On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1875

  • Jan 1 Charles Rist, French economist
  • Jan 9 Gertrude Vanderbilt Whitney, American sculptor and art patron (founder of the Whitney Museum of American Art NYC), born in NYC, New York (d. 1942)
  • Jan 12 Marika Stiernstedt, Swedish author (Ulla Bella)
  • Jan 14 Albert Schweitzer, Alsatian theologian & writer (Nobel 1954), born in Kayserberg, France (d. 1965)

Person of interestIbn Saud

Jan 15 Abdulaziz Ibn Saud, Founder and first King of Saudi Arabia (1932-53), born in Riyadh, Emirate of Nejd (d. 1953)

Founder of Saudi Arabia Ibn Saud
Founder of Saudi Arabia
Ibn Saud
  • Jan 16 Leonor Michaelis, German enzyme kinetic theorist (d. 1947)
  • Jan 17 Florencio Sánchez, Uruguayan dramatist (d. 1910)
  • Jan 21 John Lindworsky, German jesuit/psychologist (Der Wille)
  • Jan 21 Paul E Kahle, German professor of oriental studies
  • Jan 22 Bonifacius C de Jonge, governor (Dutch East Indies)
  • Feb 2 Annette Kolb, German author (Small Fanfare) and pacifist, born in Munich (d. 1967)
  • Feb 4 Ludwig Prandtl, German physicist (father of aerodynamics)
  • Feb 6 Leonid Gobyato, Russian general & inventor (man-portable mortar), born in Taganrog, Russia (d. 1915)
  • Feb 18 Walter Andrae, German archaeologist (Babylon, Assur)
  • Feb 21 Jeanne Louise Calment, French world's oldest woman (d. 1997 at 122)
  • Mar 2 Hans Lietzman, German theologist/church historian

  • Mar 4 Alberto Vaccari, Italian jesuit/old testament scholar/interpreter
  • Mar 4 Enrique Larreta, [E R Maza], Argentine diplomat and writer (Gloria de Don Ramiro), born in Buenos Aires (d. 1961)
  • Mar 4 Suze Groeneweg, 1st Dutch female parliament member (SDAP, 1918-37)
  • Mar 13 Lizzy Ansingh, Dutch painter (Caught Sultane), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Mar 14 Isadore Gilbert Mudge, American librarian and author (Thackeray Dictionary), born in Brooklyn, New York (d. 1957)

Person of interestSyngman Rhee

Mar 26 Syngman Rhee, 1st President of South Korea (1948-60), born in Haeju, North Korea (d. 1965)

First President of South Korea Syngman Rhee
First President of South Korea
Syngman Rhee

Person of interestEdgar Wallace

Apr 1 Edgar Wallace, English novelist, playwright and journalist (The Terror, The Four Just Men) who created King Kong, born in Greenwich, England (d. 1932)

  • Apr 8 Albert I, King of Belgium (1909-34), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1934)
  • Apr 13 Ray Lyman Wilbur, American politician and 3rd President of Stanford University, born in Boonesboro, Iowa (d. 1949)
  • Apr 15 Klaziena "Ina" Boudier-Bakker, Dutch playwright and novelist (Poverty), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)
  • Apr 18 Ivana Brlić-Mažuranić, Croatian writer (The Brave Adventures of Lapitch), born in Ogulin, Croatian Military Frontier, Austria-Hungary (d. 1938)
  • Apr 27 André Baillon, Belgian-French author (Un homme si simple), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1932)
  • Apr 29 Rafael Sabatini, Italian-British writer (The Sea Hawk), born in Iesi, Italy (d. 1950)
  • May 4 Ramiro de Maeztu, Spanish writer (Don Quixote & Celestine), born in Alava, Spain (d. 1936)
  • May 6 William D. Leahy, American admiral and chief of staff (1949), born in Hampton, Iowa (d. 1959)
  • May 11 Harriet Quimby, American aviator (d. 1912)
  • May 23 Alfred P. Sloan, American long-time president and chairman of General Motors (d. 1966)
  • May 30 Giovanni Gentile, Italian philosopher (The Doctrine of Fascism), born in Castelvetrano, Italy (d. 1944)

