On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1880

  • Jan 2 Louis Breguet, French aviation pioneer
  • Jan 3 Donat Raymond, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame builder (head Canadian Arena Company, Montreal Forum rebuilt in 1968) and politician, born in St. Stanislas de Kostka, Quebec (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Eduard Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Jan 10 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister & mayor of Antwerp, born in Roosdaal, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Jan 10 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, born in Loveresse, Canton of Bern (d. 1959)

Person of interestManuel Azaña

Jan 10 Manuel Azaña, Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain (d. 1940)

President of the Spanish Republic Manuel Azaña
President of the Spanish Republic
Manuel Azaña
  • Jan 17 Mack Sennett, movie creator (Keystone Kops)
  • Jan 18 Paul Ehrenfest, Austria/Neth physicist (adiabates hypothesis)
  • Jan 20 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)
  • Jan 24 Elisabeth Achelis, creator (World Calendar)

Person of interestDouglas MacArthur

Jan 26 Douglas MacArthur, American General in World War II, born in Little Rock, Arkansas (d. 1964)

US WWII General Douglas MacArthur
US WWII General
Douglas MacArthur
  • Feb 3 Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
  • Feb 8 Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • Feb 9 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 10 Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
  • Feb 12 John Llewellyn Lewis, union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60)

  • Feb 19 Álvaro Obregón, Mexican general and President of Mexico (1920-24), born in Alamos, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • Feb 20 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
  • Feb 21 Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • Feb 22 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 26 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), born in Adelaide (d. 1953)
  • Feb 27 Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist, teacher and playwright (Harlem Renaissance), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Mar 1 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
  • Mar 4 Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • Mar 12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • Mar 21 Hans Hofmann, German/American painter (Search for the Real)
  • Mar 21 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • Mar 23 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Duncan Hines, American restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • Mar 30 Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Juno and the Paycock), born in Dublin (d. 1964)
  • Apr 1 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • Apr 4 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, born in Zara, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)

  • Apr 10 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor 1933-45), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10 Montague Summers, English clergyman and writer (Malleus Maleficarum), born in Clifton, Bristol, England (d. 1948)
  • Apr 10 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • May 1 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Tantum dic verbo) (d. 1940)
  • May 6 Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, British fieldmarshal, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • May 12 Lincoln Ellsworth, American polar explorer, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1951)
  • May 14 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • May 15 Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
  • May 19 Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • May 21 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • May 25 Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist who helped identify the Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome, born in Nantes, France (d. 1967)
  • May 29 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Decline of West), born in Blankenburg, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire (d. 1936)
  • Jun 6 William Thomas Cosgrave, President of the Irish Free State, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1965)
  • Jun 10 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)

Person of interestJeannette Rankin

Jun 11 Jeannette Rankin, American politician, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), women's rights advocate and pacifist, born in Missoula, Montana (d. 1973)

1st Woman Elected to Congress Jeannette Rankin
1st Woman Elected to Congress
Jeannette Rankin
  • Jun 17 Carl Van Vechten, American writer famous for the controversial novel "Nigger Heaven", born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1964)
  • Jun 19 Jóhann Sigurjónsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), born in Laxamýri, Iceland (d. 1919)
  • Jun 21 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician, born in Alma, Wisconsin (d. 1961)
  • Jun 21 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1941)
  • Jun 26 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)

Person of interestHelen Keller

Jun 27 Helen Keller, American political activist, author (The Story of My Life) and lecturer, who was the 1st deaf-blind person to earn a BA, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama (d. 1968)

Author Helen Keller
Author
Helen Keller
  • Jun 29 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), born in Biebrich, Germany (d. 1944)

Person of interestOtto Frederick Rohwedder

Jul 7 Otto Frederick Rohwedder, American engineer (invented the bread-slicing machine), born in Davenport, Iowa (d. 1960)

  • Jul 20 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • Jul 21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • Jul 26 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 30 Robert R. McCormick, American editor and publisher (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago (d. 1955)
  • Jul 31 Munshi Premchand [Dhanpat Rai], Indian author, born in Lamhi, Benares State, British India (d. 1936)
  • Aug 7 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • Aug 8 Earle Page, Australian politician (d. 1961)
  • Aug 10 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Aug 12 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • Aug 21 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • Aug 22 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • Aug 22 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Aug 23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Aug 24 Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, Scottish baron and diplomat (d. 1964)
  • Aug 29 Marie-Louise Meilleur, French-Canadian supercentenarian lived past 117, born in Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada (d. 1998)
  • Aug 31 Queen Wilhelmina of the Netherlands (1890-1948), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Sep 4 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo) (d. 1946)
  • Sep 6 Jean-Louis Pisuisse, Dutch night club performer (French governess), born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Sep 8 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)

Person of interestH. L. Mencken

Sep 12 Henry Louis Mencken, American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1956)

Journalist and Critic H. L. Mencken
Journalist and Critic
H. L. Mencken
  • Sep 14 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), born in Elbing, West Prussia (d. 1958)
  • Sep 14 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, born in Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • Sep 16 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1958)
  • Sep 20 Louise Peete, American convicted serial killer, born in Bienville, Louisiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Asser B Kleerekoper, journalist/2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP)
  • Sep 22 Dame Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist (d. 1958)
  • Sep 23 John Boyd Orr, nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
  • Sep 28 Ralph Edward Flanders, Barnet VT, (Sen-VT)

Person of interestDamon Runyon

Oct 4 Damon Runyon, American journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), born in Manhattan, Kansas (d. 1946)

Journalist and Author Damon Runyon
Journalist and Author
Damon Runyon
  • Oct 8 Ernest Douwes Dekker, Indo-Dutch nationalist and founder of National-India Party, born in Pasuruan, Malang, Indonesia (d. 1950)
  • Oct 12 Louis Hémon, French novelist (Maria Chapdelaine), born in Brest, France (d. 1913)
  • Oct 13 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1932)

  • Oct 14 Vilhelm Ekelund, Swedish poet and writer (Sak och sken) (d. 1940)
  • Oct 26 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • Oct 29 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)

Person of interestAlfred Wegener

Nov 1 Alfred Wegener, German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental shift), born in Berlin (d. 1930)

Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist Alfred Wegener
Polar Scientist, Geophysicist and Meteorologist
Alfred Wegener
  • Nov 1 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • Nov 6 Robert Musil, Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), born in Klagenfurt, Austria (d. 1942)
  • Nov 6 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1959)
  • Nov 10 Aart A van Schelven, Dutch church historian (Willem of Orange)
  • Nov 10 Jacob Epstein, American-English sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Nov 21 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, born in London (d. 1969)
  • Nov 25 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1960)
  • Nov 28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • Nov 28 Marinus van Meel, Dutch aviator and aircraft manufacturer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • Dec 3 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Dec 4 Garfield Wood, American inventor, motorboat builder and racer (world water speed record x 5; first to travel over 100 mph on water), born in Mapleton, Iowa (d. 1971)
  • Dec 24 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann, born in Arcola, Illinois (d. 1939)
  • Dec 28 Christian DFL Leipoldt, South african physician/writer/poet

Person of interestGeorge Marshall

Dec 31 George Marshall, US Secretary of State (1947-49) who authored the Marshall Plan (Nobel 1953), born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania (d. 1959)

Military Leader George Marshall
Military Leader
George Marshall