Historical Figures Born in 1879

E. M. ForsterE. M. Forster (1879-1970)

Jan 1 English writer and novelist (Howards End, Passage to India), born in Marylebone, Middlesex

  • Jan 1 Emile Argand, Swiss geologist (Dekbladen Theory)
  • Jan 1 Ernest Jones, British psychoanalyst (Life & Work of Sigmund Freud)
  • Jan 2 Johannes L "Jan" Walch, Dutch literary (Grimaces)
  • Jan 2 Pieter Tesch, Dutch geologist (Pedestal of Nederlands)
  • Jan 3 Grace Anna Goodhue Coolidge, US First Lady (1923-29)
  • Jan 5 Hans Eppinger, Austrian physician, born in Prague, Czech Republic (d. 1946)
  • Jan 11 Antonio Beltramelli, writer
  • Jan 15 Mazo de la Roche, Canadian author, born in Newmarket, Canada (d. 1961)
  • Jan 18 Henri Giraud, French general (French Committee of National Liberation in WWII), born in Paris, France (d. 1949)
  • Jan 19 Boris Savinkov, Russian writer (d. 1925)
  • Jan 19 Marie Koenen, author/wife of Felix Rutten (Wassend Cereal)
  • Jan 22 Francis Picabia, French avante-garde artist, writer and typographist (Amorous Parade), born in Paris, France (d. 1953)
  • Jan 26 Ludovicus H [Lode] Baekelmans, Flemish (stage)author (Tille)
  • Feb 6 Carl Ramsauer, German physicist (Ramsauer-Townsend effect), born in Oldenburg, Germany (d. 1879)
  • Feb 6 Pedro Aguirre Cerda, Chilean educator, lawyer, and politician (President of Chile, 1938-41; Senator for Concepción, 1921-27), born in Pocuro, Chile (d. 1941)
  • Feb 9 Jacques Bainville, French historian/essayist/journalist
  • Feb 13 Sarojini Naidu, Indian freedom fighter and poet, born in Hyperbad, India (d. 1949)
  • Feb 17 Dorothy Canfield Fisher, American novelist (Book-of-Month-Club)
  • Feb 22 Norman Lindsay, Australian artist and novelist (The Magic Pudding), born in Creswick Victoria (d. 1969) [1]
  • Feb 23 Agnes Arber, English biologist/philosopher (Mind & the Eye)
  • Feb 24 Herman Teirlinck, Belgian writer (Sun)
  • Mar 4 Bernhard Kellermann, German writer (Der Tunnel), born in Fürth, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Mar 5 Sir William Beveridge, British economist (d. 1963)
  • Mar 8 Mechtilde Lichnowsky, German writer, born in Pocking, Bavaria (d. 1958)
  • Mar 8 Otto Hahn, German physicist and chemist (Nobel 1944, radiothorium/actinium), born in Frankfurt, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Mar 11 Niels Bjerrum, Danish chemist (ph tests)

Albert EinsteinAlbert Einstein (1879-1955)

Mar 14 German-born theoretical physicist famous for his theory of relativity and E = mc2 (1921 Nobel Prize for Physics), born in Ulm, German Empire

  • Mar 15 Gerrit J Heering, Dutch theologist (Fall of Christianity)

Cluny MacPhersonCluny MacPherson (1879-1966)

Mar 18 Canadian doctor and inventor of the gas mask, born in St. John's, Newfoundland

