Historical Figures Born in 1855

  • Jan 3 Hubert Bland, English socialist (d. 1914)

King C. GilletteKing C. Gillette (1855-1932)

Jan 5 American businessman and inventor of inexpensive and disposable safety razor blades, born in Fond du Lac, Wisconsin

  • Jan 10 Peter J. Blok, Dutch historian (History of the Dutch People) (d. 1929)
  • Jan 22 Albert Neisser, German physician who discovered the bacteria that cause gonorrhea and leprosy, born in Schweidnitz, Prussian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Jan 23 John Moses Browning, American weapons manufacturer, born in Ogden, Utah Territory (d. 1926)
  • Jan 28 William Seward Burroughs, American inventor of the 1st workable adding machine, born in rural New York (d. 1898)
  • Feb 13 Paul Deschanel, French President (d. 1922)
  • Feb 17 Otto Liman von Sanders, German general in Turkey (WWI)
  • Feb 21 Alice Freeman Palmer, American educator (President of Wesley College), born in Colesville, New York (d. 1902)
  • Feb 25 Cesário Verde, Portuguese poet (d. 1886)

Percival LowellPercival Lowell (1855-1916)

Mar 13 American astronomer (predicted discovery of Pluto) and founder of Lowell Observatory in Flagstaff, Arizona, born in Boston, Massachusetts

Andrew MellonAndrew Mellon (1855-1937)

Mar 24 American banker (Mellon Bank), industrialist and Secretary of the Treasury (1921-32), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania

  • Mar 24 Olive Schreiner, South African writer (Portrait of a South African Woman)
  • Mar 27 Alfred Ewing, Scottish Physicist (magnetic properties of metals, hysteresis), born in Dundee, Angus, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Mar 31 Alfred E. Hunt, founder of Alcoa (d. 1899)
  • Apr 9 Gyula Reviczky, Hungarian author and poet, born in Kuzmice, Topoľčany District, Slovakia (d. 1889)
  • Apr 18 Abraham Bredius, Dutch art historian (Jan Steen), born in Amsterdam (d. 1946)
  • May 1 Cecilia Beaux, American portrait painter, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania
  • May 8 John Gates ("Bet-a-million" Gates), American inventor and industrialist who established the market for barbed wire fencing, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • May 15 Eduard von Keyserling, Baltic German writer (Dritte Stiege)
  • May 21 Emile Verhaeren, Belgian poet and writer (Les Flammes Hautes), born in Sint-Amands, Belgium (d. 1916)
  • Jun 4 Inukai Tsuyoshi, Japanese politician (Prime Minister of Japan 1931-32), born in Niwase, Japan (d. 1932)
  • Jun 14 Robert M. La Follette, American lawyer and presidential candidate (Progressive), born in Primrose, Wisconsin (d. 1925)
  • Jul 7 Ludwig Ganghofer, German writer (d. 1920)
  • Jul 26 Ferdinand Tönnies, German sociologist and philosopher, born in Oldenswort, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Jul 30 James E. Kelly, American sculptor "Sculptor of American History", born in NYC, New York (d. 1933)
  • Aug 18 Alfred Wallis, English artist and mariner, born in Devonport, Devon, England (d. 1942)
  • Aug 20 Innokenti F Annenski, Russian poet and interpreter (Laodania), born in Omsk, Russian Empire (d. 1909) [NS Sept 1]
  • Sep 1 Innokenty Annensky, Omsk, Russian Empire, poet, critic and interpreter (poètes maudits)
  • Sep 7 William Friese-Greene, British photographer and inventor (motion pictures), born in Bristol, England (d. 1921)
  • Sep 9 Anthony Francis Lucas, Croatian-American oil exploration pioneer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • Sep 9 Houston Stewart Chamberlain, British-German philosopher (wrote works about political philosophy and natural science), born in Southsea, Hampshire, England (d. 1927)
  • Sep 12 Jacobus of Looy, Dutch writer and painter (Death of My Cat), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Sep 12 Simon-Napoléon Parent, Canadian politician and 12th Premier of Quebec (1900-05), born in Beauport, Quebec City (d. 1920)
  • Sep 28 Thomas Frederick Tout, British historian (Manchester school of historiography), born in London, England (d. 1929)
  • Oct 8 Gustav Ehrismann, German author and expert on the German language, born in Pforzheim, Baden-Württemberg (d. 1941)
  • Oct 12 August Sauer, Austrian literature historian (Euphorion), born in Wiener Neustadt, Austria (d. 1926)
  • Oct 16 Camille Looten, Belgian priest/literature historian
  • Oct 16 Samedbey Mehmandarov, Russian general (d. 1931)
  • Oct 24 James S. Sherman, 27th Vice President of the United States (1909-1912), born in Utica, New York (d. 1912)
  • Oct 28 Ivan Vladimirovich Michurin, Russian botanist (more than 300 new types of fruit), born in Vershino estate, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 29 Paul Bruchési, French Canadian Catholic archbishop of Montreal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1939)
  • Nov 5 Eugene V. Debs, American labor leader and Socialist presidential candidate, born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1926)
  • Nov 5 Léon Teisserenc de Bort, French meteorologist (discovered the stratosphere), born in Paris, France (d. 1913)
  • Nov 6 Ezra Seymour Gosney, American philanthropist and eugenicist, born in Kenton County, Kentucky (d. 1942)
  • Nov 7 Edwin Hall, American physicist (discovered Hall effect), born in Gorham, Maine (d. 1938)
  • Nov 20 Josiah Royce, American philosopher (Conception of Immortality), born in Grass Valley, California (d. 1916)
  • Nov 23 Frank Friday Fletcher, American Naval Admiral (Medal of Order for Battle of Veracruz), born in Oskaloosa, Iowa (d. 1928)
  • Nov 30 Willem Treub, Dutch economist and politician, born in Voorschoten, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Dec 5 Clinton Hart Merriam, American zoologist and ornithologist, born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • Dec 10 Henry Nicholas Ridley, British botanist (Malay Peninsula rubber industry), born in West Harling, Norfolk, England (d. 1956)
  • Dec 27 Paul Ehrenreich, German ethnologist and mythologist, born in Berlin (d. 1914)
  • Dec 30 Heinrich Hart, German writer (Song of Humanity), born in Wesel, Westphalia (d. 1906)
  • Dec 31 Giovanni Pascoli, Italian classicist & poet, born in San Mauro Pascoli, Italy (d. 1912)