Birthdays in History in 1854

  • Jan 1 James Frazer, Britain, anthropologist/author (The Golden Bough)

Person of interestAlice Mary Robertson

Jan 2 Alice Mary Robertson, American educator, social worker and 2nd woman in US Congress, born in Tullahassee Mission, Indian Territory (d. 1931)

2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator Alice Mary Robertson
2nd Woman Elected to Congress and Educator
Alice Mary Robertson
  • Jan 6 Sherlock Holmes, Mycroft, fictional detective (via Arthur Conan Doyle)
  • Jan 9 Jennie Jerome, American society beauty and mother of Winston Churchill (d. 1921)
  • Jan 18 Thomas A Watson, needed by Bell, inventor assistant (Telephone)
  • Jan 29 Willem PC Knuttel, Dutch bibliographer/librarian
  • Feb 9 Aletta [Henriette] Jacobs, 1st Dutch female physician
  • Feb 9 Edward Carson, 1st Baron Carson, lawyer/leader (Irish Unionist Party)
  • Feb 17 Friedrich A Krupp, German arms manufacturer
  • Feb 24 Franz Courtens, Flemish painter (Golden Rain)
  • Mar 4 Sir Napier Shaw, British meteorologist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 14 Paul Ehrlich, German bacteriologist and physician (Chemotherapy, Nobel Prize 1908), Strehlen, Lower Silesia, German Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1915)
  • Mar 14 Thomas Riley Marshall, 28th Vice President of U.S. (1913-21), born in North Manchester, Indiana (d. 1925)
  • Mar 14 Alexandru Macedonski, Romanian writer, born in Bucharest (d. 1920)
  • Mar 14 John Lane, British publisher (The Bodley Head), born in Devon (d. 1925)
  • Mar 15 Emil Adolf von Behring, German physician; Nobel laureate (d. 1917)
  • Mar 23 Alfred Milner, Giessen Germany, British governor (Cape colony)
  • Mar 31 Dugald Clerk, inventor (2-stroke motorcycle engine)
  • Apr 1 Bill Traylor, American artist (d. 1949)
  • Apr 13 Richard T Ely, US economist (Hard Times)
  • Apr 21 Eusapia Palladino, Italian spiritual medium, born in Minervino Murge, Apulia (d. 1918)
  • Apr 21 William Stang, Roman Catholic Bishop (d. 1907)
  • Apr 22 Henri-Marie Lafontaine, Belgian international lawyer (Nobel 1913)
  • Apr 29 Henri Poincaré, French mathematician/astronomer/philosopher
  • May 11 Ottmar Mergenthaler, Hachtel Germany, inventor (linotype)
  • May 24 Louis Mountbatten, 1st Marquess of Milford Haven, admiral (WWI), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1921)
  • May 24 John Riley Banister, American law officer and cowboy, born in Banister Hollow, Camden County, Missouri (d. 1918)
  • May 27 Georges Eekhoud, Belgian writer (Jeune Belgium)
  • Jun 8 Douglas Colin Cameron, Canadian politician, born in Hawkesbury, Ontario (d. 1921)
  • Jun 9 Gerardus J P J Bolland, Dutch philosopher (Bolland Society)
  • Jun 13 Charles Algernon Parsons, British inventor (steam turbine)
  • Jun 18 Edward Wyllis Scripps, publisher/journalist

Person of interestRobert Borden

Jun 26 Robert Borden, 8th Prime Minister of Canada (C: 1911-20), born in Grand-Pre, Nova Scotia (d. 1937)

8th Prime Minister of Canada Robert Borden
8th Prime Minister of Canada
Robert Borden
  • Jul 4 Victor Babeş, Romanian physician and bacteriologist, born in Vienna, Austrian Empire (d. 1926)

Person of interestGeorge Eastman

Jul 12 George Eastman, American inventor (Kodak camera, founder of the Eastman Kodak Company), born in Waterville, New York (d. 1932)

Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company George Eastman
Founder of the Eastman Kodak Company
George Eastman
  • Jul 19 Daniel Josephus Jitta, Dutch High Court lawyer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1925)
  • Jul 29 Georg Kerschensteiner, German educator (Theory of Education)
  • Jul 31 Jose Canalejas, premier of Spain (1910-12), born in El Ferrol, Spain (d. 1912)
  • Aug 2 Francis Marion Crawford, British author
  • Aug 10 J Scott Lidgett, theologist, born in London, England
  • Aug 12 Alfred Gilbert, sculptor/goldsmith
  • Aug 22 Milan I, King of Serbia, born in Mărășești, Romania (d. 1901)
  • Sep 2 Hans Jæger, Norwegian writer and political activist (d. 1910)
  • Sep 8 Willem M van Rossum, Dutch cardinal/prefect of Propaganda File
  • Sep 10 Anton CR Dreesmann, German/Neth manufacturer (Vroom & Dreesman)
  • Sep 17 David Dunbar Buick, American automobile pioneer (d. 1929)
  • Sep 23 Cornelis W Lely, Dutch engineer/Governor of Suriname (1902-05)
  • Sep 28 Adam Sedgwick, English zoologist (Peripatus), born in Norwich, England
  • Oct 3 William Crawford Gorgas, American Surgeon-Gen, help cure yellow fever
  • Oct 7 Christiaan R de Wet, South African rebel leader, politician and general in the Boer War
  • Oct 16 Karl J Kautsky, Austrian marxist/socialist

Person of interestOscar Wilde

Oct 16 Oscar Wilde, [Fingal O'Flahertie Wills], (The Picture of Dorian Gray), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1900)

Writer and Poet Oscar Wilde
Writer and Poet
Oscar Wilde
  • Oct 18 Salomon August Andrée, Swedish engineer, balloonist and polar explorer, born in Gränna, Sweden (d. 1897)

Person of interestArthur Rimbaud

Oct 20 Arthur Rimbaud, French poet and adventurer (Illuminations), born in Charleville, France (d. 1891)

  • Oct 24 Hendrik W Bakhuis Roozeboom, chemist (Heterogenen Gleichgewichte)
  • Oct 26 C. W. Post, American manufacturer of breakfast cereals, born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1914)
  • Oct 27 Sir William Alexander Smith, Scottish founder of the Boys' Brigade, born in Pennyland House, Thurso, Scotland (d. 1914)
  • Oct 31 Adolf Erman, German Egyptologist (Grammar of Ancient Egypt), born in Berlin (d. 1937)
  • Nov 3 Jokichi Takamine, Takaoka Toyama, Japanese-American Biochemist who isolated adrenalin (epinephrine), which causes the body to respond to emergencies, the first pure hormone isolated from natural sources
  • Nov 5 Paul Sabatier, French chemist, Nobel Prize laureate (d. 1941)
  • Nov 5 Alphonse Desjardins, founder of the Caisses populaires Desjardins (d. 1920)
  • Nov 8 Johannes Rydberg, Swedish physicist (d. 1919)
  • Nov 16 Jules van de Heuvel, Belgian lawyer/politician
  • Nov 17 Louis HG Lyautey, French minister of Defense (1916-17)
  • Nov 21 Benedict XV, [Giacomo PGB marques della Chiessa], 258th Pope (1914-22)
  • Nov 27 Aloys L earl von Aehrenthal, Austrian minister of Foreign affairs
  • Nov 28 Gottlieb J Haberlandt, Hungarians/German botanist
  • Dec 23 Henry B. Guppy, British botanist (d. 1926)