On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1864

Person of interestAlfred Stieglitz

Jan 1 Alfred Stieglitz, American photographer/art dealer (Camera Work), born in Hoboken, New Jersey

Photographer Alfred Stieglitz
Photographer
Alfred Stieglitz

Person of interestQi Baishi

Jan 1 Qi Baishi, Chinese painter famous for whimsical and playful watercolor paintings, born in Xiangtan, China (d. 1957)

Painter Qi Baishi
Painter
Qi Baishi
  • Jan 8 Prince Albert Victor, Duke of Clarence and Avondale (d. 1892)
  • Jan 9 Vladimir Steklov, Russian mathematician (d. 1926)

Person of interestGeorge Washington Carver

Jan 10 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jul 12] (d. 1943)

Agricultural Scientist and Inventor George Washington Carver
Agricultural Scientist and Inventor
George Washington Carver
  • Jan 10 Grand Duke Peter Nikolaevich of Russia, son of Grand Duke Nicholas Nikolaevich, born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1931)
  • Jan 11 Thomas Dixon, US attorney/playwright (Flaming Sword)
  • Jan 13 Wilhelm K W Wien, German physicist (Nobel 1911)
  • Jan 15 Frances Benjamin Johnston, American photographer, born in Grafton West Virginia (d. 1952)
  • Jan 17 Lucien Herr, French intellectual and librarian (École Normale Supérieure), born in Altkirch, Haut-Rhin, France (d. 1926)
  • Jan 24 Marguerite Durand, French feminist leader (d. 1936)
  • Jan 25 Julije Kempf, Croatian historian & writer, born in Požega, Croatia (d. 1934)
  • Jan 28 Herbert Akroyd Stuart, English engineer - inventor of the first compression ignition engine (d. 1927)
  • Feb 6 John Henry Mackay, Scottish-born German writer (Anarchists), born in Greenock, United Kingdom (d. 1933)
  • Feb 14 Israel Zangwill, Jewish author (Children of The Ghetto) and Zionist leader, born in London (d. 1926)
  • Feb 14 Robert E. Park, American sociologist (human ecology, marginal man), born in Harveyville, Pennsylvania (d. 1944)

  • Feb 17 Jozef Murgaš, Slovak inventor (d. 1929)
  • Feb 19 Aritius S Talma, Dutch minister of Agriculture (Work Law of 1911)
  • Feb 22 Jules Renard, French writer (Poil de Carotte)
  • Mar 4 David W. Taylor, U.S. Navy architect (d. 1940)
  • Mar 12 W. H. R. Rivers, British psychiatrist (d. 1922)
  • Mar 13 Alexej von Jawlensky, Russian painter, born in Torzhok, Russia (d. 1941)
  • Mar 14 Casey [John] Jones, American railroad engineer who dies trying to save a train (Ballad of Casey Jones), born in Missouri (d. 1900)
  • Mar 18 Karl M Lybeck, Finnish/Swedish language poet (Samlade Arbeten)
  • Mar 19 Charles Marion Russell, American artist (d. 1926)
  • Mar 30 Franz Oppenheimer, German sociologist/politician
  • Apr 1 Marie Jungius, Dutch fairy tale writer
  • Apr 9 Sebastian Ziani de Ferranti, English electrical engineer and inventor, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1930)
  • Apr 18 Richard Harding Davis, American journalist and author (Soldiers of Fortune, The King's Jackal), born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania (d. 1916)
  • Apr 21 Max Weber, German sociologist, economist and historian (Ancient Judaism), born in Erfurt, Province of Saxony, Prussia (d. 1920)
  • Apr 22 Phil May, English cartoonist, born in Wortley, Leeds (d. 1903)
  • Apr 24 George August Alexander Alting von Geusau, Dutch Minister of War (1918-20), born in Arnhem, Netherlands (d. 1937)
  • Apr 24 George Foottit, English clown, born in Manchester, United Kingdom (d. 1921)
  • Apr 28 William Frederick Archdall Ellison, Irish clergyman and director (Armagh Observatory)
  • Apr 30 Frans Netscher, Dutch writer and journalist (Studies of nude model), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1923)
  • Apr 30 Juhan Liiv, Estonian poet (I Saw Estonia Yesterday), born in Allatzkiwwi, Governorate of Livonia, Russian Empire (d. 1913)

