Historical Figures Born in 1876

  • Jan 1 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • Jan 1 Johan Coenraad Altorf, Dutch sculptor (October 3rd monument) (d. 1955)
  • Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck, German politician (co-founder German Communist Party, President of German DR 1949-60), born in Guben, German Empire (d. 1960)

Konrad AdenauerKonrad Adenauer (1876-1967)

Jan 5 Chancellor of West Germany (CDU: 1949-63), born in Cologne, Germany

  • Jan 9 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • Jan 10 Jan Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1957)
  • Jan 12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • Jan 17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Jan 17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • Feb 6 Wilhelm August Schmidtbonn, German writer (Der Sprechende Eros), born in Bonn, Germany (d. 1952)
  • Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • Feb 12 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • Feb 15 Ernest Wilson, English botanist (plant collector in China), born in Chipping Campden, England (d. 1930)
  • Feb 16 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Feb 19 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • Feb 21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Maude Royden, English suffragist and preacher, born in Liverpool, England (d. 1956)
  • Feb 26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • Feb 26 Pauline Musters, Dutch world's smallest woman at 24 inches (61 cm), born in Ossendrecht, Netherlands (d. 1895)

Pius XIIPius XII (1876-1958)

Mar 2 260th Roman Catholic Pope (1939-58), born in Rome, Kingdom of Italy

  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 7 Edgar Evans, Welsh explorer (part of Robert Scott's Terra Nova Expedition to Antarctica), born in Rhossili, Wales (d. 1912)
  • Mar 10 Edvard Eriksen, Danish-Icelandic sculptor, born in Copenhagen, Denmark (d. 1959)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer, born in New Haven, Connecticut (d. 1943)
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 4 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • Apr 11 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 14 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • Apr 17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • Apr 19 Hendrik Vladimir Albrecht Ernst, Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Prince consort of the Netherlands (1901-34), born in Schwerin, Mecklenburg-Schwerin, Germany (d. 1934)
  • Apr 23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • Apr 29 Zewditu, Empress of Ethiopia (1916-30), born in Werreyimenu, Wollo, Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • Apr 30 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist and politician (Minister of Education), born in Augusta, Italy (d. 1937)
  • May 10 Ivan Cankar, Slovene author, poet, novelist and playwright (Erotika, The Bailiff Yerney and His Rights), born in Vrhnika, Carniola, Austrian Empire (d. 1918)
  • May 12 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • May 19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)
  • May 27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (Lenin: God of the Godless), born in Ludza, Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1960)
  • Jun 13 William Sealy Gosset, English statistician (Student's t-distribution), born in Canterbury, Kent, England (d. 1937)
  • Jun 21 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 [Gwendolen] Gwen John, Welsh painter, born in Haverfordwest, Wales (d. 1939)
  • Jun 28 Clara Maass, American army nurse who sacrificed her life at 25 to prove that mosquitoes carry yellow fever, born in East Orange, New Jersey (d. 1901)
  • Jun 29 Nellie Tayloe Ross, American educator, politician, 1st woman to serve as a governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), and administrator (Director of US Mint, 1933-53), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Wilhelm Cuno, German Reich's chancellor (1922-23) and businessman, born in Suhl, German Empire (d. 1933)

Harry Ford SinclairHarry Ford Sinclair (1876-1956)

Jul 6 American industrialist who founded Sinclair Oil and implicated in the Teapot Dome scandal, born in Benwood, West Virginia

  • Jul 12 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, born in Quimper, Brittany, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 17 Maxim M Litvinov [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • Jul 17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Aug 5 Mary Ritter Beard, American historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer (The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1903)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, British politician and diplomat, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33), born in Fulford, England (d. 1951)
  • Aug 17 Henri Winkelman, Dutch general, Commander-in-Chief of Dutch Armed Forces during WWII, born in Maastricht, Netherlands (d. 1952)
  • Aug 22 Cornelis "Kees" Maks, Dutch figurative painter, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1967)
  • Aug 29 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), born in Loudenville, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), born in Haeju, Hwanghae, Korea (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • Sep 5 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 5 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), born in Clunie, Dunkeld, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 6 Willem Adriaan Bonger, Dutch criminologist (Race & Crime), born in Amsterdam (d. 1940)
  • Sep 7 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • Sep 15 Frank Gannett, American newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York (d. 1957)
  • Sep 15 Sarat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian Bengali novelist (Devdas), born in Debanandapur, Hooghly district, Bengal Presidency, India (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Trawalla, Victoria, Australia (d. 1953)
  • Sep 18 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 22 André Tardieu, French politician, Prime Minister of France (192-30, 1930, 1932), born in Paris, France (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Edith Abbott, American social worker and educator (University of Chicago Social Sciences), born in Grand Island, Nebraska (d. 1957)
  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer and poet (Satyrs and Sunlight: Sylvarum Libri), born in Melbourne (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 22 Karl Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother), born in Freudenberg, Bavaria (d. 1966)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), born in Barneveld, Netherlands (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Stephen Alencastre, Portuguese Roman Catholic prelate, born in Porto Santo, Madeira Islands, Portugal (d. 1940)
  • Nov 4 James Earle Fraser, American sculptor (Indian Head (Buffalo) nickel), born in Winona, Minnesota (d. 1953)
  • Nov 5 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, French cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire), born in Damville, Eure, France (d. 1918)
  • Nov 7 Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Cal), born in Fillmore, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Nov 8 Frank L. Gillespie, American founder of Supreme Life Insurance Company, born in Osceola, Arkansas (d. 1925)
  • Nov 17 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, Belgian politician, (mayor of Brussels, Belgium) (d. 1958)
  • Nov 19 Tatyana Afanasyeva, Russian-Dutch mathematician and physicist (fields of statistical mechanics and statistical thermodynamics), born in Kyiv, Ukraine (d. 1964)
  • Nov 24 Walter Burley Griffin, American architect (L-shaped floor plan, Carport) who designed Australia's capital Canberra and the NSW towns of Griffith and Leeton, born in Maywood, Illinois (d. 1937)
  • Nov 25 Princess Victoria Melita of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse, born in San Anton Palace, Attard, British Malta (d. 1936)
  • Nov 26 Bart van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style), born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1958)

Willis CarrierWillis Carrier (1876-1950)

Nov 26 American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York

  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov [Popov], Bulgarian poet (Iron Poems) (d. 1953)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-American automobile pioneer, born in Lippe, Germany (d. 1932)
  • Dec 10 Anton Mauve (Jr), Dutch painter, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, German writer and journalist, born in Varel, Germany (d. 1954)
  • Dec 20 J. Van Oudshoorn [Jan Koos Feylbrief], Dutch writer (Maze of Senses), born in the Hague, Netherlands (d. 1951)
  • Dec 20 Walter Sydney Adams, American astronomer (director of Mount Wilson), born in Antioch, Turkey (d. 1956)
  • Dec 22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • Dec 25 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)

Mohammed Ali JinnahMohammed Ali Jinnah (1876-1948)

Dec 25 Founder of Pakistan who led the All-India Muslim League (1913-47) until he achieved his dream of Pakistan and became its 1st Governor-General (1947-48), born in Karachi, Bombay Presidency, British India