On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1871

  • Jan 7 Émile Borel, French mathematician and politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 8 James Craig, 1st Viscount Craigavon, Irish unionist politician and the first Prime Minister of Northern Ireland (1921-1940), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1940)
  • Jan 10 Enrica Freiin von Handel-Manzetti, Austrian poet & writer (Jesse & Maria), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1955)
  • Jan 12 Paul Guthnick, German astronomer

Person of interestDavid Beatty

Jan 17 David Beatty, 1st Earl Beatty and British Admiral of the Fleet during World War I (Battle of Jutland), born in Nantwich, England (d. 1936)

British Admiral of the Fleet David Beatty
British Admiral of the Fleet
David Beatty
  • Jan 26 Warner Fabian, [Samuel H Adams], American journalist/writer (Average Jones)
  • Feb 4 Friedrich Ebert, German politician, 1st Reichspräsident of the Weimar Republic (d. 1925)
  • Feb 5 Jovan Ducic, Serb poet (Blue Legends)
  • Feb 9 Fran Saleški Finžgar, Slovene folk writer (Our Blood, Service Girls), born in Doslovče, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1862)
  • Feb 9 Howard T Ricketts, American pathologist (studied typhus fever), born in Findlay, Ohio (d. 1910)
  • Feb 18 Harry Brearley, English inventor (d. 1948)
  • Mar 4 Boris Galerkin, Russian mathematician (d. 1945)
  • Mar 5 Maria do Carmo Geronimo, Brazilian lives to be at least 126
  • Mar 5 Rosa Luxemburg, Polish-German Marxist revolutionary and founder of the Spartacus League, born in Zamość, Poland (d. 1919)
  • Mar 26 Jonah Kūhiō Kalaniana'ole, Prince of the Kingdom of Hawaii, born in Kukui‘ula, Kōloa, Kauaʻi, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1922)
  • Mar 27 Heinrich Mann, German novelist and essayist (Professor Unrat); brother of Thomas, born in Lübeck (d. 1950)

  • Mar 27 Piet Aalberse, Dutch minister of Labor (1918-25), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1948)

Person of interestArthur Griffith

Mar 31 Arthur Griffith, Irish writer and politician who founded Sinn Féin (President of Ireland 1922), born in Dublin, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1922)

Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin Arthur Griffith
Irish Politician and Founder of Sinn Féin
Arthur Griffith
  • Apr 3 Jose Juan Tablada, Mexican poet (El Florilegio), born in Mexico City (d. 1941)
  • Apr 5 Mirko Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1913)
  • Apr 6 Alexander, grandson of England's Queen Victoria
  • Apr 8 Clarence Hudson White, American photographer, born in Newark, Ohio (d. 1925)
  • Apr 12 Ioannis Metaxas, Greek general and dictator (1936-41), born in Ithaca, Greece (d. 1941)
  • Apr 16 John Millington Synge, Irish dramatist and poet (Riders to the Sea), born in Rathfarnham, County Dublin, Ireland (d. 1909)
  • Apr 29 William Stern, German-American philosopher (Intelligence of Children), born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1938)
  • May 4 Mynona, Polish writer (The Creator), born in Gołańcz, Poland (d. 1946)
  • May 6 Christian Morgenstern, German poet (Ich und die Welt), born in Munich (d. 1914)
  • May 6 Victor Grignard, French chemist (Nobel 1912 - development of the Grignard reaction), born in Cherbourg, France (d. 1935)
  • May 11 Frank Schlesinger, American astronomer (d. 1943)
  • May 17 Henk Bremmer, Dutch art historian (Modern Kunstwerken), born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • May 18 Franiska [Franny] zu Reventlow, German writer and feminist, born in Husum, Germany (d. 1918)
  • May 19 Reginald Aldworth Daly, Napanee Ontario, Canadian-American Geologist who independently developed the theory of magmatic stopping
  • May 26 Camille Huysmans, Belgian premier (1946-47), born in Bilzen, Belgium (d. 1968)
  • May 27 Georges Rouault, French expressionist painter (Miserere et Guerre), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • Jun 14 Jacob Ellehammer, Danish watchmaker and inventor (powered flight), born in Bakkebølle, Denmark (d. 1946)

Person of interestJames Weldon Johnson

Jun 17 James Weldon Johnson, American civil rights activist, leader of the NAACP and Harlem Renaissance poet, born in Jacksonville, Florida (d. 1938)

Writer and Civil Rights Activist James Weldon Johnson
Writer and Civil Rights Activist
James Weldon Johnson

  • Jun 17 Nicolae Iorga, Romanian writer, literature historian and Prime Minister of Romania, born in Botoșani, Kingdom of Romania (d. 1940)
  • Jun 22 William McDougall, British psychologist and polymath (d. 1938)
  • Jul 3 William Henry Davies, Welsh poet (Autobiography of a Super Tramp), born in Newport, Monmouthshire, Wales (d. 1940)
  • Jul 8 Kornelis ter Laan, 1st Dutch socialist mayor (Zaandam)
  • Jul 10 Marcel Proust, French intellectual and novelist (Remembrance of Things Past), born in Paris, France (d. 1922)
  • Jul 11 Stjepan Radic, founder/leader (Croatian Farmers' Party)
  • Jul 15 Kunikida Doppo, Japanese writer (d. 1908)
  • Jul 17 Lyonel Feininger, German-American cartoonist and painter, born in NYC, New York (d. 1956)
  • Jul 18 Giacomo Balla, Italian painter (Dog at a Rope), born in Turin, Italy (d. 1958)
  • Aug 2 John French Sloan, American painter and etcher, born in Lock Haven, Pennsylvania (d. 1951)
  • Aug 3 Vernon Louis Parrington, American author (Romantic Revolution, Pulitzer 1928), born in Aurora, Illinois (d. 1929)
  • Aug 6 Emanuel Querido, Dutch author and publisher (N.V. Em. Querido Uitgeversmaatschappij), born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • Aug 13 Karl Liebknecht, German Marxist revolutionary (Sparta Party), born in Leipzig, Germany (d. 1919)
  • Aug 18 Johan J Arch, graphic artist (wood cutter)

