Birthdays in History in 1866

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 2 Prof Gilbert Murray, Australian classical scholar (d. 1957)
  • Jan 8 William G. Conley, American politician (d. 1940)
  • Jan 9 Albert Baertsoen, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Jan 15 Nathan Söderblom, Swedish archbishop, recipient of the Nobel Peace Prize (d. 1931)
  • Jan 20 Richard Le Gallienne, English writer (Maker of Gainborg)
  • Jan 25 Emile Vandervelde, President (1900–1918) of the International Socialist Bureau and Minister of 3 Belgian governments (d. 1938)
  • Jan 29 Romain Rolland, French writer (Jean-Christophe) (Nobel 1915)
  • Jan 31 Emil Strauss, German writer (Naked Man)
  • Feb 5 Arthur Keith, Persley Aberdeenshire, Scottish Anthropologist (human evolution)
  • Feb 6 Karl T Sapper, German geography/geologist (Vulkankunde)
  • Feb 7 Raf[ael] Verhulst, [Koen Ravestein], Flemish writer (Jesus of Nazarus)
  • Feb 10 Rafael Altamira Crevea, Spanish lawyer/historian
  • Feb 15 Bannister Fletcher, English architect and architectural historian (A History of Architecture), born in London (d. 1953)
  • Feb 20 Carl Westman, Swedish architect and designer (d. 1936)
  • Feb 24 Arthur Pearson, Wookey Somerset England, newspaper proprietor
  • Feb 24 Pyotr Nikolaevich Lebedev, Russian physicist (d. 1912)

  • Feb 25 Benedetto Croce, Italian humanist/historian/editor/philosopher

Person of interestHerbert Henry Dow

Feb 26 Herbert Henry Dow, American chemical industrialist (Dow Chemical), born in Ontario, Canada (d. 1930)

Chemical Industrialist Herbert Henry Dow
Chemical Industrialist
Herbert Henry Dow
  • Feb 28 Vyacheslav Ivanov, Russian philosopher, playwright and poet, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1949)
  • Mar 3 Fred A. Busse, Mayor of Chicago (d. 1914)
  • Mar 7 Paul Ernst, German writer, born in Elbingerode, Kingdom of Hanover (d. 1933)
  • Mar 15 Matthew Charlton, Australian politician (d. 1948)
  • Mar 15 Johan Vaaler, Norwegian inventor (d. 1910)
  • Mar 17 Pierce Butler, Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (d. 1939)
  • Mar 18 John Loudon, Dutch minister of Foreign Affairs (1913-18)
  • Mar 21 Antonia Caetana de Paiva Pereira Maury, astronomer
  • Apr 1 Sophonisba Breckenridge, scholar/teacher/social activist

Person of interestJ. B. M. Hertzog

Apr 3 J. B. M. Hertzog [Barry Hertzog], South African General and Prime Minister (1924-39), born in Wellington, South Africa (d. 1942)

South African Premier J. B. M. Hertzog
South African Premier
J. B. M. Hertzog
  • Apr 4 George P Baker, American educator and playwright (47 Workshop), born in Providence, Rhode Island (d. 1935)
  • Apr 6 Joseph Lincoln Steffens, muckraker/journalist (Shame of the Cities)
  • Apr 11 Carla Ford, wife of industrialist Henry Ford
  • Apr 11 Bernard O'Dowd, Australian poet, born in Beaufort, Australia (d. 1953)

Person of interestButch Cassidy

Apr 13 Butch Cassidy [Robert LeRoy Parker], American desperado (Wild Bunch Passage), born in Beaver, Utah (d. 1908)

  • Apr 14 Anne Sullivan [Johanna Macy], American teacher who educated Helen Keller, born in Feeding Hills, Massachusetts (d. 1936)
  • Apr 17 Ernest Starling, British physiologist (Frank-Starling law of the heart), born in London (d. 1927)
  • Apr 19 Henri WA Deterding, Dutch oil magnate (Royal Oil, Shell)
  • Apr 22 Hans von Seeckt, German general (Future of the Reich)
  • May 5 Thomas B. Thrige, Danish industrialist (d. 1938)
  • May 9 Gopal Krishna Gokhale, Leader of Indian Independence Movement (d. 1915)
  • May 10 Léon Bakst, Russian painter and scene and costume designer, born in Grodno, Belarus (d. 1924)
  • May 16 Ernest Watson Burgess, US sociologist (ecological school)

