Historical Figures Born in 1872

  • Jan 4 Edmund Rumpler, Austrian automotive and airplane builder (1st Tatra car), born in Vienna (d. 1940)
  • Jan 11 George Washington Pierce, American physicist (d. 1956)
  • Jan 15 Arsen Kotsoyev, Russian writer, born in Terek Oblast (d. 1944)
  • Jan 18 Paul Léautaud [Maurice Boissard], French writer and theatre critic (Petit ami), born in Paris, France (d. 1956)
  • Jan 20 Julia Morgan, American architect (Hearst Castle, and other Hearst properties), first female degreed by Ecole des Beaux-Arts, and first licensed in California, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1957) [1]
  • Jan 23 Joze Plečnik, Slovenian architect, born in Ljubljana, Slovenia (d. 1957)
  • Jan 23 Paul Langevin, French physicist, born in Paris, France (d. 1946)
  • Jan 24 Ethel Turner, Australian author (d. 1958)
  • Jan 24 Konstantin Bogaevsky, Russian painter (d. 1943)
  • Jan 27 Learned Hand, American Chief Judge of US Court of Appeals, born in Albany, New York (d. 1961)
  • Jan 31 Zane Grey, American western novelist (Riders of the Purple Sage), born in Zanesville, Ohio (d. 1939)
  • Feb 1 Andrew Kehoe, American mass murderer (d. 1927)
  • Feb 1 Jerome F. Donovan, American politician (d. 1949)
  • Feb 1 Paul Fort, French poet/founder of Vers et Prose
  • Feb 4 Gotse Delchev, a great Macedonian revolutionary, (d. 1903)
  • Feb 6 Alfred Mombert, German poet, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Feb 7 Nikolaos "Sokrates" Politis, Greek lawyer/diplomat/foreign minister
  • Feb 8 Theodor Lessing, German writer, born in Hanover, Germany (d. 1933)
  • Feb 10 Anne Anema, Dutch lawyer/journalist/politician (ARP)
  • Feb 11 Edward Johnston, British craftsman and calligrapher - "the father of modern calligraphy" (d. 1944)

Piet MondrianPiet Mondrian (1872-1944)

Mar 7 Dutch abstract painter (Broadway Boogie Woogie, Composition with Red Blue and Yellow) and art theoretician, born in Amersfoort, Netherlands

  • Mar 11 Abraham van Stolk Jzn, lumber merchant/art collector
  • Mar 13 Oswald Garrison Villard, American journalist and editor of the New York Evening Post, born in Wiesbaden, Germany (d. 1949)
  • Mar 19 Sergei Diaghilev, Russian ballet director (founder of the Ballets Russes), born in Gruzino Novgorod, Russia (d. 1929)
  • Mar 20 Karin Michaelis, writer

Michael Joseph SavageMichael Joseph Savage (1872-1940)

Mar 23 Australian-born New Zealand politician and first Labour Prime Minister of New Zealand (1935-40), born in Tatong, Australia

  • Mar 25 Vito Pardo, Italian sculptor (Columbus monument in Argentina)
  • Mar 28 Jose Sanjurjo, Spanish general (Morocco) and high director, born in Pamplona, Spain (d. 1936)
  • Apr 5 Samuel Cate Prescott, American food scientist and microbiologist, born in South Hampton, New Hampshire (d. 1962)
  • Apr 7 William Monroe Trotter, American newspaper editor and activist for African-Americans civil rights, born near Chillicothe, Ohio (d. 1934)

Léon BlumLéon Blum (1872-1950)

