Birthdays in History in 1868

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 3 Franz V M Cumont, Belgian religious historian
  • Jan 7 Abraham M "Mark" Lidzbarski, Polish/German orientalist
  • Jan 8 Frank Dyson, proved Einstein right about light bent by gravity
  • Jan 9 S. P. L. Sørensen, Danish chemist (d. 1939)
  • Jan 11 Cai Yuanpei, Chinese educator (d. 1940)
  • Jan 14 Catharina A M de Savornin Lohman, Dutch author (Belief)
  • Jan 15 Noach Zjordanija, Georgian veterinarian/premier (1918-21)
  • Jan 19 Gustav Meyrink, writer
  • Jan 31 Theodore William Richards, chemist (atomic weights, Nobel-1914)
  • Feb 4 Constance Gore-booth Markiewicy, Irish patriot/playwright/MP
  • Feb 10 William Allen White, Emporia KS, editor (Pulitzer 1942)
  • Feb 12 Jan Schaper, Dutch publicist and politician (SDAP)
  • Feb 14 Henricus Andreas Poels, Dutch Roman Catholic theologist and social foreman, born in Venray, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Feb 16 Wilhelm Schmidt, German anthropologist/linguist (Anthropos)
  • Feb 22 Henri Polak, union leader/politician (soc-dem)

Person of interestW.E.B. Du Bois

Feb 23 W. E. B. Du Bois, American civil rights activist, writer (Souls of Black Folk) and founder of the NAACP, born in Great Barrington, Massachusetts (d. 1963)

Civil Rights Activist W.E.B. Du Bois
Civil Rights Activist
W.E.B. Du Bois

  • Feb 25 Anthony J Block, Dutch lawyer (strafproces)
  • Mar 1 Alaska P. Davidson, America's first female FBI agent, born in Warren, Ohio (d. 1934)
  • Mar 3 Alain, [Emile-Auguste Chartier], French philosopher/writer
  • Mar 5 Prosper Poullet, Belgian viscount/jurist/minister
  • Mar 15 Grace Chisholm Young, English mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Mar 20 Obe Postma, Frisian poet/geography/historian (Frisian Clay Farm)

Person of interestRobert A. Millikan

Mar 22 Robert A. Millikan, American physicist (photoelectric effect; Nobel 1923), born in Morrison, Illinois (d. 1953)

  • Mar 23 Dietrich Eckart, early supporter of Adolf Hitler's Nazi Party and member of Thule Society (d. 1923)
  • Mar 26 Fuʾād I [Aḥmad Fuʾād Pasha], King of Egypt (1922-36), born in Cairo, Egypt (d. 1936)
  • Mar 28 Cuno Amiet, Swiss painter and illustrator, born in Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Person of interestMaxim Gorky

Mar 28 Maxim Gorky [Alexei Maximovich Peshkov], Russian playwright and author (Mother and The Lower Depths), born in Nizhny Novgorod, Russia (d. 1936)

Playwright & Author Maxim Gorky
Playwright & Author
Maxim Gorky
  • Mar 31 Karl Bonhoeffer, German psychiatrist/neurologist
  • Apr 1 Edmond Rostand, French poet/playwright (Cyrano de Bergerac)
  • Apr 12 Akiyama Saneyuki, Japanese officer in the Imperial Japanese Navy, born in Matsuyama, Iyo Province, Japan (d. 1918)
  • Apr 14 Peter Behrens, German architect (d. 1940)
  • Apr 17 Karel Rudolph Gallas, Dutch lexicographer (French Dictionary), born in Amsterdam (d. 1956)
  • Apr 18 Didericus G van Epen, genealogist (Dutch Patriciate)
  • Apr 21 Robert Herrick, American novelist (Common lot), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1938)
  • Apr 22 Archduchess Marie Valerie of Austria (d. 1924)
  • Apr 25 John Bevins Moisant, American pioneer aviator, first to cross English Channel with passenger and a cat, killed in New Orleans whose present day airport was originally name for him, born in Kankakee, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Apr 26 Harold Sidney Harmsworth, 1st Viscount Rothermere, English newspaper (Daily Mail and Daily Mirror), born in London, England (d. 1940)
  • Apr 28 Georgy Voronoy, Russian mathematician (Voronoi diagram), born in Zhuravki, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1908)
  • May 6 Wladyslaw Stanislaw Reymont, Polish novelist (Chiopi, Nobel-1924)
  • May 6 Gaston Leroux, French writer (d. 1927)
  • May 12 Halsey William Wilson, American publisher of reference books

  • May 17 Horace Elgin Dodge, American automobile manufacturer (d. 1920)

Person of interestNicholas II

May 18 Nicholas II, last Tsar of Russia (1894-1917), born in Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1918)

  • May 19 John Fillmore Hayford, American Geodesist who established the theory of isostasy and founded the modern science of geodesy (precise measurements of the shape of the earth), born in Rouses Point, New York
  • May 24 Charles E. Taylor, American first aircraft maintenance professional, born in Cerro Gordo, Illinois (d. 1956)
  • May 28 Claude Anet, [Jean Schopfer], French writer (Fille Perdue)
  • Jun 3 Aristides Agramonte y Simoni, Camagüey Cuba, Cuban-American Physician, Pathologist and Bacteriologist (yellow fever)
  • Jun 5 James Connolly, Irish socialist (founder of the Irish Socialist Republican Party), born in Cowgate, Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1916)

Person of interestRobert Scott

Jun 6 Robert Falcon Scott, British leader of ill-fated south pole expedition, born in Plymouth, England (d. 1912)

