Historical Figures Born in 1863

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator, born in Valkenburg, Netherlands (d. 1930)
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1944)
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, German lawyer & politician, born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1946)

David Lloyd GeorgeDavid Lloyd George (1863-1945)

Jan 17 British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England

  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 Henri Berr, French philosopher (Revue de synthèse), born in Lunéville, France (d. 1954)
  • Feb 9 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • Feb 17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian poet, writer (Il fuoco, Intruder), playwright and military hero as part of the elite Arditi storm troops, born in Pescara, Italy (d. 1938)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 17 Homer Plessy, American Creole shoemaker and civil rights pioneer (plaintiff in landmark U.S. Supreme Court case Plessy v. Ferguson 1896), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1925)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)

Henry RoyceHenry Royce (1863-1933)

Mar 27 English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England

  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 C. A. J. van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher, born in Zierikzee, Netherlands (d. 1931)
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, English lithographer and painter, born in Sleaford, Lincolnshire (d. 1937)
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Mary Theresa Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (founded the Missionary Sisters of St. Peter Claver), born in Loosdorf, Lower Austria, Austrian Empire (d. 1922)

William Randolph HearstWilliam Randolph Hearst (1863-1951)

Apr 29 American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California

  • May 5 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • May 14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 18 William Heinemann, English publisher (Heinnemann), born in Surbiton, England (d. 1920)
  • May 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • May 28 Georg Adler, Polish state economist, born in Poznań, Poland (d. 1908)
  • May 31 Francis Younghusband, British journalist and explorer (1904 British expedition to Tibet), born in Murree, British India (d. 1942)
  • Jun 4 Edmond Robert Hubert Regout, Dutch industrialist and politician, born in Maastricht, Limburg, Netherlands (d. 1913)
  • Jun 10 Louis Couperus, Dutch poet and writer (Eline Vere), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Jun 11 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Jun 13 Lucy, Lady Duff-Gordon, English fashion designer, born in London (d. 1935)
  • Jun 17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29 James Harvey Robinson, American historian (Ordeal of Civilization), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian-British explorer and adventurer who had a leading role in two of the most controversial expeditions in the history of the colonisation of Africa, born in Halifax, Nova Scotia (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), born in Nice, France (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Henry FordHenry Ford (1863-1947)

Jul 30 American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan

  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • Aug 15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1918)
  • Aug 30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre Yersin, Swiss French bacteriologist (discovered bubonic plague bacillus), born in Aubonne, Switzerland (d. 1943)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German lexicographer and exegete (Hebrew Latin Dictionary), born in Ravensburg (d. 1947)
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German socialist politician (SPD, USPD) and co-chair of the Council of the People's Deputies (1918-19), born in Allenstein, East Prussia (d. 1919)

Reinhard ScheerReinhard Scheer (1863-1928)

Sep 30 German admiral and commander of the High Seas Fleet in World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Obernkirchen, Electorate of Hesse

  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • Oct 13 Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer and inventor (Rateau steam turbine), born in Royan, France (d. 1930)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Nov 8 René Viviani, French historian and 61st Prime Minister of France (1914-15), born in Sidi Bel Abbès, French Algeria (d. 1925)
  • Nov 11 Paul Signac, French painter (developed the technique called pointillism with Georges Seurat), born in Paris (d. 1935)

Leo BaekelandLeo Baekeland (1863-1944)

Nov 14 Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium

  • Nov 18 Richard Dehmel, German poet and writer, born in Hermsdorf, Brandenburg, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Nov 21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, Cornish novelist and editor (The Oxford Book Of English Verse 1250–1900), born in Bodmin, Cornwall (d. 1944)
  • Nov 30 Andrés Bonifacio, Filipino revolutionary leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain, born in Manila, Philippines (d. 1897)
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (Ringling Brothers and Barnum & Bailey Circus), born in McGregor, Iowa (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and investor, born in Thompson, Ohio (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party), born in Scuol, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Forest King), born in Velika Moštanica, Principality of Serbia (d. 1899)

Annie Jump CannonAnnie Jump Cannon (1863-1941)

Dec 11 American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware

Edvard MunchEdvard Munch (1863-1944)

Dec 12 Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway

  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Dec 15 Arthur Dehon Little, American chemist (patented rayon), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1935)
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spanish-American philosopher, poet and humanist (Last Puritan), born in Madrid, Spain (d. 1952)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC), born in Hampton Falls, New Hampshire (d. 1942)

Franz FerdinandFranz Ferdinand (1863-1914)

Dec 18 Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria

  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, French military officer & explorer in Africa, born in Thoissey, France (d. 1934)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno), born in Senigallia, Italy (d. 1939)