Apr 9 Prime Minister of France (People's Front Government), born in Paris

  • Apr 13 Alexander Roda Roda, Austrian writer, born in Drnowitz, Moravia (d. 1945)
  • Apr 14 Abdullah Yusuf Ali, British-Indian Islamic scholar and translator (translated Qu'ran into English), born in Bombay, British India (d. 1953)
  • Apr 18 Bernard Ogilvie Dodge, American botanist and pioneer researcher on heredity in fungi, born in Mauston, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • Apr 21 Billy Bitzer, American cinematography pioneer, born in Roxbury, Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1944)
  • Apr 22 Princess Margaret of Prussia, Queen consort-elect of Finland, born in New Palace, Potsdam, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1954)
  • May 1 Sidónio Pais, Portuguese politician (4th President of Portugal, 66th Prime Minister of Portugal), born in Caminha, Portugal (d. 1918)
  • May 2 G. G. van der Hoeven, Dutch editor-in-chief (NRC newspaper), born in Brielle, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • May 6 Willem de Sitter, Dutch scientist and cosmologist (developed theoretical models of the universe based on Albert Einstein’s general theory of relativity), born in Sneek, Netherlands (d. 1934)
  • May 10 Marcel Mauss, French sociologist (d. 1950)
  • May 14 Elia Dalla Costa, Italian cardinals (d. 1961)

Bertrand RussellBertrand Russell (1872-1970)

May 18 English mathematician and philosopher (Nobel 1950), born in Trellech, England

  • May 21 Henry Warren, American inventor (Telechon electric clock), born in Boston, Massachusetts
  • May 28 Marian Smoluchowski, Polish physicist (pioneer of statistical physics), born in Vorder-Brühl, Austria-Hungary (d. 1917)
  • May 31 Charles Greeley Abbot, American astronomer (Solar Constant), born in Wilton, New Hampshire (d. 1973)
  • May 31 W. Heath Robinson, English illustrator and cartoonist (Don Quixote), born in Islington, England (d. 1944)
  • Jun 6 Alexandra Feodorovna [Princess Alix of Hesse and by Rhine], last Russian Tsarina (1894-1918), born in Darmstadt, Germany (d. 1918)
  • Jun 20 George Carpenter, 5th General of The Salvation Army (d. 1948)

Paul Laurence DunbarPaul Laurence Dunbar (1872-1906)

Jun 27 American poet and novelist (Oak & Ivory), born in Dayton, Ohio

  • Jul 1 Louis Blériot, French aviator and 1st man to fly an airplane across English Channel, born in Cambrai, France (d. 1936)
  • Jul 3 Habibullah Khan, Emir of Afghanistan (1901-19), born in Samarkand, Uzbekistan (d. 1919)

Calvin CoolidgeCalvin Coolidge (1872-1933)

Jul 4 30th US President (Republican: 1923-29), born in Plymouth Notch, Vermont

  • Jul 5 Édouard Herriot, French politician (served 3 times as Prime Minister of France), born in Troyes, France (d. 1957)

Emil HáchaEmil Hácha (1872-1945)

Jul 12 Czech politician (President of Czechoslovakia, 1938-9, State President of Bohemia and Moravia, 1939-1945), born in Trhové Sviny, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

  • Jul 13 Alfons van de Perre, Flemish physician/MP

Roald AmundsenRoald Amundsen (1872-1928)

Jul 16 Norwegian polar explorer who led the 1st expedition to the South Pole, born in Borge, Østfold, Norway

