Birthdays in History in 1876

  • Jan 1 Johan C Altorf, sculptor (October 3rd monument)
  • Jan 1 Harriet Brooks, Canadian physicist (d. 1933)
  • Jan 3 Wilhelm Pieck, co-founder German Communist Party/pres (1949-60)

Person of interestKonrad Adenauer

Jan 5 Konrad Adenauer, chancellor of Germany (BRD, 1949), born in Cologne, Germany

Chancellor of West Germany Konrad Adenauer
Chancellor of West Germany
Konrad Adenauer
  • Jan 9 Hans Bethge, German poet, born in Dessau (d. 1946)
  • Jan 10 Johannes W "Jan" Eisenloeffel, Dutch goldsmith
  • Jan 12 Jack London, American writer/socialist (Call of the Wild), born in San Francisco (d. 1916)
  • Jan 17 Olga Fastrová, Czech writer and editor (National Policy), born in Prague (d. 1965)
  • Jan 17 Frank Hague, American politician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 6 Wilhelm Schmidtbonn[-Schmidt], German playwright (Der Sprechende Eros)
  • Feb 8 Paula Modersohn-Becker, German "entartet" painter
  • Feb 12 Thubten Gyatso, 13th Dalai Lama, born in Thakpo Langdun (d. 1933)
  • Feb 16 G. M. Trevelyan [George Macaulay Trevelyan], British historian and academic, born in Stratford-upon-Avon, Warwickshire, England (d. 1962)
  • Feb 19 Constantin Brancusi, Romanian French sculptor (Princesse X), born in Hobita (d. 1957)
  • Feb 21 Pyotr Konchalovsky, Russian painter (d. 1956)
  • Feb 23 Agnes M Royden, writer
  • Feb 25 Charles Freer, art collector; endowed Freer Gallery [or 1856]
  • Feb 26 Agustín Pedro Justo, President of Argentina (1932-38) during the Infamous Decade, born in Concepción del Uruguay, Entre Ríos (d. 1943)
  • Feb 26 Pauline Musters, smallest man (1'11.2" (58.9 cm))
  • Mar 1 Henry graaf de Baillet-Latour, Belgian President of IOC (1925-42)
  • Mar 1 Henri de Baillet-Latour, Belgian IOC president (d. 1942)
  • Mar 2 Pius XII, [Euhenio MGG Pacelli], 260th Pope (1939-58)
  • Mar 4 Léon-Paul Fargue, French poet (d. 1947)
  • Mar 4 Theodore Hardeen, Magician and stunt performer, founder of the Magician's Guild (d. 1945)
  • Mar 11 David Wijnkoop, Dutch revolutionary socialist, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1941)
  • Mar 20 Payne Whitney, American businessman (d. 1927)
  • Mar 23 Muirhead Bone, etcher/engraver of architecture, born in Glasgow, Scotland
  • Mar 26 Prince William of Wied, Prince of Albania (1914-25), born in Neuwied, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Mar 29 Joseph Schmidlin, German church historian and antifascist, born in Petit-Landau, France (d. 1941)
  • Mar 30 Clifford Whittingham Beers, American mental hygiene pioneer
  • Mar 31 Borisav "Bora" Stanković, Serbian writer (d. 1927)
  • Apr 4 Maurice de Vlaminck, Fauvist painter (Village in the Snow), born in Paris, France (d. 1958)
  • Apr 11 Paul Henry, Northern Irish artist, born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1958)
  • Apr 14 Cecil Chubb, English barrister, gifted Stonehenge to the British nation, born in Shrewton (d. 1934)
  • Apr 17 Ian Hay [John Hay Beith], British novelist and playwright (Pip, Carrying On), born in Rusholme, Manchester (d. 1952)
  • Apr 19 Hendrik W A E, duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin/king of Netherlands
  • Apr 23 Arthur Moeller van den Bruck, German historian (The Third Reich), born in Solingen, Westphalia, German Empire (d. 1925)
  • Apr 24 Erich Raeder, German naval commander (1928–43), born in Wandsbek, Germany (d. 1960)
  • Apr 29 Zauditu of Ethiopia (d. 1930)
  • Apr 30 Orso Mario Corbino, Italian physicist (d. 1937)
  • May 10 Ivan Cankar, Slavs author (Hlapec Jernej-Njegova Pravica)
  • May 12 Harold, grandson of English queen Victoria
  • May 19 William King Gregory, Greenwich Village New York, American palaeontologist (mammalian teeth, evolutionary theory)
  • May 27 Ferdynand Antoni Ossendowski, Polish writer (d. 1945)
  • Jun 11 Alfred L. Kroeber, American anthropologist and author (Anthropologist looks at History), born in Hoboken, New Jersey (d. 1960)
  • Jun 13 William Sealey Gosset, English chemist, statistician (d. 1937)
  • Jun 21 Willem Hendrik Keesom, Dutch physicist (helium vast), born in Texel, Netherlands (d. 1956)
  • Jun 22 Gwen (Gwendolen) John, Haverfordwest, Wales, Welsh painter
  • Jun 29 Nellie Tayloe Ross, American politician and the 1st woman to serve as a governor (Wyoming, 1925-27), born in Saint Joseph, Missouri (d. 1977)
  • Jul 2 Wilhelm Cuno, German ship owner/republic chancellor (1922-23)

Person of interestHarry Ford Sinclair

Jul 6 Harry Ford Sinclair, founder of Sinclair Oil (Teapot Dome Scandal), born in Benwood, West Virginia

Founder of Sinclair Oil Harry Ford Sinclair
Founder of Sinclair Oil
Harry Ford Sinclair

