Birthdays in History in 1863

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Aleko Konstantinov, Bulgarian writer (To Chicago & Back)
  • Jan 2 Lucia Zarate, became lightest known adult human (2.1 kg at 17)
  • Jan 12 Swami Vivekananda, Indian Hindu spiritual leader and a key figure in the introduction of Yoga to the Western world, born in Kolkata, India (d. 1902)
  • Jan 14 Pieter Oosterlee, Dutch educator
  • Jan 15 Adolph Goldschmidt, German historian
  • Jan 15 Wilhelm Marx, premier (Prussia)

Person of interestDavid Lloyd George

Jan 17 David Lloyd George, British Prime Minister (Liberal: 1916-22), born in Chorlton-on-Medlock, Lancashire, England (d. 1945)

British Prime Minister David Lloyd George
British Prime Minister
David Lloyd George
  • Jan 17 Konstantin S Stanislavski, Russian director (Stanislavski Method)
  • Jan 19 Werner Sombart, German fascist (Juden und das Wirtschaftsleben)
  • Jan 28 Ernst William Christmas, Australian painter (d. 1918)
  • Jan 31 F Henri Berz, French existensialist philosopher (Revue the Synthesis)
  • Feb 9 Anthony Hope [Hopkins], novelist, born in London, England
  • Feb 17 Fyodor Sologub, Russian symbolist novelist and poet (d. 1927)
  • Feb 23 Franz von Stuck, German painter (Der Krieg)
  • Mar 1 Alexander Golovin, Russian painter (d. 1930)
  • Mar 3 Arthur Machen, Welsh-born author (d. 1947)

  • Mar 4 Reginald Innes Pocock, British zoologist (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 John Henry Wigmore, American jurist and expert in the law of evidence (d. 1943)
  • Mar 11 Wobbe de Vries, Dutch linguist
  • Mar 12 Adolf A Wolfschoon, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Gabriele D'Annunzio, Italian writer/military hero (Intruder)
  • Mar 12 Vladimir Vernadsky, Russian mineralogist (d. 1945)
  • Mar 21 George Owen Squier, American inventor and Major General in U.S. Signal Corp (d. 1934)
  • Mar 23 Godfried CE van Daalen, Dutch general/governor of Atjeh
  • Mar 25 Simon Flexner, American pathologist (d. 1946)
  • Mar 27 Henry Royce, English industrialist and automobile founder (Rolls-Royce), born in Alwalton, England (d. 1933)
  • Apr 3 Henry Van de Velde, Flemish painter and architect (Art Nouveau), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1957)
  • Apr 12 Raul Pompeia, Brazilian writer (O Ateneu), born in Angra dos Reis, Rio de Janeiro, Brazil (d. 1895)
  • Apr 17 Augustus Edward Hough Love, English mathematician (theory of elasticity), born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 22 Cornelis A J van Dishoeck, Dutch publisher
  • Apr 26 Arno Holz, German writer (Phantasus), born in Rastenburg, East Prussia (d. 1929)
  • Apr 26 Charles Haslewood Shannon, lithographer/painter

Person of interestWilliam Randolph Hearst

Apr 29 William Randolph Hearst, American newspaper publisher (San Francisco Examiner, Seattle P-I), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1951)

Newspaper Publisher William Randolph Hearst
Newspaper Publisher
William Randolph Hearst
  • Apr 29 Constantine P Cavafy, Egyptian Greek poet, journalist and civil servant, born in Alexandria, Egypt Province, Ottoman Empire (d. 1933)
  • Apr 29 Maria Theresa Ledochowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic nun (d. 1922)
  • May 5 Frederik August Stoett, Dutch linguist (Dutch Proverbs), born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • May 14 John Charles Fields, Canadian mathematician and founder of the Fields Medal, born in Hamilton, Ontario (d. 1932)
  • May 24 George Grey Barnard, American sculptor, born in Bellefonte, Pennsylvania (d. 1938)
  • May 28 Georg Adler, German state economist
  • May 31 Francis E Younghusband, British journalist/explorer
  • Jun 4 Edmond R H Regout, Dutch industrialist/politician

  • Jun 10 Louis M A Couperus, Dutch poet/writer (Eline Vere)
  • Jun 11 Eduard David, German politician (constitution of Weimar), born in Ediger-Eller, Germany (d. 1930)
  • Jun 13 Lady Lucy Duff Gordon, English fashion designer (d. 1935)
  • Jun 17 Duke Charles Michael of Mecklenburg, head of the House of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1934)
  • Jun 18 George Essex Evans, Australian poet (d. 1909)
  • Jun 21 Max Wolf, German astronomer, pioneer in the field of astrophotography, born in Heidelberg, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Jun 25 Émile Francqui, Belgian soldier and diplomat, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1935)
  • Jun 29 James Harvey Robinson, American historian (Ordeal of Civilization), born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1936)
  • Jul 1 William Grant Stairs, Canadian explorer (d. 1892)
  • Jul 12 Albert Calmette, French physician, bacteriologist and immunologist (Bacillus Calmette-Guérin), born in Nice, France (d. 1933)
  • Jul 12 Paul Karl Ludwig Drude, German physicist (optics), born in Brunswick, Germany (d. 1906)
  • Jul 13 Emma Mary Wooley, educator (Mary Anna Wells)
  • Jul 19 Hermann Bahr, Austrian writer (Concert), born in Linz, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Jul 26 Paul Walden, Latvian chemist (Walden inversion, room-temperature ionic liquid, ethylammonium nitrate), born in Rozulas, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1957)
  • Jul 28 Hussein Khan Nakhichevanski, Russian general (d. 1919)