  • Jul 22 David D Salas, Antillian writer (Josefina)
  • Jul 26 George Louis Beer, American historian (authority on British colonies), born in Staten Island, New York (d. 1920)
  • Jul 28 Albert Sarraut, French Radical politician, Prime Minister of France (1933 and 36), born in Bordeaux, France (d. 1962)
  • Jul 29 Eric Alfred Knudsen, American folklorist (d. 1957)
  • Jul 30 Clémentine, Princess of Belgium, wife of Prince Napoleon Bonaparte V, born in Royal Castle of Laeken, Brussels (d. 1955)
  • Aug 2 George E. Stewart, American army officer and Medal of Honor recipient, born in New South Wales, Australia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 3 Haakon VII, King of Norway (1905-57), born in Charlottenlund Palace, Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1957)
  • Aug 5 Oswaldo Cruz, Brazilian physician and epidemiologist, born in São Luis do Paraitinga, Brazil (d. 1917)
  • Aug 7 Andries C D de Graeff, governor-general of Neth Indies (1926-31)
  • Aug 9 Archduke Joseph August of Austria, Austrian field marshal, born in Alcsút, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1962)
  • Aug 11 Shidehara Kijuro, Prime Minister of Japan (d. 1951)
  • Aug 12 Princess Marie Louise of Schleswig-Holstein (d. 1956)
  • Aug 13 Richard Willstätter, German chemist (Nobel 1915), born in Karlsruhe, Baden (d. 1942)
  • Aug 15 Shri Aurobindo [Aurobindo Ghose], Indian guru and nationalist, born in Calcutta, British India (d. 1950)
  • Aug 21 Aubrey Beardsley, English artist (Salome), born in Brighton, England (d. 1898)
  • Aug 24 Max Beerbohm, English caricaturist, writer and parodist (Saturday Review), born in London (d. 1956)
  • Sep 9 Delilah L Beasley, American author/columnist (Negro trail-blazers)
  • Sep 20 Maurice Gamelin, French Army general (unable to stop the German assault on France (May 1940)), born in Paris (d. 1958)
  • Sep 25 Charles Blake Cochran, English theatrical manager and impresario, born in Sussex, England (d. 1951)
  • Sep 26 Ottokar Czernin, Austro-Hungarian diplomat (Imperial Foreign Minister of Austria-Hungary) and politician, born in Dimokur, Austria-Hungary (d. 1932)
  • Sep 28 Tom Terriss, English director (His Buddy's Wife, Sumuru), born in London, England (d. 1964)
  • Oct 1 Israël Querido, Dutch writer (Menschenwee), born in Amsterdam (d. 1932)
  • Oct 8 John Cowper Powys, British writer (Wood & Stone, Wolf Solent), born in Shirley, Derbyshire (d. 1963)
  • Oct 11 Emily Davison, English suffragette who died when hit by King George's horse at Epsom Derby, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1913)
  • Oct 11 Harlan Fiske Stone, Chief Justice Supreme Court (1941-46), born in Chesterfield, New Hampshire (d. 1946)
  • Oct 15 Wilhelm Miklas, Austrian politician and 3rd President of Austria (1928-38), born in Krems, Lower Austria, Austria-Hungary (d. 1956)
  • Oct 18 Joséphine Caroline, Belgian royal princess, and later (1935) Benedictine nun, taking the name of Sister Marie-Josephine, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1958)
  • Oct 18 Mikhail Kuzmin, Russian writer and poet born in Yaroslavl, Russian Empire (d. 1936)
  • Oct 27 Emily Post, American authority on social behaviour and writer (Etiquette), born in Baltimore, Maryland [or Oct 3rd, 1873] (d. 1960)
  • Nov 3 Wilfred Trotter, English surgeon who was a pioneer in neurosurgery, popularized the concept of herd instinct, and was an authority in cancers of the head and neck, born in Coleford, Gloucestershire, England (d. 1939)
  • Nov 9 Bohdan Lepky, Ukrainian writer and poet, born in Zhukiv, Ukraine (d. 1941)
  • Nov 11 David I. Walsh, 46th Governor of Massachusetts, born in Leominster, Massachusetts (d. 1947)
  • Nov 15 Robert de Flers, French author and playwright (Habit Vert), born in Pont-l'Évêque, France (d. 1927)

John McCraeJohn McCrae (1872-1918)

Nov 30 Canadian physician, soldier and poet (In Flanders Fields), born in Guelph, Ontario

  • Dec 7 Johan Huizinga, Dutch culture historian (Homo Ludens), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Dec 10 Ludwig Klages, German philosopher (study of graves), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1956)
  • Dec 16 Anton Ivanovich Denikin, Russian general (d. 1947)
  • Dec 21 Albert Payson Terhune, American novelist (Lad, a Dog), born in Newark, New Jersey (d. 1942)
  • Dec 22 Camille Guérin, French veterinarian and bacteriologist, born in Poitiers, France (d. 1961)
  • Dec 26 Norman Angell, British politician/cowboy/journalist, Nobel laureate (1933), (d. 1967)

Pío BarojaPío Baroja (1872-1956)

Dec 28 Spanish Basque writer, author of over 100 novels (The Struggle for Life, Zalacain the Adventurer), born in San Sebastián, Basque Country