Birthdays in History in 1877

  • Jan 2 Slava Raskaj, Croatian painter (d. 1906)
  • Jan 7 Johannes F Buziau, Dutch cabaret performer (1 great dog)
  • Jan 10 Frederick Gardner Cottrell, American inventor (electrostatic precipitator), born in Oakland, California (d. 1948)
  • Jan 12 Frank J. Corr, American politician (d. 1934)
  • Jan 15 Lewis M Terman, Ind, psychologist (developed Stanford-Binet IQ test)
  • Jan 17 May Gibbs, Australian children's author (d. 1969)
  • Jan 18 Samuel Zemurray, U.S. businessman (d. 1961)
  • Jan 22 Hjalmar Schacht, president of German Reichsbank/minister of Economics
  • Jan 26 Kees van Dongen, Netherland, French painter
  • Jan 29 Georges Catroux, French general (d. 1969)
  • Jan 31 Max Ettlinger, German philosopher
  • Feb 7 G. H. Hardy, English mathematician (Hardy–Weinberg principle, A Mathematician's Apology), born in Cranleigh, England (d. 1947)
  • Feb 7 Julius Curtius, German minister of Foreign affairs (1929-..)
  • Feb 12 Louis Renault, French automobile executive, born in Paris, France (d. 1944)
  • Feb 17 Henri Vandeputte, Belgian author/poet (L'homme Jeune)
  • Feb 17 Isabelle Eberhardt, Swiss explorer and writer (d. 1904)
  • Feb 17 André Maginot, French politician (d. 1932)
  • Feb 19 Else Berg, German/Dutch painter
  • Feb 19 Gabriele Münter, German painter (d. 1962)
  • Feb 21 Jacob D du Toit [Totius], South African poet/theologist
  • Feb 22 Yme C Schuitmaker, Dutch potato salesman/dramatist
  • Feb 24 Ettie Rout, New Zealand activist (d. 1936)
  • Feb 26 Carel S Adama van Scheltema, Dutch poet/writer (socialism)
  • Mar 4 Garrett Morgan, American inventor (gas mask and traffic signal), born in Claysville, Kentucky (d. 1963)
  • Mar 4 Daniel G van Beuningen, Dutch art collector
  • Mar 4 Fritz Graebner, German ethnologist (d. 1934)
  • Mar 9 Emil Abderhalden, Swiss physiologist and biochemist, born in Oberuzwil, Switzerland (d. 1950)
  • Mar 10 David M Chumaceiro, Curacao, poet
  • Mar 12 Wilhelm Frick, German protector of Bohemia/Moravia
  • Mar 17 Albert P Hahn, Dutch political cartoonist (People/Nutcracker)
  • Mar 18 Edgar Cayce, American psychic (d. 1945)
  • Mar 25 Walter Little, Canadian politician (d. 1961)
  • Apr 10 Alfred Kubin, Austrian writer and illustrator, born in Leitmeritz, Bohemia (d. 1959)
  • Apr 14 Daniel Plooy, Dutch new testament scholar
  • Apr 17 Matsudaira Tsuneo, Japanese diplomat, born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1949)
  • Apr 18 Vicente Sotto, Filipino patriot, author (d. 1950)
  • Apr 19 Ole Evinrude, inventor (outboard marine engine)
  • Apr 30 Alice B. Toklas, American companion of Gertrude Stein (d. 1967)
  • May 3 Karl Abraham, German psychoanalyst, born in Bremen, Germany (d. 1925)
  • May 26 Jean Schlumberger, French writer (La Mort de Sparte), born in Guebwiller, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1968)
  • May 26 Sadao Araki, Japanese general, Minister of War (1931-34), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1966)
  • Jun 3 Raoul Dufy, French Fauvist painter (Palm)
  • Jun 4 Heinrich Wieland, German chemist (bile acids-Nobel 1927)
  • Jun 5 Johan W Albarda, 1st Dutch socialist minister (1939-45)
  • Jun 7 Charles Glover Barkla, English physicist (1917 Nobel Prize for Physics for X-ray scattering), born in Widnes, England (d. 1944)
  • Jun 9 Rudolf Borchardt, writer
  • Jun 11 Renee Vivien, English-born poet, wrote in French, born in London (d. 1909)
  • Jun 12 Thomas C. Hart, U.S. admiral and commander (Pacific Fleet), born in Davison, Michigan (d. 1971)
  • Jun 18 James Montgomery Flagg, illustrator ("I want you" Uncle Sam)
  • Jun 24 Aleksei M Remizov, Russian writer (Iveren)

Person of interestHermann Hesse

Jul 2 Hermann Hesse, German-Swiss novelist and poet (Steppenwolf, Nobel 1946), born in Calw, Württemberg, Germany (d. 1962)

