On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1853

  • Jan 11 Gustav Falke, German author/poet (Der Mann im Nebel)
  • Jan 11 Georgios Jakobides, Greek painter (d. 1926)
  • Jan 12 Gregorio Ricci-Curbastro, Italian mathematician (tensor analysis)

Person of interestAndré Michelin

Jan 16 Andre Michelin, French industrialist, tire manufacturer (Michelin) and publisher of the Michelin Guide, born in Paris (d. 1931)

Industrialist and Publisher André Michelin
Industrialist and Publisher
André Michelin
  • Jan 16 Gen Sir Ian Hamilton, British military commander (d. 1947)
  • Jan 16 Vladimir Sergeyevich Solovyov, Russian philosopher, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1900)
  • Jan 17 Alva Belmont, American socialite & suffragette (d. 1933)
  • Jan 28 Jose Martí y Perez, Cuba, poet/essayist/politician
  • Feb 6 Ignacij Klemenčič, Slovenian physicist, born in Trebnje, Slovenia (d. 1901)
  • Feb 9 Leander Starr Jameson, Prime Minister of South African Cape colony
  • Feb 14 Jan van Rijswijck, Flemish journalist and Mayor of Antwerp, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1906)
  • Mar 5 Howard Pyle, illustrator/painter/author (King Stork)
  • Mar 14 Ferdinand Hodler, Swiss painter, born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1918)
  • Mar 28 Rudolf Kittel, German theologist (Psalms), born in Eningen, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1929)

Person of interestVincent van Gogh

Mar 30 Vincent van Gogh, Dutch artist, painter and pioneer of Expressionism (The Potato Eaters, Irises), born in Groot-Zundert, Netherlands (d. 1890)

  • Apr 4 Tad Lincoln, youngest son of U.S. president Abraham Lincoln, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1871)

  • Apr 22 Alphonse Bertillon, French police officer and anthropologist (devised crime ID system), born in Paris (d. 1914)
  • Apr 23 Winthrop M. Crane, American politician, 40th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Dalton, Massachusetts (d. 1920)
  • Apr 27 Jules Lemaître, French critic and dramatist, born in Vennecy, Loiret, France (d. 1914)
  • Apr 30 Alfred Berger, Austrian playwright, born in Vienna (d. 1912)
  • May 21 Jacques Marie Eugène Godefroy Cavaignac, French politician (d. 1905)
  • May 28 Carl Larsson, Swedish painter (Midwinter Sacrifice - Swedish National Museum of Fine Arts), born in Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1919)
  • Jun 3 Flinders Petrie, English Egyptologist (Merneptah Stele, measured the pyramids), born in London, England (d. 1942)

Person of interestCecil Rhodes

Jul 5 Cecil Rhodes, British businessman, diamond merchant and imperialist politician who was Prime Minister of the Cape Colony (1890-96), born in Bishop's Stortford, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1902)

British Businessman and Imperialist Politician Cecil Rhodes
British Businessman and Imperialist Politician
Cecil Rhodes
  • Jul 7 Albert Vandal, French earl/historian (Le Pacha Bonneval)
  • Jul 18 Hendrik Antoon Lorentz, Dutch physicist (electromagnetic radiation, Nobel 1902), born in Arnherm, Netherlands (d.1928)
  • Jul 20 Geo[rge] Poggenbeek, Dutch water colors painter
  • Aug 19 Aleksei Brusilov, Russian general most noted for the development of new offensive tactics used in the 1916 Brusilov Offensive, born in Tiflis, Caucasus Viceroyalty, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • Aug 28 Vladimir Shukhov, Russian engineer and inventor, born in Grayvoron, Russia (d. 1939)
  • Sep 2 Wilhelm Ostwald, German physical chemist (Nobel 1909)
  • Sep 4 Hermann Wissmann, German African explorer and governor of East-Africa, born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1905)
  • Sep 13 Sophia Perovskaya, Soviet icon, aristocrat, and socialist revolutionary (Narodnaya Volya), who helped orchestrate the successful assassination of Alexander II of Russia, born in Saint Petersburg, Russian Empire (d. 1881)
  • Sep 16 Albrecht Kossel, German physician (Nobel 1910), born in Rostock, Germany (d. 1927)
  • Sep 17 Clemens Baeumker, German historian (Patristischen Philosophie), born in Paderborn, Germany (d. 1924)
  • Sep 20 Rama V [Chulalongkorn], King of Thailand (1868-1910), born in Grand Palace, Bangkok, Siam (d. 1910)
  • Sep 21 Heike Kamerlingh Onnes, Dutch physicist (liquid helium, Nobel 1913), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1926)

  • Sep 23 Marcel Planiol, French private law scholar
  • Sep 29 Princess Thyra, daughter of Christian IX of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • Oct 17 Grand Duchess Maria Alexandrovna of Russia (d. 1920)
  • Oct 29 Josephine Beall Bruce, African-American activist (NACW) Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1923)
  • Nov 1 José Santos Zelaya, President of Nicaragua (1893-1910), born in Managua, Nicaragua (d. 1919)
  • Nov 9 Stanford White, American architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1906)
  • Nov 12 Oskar Panizza, German writer (Das Liebeskonzil), born in Bad Kissingen, Bavaria (d. 1921)
  • Nov 21 Hussein Kamel, Sultan of Egypt (1914-17), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1917)
  • Nov 26 Bat Masterson, American gunfighter in the Wild West, born in Henriville, Canada East (d. 1921)
  • Nov 28 Helen Magill White, American educator and 1st woman to earn a Ph.D. in the U.S., born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1944)
  • Dec 6 Hara Prasad Shastri, Indian academic, Sanskrit scholar, archivist and historian of Bengali literature, born in Khulna, Bengal Presidency (d. 1931)
  • Dec 12 Johan Petter Johansson, Swedish inventor and industrialist (modern adjustable spanner), born in Vårgårda, Sweden (d. 1943)
  • Dec 14 Salvador Díaz Mirón, Mexican poet (Los Cien Mejores Poemas), born in Veracruz, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • Dec 15 Jean Baptiste August Kessler, Dutch entrepreneur and director of oil on Dutch Indies, born in Batavia, Dutch East Indies (d. 1900)
  • Dec 17 Émile Roux, French physician (d. 1933)
  • Dec 19 Charles Fitzpatrick, Canadian politician who was the 12th Lieutenant Governor of Quebec and 5th Chief Justice of Canada, born in Quebec City, Canada (d. 1942)
  • Dec 21 Isolde Kurz, German poet & short-story writer (Meine Mutter), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1944)
  • Dec 22 Yevgraf Fyodorov, Russian mathematician, born in Orensburg, Russia (d. 1919)
  • Dec 26 René Bazin, French novelist (d. 1932)