  • May 18 Jan P. Veth, Bayern, Dutch painter, etcher, lithographer and art historian
  • May 19 Carl Akeley, American taxidermist and naturalist who developed the animal mount process and other techniques for museums, born in Clarendon, New York (d. 1926)
  • May 21 Princess Stephanie of Belgium (d. 1945)
  • May 27 Ante Trumbić, Croatian politician (23rd Mayor of Split), born in Split, Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Jun 3 Ransom Eli Olds, American auto (Oldsmobile) & truck (REO) manufacturer, born in Geneva, Ohio (d. 1950)
  • Jun 13 Rudolf Kjellén, Swedish political scientist and politician who first coined the term "geopolitics", born in Torsö, Sweden (d. 1922)
  • Jun 13 Dwight B. Waldo, American educator (first President of Western Michigan University), born in Arcade, New York (d. 1939)
  • Jun 14 Alois Alzheimer, German psychiatrist and neuropathologist (Alzheimer Disease), born in Marktbreit, Bavaria (d. 1915)
  • Jun 20 Pier Pander, Dutch sculptor, born in Drachten, Friesland (d. 1919)
  • Jun 21 Heinrich Wölfflin, Swiss art historian, born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1945)
  • Jun 22 Hermann Minkowski, German mathematician
  • Jun 25 Walther Hermann Nernst, Prussian physicist and chemist (Nobel 1920), born in Briesen, West Prussia (d. 1941)
  • Jun 29 Pietro Bonfante, Italian lawyer (Roman law) and historian, born in Poggio Mirteto, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Jun 29 Ashutosh Mukherjee, Bengali educator, jurist, barrister and mathematician described as the "Banglar Bagh" (Tiger of Bengal), born in Calcutta, Bengal Presidency, British India (d. 1924)
  • Jul 11 Petar Danov, Bulgarian spiritual teacher, born in Nikolaevka, Bulgaria (d. 1944)
  • Jul 12 George Washington Carver, African-American agricultural scientist (studied the peanut), born in Diamond Grove, Missouri [or Jan 10] (d. 1934)
  • Jul 13 John Jacob Astor IV, American businessman and soldier (richest passenger aboard the Titanic), born in Rhinebeck, New York (d. 1912)
  • Jul 18 Ricarda Huch, German writer and historian "First Lady of German humanism", born in Braunschweig (d. 1947)
  • Jul 18 Phillip Snowden, British politician, 1st Labour Chancellor of the Exchequer, born in Cowling, Yorkshire (d. 1937)
  • Jul 20 Erik Karlfeldt, Swedish poet (Nobel 1918-refused; 1931-posthumous)

  • Jul 21 Frances Cleveland, American 1st lady (1885-89, 93-97), wife of President Grover Cleveland, born in Buffalo, New York (d. 1947)
  • Jul 23 Apolinario Mabini, Filipino political theoretician and 1st Prime Minister of the Philippines, born in Tanauan, Batangas, Philippines (d. 1903)

Person of interestEleftherios Venizelos

Aug 11 Eleftherios Venizelos, Prime Minister of Greece (1910-15, 1917-20, 1924, 1928-32, 1933), born in Mournies, Chania, Crete, Ottoman Empire (d. 1936) [NS=23 Aug]

