Birthdays in History in 1875

  • Jan 1 Charles Rist, French economist
  • Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American socialite (d. 1942)
  • Jan 12 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)

Person of interestIbn Saud

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • Jan 21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • Jan 21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • Jan 22 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • Feb 2 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general (d. 1915)
  • Feb 18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • Feb 21 Jeanne Louise Calment, French world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • Mar 2 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian
  • Mar 4 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • Mar 4 Enrique Larreta, [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • Mar 13 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Mar 14 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian and author (Thackeray Dictionary), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)
  • Mar 29 Lou Henry Hoover, 1st lady (1929-33), wife of the 31st President, Herbert Hoover, born in Waterloo, Iowa (d. 1944)

Person of interestEdgar Wallace

Apr 1 Edgar Wallace, English novelist, playwright and journalist (The Terror, The Four Just Men) who created King Kong, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1932)

Person of interestWalter Chrysler

Apr 2 Walter Chrysler, American founder of car company Chrysler, born in Wamego, Kansas (d. 1940)

Founder of Chrysler Walter Chrysler
Founder of Chrysler
Walter Chrysler
  • Apr 8 Albert I LCMM von Saksen-Coburg, king of Belgium (1909-34)
  • Apr 13 Ray Lyman Wilbur, U.S. university president and politician (d. 1949)
  • Apr 15 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright/novelist (Poverty)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

Apr 18 Syngman Rhee, First President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee
  • Apr 18 Ivana Brlic-Mazuranic, Croatian writer (d. 1938)
  • Apr 27 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (Un homme si simple), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Apr 29 Rafael Sabatini, Italian/British writer (d. 1950)
  • May 4 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), born in Alava, Spain (d. 1936)
  • May 6 William Daniel Leahy, Iowa, 5 star admiral/chief of staff (1949)
  • May 11 Harriet Quimby, American aviator (d. 1912)
  • May 23 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • May 30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (d. 1944)

Person of interestThomas Mann

Jun 6 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 9 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England
  • Jun 13 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected woman governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), born in Bell County, Texas (d. 1961)
  • Jun 15 Herman Smith-Johannsen, cross-country skier (d. 1987)
  • Jun 17 Philipp A Kohnstamm, philosopher/theorist (Mensch & World)
  • Jun 20 Othenio Able, Austrian paleontologist
  • Jun 23 Carl Milles, Uppsala Sweden, fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • Jun 28 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)
  • Jul 3 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 4 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • Jul 10 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, born in Maysville, South Carolina (d. 1955)
  • Jul 15 Jean van den Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter

Person of interestCarl Jung

Jul 26 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • Jul 26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • Aug 2 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Aug 8 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)

  • Aug 18 Johan E. Elias, Dutch historian (Amsterdam's regency), born in Amsterdam (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer (d. 1936)
  • Aug 21 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Aug 23 William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 26 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • Aug 27 Katharine McCormick, American women's rights activist (d. 1967)
  • Sep 1 Edgar Rice Burroughs, American sci-fi author (Tarzan of Apes, Mars Saga)
  • Sep 3 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)

Person of interestJames Cash Penney

Sep 16 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • Sep 18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (d. 1945)
  • Oct 11 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • Oct 12 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • Oct 17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • Oct 18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • Oct 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Gilbert Hovey Grosvenor, American geographer and editor (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Marie, queen consort of Ferdinand I of Romania (1914-27)
  • Oct 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Dutch Coasts) (d. 1961)
  • Oct 31 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1950)
  • Nov 6 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Nov 7 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • Nov 8 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • Nov 11 Vesto Slipher, Mulberry Indiana, American Astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory
  • Nov 14 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer: Conrad Pilater
  • Nov 14 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • Nov 19 Michael I Kalinin, Russian metal worker/head of state

Person of interestHiram Bingham

Nov 19 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Hawaii (d. 1956)

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • Nov 22 Georges Rency, Belgian poet
  • Nov 23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Nov 27 Wladyslaw Orkan, [Szmaciarz-Smreczynsky], Pol author (Nowele Zebrane)
  • Dec 3 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman/antifascist
  • Dec 3 Max Meldrum, Scottish-born Australian painter (d. 1955)
  • Dec 4 Rainer Maria Rilke, Austrian poet (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Sir Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Evelyn Underhill, British poet (d. 1941)
  • Dec 12 Desiderius A Stracke, Flemish jesuit/literature historian
  • Dec 12 Karl R G von Rundstedt, German gen-fieldmarshal (Normandy)

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

Dec 12 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • Dec 15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary (d. 1899)
  • Dec 19 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), born in New Canton, Virginia (d. 1950)
  • Dec 20 T F Powys, Wales, writer (Captain Patch, Goat Green)
  • Dec 25 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna