Birthdays in History in 1861

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, 1st lady (1909-12)
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian (d. 1940)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American Philosopher and Psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist
  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian/German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, Engl mathematician/philosopher (Adv of Ideas)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, Gainsborough Lincolnshire, geographer
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)

  • Mar 19 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • Apr 14 Bion Joseph Arnold, electrical engineer/inventor
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet (d. 1929)
  • Apr 19 Warden Oncle, [Edward Vermeulen], Flemish farmer/writer
  • Apr 23 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, British Fieldmarshal, General at Battle of Megiddo, born in Brackenhurst, England (d. 1936)
  • Apr 27 Johan M Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte)
  • May 3 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw, member of the Dalton Gang in the American Old West, born in Belton, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • May 6 Motilal Nehru, Indian lawyer and freedom fighter, born in Agra, British India (d. 1931)

Person of interestRabindranath Tagore

May 7 Rabindranath Tagore, Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1941)

  • May 11 Frederick Russell Burnham, father of the international scouting movement (d. 1947)

Person of interestH. H. Holmes

May 16 H. H. Holmes [Herman Webster Mudgett], 1st known American serial killer, born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire (d. 1896)

Serial Killer H. H. Holmes
Serial Killer
H. H. Holmes
  • May 27 Victoria E Matthews, educator
  • May 31 Emily Perkins Bissell, welfare worker (1st christmas seal drive, 1907)
  • Jun 9 Floris H Verster, [van Wulverhorst], painter/cartoonist/etcher
  • Jun 10 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • Jun 10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. army general and soldier (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 Jose FdT Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores)

Person of interestDouglas Haig

Jun 19 Douglas Haig, British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh (d. 1928)

General and WWI Military Leader Douglas Haig
General and WWI Military Leader
Douglas Haig

Person of interestJose Rizal

Jun 19 José Rizal, Filipino nationalist, author ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo') and ophthalmologist, born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines (d. 1896)

Filipino Nationalist and Novelist Jose Rizal
Filipino Nationalist and Novelist
Jose Rizal
  • Jun 20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), born in Le Sueur, Minnesota (d. 1939)

  • Jul 11 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Jul 23 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Jul 25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther ,Scotland (d. 1952)
  • Jul 29 Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt, born in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • Jul 29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • Aug 2 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)

Person of interestEdith Roosevelt

Aug 6 Edith Roosevelt, US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut (d. 1948)

US First Lady Edith Roosevelt
US First Lady
Edith Roosevelt
  • Aug 8 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • Aug 10 Almroth Wright, Yorkshire England, bacteriologist
  • Sep 10 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and writer (Panu, Tuomio), born in Lapinlahti, Finland (d. 1921)
  • Sep 17 Owen Seaman, poet/editor (Punch)
  • Sep 20 Herbert Putnam, American Librarian of Congress, born in NYC, New York (d. 1955)
  • Sep 23 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • Sep 28 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, born in Twickenham, London (d. 1951)
  • Sep 30 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company) (d. 1932)
  • Oct 4 Frederic Remington, American artist and sculptor of American West, born in Canton, New York (d. 1909)

Person of interestFridtjof Nansen

Oct 10 Fridtjof Nansen, Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Peace Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania (d. 1930)

Arctic Explorer and Diplomat Fridtjof Nansen
Arctic Explorer and Diplomat
Fridtjof Nansen
  • Oct 14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • Oct 16 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • Oct 29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter (d. 1904)
  • Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor (d. 1929)
  • Nov 3 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian/archaeologist
  • Nov 7 Jeff Milton, American lawman, born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1947)
  • Nov 10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Nov 14 Frederick Jackson Turner, Wisc, historian/educator (Harvard U)
  • Nov 18 Dorothy Dix, pseudonym of US journalist Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer (d. 1951)
  • Nov 21 Joao da Cruz, Brazilian poet
  • Nov 23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)

Person of interestAlbert B. Fall

Nov 26 Albert B. Fall, New Mexico Senator (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Frankfort, Kentucky

United States Senator Albert B. Fall
United States Senator
Albert B. Fall
  • Nov 30 French Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens)
  • Dec 5 Armando V Diaz, Italian marshal/minister of War (1922-24)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, French painter/sculptor (Seated Woman)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 15 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 19 Constance [Clara] Garnett, Russian-English translator, born in Brighton England
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Trieste Austria, Italian novelist (La Coscienza di Zeno)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory)