Birthdays in History in 1865

  • Jan 5 Julio Garavito Armero, Colombian astronomer (d. 1920)
  • Jan 10 Mary Ingalls, sister of American author Laura Ingalls Wilder (d. 1928)
  • Jan 13 Princess Marie of Orléans (d. 1908)
  • Jan 17 Gen Sir Charles Fergusson, Governor-General of New Zealand (d. 1951)
  • Jan 20 Friedrich A H von Waldeck, brother of queen Emma/last ruler of Waldeck
  • Jan 22 Friedrich Paschen, German physicist
  • Jan 28 Lala Lajpat Rai, Indian freedom fighter (d. 1928)
  • Jan 28 Kaarlo Juho Ståhlberg, first president of Finland (d. 1952)
  • Jan 30 Samuel Pierre l'Honoré Naber, Dutch rear-admiral and librarian, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1936)
  • Jan 31 Henri Desgrange, Founder of the Tour-de-France (d. 1940)
  • Jan 31 Shastriji Maharaj, Indian spiritual leader (d. 1951)
  • Feb 3 Martinus Ballings, Flemish jesuit/author (Will Power)
  • Feb 4 Charles Bally, Swiss linguist (Le langage et la vie)
  • Feb 9 Erich von Drygalski, German geographer/glaciologist/Antarctic expl
  • Feb 12 Kazimierz P Tetmajer, Polish writer/poet (Young Poland)
  • Feb 19 Adrian van Oordt, Dutch writer (neo-romantic)
  • Feb 19 Sven Hedin, Swedish scientist/explorer (Tibet)
  • Feb 21 John Haden Badley, English school founder (d. 1967)
  • Feb 22 Otto Modersohn, German painter
  • Feb 28 Arthur Symons, Welsh poet/critic/co-founder (Savoy)
  • Feb 28 Wilfred Grenfell, British medical missionary to Newfoundland and Labrador, born in Neston, England (d. 1940)
  • Mar 1 Gerard Vissering, Dutch banker/president (Bank of Java)
  • Mar 1 Abe Iso, Japanese politician (d. 1949)
  • Mar 8 Frederick William Goudy, American printer and type designer, born in Bloomington, Illinois (d. 1947)
  • Mar 9 Margaret Murray Washington, Wife of Booker T. Washington and Lady Principal of Tuskegee, born in Macon, Mississippi (d. 1925)
  • Mar 19 William Morton Wheeler, American entomologist, myrmecologist, pioneer in ethology (d. 1937)
  • Mar 21 Herbert Albert Laurens Fisher, English historian and politician, born in London, United Kingdom (d. 1940)
  • Mar 25 Pierre Weiss, Mulhouse, French physicist (theory of ferromagnetism)
  • Mar 30 Heinrich Rubens, German physicist
  • Apr 1 Richard Zsigmondy, German chemist (Nobel-1925)
  • Apr 8 Charles W. Woodworth, American entomologist (d. 1940)
  • Apr 9 Charles Proteus Steinmetz, German-American electrical engineer (development of alternating current), born in Breslau, Province of Silesia, Prussia (d. 1923)

Person of interestErich Ludendorff

Apr 9 Erich Ludendorff, German general during World War I, born in Kruszewnia, Prussia (d. 1937)

German General Erich Ludendorff
German General
Erich Ludendorff
  • Apr 10 Jack Miner, Canadian naturalist and conservationist, born in Dover Center, Ohio (d. 1944)
  • Apr 16 Harry Chauvel, Australian Imperial Force senior officer, born in Tabulam, New South Wales, Australia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 17 Ursula Ledóchowska, Polish-Austrian Catholic saint and foundress of the Ursulines of the Agonizing Heart of Jesus, born in Loosdorf, Austrian Empire (d. 1939)
  • Apr 23 Ali-Agha Shikhlinski, Russian-Azerbaijani general, born in Kazakhli, Russian Empire (d. 1943)
  • Apr 27 Emile Erens, Dutch Hagiographer (Pastor of Ars)
  • Apr 30 Max Nettlau, German anarchist (d. 1944)
  • May 2 Clyde Fitch, American playwright, born in Elmira, New York (d. 1909)
  • May 5 Nellie Bly, [Elizabeth Cochran Seaman], American journalist and writer (d. 1922)
  • May 15 Albert Verwey, Dutch poet/literature historian (Motion)
  • May 18 William Heinemann, England, publisher (Chemical Instrumental)
  • May 23 Epitácio Pessoa, 11th President of Brazil (Minas Gerais Republican: 1919-22), born in Umbuzeiro, Paraíba, Empire of Brazil (d. 1942)
  • May 25 Frederick Augustus III, King of Saxon (1904-18)
  • May 25 John Raleigh Mott, organizer (YMCA, Nobel 1946)
  • May 25 Pieter Zeeman, Dutch physicist (Zeeman effect, Nobel Prize 1902), born in Zonnemaire, Schouwen-Duiveland
  • May 26 Akseli Gallen-Kallela, Finnish painter, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1931)
  • May 26 Robert W. Chambers, American artist and fiction writer, born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1933)
  • May 28 Gerrit Grijns, Dutch physiologist (Vitamin E)

Person of interestGeorge V

Jun 3 George V, King of Great Britain (1910-36), born in Marlborough House, London, (d. 1936)

King of the United Kingdom George V
King of the United Kingdom
George V

  • Jun 10 Frederick A Cook, American explorer, claimed to have 1st discovered North Pole, born in Callicoon, New York (d. 1940)
  • Jun 11 J. H. Leopold, Dutch poet (translated Omar Khayyam), born in 's-Hertogenbosch, Netherlands (d. 1925)
  • Jun 13 William Butler Yeats, Irish poet (Wild Swans at Coole-Nobel 1923)
  • Jun 15 L H Perquin, Dutch religious radio speaker
  • Jun 19 Alfred Hugenberg, German RC pres-dir of Krupp/media magnate
  • Jun 24 Robert Henri, US painter, leader of Ashcan school of painting
  • Jun 26 Bernard Berenson, American art critic (Italian Painters of the Renaissance), born in Vilnius, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1959)
  • Jun 26 Charles Bonin, French explorer and diplomat (China), born in Poissy, France (d. 1929)
  • Jun 28 Otto Julius Bierbaum, German writer (Irrgarten Der Liebe), born in Grünberg, Province of Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1910)
  • Jun 29 Shigechiyo Izumi, once thought to be the world's oldest man ever but birth date now disputed (120 y 237 d), born in Isen, Tokunoshima, Satsuma Domain, Japan (d. 1986)
  • Jun 29 William E. Borah, American lawyer and politician (Republican U.S. Senator from Idaho), born in Fairfield, Illinois (d. 1940)
  • Jul 2 Lili Braun, Prussia, feminist/socialist writer (Im Schatten Titanen)
  • Jul 10 Johannes "Pa" van der Steur, Dutch missionary and philanthropist (Steurtjes), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Jul 14 Annie Jones, Virginia, bearded lady
  • Jul 15 Alfred Charles William Harmsworth, 1st viscount Northcliffe
  • Jul 15 Wilhelm Wirtinger, Austrian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Jul 16 George A. Birmingham, Irish clergyman and novelist, born in Belfast (d. 1950)
  • Jul 18 Laurence Housman, English author and playwright (Victoria Regina), born in Bromsgrove, Worcestershire, England (d. 1959)
  • Jul 19 Charles Horace Mayo, American surgeon and co-founder (Mayo Clinic), born in Rochester, Minnesota (d. 1939)
  • Jul 23 Friedrich Aereboe, German landlord and agricultural economist, born in Horn, Hamburg (d. 1942)
  • Jul 23 Max Heindel, Danish-American Christian occultist, astrologer and mystic, born in Aarhus, Denmark (d. 1919)
  • Jul 25 Jac[obus] P. Thijsse, Dutch biologist and educator (Contact with Plants), born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Jul 26 Philipp Scheidemann, German politcian (SPD) and Mayor of Kassel, born in Kassel, Germany (d. 1939)
  • Aug 2 Irving Babbitt, American writer (Rousseau & Romanticism), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • Aug 2 John Radecki, Australian stained glass artist, born in Łódź, Poland (d. 1955)
  • Aug 14 Guido Castelnuovo, Italian mathematician, born in Venice (d. 1952)
  • Aug 15 Johan[nes] B Schepers, Frisian writer (Braga)
  • Aug 15 Mikao Usui, Japanese founder of Reiki (form of spiritual practice), born in Gifu Prefecture, Japan (d. 1926)
  • Aug 22 Piet A W Hopmans, bishop of Breda (Eucharistic Crusade)
  • Aug 24 Ferdinand I VAM, King of Romania (1914-27), born in Sigmaringen, German Confederation (d. 1927)
  • Aug 27 Charles Gates Dawes, American politician (30th Vice President of the United States) and Nobel laureate (1925), born in Marietta, Ohio (d. 1951)
  • Aug 27 James Henry Breasted, American Egyptologist and anthropologist, born in Rockford, Illinois (d. 1935)
  • Sep 3 Wilhelm Bousset, German theologist and historian, born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1920)
  • Sep 8 Adolfo Albertazzi, Italian writer (Amore & Amore, Top), born in Bologna, Italy (d. 1924)
  • Sep 11 Rainis [Jānis Pliekšāns], Latvian poet and playwright, born in Dunava parish, Russian Empire (d. 1929)
  • Sep 15 Henri [Lucien] Capitant, French lawyer (Loi Falcidie)
  • Sep 15 Nicolaus Adriani, linguist (Middle-Celebes languages)
  • Sep 20 Lubor Niederle, Czech archaeologist/slavist
  • Sep 23 Emmuska Orczy, Tarnaörs Hungary, Hungarian-born British writer (Scarlet Pimpernel)
  • Sep 26 Mary Russell, Duchess of Bedford, English pilot and ornithologist (d. 1937)
  • Oct 3 Johannes IJWJ Eilerts de Haan, Dutch sea officer (Lucie R, Suriname)
  • Oct 4 Max Halbe, German playwright (Jugend), born in Güttland, Gdańsk (d. 1944)
  • Oct 10 Rafael Merry del Val, British-born Spanish Roman Catholic cardinal, born in London, England (d. 1930)
  • Oct 11 Hans E. Kinck, Norwegian philological and writer (Mot Karnaval), born in Øksfjord, Norway (d. 1926)
  • Oct 12 Arthur Harden, English biochemist (Nobel Prize 1929), born in Manchester, England (d. 1940)
  • Oct 15 Walther Amelung, German archaeologist
  • Oct 17 James Rudolph Garfield, American politician (d. 1950)
  • Oct 18 Arie de Jong, Dutch linguist (d. 1957)
  • Oct 18 Logan Pearsall Smith, American essayist and critic (d. 1946)
  • Oct 22 Kristjan Raud, Estonian painter (d. 1943)
  • Oct 23 Neltje Blanchan, American writer (d. 1918)
  • Oct 27 Charles Spencelayh, English painter (Why War), born in Rochester, Kent (d. 1958)

