Historical Figures Born in 1859

  • Jan 5 DeWitt Bristol Brace, inventor (spectrophotometer), born in Wilson, New York (d. 1905)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Alexander, English philosopher (Moral Order & Progress), born in Sydney, Australia (d. 1938)
  • Jan 9 Carrie Chapman Catt, American women's suffrage leader and founder (League of Women Voters), born in Ripon, Wisconsin (d. 1947)
  • Jan 9 Frederik Pijper, Dutch vicar/church historian (The Monasteries)
  • Jan 11 [Gerard] Jan Ligthart, Dutch educator (Nog bij mother, Ot & Sien)
  • Jan 13 Karl Bleibtreu, German author (Revolution of Literature)
  • Jan 13 Kostis Palamas, Greek poet (d. 1943)
  • Jan 15 Archibald Peake, Premier of South Australia, born in Chelsea, London (d. 1920)
  • Jan 19 Alice Eastwood, botanist (Handbook of Trees of California), born in Toronto, Ontario

Wilhelm IIWilhelm II (1859-1941)

Jan 27 German Emperor and King of Prussia (1888-1918), born in Berlin

  • Feb 2 Havelock Ellis, American physician/sexologist (Psychology of Sex)
  • Feb 3 Hugo Junkers, German aircraft designer (d. 1935)
  • Feb 4 Timofei Mikhailov, Russian revolutionary, member of Narodnaya Volya (d. 1881)
  • Feb 10 Alexandre Millerand, French President (d. 1943)
  • Feb 13 Frank van de Goes, Dutch writer/marxist theorist
  • Feb 13 William Strang, Scottish painter/engraver
  • Feb 14 George Washington Gale Ferris Jr., American engineer and inventor (Ferris Wheel), born in Galesburg, Illinois (d. 1896)
  • Feb 19 Svante Arrhenius, Swedish physicist and chemist (Nobel Prize for Chemistry 1903), born in Wik Castle, Sweden (d. 1927)
  • Mar 2 Sholem Aleichem [Solomon Rabinowitz], Yiddish author and playwright (Fiddler on the Roof, Tevye the Dairyman), born in Pereyaslav, Russian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Mar 8 Kenneth Grahame, Scottish author (The Wind in the Willows), born in Edinburgh (d. 1932)
  • Mar 12 Abraham H. Cannon, Mormon apostle (d. 1896)
  • Mar 15 Arthur Hawley Scribner, American magazine and book publisher, born in New York City (d. 1932)
  • Mar 16 Alexander Stepanovich Popov, Russian physicist (d. 1906)
  • Mar 26 A. E. Housman, English poet (A Shropshire Lad), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1936)
  • Mar 26 Adolf Hurwitz, German mathematician (Riemann–Hurwitz formula), born in Hildesheim, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Apr 8 Edmund Husserl, German philosopher (founded School of Phenomenology), born in Proßnitz, Margraviate of Moravia, Austrian Empire (d. 1938)
  • Apr 16 Winifred Cochrane, Countess of Dundonald, philanthropist (d. 1924)
  • Apr 18 Eduard Cuypers, Dutch architect (Sanatorium High-Laren), born in Roermond, The Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • May 1 Willem Johannes Leyds, Dutch-South Africa lawyer and diplomat (State Secretary of the South African Republic), born in Magelang, Dutch East Indies (d. 1940)
  • May 2 Jerome K. Jerome, English writer (The Idle Thoughts of an Idle Fellow), born in Walsall, Staffordshire, England (d. 1927)
  • May 3 Andy Adams, American writer (Log of a Cowboy), born in Indiana (d. 1935)
  • May 6 Luis María Drago, Argentine statesman and author of Drago Doctrine, born in Buenos Aires (d. 1921)
  • May 6 Willem Kloos, Dutch poet (Act of Simple Justice), born in Amsterdam (d. 1938)
  • May 8 Johan Jensen, Danish mathematician (d. 1925)
  • May 15 Pierre Curie, French physicist (Nobel 1903) and husband of Marie Curie, born in Paris, France (d. 1906)

Arthur Conan DoyleArthur Conan Doyle (1859-1930)

May 22 British author who brought Sherlock Holmes to life twice, born in Edinburgh, Scotland

  • May 30 Pierre Janet, French psychologist and neurologist (contributed to the modern concept of mental and emotional disorders involving anxiety, phobias, and other abnormal behaviour), born in Paris (d. 1947)
  • Jun 8 Frank Dalton, American lawman of the Old West (Deputy US Marshal , Oklahoma Territory), brother of the Dalton Gang of outlaws, born in Westport, Missouri (d. 1887)
  • Jun 8 Smith Wigglesworth, British religious figure, born in Menston, Yorkshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 10 Jacques Perk, Dutch poet (Iris, Wood Song), born in Dordrecht, Netherlands (d. 1881)

Thomas J. WalshThomas J. Walsh (1859-1933)