Nobel Laureate Novelist Hermann Hesse
Nobel Laureate Novelist
Hermann Hesse

  • Jul 6 Niceto A Zamora y Torres, premier/president of Spain (1931-36)
  • Jul 16 Béla Schick, Hungarian/US children artist (Serum Krankheit)
  • Jul 24 Calogero Vizzini, Sicilian mafioso (d. 1954)
  • Aug 1 Charlotte Hughes, 1990 (oldest person in Great Britain)
  • Aug 1 Jan van den Tempel, Dutch politician (SDAP)
  • Aug 4 Dame Laura Knight, English impressionist artist, born in Long Eaton, Derbyshire, England (d. 1970)
  • Aug 5 Tom Thomson, Canadian painter (d. 1917)
  • Aug 6 Wallace H. White, Jr., American politician (d. 1952)
  • Aug 10 Rudolf Hilferding, German economist/SPD-minister of Finance
  • Aug 11 Adolph M. Christianson, justice of the North Dakota Supreme Court (d. 1954)
  • Aug 25 Joshua L. Cowen, American inventor (electric train), born in NYC, New York (d. 1965)
  • Aug 27 Charles Stewart Rolls, British auto manufacturer (Rolls-Royce Ltd)
  • Aug 27 Lloyd Cassel Douglas, novelist
  • Aug 27 Ernst Wetter, member of the Swiss Federal Council (d. 1963)
  • Aug 29 Dudley Pound, British admiral of the fleet and 1st Sea Lord (Jutland, WW II), born in Ventnor, Isle of Wight, England (d. 1943)
  • Sep 1 Francis William Aston, Nobel laureate (d. 1945)

Person of interestFrederick Soddy

Sep 2 Frederick Soddy, English chemist, Nobel laureate, (d. 1956), born in Eastbourne, Sussex (d. 1956)

Nobel Laureate Chemist Frederick Soddy
Nobel Laureate Chemist
Frederick Soddy
  • Sep 5 Albert Roelofs, Dutch painter and etcher, born in Schaarbeek, Brussels, Belgium (d. 1920)
  • Sep 10 Georgia B D Camp Johnson, American poet/playwright (Autumn Love Cycle)
  • Sep 11 Felix Dzerzhinsky [Iron Felix, Bloody Felix], Ivyanets, Lithuania, Soviet statesman, established and developed Soviet secret police (Cheka, forerunner to the KGB)
  • Sep 11 James Hopwood Jeans, English physicist, mathematician and astronomer (The Mysterious Universe), born in Southport, Lancashire (d. 1946)
  • Sep 13 Wilhelm Filchner, German explorer (d. 1957)
  • Sep 13 Stanley Lord, captain of the SS Californian the night of the Titanic disaster (d. 1962)
  • Sep 15 Jakob Ehrlich, Austrian politician and zionist (d. 1938)
  • Sep 16 Willem H Rassers, Dutch cultural anthropologist (Panji)
  • Sep 25 Plutarco Elias Calles, Mexican revolutionary and president (1924-28), born in Guaymas, Mexico (d. 1945)
  • Sep 26 Ugo Cerletti, Italian neurologist (d. 1963)
  • Oct 8 Hans Heysen, German-born landscape artist, born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Oct 18 Florence Dahl Walrath, humanitarian, founded Cradle society
  • Oct 20 Alfred G. Vanderbilt Sr., American businessman and sportsman (New York Central Railway), born in NYC, New York (d. 1915)
  • Oct 25 Henry Norris Russell, American astronomer (Hertzsprung-Russell diagram), born in Oyster Bay, New York (d. 1957)

Person of interestAga Khan III

Nov 2 Aga Khan III, Shia Imam who was one of the founders of the All-India Muslim League and later President of the League of Nations (1937-38), born in Karachi, British India (d. 1957)

48th Shia Imam Aga Khan III
48th Shia Imam
Aga Khan III
  • Nov 2 Joseph De Piro, Maltese founder of the Missionary Society of St. Paul, born in Mdina, Malta (d. 1933)
  • Nov 3 Carlos Ibáñez del Campo, Chilean president. (d. 1960)
  • Nov 9 Allama Iqbal, Indian philosopher and poet, born in Sialkot, Punjab Province, British India (d. 1938)
  • Nov 9 Sergei US Aleksi, patriarch of Russian-orthodox church
  • Nov 9 Enrico De Nicola, Italian politician, 1st President of Italy (1948), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1959)
  • Nov 14 René de Clerq, Flemish poet/author (Emergency Horn)
  • Nov 18 Arthur C Pigou, English economist (Wealth & welfare)
  • Nov 22 Endre Ady, Hungarian lyric poet (Még egyzer, Uj versek), born in Ermindszent, Hungary (d. 1919)
  • Nov 22 Joan Gamper, Swiss-born businessman and founder of FC Barcelona (d. 1930)
  • Nov 24 Alben W Barkley, Graves County Ky, (35th Vice Pres-D-1949-53)
  • Nov 24 Kavasji Jamshedji Petigara, Indian CID Commissioner of Police (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Harley Granville-Barker, dramatist/producer/critic, born in London, England
  • Dec 31 Lawrence Beesley, English journalist and author (d. 1967)