On This Day

Historical Figures Born in December 1867

Józef Piłsudski

Dec 5 Józef Piłsudski, Father of the Second Polish Republic who served as its Chief of State (1918-22), Marshall of Poland and later its de facto leader (1926-35), born in Zułów, Russian Empire (d. 1935)

  • Dec 5 Antti Aarne, Finnish folklorist, born in Pori, Finland (d. 1925)
  • Dec 13 Kristian Birkeland, Norwegian explorer and scientist (nominated 7 times for Nobel Prize), born in Oslo, Norway (d. 1917)
  • Dec 16 Amy Carmichael, missionary in Dohnavur, India (d. 1951)
  • Dec 18 Antoon van Welie, Dutch painter
  • Dec 22 František Xaver Šalda, Czechoslovakian literary critic, born in Liberec, Czech Republic (d. 1937)
  • Dec 22 Joseph Maria Olbrich, Austrian architect (Wiener Sezession), born in Opava, Czech Republic (d. 1908)
  • Dec 22 Wilhelm Groener, German soldier & politician, born in Ludwigsburg, Germany (d. 1939)

Madam C. J. Walker

Dec 23 Madam C. J. Walker [Sarah Breedlove], African American entrepreneur (First American self-made female millionaire, Madame C.J. Walker Manufacturing Company), born in Delta, Louisiana (d. 1919)

  • Dec 24 Manuel de Oliveira Lima, Brazilian writer & diplomat, born in Pernambuco, Brazil (d. 1928)
  • Dec 24 Kantaro Suzuki, 42nd Prime Minister of Japan, born in Noda, Japan (d. 1948)
  • Dec 25 Alfred Kerr [Kempner], German-British writer, born in Breslau, Silesia (d. 1948)
  • Dec 30 Simon Guggenheim, American businessman and philanthropist, born in Philadelphia, Pennsylvania