On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1862

  • Jan 3 Sir Matthew Nathan, British Governor of Queensland and other places (d. 1939)
  • Jan 8 Frank Nelson Doubleday, publisher/founder (Doubleday & Co)
  • Jan 17 John E Akkeringa, Dutch painter/etcher
  • Jan 23 David Hilbert, German mathematician (Hilbert spaces, invariant theory, axiomatization of geometry), born in Königsberg, East Prussia (d. 1943)

Person of interestEdith Wharton

Jan 24 Edith Wharton [-Jones], Pulitzer prize-winning novelist (Ethan Frome, House of Mirth), born in NYC, New York (d. 1937)

Pulitzer prize winning novelist Edith Wharton
Pulitzer prize winning novelist
Edith Wharton
  • Feb 7 Bernard Maybeck, US architect (Palace of Fine Arts, San Francisco)
  • Feb 17 Mori Ōgai, Japanese novelist and poet (d. 1922)
  • Feb 22 Karen Hulda Garborg[-Bergersen], Norwegian playwright (Mot Solen/Eli)
  • Mar 2 John Jay Chapman, US advocate, poet, and writer (Learning & Other Essays)
  • Mar 2 Boris Borisovich Galitzine, Russian physicist (d. 1916)
  • Mar 4 Robert Emden, Swiss geo/astro physics (Emden-polytroop)
  • Mar 8 Joseph Lee, Father of Playgrounds movement, born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1937)
  • Mar 12 Jane Delano, American nurse and educator (Red Cross Nursing Service during WWI), born in Montour Falls, New York (d. 1919)
  • Mar 14 Vilhelm Bjerknes, Norwegian-American physicist and meteorologist, born in Christiania, Norway (d. 1951)
  • Mar 17 Silvio Gesell, Belgian economist (d. 1930)
  • Mar 23 Nathaniel Reed, American outlaw turned evangelist (d. 1950)

  • Mar 28 Aristide Briand, 11x Prime Minister of France (1909-22) (Nobel Peace Prize 1926), born in Nantes (d. 1932)
  • Apr 2 Nicholas Murray Butler, American philosopher, diplomat (Nobel Peace Prize 1931), educator (Columbia University President), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1947)
  • Apr 11 Charles Evans Hughes, American statesman, Republican politician and 11th Chief Justice of Supreme Court (1930-41), born in Glens Falls, New York (d. 1948)
  • Apr 11 William W Campbell, American astronomer and Director of Lick Observatory, born in Hancock County, Ohio (d. 1938)
  • Apr 14 Pyotr Stolypin, 3rd Prime Minister of Russia (1906-11), born in Dresden, Kingdom of Saxony, German Confederation (d. 1911)
  • Apr 25 Edward Grey, English viscount of Fallodon and Minister of Foreign Affairs, born in London (d. 1933)
  • May 5 Max Elskamp, Belgian author and poet (Lesson Joies Blondes, Maya), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1931)
  • May 15 Arthur Schnitzler, Austrian playwright/novelist (La Ronde)
  • May 18 Freiherr Albert von Schrenk-Notzing, German para-psychologist
  • May 19 Mikhail Nesterov, Russian painter (d. 1942)
  • May 22 August Cuppens, Flemish author (Limburgs Driemanschap), born in Beringen, Belgium (d. 1924)
  • Jun 1 António Feijó, Portuguese poet and diplomat, born in Ponte de Lima, Portugal (d. 1917)
  • Jun 5 Allvar Gullstrand, Swedish physician (Nobel 1911), born in Landskrona, Sweden (d. 1930)
  • Jun 6 Henry John Newbolt, English poet and author (Studies Green & Gray), born in Bilston, Staffordshire, England (d. 1938)
  • Jun 7 Philipp Lenard, Austrian physicist (Nobel 1905), born in Pozsony, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Jun 21 Johannes Schlaf, German writer and translator, born in Querfurt, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Jun 21 Damrong Rajanubhab, Thai prince, son of King Mongkut and brother of King Chulalongkorn and historian, born in Bangkok, Thailand (d. 1943)
  • Jul 2 William Henry Bragg, English physicist (Nobel 1915-analysis of crystal structure by means of X-rays), born in Westward, Cumberland, England (d. 1942)
  • Jul 14 Florence Bascom, American geologist and 1st woman hired by the US Geological Survey, born in Williamstown, Massachusetts (d. 1945)
  • Jul 14 Gustav Klimt, Austrian Art Nouveau painter

Person of interestIda B. Wells

Jul 16 Ida Bell Wells-Barnett, American journalist and civil rights activist, born in Holly Springs, Mississippi (d. 1931)

Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist Ida B. Wells
Civil Rights Leader, Journalist and Suffragist
Ida B. Wells
  • Jul 18 Victor, Prince Napoléon (Napoléon V ), French pretender to throne, born in Palais-Royal, Paris (d. 1926)
  • Jul 18 Nikolai Nikolayevich Yudenich, Russian WWI general, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Jul 24 Johan A de Sleeve [Adwaita], philosopher and poet (Brahman)
  • Aug 1 M. R. James, English scholar and author (Ghost Stories of an Antiquary), born in Goodnestone, Dover, Kent (d. 1936)
  • Aug 5 Joseph Merrick, "The Elephant Man", born in Leicester, England (d. 1890)
  • Aug 7 Victoria of Baden, Queen of Sweden, born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1931)
  • Aug 26 Herbert Booth, American son of William and Catherine Booth (d. 1926)

Person of interestMaurice Maeterlinck

Aug 29 Maurice Maeterlinck, Belgian poet (Blue Bird, Nobel 1911), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1949)

Author and Nobel Laureate Maurice Maeterlinck
Author and Nobel Laureate
Maurice Maeterlinck
  • Aug 29 Andrew Fisher, 5th Prime Minister of Australia (1908-09, 1910-13, 1914-15), born in Crosshouse, Ayrshire, Scotland (d. 1928)
  • Sep 1 Adolphe Appia, Swiss set designer/theorist

Person of interestO. Henry

Sep 11 O. Henry [William Sydney Porter], American short story writer (Cabbages and Kings), born in Greensboro, North Carolina (d. 1910)

Short Story Writer O. Henry
Short Story Writer
O. Henry
  • Sep 11 Julian Byng, 1st Viscount Byng of Vimy, British army officer, born in Wrotham Park, Hertfordshire, England (d. 1935)
  • Sep 11 Hawley Harvey Crippen [Dr Crippen], American homeopath and first killer to be caught with the aid of wireless telegraphy, born in Coldwater, Michigan (d. 1910)
  • Sep 13 Dirk Bos, Dutch Liberal 2nd Member of Parliament, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1916)
  • Sep 21 James E. Talmage, English religious leader (LDS Church apostle), born in Hungerford, Berkshire, England (d. 1933)
  • Sep 25 Billy Hughes, 7th Prime Minister of Australia (Labor, Nationalist: 1915-23), born in London (d. 1952)
  • Sep 27 Louis Botha, 1st Prime Minister of South Africa (1910-19), born in Greytown, South Africa (d. 1919)
  • Oct 4 Edward Stratemeyer, American author (The Rover Boys), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1930)
  • Oct 6 Albert Jeremiah Beveridge, American politician/author (Progressive)
  • Oct 13 Mary Kingsley, English ethnographer and explorer who became the first European to enter parts of Gabon, Africa, born in London (d. 1900)
  • Nov 4 Eden Phillpotts, English novelist, poet and playwright (Red Madymaynes), born in Mount Abu, Rajasthan, India (d. 1960)
  • Nov 8 James Edward Sullivan, American sports official and founder (Amateur Athletic Union), born in NYC, New York (d. 1914)
  • Nov 15 Adolf Bartels, German journalist and poet, born in Wesselburen, Holstein, Germany (d. 1945)

Person of interestGerhart Hauptmann

Nov 15 Gerhart Hauptmann, German author (Before Dawn - Nobel 1912), born in Obersalzbrunn, Silesia, Prussia (d. 1946)

Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate Gerhart Hauptmann
Dramatist, Author and Nobel Laureate
Gerhart Hauptmann
  • Nov 19 Billy Sunday, American evangelist (revivals and sermons reflected the emotional upheavals caused by transition from rural to industrial society in the United States), born in Story County, Iowa (d. 1935)
  • Nov 20 Willem Vliegen, Dutch journalist and chairman (SDAP), born in Gulpen, Netherlands (d. 1947)
  • Nov 23 Theo van Rysselberghe, Belgian painter (pointillism)
  • Nov 26 Marc Aurel Stein, Hungarian-British archaeologist, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1943)
  • Dec 3 Jules Renkin, Belgian politician (28th Prime Minister of Belgium 1931-32), born in Ixelles, Belgium (d. 1934
  • Dec 7 Paul Adam, French writer (La Bataille d'Uhde), born in Paris (d. 1920)
  • Dec 8 Georges Feydeau, French playwright (La Dame de Chez Maxim's), born in Paris (d. 1921)
  • Dec 14 John M. Acket, Dutch literary (Grammatic Conceptions) (d. 1933)
  • Dec 16 Eugene Demolder, Belgian writer (Sous la robe)
  • Dec 23 Henri Pirenne, Belgian historian (History of Belgium)
  • Dec 26 Alexander Amfiteatrov, Russian-French-Italian writer, born in Kaluga, Russia (d. 1923)