Historical Figures Born in 1861

  • Jan 2 Helen Herron Taft, American First lady (1909-13) as wife of President William Howard Taft, planted Washington's cherry trees, born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • Jan 6 George Exton Lloyd, Anglican bishop and theologian, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Jan 6 Victor Horta, Belgium architect, founder of Art Nouveau movement (Hôtel Tassel), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • Jan 12 James Mark Baldwin, American philosopher & psychologist, born in Columbia, South Carolina (d. 1934)
  • Jan 13 Max Nonne, German neurologist (d. 1959)
  • Jan 14 Wilhelm von Polenz, German writer (Der Pfarrer von Breitendorf), born in Cunewalde, Germany (d. 1903)
  • Jan 18 Hans Goldschmidt, German chemist (alumino-thermic process), born in Berlin, Prussia (d. 1923)
  • Feb 2 Mehmed VI Vahideddin, last sultan of Ottoman Empire (1918-22), born at Dolmabahçe Palace, Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1926)
  • Feb 2 Solomon R. Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist (Guggenheim Museum NYC), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1949)
  • Feb 12 Lou [Andreas-]Salome, Russian German author (Im Kampf um Gott)
  • Feb 13 Uchimura Kanzo, religious writer (How I Became a Christian), born in Tokyo, Japan
  • Feb 15 Alfred North Whitehead, British mathematician and philosopher (Adventures of Ideas), born in Ramsgate, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 15 Halford John Mackinder, British geographer (Britain and the British Seas), born in Gainsborough, Lincolnshire, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 17 Princess Helena, Duchess of Albany (d. 1922)
  • Feb 20 Nicolaas van Meeteren, Curacao, folklorist
  • Feb 26 Ferdinand I, 1st tsar of modern Bulgaria (1908-18), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Feb 27 Rudolph Steiner, Kraljevic Aust, founder (doctrine of anthroposophy)
  • Mar 19 Lomer Gouin, Quebec politician (d. 1929)
  • Mar 30 Gratton Hanley "Grat" Dalton, American outlaw of the Old West (The Dalton Gang), born in Lawrence, Kansas (d. 1892)
  • Apr 9 Charles Holroyd, English artist and curator, Director of the National Gallery (1906-16), born in Potternewton, Leeds (d. 1917)
  • Apr 15 Bliss Carman, Canadian poet, born in Fredericton, New Brunswick (d. 1929)
  • Apr 19 Edward Vermeulen, Flemish writer, born in Beselare, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Edmund Allenby, Viscount Allenby, British Fieldmarshal, General at Battle of Megiddo, born in Brackenhurst, England (d. 1936)
  • Apr 27 Johan Skjoldborg, Danish writer (Dynaes-Digte), born in Øsløs, Thisted, Denmark (d. 1936)
  • May 3 Emmett Dalton, American outlaw of the Old West (The Dalton Gang), born in Belton, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • May 6 Motilal Nehru, Indian lawyer and freedom fighter, born in Agra, British India (d. 1931)

Rabindranath TagoreRabindranath Tagore (1861-1941)

May 7 Indian philosopher, poet, writer (Nobel Prize for Literature 1913), born in Calcutta, British India

  • May 11 Frederick Russell Burnham, American scout and adventurer whose friendship with Baden-Powell inspired the founding of the international scouting movement, born in Tivoli, a Dakota Sioux Indian reservation in modern-day Minnesota, (d. 1947)

H. H. HolmesH. H. Holmes (1861-1896)

May 16 American serial killer associated with 27 deaths, born in Gilmanton, New Hampshire

  • May 27 Victoria Earle Matthews, American author and activist, born in Fort Valley, Georgia (d. 1907)
  • May 31 Emily Bissell, American welfare worker and founder of Christmas Seals, born in Wilmington, Delaware (d. 1948)
  • Jun 9 Floris Verster [van Wulverhorst], Dutch painter, cartoonist and etcher, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Jun 10 Joseph Cuypers, Dutch architect (St Bavo, Haarlem), born in Roermond, the Netherlands (d. 1949)
  • Jun 10 Pierre Duhem, French naturalist, philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1916)
  • Jun 16 Scato Gocko de Vries, Dutch paleographer/librarian
  • Jun 17 Omar Bundy, U.S. Army general (Spanish–American War in Cuba), born in New Castle, Indiana (d. 1940)
  • Jun 18 José Trindade Coelho, Portuguese writer (Os Meus Amores), born in Mogadouro, Portugal (d. 1908)

Douglas HaigDouglas Haig (1861-1928)

Jun 19 British fieldmarshal (Sudan, WWI), nicknamed "Butcher Haig" due to mass casualties under his command during the Battle of the Somme, born in Charlotte Square, Edinburgh

José RizalJosé Rizal (1861-1896)

Jun 19 Filipino nationalist and novelist ('Noli Me Tángere', 'El Filibusterismo'), born in Calamba City, Laguna, Philippines