Person of interestOrville Wright

Aug 19 Orville Wright, American aviator (Wright Brothers), born in Dayton, Ohio (d. 1912)

  • Aug 21 Leonid Andreyev, Russian journalist and writer (Red Laugh, Seven Hangs), born in Oryol, Russia (d. 1919)
  • Aug 27 Theodore Dreiser, American novelist (Sister Carie, American Tragedy), born in Terre Haute, Indiana (d. 1945)
  • Aug 29 Albert Lebrun, President of France (1932-40), born in Mercy-le-Haut, France (d. 1950)

Person of interestErnest Rutherford

Aug 30 Ernest Rutherford [1st Baron Rutherford of Nelson], New Zealand physicist and father of nuclear physics (Nobel 1908), born in Brightwater, New Zealand (d. 1937)

  • Aug 31 James E. Ferguson, American Democratic politician and Texan Governor (1915-17), born in Salado, Texas (d. 1944)
  • Sep 1 J. Reuben Clark, Jr., American Undersecretary of State (d. 1961)
  • Sep 10 Charles Collett, Chief Mechanical Engineer of the Great Western Railway (1922-41) (d. 1952)
  • Sep 12 Prince Friedrich Aloys Johannes Maria, Prince of Liechtenstein, Romania, born in Arad, Romania (d. 1959)
  • Sep 19 Fritz Schaudinn, German zoologist (examined syphilis), born in Röseningken, East Prussia (d. 1906)
  • Sep 21 Ernst Heldring, Dutch ship owner and financier, born in Amsterdam (d. 1954)
  • Sep 23 Frantisek Kupka, Czech writer
  • Sep 26 Winsor McCay, American cartoonist (Little Nemo), born in Spring Lake, Michigan (d. 1934)
  • Sep 27 Grazia Deledda, Italian author (Nobel 1926), born in Nuoro, Sardinia, Italy (d. 1936)
  • Sep 28 Pietro Badoglio, 41st Prime Minister of Italy (1943-44) and Italian General (1922-43), born in Grazzano Monferrato, Italy (d. 1956)
  • Sep 30 John Fabricius, Neth/English stageauthor (Ring of Prophet)
  • Oct 2 Cordell Hull, American Secretary of State (1933-44) who established United Nation (Nobel 1945), born in Olympus, Tennessee (d. 1955)
  • Oct 2 Martha Brookes Hutcheson, American landscape architect, born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Oct 3 Stijn Streuvels [Frank Lateur], Flemish writer (De Valschaard), born in Heule, Belgium (d. 1969)
  • Oct 9 Gerrit Bolkestein, Dutch minister of Education (1939-45), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Oct 9 George Gauthier, Bishop of Montreal and rector of the Université de Montréal, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1940)
  • Oct 9 Didak Buntić, Croatian monk and scholar, born in Paoča, Bosnia and Herzegovina (d. 1922)
  • Oct 11 Johan Oscar Smith, Norwegian Christian leader who founded the evangelical Brunstad Christian Church, born in Fredrikstad, Norway (d. 1943)
  • Oct 19 Walter B Cannon, US physiologist (Wisdom of the Body)
  • Oct 26 Guillermo Kahlo, German-Mexican photographer and father of Frida Kahlo, born in Pforzheim, Grand Duchy of Baden, German Empire (d. 1941)
  • Oct 29 Narziss Ach, German psychologist (Analyse des Willens), born in Ermershausen, Kingdom of Bavaria, German Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestStephen Crane

Nov 1 Stephen Crane, American novelist (Red Badge of Courage), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1900)

Novelist Stephen Crane
Novelist
Stephen Crane
  • Nov 9 Florence Sabin, American Scientist who was the first woman to graduate from Johns Hopkins and the first lifetime woman member of the National Academy of Sciences, born in Central City, Colorado (d. 1953)
  • Nov 10 Winston Churchill, American author (Crisis, Crossing), born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1947)
  • Nov 15 Erich Tschermak von Seysenegg, Austrian botanist who was one of three scientists (also Hugo de Vries and Carl Correns) who independently rediscovered Gregor Mendel's work on the laws of genetics, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1962)
  • Nov 20 William Heard Kilpatrick, American mathematician and philosopher, born in White Plains, Georgia (d. 1965)
  • Nov 27 Giovanni Giorgi, Italian physicist and electrical engineer (Giorgi system of measurement), born in Lucca, Italy (d. 1950)
  • Dec 5 Bill Pickett, American rodeo performer (invented bulldogging), born in Jenks-Branch, Texas (d. 1932)
  • Dec 13 Herman Theodoor Colenbrander, Dutch historian, born in Drachten, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Dec 13 Russell W. Porter, American artist and explorer (Alaska), born in Springfield, Vermont (d. 1949)
  • Dec 13 Emily Carr, Canadian painter, born in Victoria, British Columbia, Canada (d. 1945)