Person of interestThomas Mann

Jun 6 Thomas Mann, German novelist (Magic Mountain-Nobel 1929), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1955)

Novelist Thomas Mann
Novelist
Thomas Mann
  • Jun 9 Henry Dale, physiologist (Nobel-1936), born in London, England

  • Jun 13 Miriam (Ma) Ferguson, US politician, 1st US elected woman governor, Governor of Texas (1925-27, 1933-35), born in Bell County, Texas (d. 1961)
  • Jun 15 Herman Smith-Johannsen, cross-country skier (d. 1987)
  • Jun 17 Philipp Abraham Kohnstamm, Dutch philosopher and physicist, born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Jun 20 Othenio Able, Austrian artist, fossil creator and founder of paleobiology, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1946)
  • Jun 23 Carl Milles, Uppsala Sweden, fountain sculptor (Wedding of Rivers)
  • Jun 28 Henri Lebesgue, French mathematician (Lebesgue integration), born in Beauvais, Oise, France (d. 1941)
  • Jul 3 Ernst Ferdinand Sauerbruch, German Nazi surgeon, born in Barmen, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 4 Giovanni & Giacomo Tocci, Italian siamese twins, born in Locana (probable date),
  • Jul 10 Mary McLeod Bethune, American educator (Bethune-Cookman College) and civil rights leader, born in Maysville, South Carolina (d. 1955)
  • Jul 15 Jean van den Eeckhoudt, Belgian painter

Person of interestCarl Jung

Jul 26 Carl Jung, Swiss Psychiatrist (founded analytic psychology), born in Kesswil, Switzerland (d. 1961)

Psychiatrist Carl Jung
Psychiatrist
Carl Jung
  • Jul 26 Antonio Machado, Spanish poet (Campos de Castilla), born in Seville, Spain (d. 1939)
  • Aug 2 Mstislav Dobuzhinsky, Russian-Lithuanian artist, born in Veliky Novgorod, Russia (d. 1957)
  • Aug 8 Artur da Silva Bernardes, President of Brazil (d. 1955)
  • Aug 18 Johan E. Elias, Dutch historian (Amsterdam's regency), born in Amsterdam (d. 1960)
  • Aug 19 Stjepan Seljan, Croatian explorer, born in Karlovac, Croatia (d. 1936)
  • Aug 21 Maurice Lippens, Belgian governor of Congo (1921-23), born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Aug 23 William Eccles, English physicist and radio pioneer, born in Barrow-in-Furness, England (d. 1966)
  • Aug 23 Eugene Lanceray, Russian artist, born in Pavlovsk, Saint Petersburg, Russia (d. 1946)
  • Aug 26 John Buchan, Scotland, Gov-Gen of Canada/writer (Battle of Somme)
  • Aug 27 Katharine McCormick, American biologist, suffragist and philanthropist, born in Dexter, Michigan (d. 1967)
  • Sep 1 Edgar Rice Burroughs, American author (Tarzan of the Apes, Mars Saga), born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1950)
  • Sep 3 Ferdinand Porsche, German automotive engineer (Volkswagen Beetle, Mercedes-Benz SS) and founder of the Porsche car company, born in Maffersdorf, Bohemia, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1951)

Person of interestJames Cash Penney

Sep 16 James Cash Penney, American department store founder (J C Penney), born in Hamilton, Missouri (d. 1971)

