Historical Figures Born in 1880

  • Jan 2 Louis Charles Breguet, French aviation pioneer (founded the Compagnie des messageries aérienne which became Air France), born in Paris (d. 1955)
  • Jan 3 Donat Raymond, Canadian Hockey Hall of Fame builder (head Canadian Arena Company, Montreal Forum rebuilt in 1968) and politician, born in St. Stanislas de Kostka, Quebec (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Eduard Meijers, Dutch lawyer (Short Cause), born in Den Helder, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Jan 10 Frans van Cauwelaert, Flemish minister & mayor of Antwerp, born in Roosdaal, Belgium (d. 1961)
  • Jan 10 Grock [Adrien Wettach], Swiss clown and circus director, born in Loveresse, Canton of Bern (d. 1959)

Manuel AzañaManuel Azaña (1880-1940)

Jan 10 Prime Minister of Spain (1931-33) and 2nd President of the Spanish Republic (1936-39), born in Alcalá de Henares, Spain

  • Jan 11 Elisabeth Achelis, American heiress, writer, and proponent of the 13-month World Calendar, born in Brooklyn, NYC (d. 1973)
  • Jan 17 Mack Sennett, Canadian-American film director and producer (Keystone Kops), born in Richmond, Quebec (d. 1960)
  • Jan 18 Paul Ehrenfest, Austrian-Dutch theoretical physicist (phase transition, Ehrenfest theorem), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1933)
  • Jan 20 Walter W. Bacon, American politician (d. 1962)

Douglas MacArthurDouglas MacArthur (1880-1964)

Jan 26 American general in World War II (Pacific theater, Philippines) and Korea, born in Little Rock, Arkansas

  • Feb 3 Arnoldus JH Aerts, bishop of Neth-Guinea (1920-42)
  • Feb 8 Franz Marc, German painter (Blaue Reiter)
  • Feb 9 Lipót Fejér, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1959)
  • Feb 10 Jesse G Vincent, Arkansas, engineer designed 1st V-12 engine
  • Feb 12 John Llewellyn Lewis, American union leader (United Mine Workers, 1920-60), born near Lewis, Iowa (d. 1969)
  • Feb 19 Álvaro Obregón, Mexican general and President of Mexico (1920-24), born in Alamos, Mexico (d. 1928)
  • Feb 20 Jacques d'Adelswärd-Fersen, French aristocrat and novelist (d. 1923)
  • Feb 21 Waldemar Bonsels, German writer (d. 1952)
  • Feb 22 Frigyes Riesz, Hungarian mathematician (d. 1956)
  • Feb 26 Lionel Logue, Australian speech therapist who treated King George VI (The Kings Speech), born in Adelaide (d. 1953)
  • Feb 27 Angelina Weld Grimke, American journalist, teacher and playwright (Harlem Renaissance), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1958)
  • Mar 1 Lytton Strachey, English biographer and critic (Benson Medal 1923), born in London, England
  • Mar 3 Anne C Veth, Dutch cartoonist/art critic
  • Mar 4 Channing Pollock, American playwright and critic (d. 1946)
  • Mar 11 Harry H. Laughlin, American eugenecist (d. 1943)
  • Mar 12 Henry Drysdale Dakin, British-American biochemist, known for the Dakin-West reaction (d. 1952)
  • Mar 17 Lawrence Oates, English army officer and Antarctic explorer (d. 1912)
  • Mar 17 Sir Patrick Hastings, British barrister (d. 1952)
  • Mar 21 Hans Hofmann, German/American painter (Search for the Real)
  • Mar 21 Wilhelm Pessler, German sociologist
  • Mar 23 Heikki Ritavuori, Finnish politician (d. 1922)
  • Mar 26 Duncan Hines, American restaurant guide writer (Out of Kentucky Kitchens), born in Bowling Green, Kentucky (d. 1959)
  • Mar 30 Sean O'Casey, Irish playwright (Juno and the Paycock), born in Dublin (d. 1964)
  • Apr 1 Agha Petros, Assyrian general (d. 1932)
  • Apr 4 Georg von Trapp, Austrian WWI submarine commander and inspiration for "The Sound of Music" character, born in Zara, Kingdom of Dalmatia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1947)
  • Apr 10 Frances Perkins, American politician and 1st woman to hold cabinet-level position (Labor 1933-45), born in Boston, Massachusetts (d. 1965)
  • Apr 10 Mohammed Nadir Shah, King of Afghanistan (1929-33), born in Dehra Dun, British India (d. 1933)
  • Apr 10 Montague Summers, English clergyman and writer (Malleus Maleficarum), born in Clifton, Bristol, England (d. 1948)
  • May 1 Conrad Weiss, German writer and poet (Tantum dic verbo) (d. 1940)
  • May 6 Edmund Ironside, 1st Baron Ironside, British fieldmarshal, born in Edinburgh, Scotland (d. 1959)
  • May 12 Lincoln Ellsworth, American polar explorer, led 1st transarctic, transantarctic flights, born in Chicago, Illinois (d. 1951)
  • May 12 W. Hupkes, Dutch engineer and Dutch Rail director
  • May 14 Wilhelm List, German field marshal (d. 1971)
  • May 15 Otto Dibelius, German theologist/bishop (Confessional Church)
  • May 19 Allard R Hulshoff, architect of Amsterdam (1924)
  • May 21 Tudor Arghezi, Romanian writer (d. 1967)
  • May 25 Jean Alexandre Barré, French neurologist who helped identify the Guillain-Barré-Strohl syndrome, born in Nantes, France (d. 1967)
  • May 29 Oswald Spengler, German historian and philosopher (Decline of West), born in Blankenburg, Duchy of Brunswick, German Empire (d. 1936)
  • Jun 6 William Thomas Cosgrave, President of the Irish Free State, born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1965)
  • Jun 10 Margit Kaffka, Hungarian writer (Colors and Years), born in Nagykároly (d. 1918)

