Treasure Island), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1894)

  • Nov 26 Henricus Van de Wetering, archbishop of Utrecht (1895-1929)
  • Dec 30 John Milne, British geologist (developed the first modern seismograph), born in Liverpool, England (d. 1913)