On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1876

  • Jan 1 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • Jan 1 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

Jan 5 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany (d. 1967)

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Jan 9 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • Jan 10 Jan Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Jan 12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • Jan 17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • Jan 17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 6 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • Feb 12 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • Feb 16 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Feb 19 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • Feb 21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Agnes M Royden, writer

  • Feb 25 Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
  • Feb 26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • Feb 26 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • Mar 2 Pius XII, [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1943)
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 4 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • Apr 11 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 14 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • Apr 17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • Apr 19 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)

  • Apr 29 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • Apr 30 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), born in Augusta, Italy (d. 1937)
  • May 10 Ivan Cankar, Slavs author (Hlapec Jernej-Njegova Pravica)
  • May 12 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • May 19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)
  • May 27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1960)
  • Jun 13 William Sealy Gosset, English statistician (Student's t-distribution), born in Canterbury, Kent, England (d. 1937)
  • Jun 21 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 [Gwendolen] Gwen John, Welsh painter, born in Haverfordwest, Wales (d. 1939)
  • Jun 28 Clara Maass, American army nurse who sacrificed her life at 25 to prove that mosquitoes carry yellow fever, born in East Orange, New Jersey (d. 1901)
  • Jun 29 Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician and the 1st woman to serve as a governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

Jul 6 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair
  • Jul 12 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, born in Quimper, Brittany, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • Jul 17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Aug 5 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer ( The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, British politician and diplomat, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33), born in Fulford, England (d. 1951)
  • Aug 17 Henri Winkelman, Dutch general, Commander-in-Chief of Dutch Armed Forces during WWII, born in Maastricht , Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • Aug 29 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), born in Loudenville, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), born in Haeju, Hwanghae, Korea (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • Sep 5 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 5 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), born in Clunie, Dunkeld, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 6 Willem Adriaan Bonger, Dutch criminologist (Race & Crime), born in Amsterdam (d. 1940)
  • Sep 7 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • Sep 15 Frank Gannett, American newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1957)
  • Sep 15 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), born in Debanandapur, Hooghly district, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Trawalla, Victoria, Australia (d. 1953)
  • Sep 22 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), born in Grand Island, Nebraska (d. 1957)
  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer and poet (Satyrs and Sunlight: Sylvarum Libri), born in Melbourne (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), born in Barneveld, Netherlands (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese Roman Catholic prelate, born in Porto Santo, Madeira Islands, Portugal (d. 1940)
  • Nov 4 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), born in Winona, Minnesota (d. 1953)
  • Nov 5 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), born in Damville, Eure, France (d. 1918)
  • Nov 7 Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Cal), born in Fillmore, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Nov 8 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, born in Osceola, Arkansas (d. 1925)
  • Nov 17 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • Nov 19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kiev, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • Nov 24 Walter Griffin, US architect, city planner; designed Canberra, Aust
  • Nov 25 Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in San Anton Palace, Attard, British Malta (d. 1936)
  • Nov 26 Bart van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Person of interestWillis Carrier

Nov 26 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgarian poet (Iron Poems) (d. 1953)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Dec 20 J. Van Oudshoorn [Jan Koos Feylbrief], Dutch writer (Maze of Senses), born in the Hague, Netherlands
  • Dec 20 Walter Sydney Adams, American astronomer, born in Antioch, Turkey
  • Dec 22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)

Person of interestMohammed Ali Jinnah

Dec 25 Muhammad Ali Jinnah [Mahomedali Jinnahbhai], Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India (d. 1948)

Founder of Pakistan Mohammed Ali Jinnah
Founder of Pakistan
Mohammed Ali Jinnah
  • Dec 25 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)