Jun 12 United States Senator (Montana), born in Two Rivers, Wisconsin

  • Jun 21 Henry Ossawa Tanner, American artist, born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1937)
  • Jun 23 Florentinus M Wibaut, Amsterdams social alderman (building of houses)
  • Jul 6 Verner von Heidenstam, Swedish poet and novelist (Charles Men, Nobel 1916), born in Olshammar, Örebro County, Sweden (d. 1940)
  • Jul 13 Sydney Webb, England, writer/husband of Beatrice Potter
  • Jul 17 Luis Muñoz Rivera, Puerto Rican journalist (founded Federalist Party), born in Barranquitas, Puerto Rico (d. 1916)
  • Jul 30 Henry Louis Smith, American physicist who made the first X-ray photograph, born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1951)
  • Jul 30 Henry Lunn, English humanitarian and religious leader, born in Horncastle, Lincolnshire (d. 1939)
  • Aug 4 Knut Hamsun, Norwegian writer (Nobel Prize in Literature 1920), born in Lom, Gudbrandsdalen, Norway (d. 1952)
  • Aug 6 Arthur Berson, German meteorologist (Balloon flights, Amazon), born in Nowy Sącz (d. 1942)
  • Aug 12 Katharine Lee Bates, American author (America the Beautiful), born in Falmouth, Massachusetts (d. 1929)
  • Aug 19 Hippolyte Delehaye, Flemish historian and hagiographer, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • Sep 3 Jean Jaurès, French socialist (L'Humanité, Les Preuves), born in Castres, Second French Empire (d. 1914)
  • Sep 11 Vjenceslav Novak, Croatian Realist writer (Pavao Šegota), born in Senj, Croatia (d. 1905)

Yuan ShikaiYuan Shikai (1859-1916)

Sep 16 Chinese general and President of the Republic of China (1916), born in Xiangcheng, Henan, Qing dynasty, China

  • Sep 17 Frank Dawson Adams, Canadian geologist, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1942)
  • Sep 18 John L. Bates, American lawyer and politician (41st Governor of Massachusetts), born in Easton, Massachusetts (d. 1946)
  • Sep 18 Lincoln Loy McCandless, American cattle rancher and politician, born in Indiana, Pennsylvania (d. 1940)
  • Sep 21 Cyriel Buysse, Flemish baron and writer (Sursum Corda, Ace Knave), born in Nevele, Belgium (d. 1932)

Alfred DreyfusAlfred Dreyfus (1859-1935)

Oct 9 French Jewish artillery officer (Dreyfus Affair), born in Mulhouse, France

  • Oct 15 Jaime de Magalhães Lima, Portuguese author and poet (Salmos do Prisoneiro), born in Vera Cruz, Portugal (d. 1936)
  • Oct 18 Henri Bergson, French philosopher (Creative Evolution-Nobel 1927)
  • Oct 18 Paolo Orsi, Rovereto, Italian Archaeologist (Sicilian excavations)

John DeweyJohn Dewey (1859-1952)

Oct 20 American philosopher, educational theorist and writer (learn by doing), born in Burlington, Vermont

  • Oct 25 Hélène Swarth, Dutch author (Lonely Flowers), born in Amsterdam (d. 1941)
  • Oct 30 Karl von Stürgkh, Austrian nobleman and politician (Prime Minister, 1911-16), born in Graz, Austrian Empire (d. 1916)
  • Nov 1 Charles Brantley Aycock, 50th Governor of North Carolina (1901-05), born in Wayne County, North Carolina (d. 1912)
  • Nov 13 Georg Knorr, German engineer (brake system trains), born in Ruda bei Neumark, West Prussia (d. 1911)
  • Nov 14 Alexander Samsonov, Russian general (Battle of Tennenberg), born in Kherson Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1914)
  • Nov 15 Christopher Hornsrud, Prime Minister of Norway (3 weeks), born in Skotselv, Øvre Eiker, Norway (d. 1960)

Billy the KidBilly the Kid (1859-1881)

Nov 23 American frontier outlaw and gunfighter of the Wild West, born in NYC, New York

  • Nov 24 Cass Gilbert, American architect (d. 1934)

Georges SeuratGeorges Seurat (1859-1891)

Dec 2 French post-impressionist painter (A Sunday Afternoon on the Island of Grande Jatte), born in Paris, France

John JellicoeJohn Jellicoe (1859-1935)

Dec 5 1st Earl Jellicoe, British Admiral of the Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Southampton, England

  • Dec 12 Maurice Donnay, French playwright (Lovers), born in Paris (d. 1945)
  • Dec 15 L. L. Zamenhof, Polish physician and linguist (Esperanto), born in Białystok, Poland, Russian Empire (d. 1917)
  • Dec 17 Paul César Helleu, French artist (d. 1927)
  • Dec 20 Antonius Derkinderen, Dutch painter & artist, born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • Dec 21 Gustave Kahn, French symbolist poet & art critic, born in Metz, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 26 Johan F van Bemmelen, Dutch zoologist
  • Dec 26 William Stephens, U.S. political figure (d. 1944)
  • Dec 28 John W Fortescue, British military historian and archivist at Windsor Castle, born in Madeira (d. 1933)
  • Dec 29 Venustiano Carranza, Mexican revolutionary and President of Mexico (1915-20), born in Cuatro Ciénegas, Coahuila, Mexico (d. 1920)