  • Jun 20 Frederick Gowland Hopkins, British biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Eastbourne, England (d. 1947)
  • Jun 22 Maximilian von Spee, German admiral (Commander of the East Asia Squadron during WWI), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1914)
  • Jun 29 William James Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic in Minnesota), born in Le Sueur, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • Jul 11 George W. Norris, U.S. Senator noted for his advocacy of political reform and of public ownership of hydroelectric-power plants, born in Sandusky, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Jul 23 Alexander Willem Frederik Idenburg, Dutch politician of the Anti Revolutionary Party and Governor-General of Dutch Indies (1909-16), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1935)
  • Jul 25 Andrew Cowper Lawson, Scottish-Canadian Geologist who was the first person to identify and name the San Andreas Fault, born in Anstruther, Scotland (d. 1952)
  • Jul 29 Alice Hathaway Lee Roosevelt, 1st wife of Theodore Roosevelt, born in Chestnut Hill, Massachusetts (d. 1884)
  • Jul 29 Sergei D Sazonov, Russian minister of Foreign Affairs (1910-16)
  • Aug 2 Acharya Prafulla Chandra Ray, Bengali chemist (founder of Bengal Chemicals And Pharmaceuticals), born in Khulna, British India (d. 1944)

Edith RooseveltEdith Roosevelt (1861-1948)

Aug 6 US First Lady and wife of Teddy Roosevelt, born in Norwich, Connecticut

  • Aug 8 William Bateson, English biologist (originator of term "genetics")
  • Aug 10 Almroth Wright, English bacteriologist (one of 1st vaccines for typhoid), born in Yorkshire England (d. 1947)
  • Aug 14 Bion J. Arnold, American electrical engineer and inventor, born in Casnovia, Michigan (d. 1942)
  • Sep 10 Niels Hansen Jacobsen, Danish sculptor and ceramist (Trold, der vejrer kristenblod), born in Vejen, Denmark (d. 1941)
  • Sep 11 Juhani Aho, Finnish journalist and writer (Panu, Tuomio), born in Lapinlahti, Finland (d. 1921)
  • Sep 17 Owen Seaman, British poet and editor (Punch), born in Shrewsbury, England (d. 1936)
  • Sep 20 Herbert Putnam, American Librarian of Congress, born in NYC, New York (d. 1955)
  • Sep 23 Robert Bosch, German inventor and industrialist (d. 1942)
  • Sep 28 Amélie of Orléans, Queen of Portugal, wife of Carlos I, born in Twickenham, London (d. 1951)
  • Sep 30 William Wrigley Jr., American industrialist (Wm. Wrigley Jr. Company), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1932)
  • Oct 4 Frederic Remington, American artist and sculptor of American West, born in Canton, New York (d. 1909)

Fridtjof NansenFridtjof Nansen (1861-1930)

Oct 10 Norwegian Arctic explorer and advocate for refugees (Nobel Peace Prize 1922), born in Store Frøen, Christiania

  • Oct 14 Artur Gavazzi, Croatian geographer, born in Split, Austria-Hungary (d. 1944)
  • Oct 16 J. B. Bury, Irish historian (d. 1927)
  • Oct 29 Andrei Ryabushkin, Russian painter, born in Borisoglebsk Uyezd (d. 1904)
  • Oct 30 Antoine Bourdelle, French sculptor, born in Montauban, Tarn-et-Garonne, France (d. 1929)
  • Nov 3 Johann Peter Kirsch, Luxembourg church historian and archaeologist, born in Dippach, Luxembourg (d. 1941)
  • Nov 7 Jeff Milton, American lawman, born in Marianna, Florida (d. 1947)
  • Nov 10 Robert T. A. Innes, Scottish astronomer (Proxima Centauri), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1933)
  • Nov 14 Frederick Jackson Turner, American historian and educator (known for his "frontier thesis"), born in Portage, Wisconsin (d. 1932)
  • Nov 18 Dorothy Dix [Elizabeth Meriwether Gilmer], American journalist and columnist, born in Woodstock, Tennessee (d. 1951)
  • Nov 22 Ranavalona III, Queen of Madagascar (1883-1897) last sovereign of Madagascar, born in Amparibe, Madagascar (d. 1917)
  • Nov 23 Konstantin Korovin, Russian painter (d. 1939)
  • Nov 24 João da Cruz, Brazilian poet, born in Florianópolis, Santa Catarina, Brazil (d. 1898)

Albert B. FallAlbert B. Fall (1861-1944)

Nov 26 American Senator (R-New Mexico 1912-21) and US Secretary of the Interior (1921-23), convicted for his part in the Teapot Dome scandal, born in Frankfort, Kentucky

  • Nov 30 Franz Gailliard, Belgian painter (Zeustempel in Athens), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Dec 5 Armando Diaz, Italian marshal and minister of War (1922-24), born in Naples, Kingdom of Italy (d. 1928)
  • Dec 8 Aristide Maillol, French painter and sculptor (Seated Woman), born in Banyuls-sur-Mer, Roussillon, France (d. 1944)
  • Dec 8 William C. Durant, American industry pioneer, founded General Motors, Frigidaire, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Dec 15 Charles Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Canton, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Dec 16 Antonio de La Gandara, French painter (d. 1917)
  • Dec 19 Constance Garnett, English translator of Russian (first to translate Chekhov and Dostoevsky into English), born in Brighton England (d. 1946)
  • Dec 19 Italo Svevo, Italian writer (La Coscienza di Zeno), born in Trieste Austria (d. 1928)
  • Dec 20 Ivana Kobilca, Slovenian painter, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1926)
  • Dec 22 Erich Schaeder, German theologist (Theocentric Theology), born in Clausthal, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Dec 25 Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya, Indian founder of Banaras Hindu University (d. 1946)
  • Dec 26 Friedrich Engel, German mathematician (group theory), born in Lugau, Saxony, German Federation (d. 1941)