Birthdays in History in 1879

Birthdays in History

Person of interestE. M. Forster

Jan 1 E. M. Forster, English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex (d. 1970)

Writer and Novelist E. M. Forster
Writer and Novelist
E. M. Forster
  • Jan 1 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • Jan 1 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • Jan 1 William Fox, US film pioneer (Nickelodeon)
  • Jan 2 Johannes L "Jan" Walch, Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • Jan 2 Pieter Tesch, Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • Jan 3 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
  • Jan 5 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1946)
  • Jan 7 St Bernadette (Marie-Bernarde Soubirous), 1844(?), religious visionary
  • Jan 11 Antonio Beltramelli, writer
  • Jan 15 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author (d. 1961)
  • Jan 18 Henri Giraud, French general (d. 1949)
  • Jan 19 Marie Koenen, author/wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • Jan 19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • Jan 22 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), born in Paris, France (d. 1953)
  • Jan 26 Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans, Flemish (stage)author (Tille)

  • Feb 6 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • Feb 9 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist
  • Feb 13 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter and poet, born in Hyperbad, India (d. 1949)
  • Feb 17 Dorothy Canfield Fisher, American novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
  • Feb 23 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • Feb 23 Norman Lindsay, Creswick Victoria, artist/novelist
  • Feb 24 Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Sun)
  • Mar 4 Bernhard Kellermann, writer
  • Mar 5 Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • Mar 8 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • Mar 8 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Mar 11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

Person of interestAlbert Einstein

Mar 14 Albert Einstein, German-born theoretical physicist and Nobel laureate (theory of relativity), born in Ulm, German Empire (d. 1955)

Theoretical Physicist Albert Einstein
Theoretical Physicist
Albert Einstein
  • Mar 15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)

Person of interestCluny MacPherson

Mar 18 Cluny MacPherson, Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland (d. 1966)

  • Mar 20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 26 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer, born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Edward Steichen, American photographer, born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • Apr 9 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • Apr 11 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • Apr 12 Frederic G. Melcher, American publisher and editor who founded children's book week, born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1963)
  • Apr 14 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1958)
  • Apr 15 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer and poet (Making a Poem), born in Plattsburgh, New York (d. 1980)
  • Apr 19 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Apr 20 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (Pleasures of Ignorance), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1949)

  • Apr 20 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • Apr 21 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1904)
  • Apr 23 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), born in Heidelberg (d. 1941)
  • Apr 26 Owen Williams Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England (d. 1959)
  • Apr 28 Edgard Tytgat, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Apr 28 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)

Person of interestJames F. Byrnes

May 2 James F. Byrnes, American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1972)

Politician and US Secretary of State James F. Byrnes
Politician and US Secretary of State
James F. Byrnes
  • May 3 Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman and aviation pioneer (Qantas), born in Morinish, Queensland (d. 1950)
  • May 6 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), born in Lysá nad Labem, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • May 10 Symon Petlyura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1926)
  • May 10 Symon Petlura, Ukrainian statesman (d. 1926)
  • May 19 Nancy Witcher Langhorne Astor, US/Eng's feminist/ex of Waldorf Astor
  • May 24 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, born in York County, Pennsylvania (d. 1956)
  • May 25 William Maxwell Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, Canadian English newspaper publisher (Daily Express), born in Maple, Ontario (d. 1964)
  • May 27 Hans Lammers, German SS officer and Nazi politician, born in Lublinitz, Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • May 28 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), born in Dalj, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Jun 2 Adolf Herckenrath, Flemish playwright/poet (Avondvlam)
  • Jun 3 Pieter J A Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer
  • Jun 3 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • Jun 4 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator, born in Mile End, London (d. 1964)
  • Jun 5 Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jun 6 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, born in Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, England (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Knud J. V. Rasmussen, Danish pole explorer (Thule), born in Jakobshavn, North Greenland, Kingdom of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • Jun 7 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, born in Madioen, Java (d. 1963)
  • Jun 9 Oscar Back, Austrian-Dutch viola player
  • Jun 13 Johannes Geelkerken, Dutch theologian and vicar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Jun 16 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • Jun 16 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees the boy)
  • Jun 21 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist and illustrator (Candide), born in Montemurlo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Jun 22 Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • Jun 23 William Ewart Berry, 1st viscount Camrose/English nobleman
  • Jul 1 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist/co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951)
  • Jul 3 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • Jul 9 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician, revolutionary and murderer of premier Storgkh, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • Jul 9 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian sanitary physician, born in Oliveira, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil (d. 1934)
  • Jul 10 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), born in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Jul 12 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, born in Yucheon, Hongseong, South Korea (d. 1944)
  • Jul 27 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)
  • Aug 6 Joseph Wirth, German politician (Stalin Peace Prize)
  • Aug 8 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • Aug 8 "Dr. Bob" Smith, American physician and co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont (d. 1950)
  • Aug 18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)
  • Aug 31 Yoshihito [Taishō], 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), born in Akasaka Palace, Tokyo City, Japan (d. 1926)
  • Sep 2 An Jung-geun, Korean nationalist and assassin of Itō Hirobumi (d. 1910)
  • Sep 12 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1944)

Person of interestMargaret Sanger

Sep 14 Margaret Sanger, American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York (d. 1966)

  • Sep 15 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1939)
  • Sep 17 Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social reformer (d. 1973)
  • Sep 20 Victor Sjöström, Swedish director (Wind, Under the Red Robe), born in Årjäng, Värmland, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • Sep 25 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar, born in Pasig, Philippines (d. 1963)
  • Sep 26 Petko Todorov, Bulgarian writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee), born in Elena, Bulgaria (d. 1916)
  • Sep 27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1934)
  • Oct 2 Wallace Stevens, American poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Oct 4 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, born in Du Quoin, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • Oct 9 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • Oct 28 Channing H. Cox, 49th Governor of Massachusetts (d. 1968)
  • Oct 29 Franz JHMM von Papen, German diplomat/chancellor (1932)
  • Oct 29 Alva B. Adams, American politician (d. 1941)
  • Nov 1 Pal Teleki-von Szek, geographer/premier Hungary (1920-21, 39-41)
  • Nov 3 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian Arctic explorer/ethnologist
  • Nov 6 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1964)
  • Nov 7 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1975)

Person of interestLeon Trotsky

Nov 7 Leon Trotsky, Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yelizavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1940)

Russian Revolutionary Leon Trotsky
Russian Revolutionary
Leon Trotsky
  • Nov 8 King Baggot I, director (Tumbleweeds), born in St Louis, Missouri
  • Nov 9 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, born in Lepoglava, Croatia (d. 1931)
  • Nov 10 Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, American poet (Gen William Booth enters Heaven), born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1931)
  • Nov 10 Patrick Pearse, Irish poet, nationalist and political activist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1916)
  • Nov 17 Gerardus H de Haas, socialist vicar
  • Nov 19 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author/poet (Geuzenstad)
  • Nov 20 Franz Pfemfert, writer
  • Nov 22 Ralph Hawtrey, British economist (multiplier, quantity theory of money), born in Slough, England (d. 1975)
  • Dec 5 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, born in Hawthorne, Louisiana (d. 1954)
  • Dec 12 Friedrich Christiansen, German nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland, born in Wyk auf Föhr, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15 Hugo Willem Constantijn Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • Dec 18 Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss/German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)
  • Dec 21 Theodore Limperg, Dutch accountant, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Dec 22 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • Dec 24 Émile Nelligan, Canadian francophone poet, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1941)
  • Dec 29 Billy Mitchell, United States Army general (father of the US Air Force), born in Nice, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)