  • Jul 12 Max Jacob, French poet and writer, born in Quimper, Brittany, France (d. 1944)
  • Jul 17 Maxim M Litvinov, [Meyer H Wallach], Russian diplomat
  • Jul 17 Rosa Jackson Lumpkin, lived to be 115 years old, born in Flint, Georgia (d. 1991)
  • Jul 19 Joseph Fielding Smith Jr., 10th president of The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints, born in Salt Lake City, Utah (d. 1972)
  • Jul 20 Otto Blumenthal, German mathematician (d. 1944)
  • Aug 5 Mary R Beard, historian (Woman as a Force in History), born in Indianapolis, Indiana
  • Aug 12 Mary Roberts Rinehart, American mystery writer ( The Circular Staircase), born in Allegheny City, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Aug 14 Alexander I Obrenovic, King of Serbia/Yugoslavia (1922-34)
  • Aug 14 Sibilla Aleramo [Rina Faccio], Italian feminist and poet (Una Donna), born in Alessandria, Italy (d. 1960)
  • Aug 15 Aleksandar Belic, Serbian linguist, born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1960)
  • Aug 16 Ivan Bilibin, Russian illustrator, born in Seppälä, Russia (d. 1942)
  • Aug 17 Eric Drummond, 1st Secretary-General of League of Nations (1919-33)
  • Aug 17 Henri G Winkelman, Dutch general/supreme commander/navy 1940
  • Aug 29 Charles F. Kettering, American inventor (auto self-starter), born in Loudenville, Ohio (d. 1958)
  • Aug 29 Kim Gu, President of the Provisional Government of the Republic of Korea (1939-48), born in Haeju, Hwanghae, Korea (d. 1949)
  • Sep 1 Harriet Shaw Weaver, English political activist (d. 1961)
  • Sep 5 Abdelaziz Thâalbi, Tunisian politician, born in Tunis, Tunisia (d. 1944)
  • Sep 5 Wilhelm Ritter von Leeb, German field marshal, born in Landsberg am Lech, Germany (d. 1956)
  • Sep 6 John Macleod, Scottish-Canadian physiologist (Nobel 1923), born in Clunie, Dunkeld, Scotland (d. 1935)
  • Sep 6 Willem Adriaan Bonger, Dutch criminologist (Race & Crime), born in Amsterdam (d. 1940)
  • Sep 7 C. J. Dennis, Australian poet (The Songs of a Sentimental Bloke), born in Auburn, South Australia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 13 Sherwood Anderson, American author and publisher (Winesburg Ohio), born in Camden, Ohio (d. 1941)
  • Sep 15 Frank E Gannett, newspaper publisher (Gannett), born in Rochester, New York
  • Sep 15 Sharat Chandra Chattopadhyay, Indian novelist (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 Milan Rakic, Serbian poet (Nove Pesme), born in Belgrade, Serbia (d. 1938)
  • Sep 18 James Scullin, Australian Labour Party politician and 9th Prime Minister of Australia, born in Trawalla, Victoria, Australia (d. 1953)
  • Sep 22 André Tardieu, Prime Minister of France (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Edith Abbott, dean (University of Chicago Social Sciences)
  • Oct 4 Hugh McCrae, Australian writer (d. 1958)
  • Oct 6 Ernest Lapointe, French-Canadian politician (d. 1941)
  • Oct 11 Gertrud von Le Fort, German writer (The Eternal Woman), born in Minden, Westphalia (d. 1971)
  • Oct 22 Karl B Adam, German theologist (Christ our Brother)
  • Oct 23 Franz Schlegelberger, German judge and politician (d. 1970)
  • Oct 28 Albert E Michotte van den Berck, Belgian psychologist
  • Oct 31 Eduard van Oort, Dutch ornithologist (Ornithology of Netherlands), born in Barneveld, Netherlands (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Stephen Peter Alencastre, Roman Catholic prelate (d. 1940)
  • Nov 4 James Fraser, designed buffalo nickel
  • Nov 5 Raymond Duchamp-Villon, cubist sculptor (Head of Baudeaire)
  • Nov 7 Culbert Olson, American lawyer and politician (Gov-D-Cal), born in Fillmore, Utah (d. 1962)
  • Nov 8 Frank L Gillespie, Ark, founded Supreme Life Insurance Company
  • Nov 17 Baron Joseph van de Meulebroeck, mayor (Brussels, Belgium)
  • Nov 19 Tatyana Alexeyevna Afanasyeva, Russian/Dutch mathematician (d. 1964)
  • Nov 24 Walter Griffin, US architect, city planner; designed Canberra, Aust
  • Nov 25 Princess Victoria Melita of Edinburgh and Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, Grand Duchess of Hesse (d. 1936)
  • Nov 26 Bart A van der Leck, Dutch painter (Style)

Person of interestWillis Carrier

Nov 26 Willis Carrier, American engineer (developed modern air conditioning), born in Angola, New York (d. 1950)

Engineer Willis Carrier
Engineer
Willis Carrier
  • Dec 4 Dimitur Poljanov, [Popov], Bulgaria, poet (Iron Poems)
  • Dec 6 Fred Duesenberg, German-born automobile pioneer (d. 1932)
  • Dec 15 Ferdinand Hardekopf, writer
  • Dec 20 Jan Van Oudshoorn, [Jan K Feylbrief], Dutch writer (Maze of Senses)
  • Dec 20 Walter S Adams, US astronomer/director of Mount Wilson (1923-46)
  • Dec 22 Filippo Tommaso Marinetti, Italian-French prose writer, novelist, poet, and dramatist (Futurism e Futurista), born in Alexandria, Egypt (d. 1944)
  • Dec 25 Mohammed Ali Jinnah, Karachi, founded Pakistan (1947)/gov (1947-58)
  • Dec 25 Adolf Otto Reinhold Windaus, Nobel laureate (d. 1959)