On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1869

  • Jan 13 Emanuele F, duke of Aosta, Italian general (WWI)/fascist
  • Jan 15 Stanisław Wyspiański, Polish dramatist, born in Kraków, Poland (d. 1907)
  • Jan 18 Willem De Vreese, Flemish linguist/biblographer
  • Jan 19 Alfred R Zimmerman, mayor (Rotterdam 1906-22)/Dir (League of Nations)

Person of interestGrigori Rasputin

Jan 21 Grigori Rasputin, Russian monk and confidant of Russian Tsar Nicholas II, born in Pokrovskoye, Sibera, Russian Empire (d. 1916)

  • Jan 23 Herbert David Croly, American author (Promise of American Life), born in Manhattan, New York (d. 1930)
  • Jan 31 Henri Carton de Wiart, Belgian Count/literary/premier (1920-21)
  • Feb 7 Jindrich S Baar, Czech pastor/writer (Jan Cimbura)
  • Feb 11 Helene Kroller-Muller, Dutch museum founder (d. 1939)
  • Feb 11 Else Lasker-Schüler, German writer (d. 1945)
  • Feb 12 Hendrik P. Marchant, Dutch minister of Education/Arts (VVD)
  • Feb 14 Charles Wilson, Scottish physicist and meteorologist (Wilson cloud chamber-Nobel), born in Glencorse, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • Feb 23 Nadezhda Konstantinova Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary (Soc-Dem)
  • Feb 26 Nadezhda Krupskaya, Russian revolutionary and wife of Vladimir Lenin, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1939)
  • Feb 27 Alice Hamilton, physician/writer (workmen's compensation laws)
  • Mar 5 Michael von Faulhaber, cardinal/archbishop of Munich

  • Mar 7 Ernst Cohen, Dutch chemist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Mar 14 Algernon Blackwood, English novelist (The Willows), born in Shooter's Hill, Kent, England (d. 1951)
  • Mar 15 Stanisław Wojciechowski, President of Poland (d. 1953)
  • Mar 16 F. A. Forbes, Scottish author (d. 1936)

Person of interestNeville Chamberlain

Mar 18 [Arthur] Neville Chamberlain, British Prime Minister (C, 1937-40), born in Birmingham, England

British Prime Minister Neville Chamberlain
British Prime Minister
Neville Chamberlain

Person of interestAlbert Kahn

Mar 21 Albert Kahn, American architect known as the "architect of Detroit", born in Rhaunen, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1942

Architect of Detroit Albert Kahn
Architect of Detroit
Albert Kahn
  • Mar 21 Florenz Ziegfeld, producer (Ziegfield Follies)

Person of interestEmilio Aguinaldo

Mar 22 Emilio Aguinaldo, 1st President of the Philippines (1899-1901), born in Kawit, Cavite, Philippines (d. 1964)

Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines Emilio Aguinaldo
Revolutionary and 1st President of the Philippines
Emilio Aguinaldo
  • Mar 25 Gustaaf DFL Schamelhout, Flemish physician/writer
  • Mar 27 James McNeill, Irish politician, 2nd Governor-General of the Irish Free State, born in Glenarm, County Antrim, Ireland (d. 1938)
  • Mar 29 Aleš Hrdlička, Austro-Hungarian anthropologist and curator (US National Museum), born in Humpolec, Austria-Hungary (d. 1943)
  • Mar 29 Edwin Lutyens, English architect (Viceroy's House, New Delhi), born in London (d. 1944)
  • Apr 1 Peter A Egge, Norwegian writer (De Droom)
  • Apr 4 Mary Colter, American architect and designer (Fred Harvey Company, Santa Fe Railroad), born in Pittsburgh, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Apr 5 Sergei Chaplygin, Russian physicist and engineer, born in Chaplygin, Lipetsk Oblast, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Apr 6 Louis Raemakers, Dutch draftsman/painter
  • Apr 7 David Grandison Fairchild, American botanist/explorer, brought plants to US
  • Apr 8 Harvey Cushing, American neurosurgeon (blood pressure studies), born in Cleveland, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • Apr 11 Kasturba Gandhi, Wife of Mahatma Gandhi, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1944)
  • Apr 11 Gustav Vigeland, Norwegian sculptor, born in Mandal, Norway (d. 1943)