  • Mar 20 Maud Menten, Canadian biochemist (d. 1960)
  • Mar 26 Othmar Ammann, Swiss-American bridge engineer (George Washington Bridge; Walt Whitman Bridge; Verrazzano-Narrows Bridge), born in Schaffhausen, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Mar 27 Edward Steichen, American photographer (Family of Man), born in Luxembourg (d. 1973)
  • Apr 9 Gerald Kelly, British painter, born in London (d. 1972)
  • Apr 11 Leendert Round, Dutch sculptor (entrance Rotterdam Zoo)
  • Apr 12 Frederic G. Melcher, American publisher and editor who founded children's book week, born in Malden, Massachusetts (d. 1963)
  • Apr 14 James Branch Cabell, American novelist and essayist (Restless Heads), born in Richmond, Virginia (d. 1958)
  • Apr 15 Melville Henry Cane, American lawyer and poet (Making a Poem), born in Plattsburgh, New York (d. 1980)
  • Apr 19 Richard Scheibe, German sculptor (Adler mit Hakenkreuz), born in Chemnitz, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Apr 20 Paul Poiret, French couturier, the most fashionable dress designer of pre-World War I, born in Paris (d. 1944)
  • Apr 20 Robert Lynd, Irish writer and critic (Pleasures of Ignorance), born in Belfast, Ireland (d. 1949)
  • Apr 21 Kartini, Indonesian national heroine, born in Jepara, Central Java, Dutch East Indies (d. 1904)
  • Apr 23 Emil Barth, German revolutionary (Social Democratic Party), born in Heidelberg (d. 1941)
  • Apr 26 Owen Williams Richardson, British physicist (Nobel 1928), born in Dewsbury, Yorkshire, England (d. 1959)
  • Apr 28 Edgard Tytgat, Flemish painter and etcher, born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Apr 28 Franz Arnold, German writer, born in Znin, Prussia (d. 1960)

James F. ByrnesJames F. Byrnes (1879-1972)

May 2 American politician and statesman influential in domestic and foreign policy in the mid-1940s, born in Charleston, South Carolina

  • May 2 Nannie Helen Burroughs, American educator and civil rights activist (founded National Training School for Women and Girls), born in Orange, Virginia (d. 1961)
  • May 3 Fergus McMaster, Australian businessman and aviation pioneer (Qantas), born in Morinish, Queensland (d. 1950)
  • May 6 Bedřich Hrozný, Czech orientalist and linguist (development of Hittitology), born in Lysá nad Labem, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1952)
  • May 10 Symon Petliura, Ukrainian socialist leader (pogroms), born in Poltava, Ukraine, Russian Empire (d. 1926)

Nancy AstorNancy Astor (1879-1964)

May 19 American born British politician, 1st female MP in UK House of Commons, born in Danville, Virginia