Person of interestHenry Ford

Jul 30 Henry Ford, American industrialist and auto maker (Ford Model T), born in Dearborn Township, Michigan (d. 1947)

Ford Motor Company Founder Henry Ford
Ford Motor Company Founder
Henry Ford
  • Aug 1 Gaston Doumergue, 60th Prime Minister of France (1913-14 and 1934) and 1st protestant French President (1924-31), born in Aigues-Vives, France (d. 1937)
  • Aug 15 Alexei Krylov, Russian engineer and mathematician, born in Alatyrsky District, Russia (d. 1945)
  • Aug 17 Gene Stratton-Porter, American author and naturalist (d. 1924)
  • Aug 24 Dragutin Lerman, Croatian explorer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1918)
  • Aug 30 Sergey Prokudin-Gorsky, Russian photographer and chemist, born in Muron, Russia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 6 Rodolfo Lenz, German-Chilian linguist (El Papiamento), born in Halle, Saxony (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Arthur Henderson, British Labour minister (Nobel Peace Prize 1934), born in Glasgow, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 18 Hermann Kutter, Swiss Protestant theologian (founder of Christian Socialism in Switzerland), born in Bern, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Sep 23 Alexandre EJ Yersin, Swiss/French bacteriologist (bacteria plague)
  • Sep 23 Mary Church Terrell, civil rights activist
  • Sep 28 Carlos I, King of Portugal (1889-1908), born in Ajuda National Palace, Lisbon (d. 1908)
  • Sep 29 Franz Zorell, German RC exegetist/lexicographer
  • Sep 29 Hugo Haase, German SPD-German parliament/revolutionary
  • Sep 30 Reinhard Scheer, German admiral (WWI)
  • Oct 3 Pyotr Kozlov, Russian explorer, born in Dukhovshchina, Russia (d. 1935)
  • Oct 5 Ludwig Borchardt, German Egyptologist, born in Berlin (d. 1938)
  • Oct 10 Louis Cyr, French Canadian strongman (lifting 500 pounds (227 kg) with one finger and backlifting 4,337 pounds (1,967 kg)), born in Quebec, Canada (d. 1912)
  • Oct 13 Auguste Rateau, French mining engineer and inventor (Rateau steam turbine), born in Royan, France (d. 1930)
  • Oct 16 Austen Chamberlain, British Foreign Secretary (Nobel 1925)
  • Oct 19 John Huston Finley, Ill, editor (NY Times (1937-38)
  • Nov 8 René [Raphael] Viviani, French historian/social premier (1914-15)
  • Nov 11 Paul Signac, French painter (d. 1935)

Person of interestLeo Baekeland

Nov 14 Leo Baekeland, Belgian-American chemist and inventor (bakelite plastics), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1944)

Chemist Leo Baekeland
Chemist
Leo Baekeland
  • Nov 18 Richard Dehmel, writer
  • Nov 21 Arthur Quiller-Couch, [Q], editor (Oxford Book of English Verse)
  • Nov 30 Andres Bonifacio, leader of 1896 Philippine revolt against Spain
  • Dec 2 Charles Ringling, American circus owner (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Paul Painlevé, French Prime Minister (1917, 1925), born in Paris (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Charles Martin Hall, American chemist and investor, born in Thompson, Ohio (d. 1914)
  • Dec 7 Svetolik Ranković, Serbian writer (Forest King), born in Velika Moštanica, Principality of Serbia (d. 1899)
  • Dec 7 Felix Calonder, Swiss politician (Free Democratic Party), born in Scuol, Switzerland

Person of interestAnnie Jump Cannon

Dec 11 Annie Jump Cannon, American stellar spectroscopist (Harvard-classification), born in Dover, Delaware (d. 1941)

Astronomer Annie Jump Cannon
Astronomer
Annie Jump Cannon

Person of interestEdvard Munch

Dec 12 Edvard Munch, Norwegian painter and print maker (The Scream), born in Ådalsbruk, Løten, Norway (d. 1944)

Painter and Print Maker Edvard Munch
Painter and Print Maker
Edvard Munch
  • Dec 13 Johannes Weiss, German New Testament scholar, born in Kiel, Germany (d. 1914)
  • Dec 15 Arthur D Little, American chemist (patented rayon)
  • Dec 15 Paul [Prudent] Painlevé, French mathematician/minister/premier [NS]
  • Dec 16 George Santayana, Spanish philosopher/poet/humanist (Last Puritan)
  • Dec 16 Ralph Adams Cram, American gothic architect (Cathedral of St Joan NYC)

Person of interestFranz Ferdinand

Dec 18 Franz Ferdinand, Archduke of Austria whose assassination in 1914 led to declarations of war in WWI, born in Graz, Austria (d. 1914)

Archduke of Austria Franz Ferdinand
Archduke of Austria
Franz Ferdinand
  • Dec 22 Ch'i Pai-shih, China, traditional Chinese painter
  • Dec 22 Jean-Baptiste Marchand, Thoissey France, soldier/explorer (Sudan)
  • Dec 31 Alfredo Panzini, Italian author (Dizionario Moderno)