  • Apr 12 Henri Désiré Landru, French sex murderer, born in Paris (d. 1922)
  • Apr 17 Johannes Marinus Meulenhoff, Dutch publisher, born in Zwolle, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • Apr 30 Hans Poelzig, German architect (Grosses Schauspielhaus), born in Berlin (d. 1936)
  • May 6 Joseph Cuvelier, Belgian historian and general archivist, born in Bilzen, Belgium (d. 1947)
  • May 18 Ruprecht, crown prince of Bavaria/general-fieldmarshall
  • May 19 Jules Poncelet, Belgian minister of State
  • May 19 Henry Horatio Dixon, Irish Biologist who originated the cohesion-tension theory of water and mineral movement in plants, born in Dublin, Ireland
  • Jun 3 Maria Radulphus, inspector on Curacao (Radulphus College)
  • Jun 3 Prince Baudouin of Belgium, Count of Flaanders, born in Palais de la Régence, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1891)
  • Jun 10 Gustave Vanzype, Belgian literary (La Gazette), born in Brussels (d. 1955)
  • Jun 22 Hendrikus Colijn, Dutch premier (AR 1933-39)
  • Jun 26 Martin Andersen Nexø, Danish writer (Pelle Erobreren), born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1954)
  • Jun 27 Emma Goldman, American anarchist and publisher (Mother Earth), born in Kovno, Lithuania, Russian Empire (d. 1940)
  • Jun 27 Kate Carew [Mary Williams], American caricaturist, born in Oakland, California (d. 1961)
  • Jun 27 Hans Spemann, German embryologist (Nobel Prize in Physiology or Medicine 1935), born in Stuttgart, Germany (d. 1941)
  • Jul 1 William Strunk Jr., American grammarian and author (The Elements of Style), born in Cincinnati, Ohio (d. 1946)
  • Jul 8 William V Moody, American poet (Death of Eve, Faith Healer)
  • Jul 14 Owen Wister, American novelist (Virginian)
  • Jul 29 Booth Tarkington, American novelist (17, Magnificent Ambersons)
  • Aug 10 Lawrence Binyon, poet (Symbolic Wounds), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Aug 23 Edgar Lee Masters, American poet and novelist (Spoon River Anthology), born in Garnett, Kansas (d. 1950)
  • Aug 23 James (Sunny Jim) Rolph, San Francisco mayor (1912-31), born in San Francisco, California (d. 1934)
  • Aug 27 Karl Haushofer, German soldier and geographer, born in Munich, Bavaria (d. 1946)
  • Sep 4 Karl Seitz, President of Austria (1920), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1950)
  • Sep 4 Geart Aeilco Wumkes, Frisian theologist and writer (Frision Movement), born in Joure, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Sep 6 Felix Salten [Siegmund Salzmann], Austrian author (Bambi, a Life in the Woods), born in Budapest, Austria-Hungary (d. 1945)
  • Sep 7 Margo Scharten-Antink, Dutch author (Catherina, Sprotje), born in Zutphen, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Sep 17 Christian Lous Lange, Norwegian pacifist and internationalist (Nobel Peace Prize 1921), born in Stavanger, Norway (d. 1938)
  • Sep 20 Marcel Cachin, French politician and co-founder of the French Communist Party, born in Plourivo, Côtes d'Armor, France (d. 1958)

Person of interestTyphoid Mary

Sep 23 Mary Mallon, Irish-American patient ('Typhoid Mary') 1st person in the US known to be immune to typhoid, and carrier of the disease (infected at least 51 people in New York City), born in Cookstown, Ireland (d. 1938)