  • May 24 H. B. Reese, American inventor of Reese's, born in York County, Pennsylvania (d. 1956)
  • May 25 William Maxwell Aitken, Lord Beaverbrook, Canadian English newspaper publisher (Daily Express), born in Maple, Ontario (d. 1964)
  • May 27 Hans Lammers, German SS officer and Nazi politician, born in Lublinitz, Silesia, Prussia, German Empire (d. 1962)
  • May 28 Milutin Milanković, Serbian astronomer and geophysicist (linked long-term changes in climate to astronomical factors affecting the amount of solar energy received at Earth’s surface), born in Dalj, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Jun 2 Adolf Herckenrath, Flemish playwright/poet (Avondvlam)
  • Jun 3 Pieter J. A. Adriani, Dutch tax lawyer (d. 1974)
  • Jun 3 Raymond Pearl, American biologist (d. 1940)
  • Jun 4 Mabel Lucie Attwell, English children's author and illustrator, born in Mile End, London (d. 1964)
  • Jun 5 Robert Mayer, German-born businessman and philanthropist, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1985)
  • Jun 6 Patrick Abercrombie, English architect and town planner, born in Ashton upon Mersey, Cheshire, England (d. 1957)
  • Jun 7 Joan Voûte, Dutch astronomer, born in Madioen, Java (d. 1963)
  • Jun 7 Knud J. V. Rasmussen, Danish pole explorer (Thule), born in Jakobshavn, North Greenland, Kingdom of Denmark (d. 1933)
  • Jun 9 Oskar Back, Hungarian-Dutch violist and pedagogue, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1963)
  • Jun 13 Johannes Geelkerken, Dutch theologian and vicar, born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1960)
  • Jun 16 Fritz Schulz, German law historian (Classical Novel Law)
  • Jun 16 Theo[dorus J] Thijssen, Dutch writer (Kees the boy)
  • Jun 21 Umberto Brunelleschi, Italian cartoonist and illustrator (Candide), born in Montemurlo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Jun 22 Thibaudeau Rinfret, jurist and Chief Justice of Canada (d. 1962)
  • Jun 23 Huda Sha'arawi, Egyptian feminist and nationalist, founder of Egyptian Feminist Union, born in Upper Egypt (d. 1947)
  • Jun 23 William Ewart Berry, 1st viscount Camrose/English nobleman
  • Jul 1 Leon Jouhaux, French socialist and co-founder UN's ILO (Nobel 1951), born in Paris (d. 1954)
  • Jul 3 Alfred Korzybski, Polish-American scientist and philosopher, born in Warsaw, Poland (d. 1950)
  • Jul 9 Carlos Chagas, Brazilian sanitary physician, born in Oliveira, Minas Gerais, Empire of Brazil (d. 1934)
  • Jul 9 Friedrich Adler, Austrian socialist politician, revolutionary and murderer of premier Storgkh, born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1960)
  • Jul 10 Harry Nicholls Holmes, American chemist (crystallized vitamin A), born in Fayetteville, Pennsylvania (d. 1958)
  • Jul 12 Han Yong-woon, Korean Buddhist reformer and poet, born in Yucheon, Hongseong, South Korea (d. 1944)
  • Jul 27 Francesco Gaeta, Italian poet (Il Libro Della Giovinezza), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1927)

Lucy BurnsLucy Burns (1879-1966)

Jul 28 American suffragist (National Woman's Party) and women's rights advocate, born in Brooklyn, New York

  • Aug 6 Joseph Wirth, 5th Chancellor of the Weimar Republic, Germany (Stalin Peace Prize), born in Freiburg im Breisgau, German Empire (d. 1956)
  • Aug 8 "Dr. Bob" Smith, American physician and co-founder of Alcoholics Anonymous, born in St. Johnsbury, Vermont (d. 1950)
  • Aug 8 Emiliano Zapata, Mexican revolutionary, peasant leader
  • Aug 18 Aleksandr Rodzyanko, Russian lieutenant-general and corps commander of the White Army during the Russian Civil War, born in Russia (d. 1970)

Claude Grahame-WhiteClaude Grahame-White (1879-1959)

Aug 21 English aviation pioneer who was the 1st to make a night flight, born in Bursledon, England

  • Aug 31 Yoshihito [Taishō], 123rd Emperor of Japan (1912-26), born in Akasaka Palace, Tokyo City, Japan (d. 1926)
  • Sep 2 An Jung-geun, Korean independence activist and assassin of Japanese Prime Minister Ito Hirobumi, born in Haeju-bu, Hwanghaedo, Korea (d. 1910)
  • Sep 12 Fausto Agnelli, Swiss painter, born in Lugano, Switzerland (d. 1944)

Margaret SangerMargaret Sanger (1879-1966)

Sep 14 American nurse, birth control proponent and feminist, born in Corning, New York