Polar Explorer Robert Scott
Polar Explorer
Robert Scott
  • Jun 7 Charles Rennie Mackintosh, Scottish architect, designer, and illustrator, born in Townhead, Glasgow (d. 1928)
  • Jun 14 Karl Landsteiner, Austrian immunologist and pathologist (Nobel 1930), born in Baden bei Wien, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • Jun 18 Miklos Horthy von Nagybanya, Hungarian admiral/regent (1910-44)
  • Jun 20 Helen Miller Shepard, philanthropist/established Hall of Fame
  • Jun 21 Edwin Stephen Goodrich, English zoologist, born in Weston-super-Mare, Somerset, England (d. 1946)
  • Jun 29 George Ellery Hale, American astronomer (discovery of magnetic fields in sunspot), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Jul 4 Henrietta Swan Leavitt, American astronomer (period-luminosity relation), born in Lancaster, Massachusetts (d. 1921)
  • Jul 5 William Henry Singer, American painter and collector (Singer Museum, Laren), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1943)
  • Jul 6 Petrus A Euwens, Dutch vicar/editor (Amigoe di Curacao)
  • Jul 6 Princess Victoria of the United Kingdom (d. 1935)
  • Jul 12 Stefan George, German lyric poet (Algabal), born in Büdesheim, Germany (d. 1933)

Person of interestGertrude Bell

Jul 14 Gertrude Bell, British archaeologist (Desert & The Sown), born in Washington Hall, County Durham, England (d. 1926)

Archaeologist and Writer Gertrude Bell
Archaeologist and Writer
Gertrude Bell
  • Jul 20 Miron Cristea, 1st Patriarch of All Romania (d. 1939)
  • Jul 28 George Morren, Flemish painter/sculptor, born in Antwerp (d. 1941)
  • Jul 28 Thomas P. Krag, Norwegian author and novelist (Jon Graeff, Ulf Ran), born in Kragerø, Norway (d. 1913)
  • Jul 30 Alfred Weber, German economist and sociologist, born in Erfurt, Prussian Saxony (d. 1958)
  • Aug 2 Constantine I, King of Greece (1913-17, 20-22), born in Athens, Greece (d. 1923)
  • Aug 6 Paul Claudel, French diplomat/poet (L'Otage-1909)
  • Aug 7 Ladislaus Bortkiewicz, Russian mathematician (d. 1931)

Person of interestHugo Eckener

Aug 10 Hugo Eckener, German inventor and commander of the famous Graf Zeppelin during its record-setting flights, born in Flensburg, Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1954)

Inventor and Zeppelin Commander Hugo Eckener
Inventor and Zeppelin Commander
Hugo Eckener
  • Aug 12 Frederic Thesiger, 1st Viscount Chelmsford, 22nd Governor of New South Wales (1908-13) and Viceroy of British India (1916-21), born in London, England (d. 1933)
  • Aug 16 Bernarr McFadden, American physical culture advocate, credited with beginning the culture of health and fitness in the United States, born in Mill Spring, Missouri (d. 1955)
  • Aug 22 Willis Rodney Whitney, American Chemist, founder of the General Electric research laboratory, and pioneer of industrial scientific research, born in Jamestown, NY (d. 1958)
  • Sep 1 Henri Bourassa, French Canadian politician and publisher (d. 1952)
  • Sep 6 Heinrich Häberlin, Swiss politician, member of the Federal Council, born in Weinfelden, Switzerland (d. 1947)
  • Sep 9 Mary Austin, Ill, feminist/nature writer (Land of Little Rain)
  • Sep 15 Dirk B Nanninga, Dutch painter
  • Sep 17 James Alexander Calder, Canadian politician (d. 1956)
  • Oct 4 Marcelo Torcuato de Alvear, President of Argentina (1922-28), born in Buenos Aires, Argentina (d. 1942)
  • Oct 8 Max Slevogt, German painter, born in Landshut, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Oct 16 Franz X Ritter von Epp, German general (China)
  • Oct 18 Ernst Didring, Swedish author (d. 1931)
  • Oct 19 Bertha Landes, 1st woman elected mayor of a major US city (Seattle)
  • Oct 23 Frederick Lanchester, , English Engineer who built the first British petrol automobile (1896), born in London, England
  • Oct 24 Alexandra David-Néel, French explorer and writer (d. 1969)
  • Nov 8 Felix Hausdorff, German mathematician (d. 1942)
  • Nov 9 Emmanuel de Bom, Flemish author (Wrakken), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1953)
  • Nov 10 Gichin Funakoshi, Japanese martial artist, Father of Japanese Shotokan Karatedo, born in Shuri, Okinawa, Japan (d. 1957)
  • Nov 11 Edouard Vuillard, French painter and graphic artist
  • Nov 22 John Nance Garner, (D) 32nd VP (1933-41)
  • Dec 2 Francis Jammes, French poet/writer (Jammisme)
  • Dec 4 Richard N Roland Holst, Dutch artist/painter
  • Dec 5 Arnold Sommerfeld, German physicist (d. 1951)
  • Dec 9 Fritz Haber, German phycist-chemist (Nobel 1919)

Person of interestHarvey Firestone

Dec 20 Harvey Firestone, American industrialist and founder of Firestone Tire and Rubber Company ("where the rubber meets the road"), born in Columbiana, Ohio (d. 1938)

Tire Industrialist Harvey Firestone
Tire Industrialist
Harvey Firestone
  • Dec 22 John Nance Garner, Texas, (VP-D-1933-41)
  • Dec 28 Marie van Regteren Altena, Dutch painter (Amsterdam's Joffers)