Greek Prime Minister Eleftherios Venizelos
Greek Prime Minister
Eleftherios Venizelos
  • Aug 16 Ferdinand C. S. Schiller, German-British philosopher (Riddles of the Sphinx), born in Altona, Holstein, German Confederation (d. 1937)
  • Aug 23 Eleftherios K. Venizalos, Premier of Greece (1910-15, 28-32), born in Mournies, Greece (d. 1936)
  • Sep 1 Roger David Casement, Irish diplomat, nationalist (Easter uprising 1916), and poet, born in Sandycove, Dublin, Ireland (d. 1916)
  • Sep 14 Robert Cecil, 1st Viscount Cecil of Chelwood, British lawyer and politician who helps form League of Nations (Nobel 1937), born in Cavendish Square, London (d. 1958)
  • Sep 22 Louis Van Deyssel, writer (Small Republic, One Love)
  • Sep 23 Draga Mašin, Queen of Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Sep 27 Alexander Cohen, Dutch anarchist and author, born in Leeuwarden, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Sep 27 Andrej Hlinka, Slovak politician and Catholic priest, born in Liptó County, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Sep 28 Barry Pain, English writer (Punch), born in Cambridge, England (d. 1928)
  • Sep 29 Miguel de Unamuno Jugo, Bilbao Spain, philosopher (Ensayos, Teatro)
  • Oct 5 Louis Lumière, French inventor, with brother Auguste made 1st motion picture in 1895, born in Besançon, France (d. 1948)
  • Oct 8 Ozias Leduc, Canadian painter, born in Saint-Hilaire-de-Rouville, Quebec (d. 1955)
  • Oct 10 T. Frank Appleby, American Republican Party politician (Member of the U.S. House of Representatives from New Jersey), born in Old Bridge Township, New Jersey (d. 1924)
  • Oct 14 Maurice de Plessys, French poet (Palace Occidental), born in Paris (d. 1924)
  • Oct 17 Elinor Glyn, British novelist (3 Weeks)
  • Oct 20 James F. Hinkle, American politician, sixth Governor of New Mexico, born in Franklin County, Missouri (d. 1951)
  • Oct 25 John Francis Dodge, American automobile pioneer (Co-Founder of Dodge Brothers Company), born in Niles, Michigan (d. 1920)
  • Oct 28 Adolfo Camarillo, American prominent land owner, horse breeder, and rancher, born in Ventura, California (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Dmitry Ivanovsky, Russian botanist who discovered the organisms that came to be known as viruses, born in Gdov, Russia (d. 1920)
  • Nov 11 Alfred Hermann Fried, German pacifist (Nobel 1911-co-founder of the German peace movement), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1921)
  • Nov 11 George Washington Crile, American surgeon (conducted the first direct blood transfusion and studied the effects of surgical shock), born in Chili, Ohio (d. 1943)
  • Nov 20 Gerard Wilhelm Kernkamp, Dutch historian and editor (Groene Amsterdammer), born in Hoorn, Netherlands (d. 1943)
  • Nov 23 Henry Bourne Joy, American automobile executive (d. 1936)
  • Nov 24 Henri de Toulouse-Lautrec, French painter (At the Moulin Rouge)
  • Nov 26 Herman Gorter, Dutch socialist and poet (May, Tiny Hero's Poem), born in Wormerveer, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Nov 28 Carel Adolph Lion Cachet, Dutch lithographer and wood carver, born in Amsterdam (d. 1945)
  • Nov 28 James Allen, English writer (As a Man Thinketh), born in Leicester, England (d. 1912)
  • Nov 28 Lindley M. Garrison, American lawyer and 46th U.S. Secretary of War (1913-16), born in Camden, New Jersey (d. 1932)
  • Dec 3 Herman Heijermans, Dutch writer (Kamertjeszonde, Diamond City), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1924)
  • Dec 12 Paul Elmer More, American critic and essayist, born in Saint Louis, Missouri (d. 1937)
  • Dec 13 Emil Seidel, German-American politician (36th Mayor of Milwaukee), born in Ashland, Pennsylvania (d. 1947)
  • Dec 23 Zorka of Montenegro, Princess of Serbia (d. 1890)
  • Dec 27 René Georges Hermann-Paul, French artist (d. 1940)
  • Dec 31 Robert G Aitken, American astronomer (Binary Stars), born in Jackson, California (d. 1951)