  • May 23 Gustav Aschaffenburg, German psychiatrist/criminalologist
  • May 24 Armando Frid, Argentina, live until July 28 1990 (124 years)
  • May 26 John Eigenhuis, writer (Tough Workers)
  • Jun 3 George Howells Broadhurst, English director (d. 1952)
  • Jun 4 Miina Sillanpää, Finnish politician (d. 1952)
  • Jun 13 Lambertus Zijl, sculptor (Trade scholarship)
  • Jun 20 Ivans, [Jacob van Schevichaven], Dutch lawyer/detective writer
  • Jun 20 George Herbert, 5th Earl of Carnarvon, English financier and Egyptologist who funded the search for and excavation of Tutankhamun's tomb in the Valley of the Kings, born in Highclere Castle, Hampshire, England (d. 1923)
  • Jul 3 Albert Gottschalk, Danish painter, born in Stege, Møn, Denmark (d. 1906)
  • Jul 11 Richard Beer-Hofmann, Austrian writer, born in Vienna (d. 1945)
  • Jul 11 Princess Irene of Hesse and by Rhine (d. 1953)
  • Jul 25 Frederick Frost Blackman, English botanist, born in London (d. 1947)

Person of interestBeatrix Potter

Jul 28 Beatrix Potter, English children's author and illustrator (The Tale of Peter Rabbit), born in London (d. 1943)

Children's Author Beatrix Potter
Children's Author
Beatrix Potter
  • Aug 5 Carl Harries, German chemist (d. 1923)
  • Aug 8 Matthew A Henson, 1st African American to reach North Pole (Jun 4 1909)
  • Aug 12 Jacinto Benavente y Martínez, Spanish playwright (Nobel 1922)
  • Aug 13 Giovanni Agnelli, Italian industrialist and CEO (Fiat Automakers), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Aug 14 Charles Jean de la Vallée-Poussin, Belgian mathematician (Prime number theorem), born in Leuven, Belgium (d. 1962)
  • Aug 17 Mir Mahboob Ali Khan, 6th Nizam of Hyderabad (d. 1911)
  • Aug 30 Georges Minne, Belgian sculptor, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1941)
  • Sep 2 Hiram Johnson, Progressive politician, US Senator, Governor of California (1911-17), born in Sacramento, California (d. 1945)
  • Sep 7 Tristan Bernard, French playwright and novelist, born in Besançon, Doubs, France (d. 1947)
  • Sep 10 Jeppe Aakjær, Danish writer (d. 1930)
  • Sep 13 Adolf Meyer, American psychiatrist and neurologist (pioneered mental hygiene), born in Niederweningen, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Sep 21 Charles Nicolle, French bacteriologist (Nobel 1928), born in Rouen, France (d. 1936)

Person of interestH. G. Wells

Sep 21 H. G. Wells, English sci-fi author (War of the Worlds, Kipps), born in Bromley, Kent (d. 1946)

Author H. G. Wells
Author
H. G. Wells
  • Sep 25 Thomas Hunt Morgan, American evolutionary biologist, geneticist and embryologist (Nobel Prize 1933), born in Lexington, Kentucky (d. 1945)
  • Sep 27 Tryggve Andersen, Norwegian writer (Fra Cancelliraadens Dage), born in Ringsaker, Norway (d. 1920)
  • Sep 27 Eurosia Fabris, Italian Catholic (model of holiness in the daily life of a Catholic family), born in Quinto Vicentino, Italy (d. 1932)
  • Sep 29 Mykhailo Hrushevsky, Ukrainian historian and statesman, born in Chełm, Congress Poland (d. 1934)
  • Oct 2 Charles Ricketts, British artist and illustrator, born in Geneva, Switzerland (d. 1931)
  • Oct 7 Martha McChesney Berry, American educator who founded Berry School for Children, born near Rome, Georgia (d. 1942)
  • Oct 7 Wlodimir Ledochowski, Polish-Austrian director of the Society of Jesus (d. 1942)

Person of interestRamsay MacDonald

Oct 12 Ramsay MacDonald, British Prime Minister (Labour: 1924, 1929-35), born in Lossiemouth, Morayshire, Scotland (d. 1937)

British Prime Minister Ramsay MacDonald
British Prime Minister
Ramsay MacDonald
  • Oct 16 Pieter J Kromsigt, theologist/publicist (Troffel & Sword)
  • Nov 8 Herbert Austin, English automobile pioneer (d. 1941)

Person of interestSun Yat-sen

Nov 12 Sun Yat-sen, Chinese revolutionary and father of modern China, born in Xiangshan [now Zhongshan], Guangdong, Qing Dynasty (d. 1925)

Father of Modern China Sun Yat-sen
Father of Modern China
Sun Yat-sen
  • Nov 13 Abraham Flexner, American educator, born in Louisville, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • Nov 17 Voltairine de Cleyre, American anarchist (d. 1912)

Person of interestHenry Bacon

Nov 28 Henry Bacon, American architect (Lincoln Memorial), born in Watseka, Illinois (d. 1924)

Architect Henry Bacon
Architect
Henry Bacon
  • Dec 4 Vassily V Kandinsky, Russian-born German, French abstract painter (Dreamy Inspiration), born in Moscow (d. 1944)
  • Dec 12 Alfred Werner, Swiss chemist (Nobel 1913)
  • Dec 14 Roger Fry, English artist and art critic (d. 1934)
  • Dec 28 Szymon Askenazy, Polish historian and diplomat (d. 1935)
  • Dec 29 Joseph Limburg, Dutch lawyer and politician, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1940)