  • Sep 15 Joseph Lyons, 10th Prime Minister of Australia (1932-39), born in Stanley, Tasmania (d. 1939)
  • Sep 17 Periyar E. V. Ramasamy, Indian Social social activist and reformer, born in Erode, Madras Presidency, British India (d. 1973)
  • Sep 20 Victor Sjöström, Swedish director (Wind, Under the Red Robe), born in Årjäng, Värmland, Sweden (d. 1960)
  • Sep 25 Lope K. Santos, Filipino writer and Father of the Philippine National Language and Grammar, born in Pasig, Philippines (d. 1963)
  • Sep 26 Petko Todorov, Bulgarian writer (Fairy, Samodiva Fee), born in Elena, Bulgaria (d. 1916)
  • Sep 27 Hans Hahn, Austrian mathematician, born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1934)
  • Oct 2 Wallace Stevens, American poet (Ideas of Order), born in Reading, Pennsylvania (d. 1955)
  • Oct 4 Edward Murray East, American botanist and geneticist who developed hybrid corn, born in Du Quoin, Illinois (d. 1938)
  • Oct 5 John Erskine, American poet and writer (Private Life of Helen of Troy), born in NYC, New York (d. 1951)
  • Oct 8 Chen Duxiu, Chinese revolutionary socialist and author who co-founded the Chinese Communist Party with Li Dazhao and was the 1st General Secretary (1921-27), born in Anqing, Anhui, Qing dynasty of China (d. 1927)
  • Oct 9 Max von Laue, German physicist who discovered the diffraction of X-rays by crystals, born in Pfaffendorf, Kingdom of Prussia (d. 1960)
  • Oct 28 Channing H. Cox, American politician (49th Governor of Massachusetts), born in Manchester, New Hampshire (d. 1968)
  • Oct 29 Alva B. Adams, American politician (U.S. Senator from Colorado 1933-41), born in Del Norte, Colorado (d. 1941)

Franz von PapenFranz von Papen (1879-1969)

Oct 29 German diplomat and chancellor (1932), born in Werl, Province of Westphalia, German Empire

  • Nov 1 Pal Teleki-von Szek, Prime Minister of the Kingdom of Hungary (1920-21, 39-41), born in Budapest, Kingdom of Hungary, Austria-Hungary (d. 1941)
  • Nov 3 Vilhjalmur Stefansson, Canadian-American Arctic explorer and ethnologist, born in Arnes, Manitoba (d. 1961)
  • Nov 6 Eugen Varga, Hungarian-Russian economist and politician, born in Budapest, Hungary (d. 1964)
  • Nov 7 Eugeen Yoors, Flemish etcher and glass painter, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1975)

Leon TrotskyLeon Trotsky (1879-1940)

Nov 7 Ukrainian-Russian Marxist revolutionary, political theorist and founder of the Red Army [OS 26-10-1879], born in Yanovka, Ukraine, Russian Empire

  • Nov 9 Milan Šufflay, Croatian historian and politician, born in Lepoglava, Croatia (d. 1931)
  • Nov 10 Nicholas Vachel Lindsay, American poet (Gen William Booth enters Heaven), born in Springfield, Illinois (d. 1931)
  • Nov 10 Patrick Pearse, Irish poet, nationalist and political activist, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1916)
  • Nov 19 Karel van den Oever, Flemish author and poet (Geuzenstad), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1926)
  • Nov 20 Franz Pfemfert, German journalist and writer, born in Lötzen, East Prussia (d. 1954)
  • Nov 22 Ralph Hawtrey, British economist (multiplier, quantity theory of money), born in Slough, England (d. 1975)
  • Dec 5 Clyde Cessna, American aviator and airplane manufacturer, born in Hawthorne, Louisiana (d. 1954)
  • Dec 12 Friedrich Christiansen, German nazi commander Wehrmacht Netherland, born in Wyk auf Föhr, Province of Schleswig-Holstein, German Empire (d. 1972)
  • Dec 15 Hugo Willem Constantijn Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer, born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1939)
  • Dec 18 Paul Klee, Münchenbuchsee Switzerland, Swiss-German abstract painter (Twittering Machine)
  • Dec 21 Theodore Limperg, Dutch accountant, born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1961)
  • Dec 22 Stanislas Bizot, French draughts champion (1925), born in Nice, France (d. 1950)
  • Dec 24 Émile Nelligan, Canadian francophone poet, born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1941)
  • Dec 29 Billy Mitchell, United States Army general (father of the US Air Force), born in Nice, France (d. 1936)
  • Dec 30 Sri Ramana Maharshi, Hindu philosopher/yogi (Maharshi Research Inst)