Jeannette RankinJeannette Rankin (1880-1973)

Jun 11 American politician, 1st woman elected to US Congress (R-Montana), women's rights advocate and pacifist, born in Missoula, Montana

  • Jun 17 Carl Van Vechten, American writer famous for the controversial novel "Nigger Heaven", born in Cedar Rapids, Iowa (d. 1964)
  • Jun 19 Jóhann Sigurjónsson, Icelandic writer (Dr Rung), born in Laxamýri, Iceland (d. 1919)
  • Jun 21 Arnold Gesell, American psychologist and pediatrician, born in Alma, Wisconsin (d. 1961)
  • Jun 21 Josiah Stamp, 1st Baron Stamp, British civil servant, industrialist, economist, statistician and banker, born in Hampstead, London (d. 1941)
  • Jun 26 Natalia Brassova, Russian noblewoman, wife of Grand Duke Michael Alexandrovich of Russia, born in Perovo, Moscow, Russian Empire (d. 1952)

Helen KellerHelen Keller (1880-1968)

Jun 27 American political activist, author (The Story of My Life) and lecturer, who was the 1st deaf-blind person to earn a BA, born in Tuscumbia, Alabama

  • Jun 29 Ludwig Beck, German general (July 20th plot), born in Biebrich, Germany (d. 1944)

Otto Frederick RohwedderOtto Frederick Rohwedder (1880-1960)

Jul 7 American engineer (invented the bread-slicing machine), born in Davenport, Iowa

  • Jul 20 Hermann earl Keyserling, German philosopher/writer
  • Jul 21 Milan Rastislav Štefánik, Slovak politician, French general and astronomer (d. 1919)
  • Jul 26 Volodymyr Vynnychenko, Ukrainian politician and statesman, born in Yelisavetgrad, Russian Empire (d. 1951)
  • Jul 30 Robert R. McCormick, American editor and publisher (Chicago Tribune), born in Chicago (d. 1955)
  • Jul 31 Munshi Premchand [Dhanpat Rai], Indian author, born in Lamhi, Benares State, British India (d. 1936)
  • Aug 7 Ernst Laqueur, chemist/pharmacology/psychology (sexual hormones)
  • Aug 8 Earle Page, Australian politician (d. 1961)
  • Aug 10 Robert L. Thornton, American businessman, philanthropist, and Mayor of Dallas, Texas (d. 1964)
  • Aug 12 Marguerite "John" Radclyffe-Hall, author
  • Aug 21 Johan H. Westerveld, Dutch WW II resistance fighter and leader of Order Service (OD), born in Haarlem, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • Aug 22 George Herriman, American cartoonist (Krazy Kat), born in New Orleans, Louisiana (d. 1944)
  • Aug 22 Gorch Fock [Johann Wilhelm Kinau], German author and poet, born in Finkenwerder, Hamburg, Germany (d. 1916)
  • Aug 23 Alexander Grin, Russian novelist (Jessie and Morgiana), born in Vyatka, Kirov Oblast, Russia (d. 1932)
  • Aug 24 Miles Lampson, 1st Baron Killearn, Scottish baron and diplomat (d. 1964)
  • Aug 29 Marie-Louise Meilleur, French Canadian supercentenarian lived past 117, born in Kamouraska, Quebec, Canada (d. 1998)

Wilhelmina of the NetherlandsWilhelmina of the Netherlands (1880-1962)

Aug 31 Queen of the Netherlands (1890-1948), born in Noordeinde Palace, The Hague, Netherlands