Person of interestWarren G. Harding

Nov 2 Warren G. Harding, 29th US President (1921-23), born in Blooming Grove, Ohio (d. 1923)

29th US President Warren G. Harding
29th US President
Warren G. Harding
  • Nov 17 John S Plaskett, Canadian astronomer (Plaskett's twins)
  • Nov 27 Jose Asunción Silva, Colombian poet (Nocturno III)
  • Dec 4 Edith Louisa Cavell, England, nurse (WWI)
  • Dec 8 Jacques Hadamard, French mathematician (Taylor series)
  • Dec 16 Victor Rousseau, Belgian sculptor
  • Dec 19 Hermann Hirt, Magdeburg Prussia, linguist (Indo-European Grammar)
  • Dec 19 Tikhon Toropets, Pskov Russia, patriarch of Russian Orthodox/saint
  • Dec 20 Maude Gonne, Irish nationalist (Irish Joan of Arc)
  • Dec 20 Elsie De Wolfe, American socialite and interior decorator (d. 1950)
  • Dec 25 Evangeline Cory Booth, Salvation Army general (1904-34)
  • Dec 28 Félix Vallotton, Swiss-French painter and writer (Chaste Suzanna), born in Lausanne, Switzerland (d. 1925)

Person of interestRudyard Kipling

Dec 30 Rudyard Kipling, English author (Jungle Book, Gunga Din-Nobel 1907), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1936)