Person of interestMahatma Gandhi

Oct 2 Mahatma Gandhi [Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi], Indian independence activist and spiritual leader, born in Porbandar, Kathiawar Agency, British India (d. 1948)

Pacifist and Spiritual Leader Mahatma Gandhi
Pacifist and Spiritual Leader
Mahatma Gandhi
  • Oct 3 Clara Noyes, American nurse (head of the American Red Cross WW1), born in Port Deposit, Maryland (d. 1936)
  • Oct 8 J. Frank Duryea, American inventor (Duryea Motor Wagon Company, first auto built in the US), born in Washburn, Illinois (d. 1967)
  • Oct 14 Joseph Duveen, British art connoisseur (Elgin marbles), born in Hull, Yorkshire, England (d. 1939)
  • Oct 26 Washington Luís, President of Brazil (1926-30), born in Macaé, Rio de Janeiro (d. 1957)
  • Nov 5 Chittaranjan Das, Indian lawyer and politician (founded the Swaraj Party), born in Bikrampur, British India (d. 1925)
  • Nov 10 Gaetano Bresci, Italian-American anarchist (assassinated King Umberto I of Italy on July 29, 1900), born in Coiano, Prato, Tuscany (d. 1901)

Person of interestVictor Emmanuel III

Nov 11 Victor Emmanuel III, King of Italy (1900-46), Emperor of Ethiopia and King of the Albanians, born in Naples (d. 1947)

King of Italy Victor Emmanuel III
King of Italy
Victor Emmanuel III
  • Nov 13 Helene Stöcker, German feminist, pacifist and publicist, born in Elberfeld, Germany (d. 1943)
  • Nov 13 Ariadna Tyrkova-Williams, Russian writer and feminist, born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1962)

Person of interestAndré Gide

Nov 22 Andre Gide, French writer (Lafcadio's Adventures-Nobel 1947), born in Paris (d. 1951)

Writer André Gide
Writer
André Gide
  • Nov 23 Valdemar Poulsen, Danish engineer who invented devices for radio broadcasting, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1942)
  • Nov 24 António Óscar Carmona, 97th Prime Minister of Portugal and 11th President of Portugal (d. 1951)
  • Nov 25 Ben Lindsey, American judge and social reformer, born in Jackson, Tennessee (d. 1943)
  • Nov 26 Maud of Wales, Queen of Norway, spouse of King Haakon VII, born in Marlborough House, London (d. 1938)

Person of interestGustaf Dalén

Nov 30 [Nils] Gustaf Dalén, Swedish physicist and industrialist (AGA, Nobel Prize in Physics 1912), born in Stenstorp, Sweden (d. 1937)

Industrialist and Inventor Gustaf Dalén
Industrialist and Inventor
Gustaf Dalén
  • Dec 1 Eligiusz Niewiadomski, Polish assassin of Gabriel Narutowicz (d. 1923)
  • Dec 2 Jonas Cohn, German philosopher (Theory of the Dialects), born in Görlitz, Germany (d. 1947)
  • Dec 5 Ellis Parker Butler, American author (Pigs is Pigs), born in Muscatine, Iowa (d. 1937)
  • Dec 16 Albert F Pollard, British historian (Dict of natural biography)
  • Dec 16 Hristo Tatarchev, Bulgarian revolutionary (d. 1952)
  • Dec 19 Eduard Hermann, Coburg Saxe-Coburg-Gotha, German linguist (Homer)
  • Dec 22 Edwin Arlington Robinson, American poet (Richard Corey), born in Head Tide, Maine (d. 1935)
  • Dec 22 Dmitri Egorov, Russian-Soviet mathematician, born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1931)
  • Dec 24 Henriette Roland Holst, Dutch poet (Women in Forest), born in Noordwijk, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • Dec 30 Adolphe Max, Belgian Rep (Lib)

Person of interestHenri Matisse

Dec 31 Henri Matisse, French impressionist painter (Odalisque), born in Le Cateau-Cambresis, France (d. 1954)

Impressionist Painter Henri Matisse
Impressionist Painter
Henri Matisse