  • Sep 4 Leo Bittermieux, Flemish missionary (Congo) (d. 1946)
  • Sep 6 Jean-Louis Pisuisse, Dutch night club performer (French governess), born in Flushing, Netherlands (d. 1927)
  • Sep 8 Roelof Kranenburg, Dutch social democratic chairman (1st Chamber), born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1956)

H. L. MenckenH. L. Mencken (1880-1956)

Sep 12 American newspaperman and critic (Prejudices, Smart Set), born in Baltimore, Maryland

  • Sep 14 Benjamin (Fedchenkov), Bishop of the Russian Church and Orthodox missionary, born in Russian Empire (d. 1961)
  • Sep 14 Paul Fechter, German writer (Der Zauberer Gottes), born in Elbing, West Prussia (d. 1958)
  • Sep 16 Alfred Noyes, British poet and essayist (Loom of Years, Highwayman), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1958)
  • Sep 20 Louise Peete, American convicted serial killer, born in Bienville, Louisiana (d. 1947)
  • Sep 22 Asser B. Kleerekoper, Dutch journalist and politician, 2nd-Member of parliament (SDAP) (d. 1943)
  • Sep 22 Christabel Pankhurst, English suffragist, daughter of Emmeline Pankhurst, born in Manchester, England (d. 1958)
  • Sep 23 John Boyd Orr, nutritionist, UN's FAO (Nobel 1949)
  • Sep 28 Ralph Flanders, American politician (Senator-Vermont 1946-59), born in Barnet, Vermont (d. 1970)

Damon RunyonDamon Runyon (1880-1946)

Oct 4 American journalist and writer (Guys & Dolls-based on his work), born in Manhattan, Kansas

  • Oct 8 Ernest Douwes Dekker, Indo-Dutch nationalist and founder of National-India Party, born in Pasuruan, Malang, Indonesia (d. 1950)
  • Oct 12 Louis Hémon, French novelist (Maria Chapdelaine), born in Brest, France (d. 1913)
  • Oct 13 Sasha Chorny [Alexander Mikhailovich Glikberg], Russian poet, born in Odessa, Russian Empire (d. 1932)
  • Oct 14 Vilhelm Ekelund, Swedish poet and writer (Sak och sken) (d. 1940)
  • Oct 26 Andrei Bely [Boris Nikolaevich Bugaev], Russian writer (Petersburg), born in Moscow, Russia (d. 1934)
  • Oct 29 Abram F. Joffe, Russian physicist (crystal), born in Romny, Poltava Governorate, Russian Empire (d. 1960)

Alfred WegenerAlfred Wegener (1880-1930)

Nov 1 German polar researcher, geophysicist and meteorologist (continental drift), born in Berlin

  • Nov 1 Sholem Asch, Polish-Jewish novelist and playwright (East River, Three Cities), born in Kutno, Poland (d. 1957)
  • Nov 6 Chris van Abkoude, Dutch-American writer and novelist (Pietje Bell, Kruimeltje), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1959)

Robert MusilRobert Musil (1880-1942)

Nov 6 Austrian writer (Mann ohne Eigenschaften), born in Klagenfurt, Austria

  • Nov 10 Aart A. van Schelven, Dutch church historian (Willem of Orange) (d. 1954)
  • Nov 10 Jacob Epstein, American-English sculptor (Adam, Jacob & the Angel), born in NYC, New York (d. 1959)
  • Nov 21 Franz Hessel, German writer, born in Szczecin, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Nov 25 Elsie J. Oxenham, British children's author (Abbey Series), born in Southport, Lancashire, England (d. 1960)
  • Nov 25 Leonard Woolf, English author and husband of Virginia Woolf, born in London (d. 1969)
  • Nov 28 Alexander Block, Russian poet (Dvenatsat), born in St. Petersburg, Russia (d. 1921)
  • Nov 28 Marinus van Meel, Dutch aviator and aircraft manufacturer, born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • Dec 3 Fedor von Bock, German field marshal (commander in the German occupation of Austria, invasions of Poland, France, and Russia during WWII), born in Cüstrin, Province of Brandenburg, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Dec 4 Garfield Wood, American inventor, motorboat builder and racer (world water speed record x 5; first to travel over 100 mph on water), born in Mapleton, Iowa (d. 1971)
  • Dec 24 Johnny Gruelle, American cartoonist, children's book writer and creator of Raggedy Ann, born in Arcola, Illinois (d. 1939)
  • Dec 28 Christian Frederik Leipoldt, South African physician, writer and poet, born in Worcester, South Africa (d. 1947)

George MarshallGeorge Marshall (1880-1959)

Dec 31 American general and US Secretary of State (1947-49) who authored the Marshall Plan (Nobel 1953), born in Uniontown, Pennsylvania