Birthdays in History in 1859

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 5 DeWitt B Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral order & progress)
  • Jan 9 Carrie Chapman Catt, Ripon, Wisconsin, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters)
  • Jan 9 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
  • Jan 11 [Gerard] Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • Jan 13 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • Jan 13 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • Jan 15 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia (d. 1920)
  • Jan 19 Alice Eastwood, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California), born in Toronto, Ontario

Person of interestWilhelm II

Jan 27 Wilhelm II, German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin (d. 1941)

German Emperor and King of Prussia Wilhelm II
German Emperor and King of Prussia
Wilhelm II
  • Feb 2 Havelock Ellis, US physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • Feb 3 Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 4 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • Feb 8 John H Been, town's archivist of Brielle (Baasje & Witkop)
  • Feb 10 Alexandre Millerand, French President (d. 1943)
  • Feb 13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist
  • Feb 13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • Feb 14 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1896)
  • Feb 19 Svante August Arhenius, Swedish physicist/chemist (Nobel 1903)
  • Mar 2 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Mar 8 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • Mar 12 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • Mar 16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • Mar 26 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)A
  • Mar 26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Apr 8 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded Phenomenology)
  • Apr 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • Apr 18 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • May 1 Willem J Leyds, Dutch/South Africa lawyer/politician/diplomat
  • May 2 Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (The Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow), born in Walsall, Staffordshire, England (d. 1927)
  • May 3 Andy Adams, American writer (Log of a Cowboy), born in Indiana (d. 1935)
  • May 6 Luis Maria Drago, Argentina, statesman, anti-interventionist
  • May 6 Willem J T Kloos, Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice)
  • May 8 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • May 15 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)

Person of interestArthur Conan Doyle

May 22 Arthur Conan Doyle, British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1930)

  • May 30 Pierre Marie Felix Janet, French psychologist/neurologist
  • Jun 8 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 10 Jacques F H Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song)

Person of interestThomas J. Walsh

Jun 12 Thomas J. Walsh, United States Senator (Montana), born in Two Rivers, Wisconsin (d. 1933)

Lawyer and Politician Thomas J. Walsh
Lawyer and Politician
Thomas J. Walsh
  • Jun 21 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • Jun 23 Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • Jul 6 Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish poet/novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916)
  • Jul 13 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • Jul 17 Luis Muñoz Rivera, Puerto Rican journalist (founded Federalist Party), born in Barranquitas, Puerto Rico (d. 1916)
  • Jul 30 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire (d. 1939)
  • Jul 30 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1951)
  • Aug 4 Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize 1920), born in Lom, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway (d. 1952)
  • Aug 6 J Arthur S Berson, Austria meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon)
  • Aug 12 Katharine Lee Bates, American author (America the Beautiful)
  • Aug 19 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian/hagiographer

  • Sep 3 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • Sep 11 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)
  • Sep 16 Yuan Shikai, Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China (d. 1916)
  • Sep 17 Frank D Adams, Canada geologist/educator
  • Sep 18 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), born in Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Sep 18 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, born in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Sep 21 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron and writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave), born in Nevele, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Oct 9 Alfred Dreyfus, French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France (d. 1935)
  • Oct 15 Jaime de Magalhes Lima, Portuguese author/poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro)
  • Oct 18 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • Oct 18 Paolo Orsi, Rovereto, Italian Archaeologist (Sicilian excavations)

Person of interestJohn Dewey

Oct 20 John Dewey, American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont (d. 1952)

Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer John Dewey
Philosopher, Psychologist, Writer
John Dewey
  • Oct 25 Hélène Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers), born in Amsterdam (d. 1941)
  • Oct 29 Charles Ebbets, (namesake of Ebbets Field, Brooklyn)
  • Nov 1 Charles Brantley Aycock, (Gov-NC)
  • Nov 13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (d. 1960)

Person of interestBilly the Kid

Nov 23 Billy the Kid [William H Bonney], American frontier outlaw, born in NYC, New York (d. 1881)

Frontier Outlaw Billy the Kid
Frontier Outlaw
Billy the Kid
  • Nov 24 Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)

Person of interestGeorges Seurat

Dec 2 Georges Seurat, French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France (d. 1891)

Post-Impressionist Painter Georges Seurat
Post-Impressionist Painter
Georges Seurat

Person of interestJohn Rushworth Jellicoe

Dec 5 John Jellicoe, 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet, born in Southampton (d. 1935)

British Admiral of the Fleet John Rushworth Jellicoe
British Admiral of the Fleet
John Rushworth Jellicoe
  • Dec 12 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers)
  • Dec 15 Ludwik L Zamenhof, Russian Poland, physician/linguist (Esperanto)
  • Dec 17 Paul César Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • Dec 20 Antonius J Derkinderen, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Dec 21 Gustave Kahn, French poet (claimed to have invented vers libre)
  • Dec 26 Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist
  • Dec 26 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • Dec 28 John W Fortescue, military historian
  • Dec 29 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican revolutionary and President of Mexico (1915-20), born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1920)