Department Store Founder James Cash Penney
Department Store Founder
James Cash Penney
  • Sep 18 Tomas Burgos, Chilean philanthropist (founder of Villa Lo Burgos), born in Osorno, Chile (d. 1945)
  • Oct 11 Stefan Octavian Iosif, Romanian poet (Beautiful Irine), born in Brașov, Romania (d. 1913)
  • Oct 12 Aleister Crowley, British occultist, founded the religion of Thelema, born in Royal Leamington Spa, Warwickshire England (d. 1947)
  • Oct 17 Alfred Polgar, Austrian writer (Yes & No!)
  • Oct 18 James E K Aggrey, Ghana, US theologian/educationalist
  • Oct 23 Gilbert N. Lewis, American chemist (d. 1946)
  • Oct 24 Konstantin Yuon, Russian painter, born in Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1958)
  • Oct 28 Gilbert H. Grosvenor, American geographer and 1st full-time editor of National Geographic Society (1899-1954), born in Constantinople, Ottoman Empire (d. 1966)
  • Oct 29 Marie, last Queen of Romania as the wife of King Ferdinand I (1914-27), born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1938)
  • Oct 31 Seerp Anema, Dutch poet and writer (Dutch Coasts) (d. 1961)

Person of interestSardar Patel

Oct 31 Vallabhbhai Patel, Indian freedom fighter and statesman, born in Gujarat, India (d. 1950)

Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician Sardar Patel
Indian Freedom Fighter and Politician
Sardar Patel
  • Nov 6 Pompeo Aloisi, Italian baron, diplomat and senator, born in Rome, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Nov 7 Mikhail Kalinin, Soviet communist leader and statesman, born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Russia (d. 1946) [OS]
  • Nov 8 Qiu Jin, Chinese revolutionary, feminist, and writer considered a national heroine in China, born in Shanyin, Shaoxing, Qing Dynasty (d. 1907)
  • Nov 11 Vesto Slipher, American astronomer who provided the first evidence to support the expanding-universe theory, born in Mulberry, Indiana (d. 1969)
  • Nov 14 Jakob Schaffner, Swiss writer: Conrad Pilater
  • Nov 14 Gregorio del Pilar, Filipino general (d. 1899)
  • Nov 19 Mikhail Kalinin, Chairman of the Presidium of the Supreme Soviet of the Soviet Union (1938-46), born in Verkhnyaya Troitsa, Tver Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1946)

Person of interestHiram Bingham

Nov 19 Hiram Bingham, American archaeologist who re-discovered the Incan site of Machu Picchu, born in Honolulu, Kingdom of Hawaii (d. 1956)

Archaeologist and Explorer Hiram Bingham
Archaeologist and Explorer
Hiram Bingham
  • Nov 22 Georges Rency, Belgian poet and literature, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1951)
  • Nov 23 Anatoly Lunacharsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, author and literary critic, born in Poltava, Russian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Nov 27 Władysław Orkan [Franciszek Ksawery Smaciarz], Polish author (Nowele Zebrane), born in Poręba Wielka, Austria-Hungary (d. 1930)
  • Dec 3 Bernhard Lichtenberg, German clergyman and theologian, born in Ohlau, Prussian Silesia, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1943)
  • Dec 3 Max Meldrum, Scottish-Australian painter (founder of Australian Tonalism), born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1955)
  • Dec 4 Rainer Maria Rilke, Bohemian-Austrian poet and novelist (Ana, The City, Duino Elegies), born in Prague, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1926)
  • Dec 5 Arthur Currie, Canadian soldier (fought in WWI), born in Napperton, Ontario (d. 1933)
  • Dec 6 Evelyn Underhill, British Anglo-Catholic poet, born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1941)
  • Dec 12 Desideer Stracke, Flemish jesuit and literature historian, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1970)

Person of interestGerd von Rundstedt

Dec 12 [Karl Rudolf] Gerd von Rundstedt, German field marshal during World War II (Commander-in-Chief in the West), born in Aschersleben, German Empire (d. 1953)

German General Gerd von Rundstedt
German General
Gerd von Rundstedt
  • Dec 15 Emilio Jacinto, Filipino poet and revolutionary, born in Tondo, Manila (d. 1899)
  • Dec 19 Carter G. Woodson, American historian (African American studies), born in New Canton, Virginia (d. 1950)
  • Dec 20 T. F. Powys, British novelist & short-story writer (Captain Patch, Goat Green), born in Shirley, Derbyshire
  • Dec 25 Theodor Innitzer, cardinal/archbishop Vienna