Birthdays in History in 1882

Birthdays in History

  • Jan 1 Willem Carel Wendelaar, Dutch lawyer, civil servant, director, and politician (VVD)
  • Jan 4 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist (d. 1943)
  • Jan 5 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War" (d. 1958)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Rayburn, Tenn, (Rep-D-Tx), speaker of the House (1940-57)
  • Jan 6 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter (d. 1949)
  • Jan 6 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop (d. 1965)
  • Jan 12 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist/etymologist
  • Jan 14 Hendrik W van Loon, Netherland, commentator/writer (Story of America)
  • Jan 15 Florian Znaniecki, Polish/US sociologist (Polish Peasant in Europe)
  • Jan 15 Princess Margaret of Sweden (d. 1920)

Person of interestA. A. Milne

Jan 18 A. A. Milne, English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, born in Hampstead Middlesex (d. 1956)

Author A. A. Milne
Author
A. A. Milne
  • Jan 18 Jacob Clay, Dutch philospher/phyicist (Mesones)
  • Jan 21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)

Person of interestVirginia Woolf

Jan 25 Virginia Woolf [Adeline], British author (Jacob's Room, To Lighthouse), born in London, England (d. 1941)

  • Jan 27 Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italian writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano)

Person of interestFranklin D. Roosevelt

Jan 30 Franklin Roosevelt, 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), born in Hyde Park, New York (d. 1945)

32nd US President Franklin D. Roosevelt
32nd US President
Franklin D. Roosevelt
  • Jan 31 Josephus RH van Schaik, Dutch lawyer/vice-premier

Person of interestLouis St. Laurent

Feb 1 Louis St. Laurent, 12th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1948-57), born in Compton, Quebec (d. 1973)

12th Prime Minister of Canada Louis St. Laurent
12th Prime Minister of Canada
Louis St. Laurent

Person of interestJames Joyce

Feb 2 James Joyce, Irish novelist and poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan's Wake), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1941)

Novelist & Poet James Joyce
Novelist & Poet
James Joyce
  • Feb 2 James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold)
  • Feb 3 Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands
  • Feb 8 Thomas Selfridge, First person to die in an airplane crash (d. 1908).
  • Feb 12 Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Feb 14 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • Feb 22 Eric Gill, England, sculptor/engraver/typographer (Perpetua)
  • Feb 25 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • Feb 26 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • Feb 26 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral (d. 1968)
  • Feb 28 Jose Vasconcelos, politician/essayist/philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • Mar 3 Floris H L Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp
  • Mar 3 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), born in Lugo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Mar 4 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • Mar 6 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • Mar 6 Geoffrey Mander, English industrialist (Mander Brothers Ltd.), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1962)
  • Mar 14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
  • Mar 19 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • Mar 20 René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
  • Mar 23 C Montague Shaw, Adelaide Australia
  • Mar 23 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist, member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Grenchen, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • Mar 30 Melanie Klein, Austrian/British psycho analysis
  • Apr 3 Simon Elzinga, Dutch educator
  • Apr 7 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • Apr 9 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1946)
  • Apr 10 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • Apr 14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, (d. 1936)
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian antifascist/editor-in-chief (Il Mondo)
  • Apr 20 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • Apr 21 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist, Nobel laureate (d. 1961)
  • Apr 23 Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)

  • Apr 28 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, born in Milano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Apr 29 Hendrik N Werkman, painter/printer/resistance fighter (Hot printing)
  • Apr 30 Trijntje "Nine" van de Schaaf, author (To the Invisible)
  • May 4 Wilhelm Lehmann, German writer, born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1968)
  • May 5 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist
  • May 6 Crown Prince Wilhelm of Germany (d. 1951)
  • May 7 Willem Elsschot [Alfons Josephus de Ridder], Flemish writer (Mend), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • May 8 Philips C Visser, Dutch explorer/diplomat

Person of interestHenry J. Kaiser

May 9 Henry J. Kaiser, American ship builder and industrialist (Liberty Ships, Jeeps, Boulder Dam), born in Sprout Brook, New York (d. 1967)

Industrialist Henry J. Kaiser
Industrialist
Henry J. Kaiser
  • May 9 George Barker, American painter (d. 1965)
  • May 13 Georges Braque, French cubist painter and sculptor (My bicycle) who helped develop Cubism with Pablo Picasso, born in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise (d. 1963)
  • May 19 Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
  • May 20 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)
  • May 29 Doris Ulmann, American photographer
  • May 31 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian politician (d. 1956)
  • Jun 1 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • Jun 4 Karl Valentin, German comic/writer
  • Jun 10 Neville Henderson, British diplomat
  • Jun 14 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician (1940-1944), born in Argeș County, Romania (d. 1946)

Person of interestMohammad Mosaddegh

Jun 16 Mohammad Mosaddegh, Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, born in Tehran, Persia (d. 1967)

Prime Minister of Iran Mohammad Mosaddegh
Prime Minister of Iran
Mohammad Mosaddegh
  • Jun 17 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz (d. 1918)
  • Jun 18 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]
  • Jun 21 Rockwell Kent, American artist, painter and illustrator (Canterbury Tales), born in Tarrytown, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jun 21 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • Jun 24 Athanase David, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • Jun 27 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1963)
  • Jul 5 Inayat Khan, Indian sufi (founder of the Sufi Order in the West (London) in 1914), born in Vadodra, Bombay State, British India (d. 1927).
  • Jul 8 John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant, politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-45), born in Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1945)
  • Jul 18 Manuel Gálvez, Argentine novelist (La maestra normal), born in Paraná, Argentina (d. 1962)
  • Jul 21 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • Jul 22 Edward Hopper, US painter (House by the Railroad)
  • Jul 25 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 1942)
  • Jul 27 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1965)
  • Jul 30 Leo van Puyfielde, Flemish art historian and museum curator
  • Jul 31 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), born in Thüringen, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Aug 2 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Aug 2 Rik Wouters, Belgian painter and sculptor (Virgin Doll), born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1916)
  • Aug 5 Joe English, Irish/Flemish signaler (WWI)
  • Aug 6 Gerrit H Kersten, Dutch vicar/founder (Calvinist party)
  • Aug 8 Ladislas Starevich, Polish animator (d. 1965)
  • Aug 11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, born in Filettino, Italy (d. 1955)
  • Aug 14 Gisela Richter, English art historian (d. 1972)
  • Aug 16 Pierre H. Ritter Jr, Dutch literary, writer and journalist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Aug 18 Eugeen Calleen, Flemish sculptor
  • Aug 25 Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish politician and President of Ireland (1945-59), born in Abbotstown, Dublin (d. 1966)
  • Aug 26 James Franck, German naturalist (Nobel 1925)
  • Aug 26 Johannes Lindeboom, vicar/church historian (Neth Archives)
  • Aug 26 Carl Wilhelm de Vries, Dutch jurist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1967)
  • Aug 30 Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • Sep 7 Johanna Zandstra-Giezen, Dutch supercentenarian (oldest person in Netherland - dies at 111 years and 9 days), born in Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Sep 13 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • Sep 17 Anton H Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of Light)
  • Sep 19 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)

Person of interestWilhelm Keitel

Sep 22 Wilhelm Keitel, Nazi military leader (head of the German High Command), born in Helmscherode, German Empire (d. 1946)

German WWII General Wilhelm Keitel
German WWII General
Wilhelm Keitel
  • Sep 28 Eugenio d' Ors y Rovira, essayist/philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain
  • Sep 30 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), born in Neustadt an der Weinstraße, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 2 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander (d. 1945)
  • Oct 3 Gunther von Kluge, German field marshal, born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire (d. 1944)
  • Oct 3 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (d. 1974)
  • Oct 5 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics)

Person of interestRobert H. Goddard

Oct 5 Robert H. Goddard, rocket pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester Massachusetts (d. 1945)

Rocket Pioneer Robert H. Goddard
Rocket Pioneer
Robert H. Goddard
  • Oct 11 Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg), born in Wuppertal, Germany (d. 1962)
  • Oct 14 Éamon de Valera, NY, Irish politician and patriot, President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), (d. 1975)
  • Oct 19 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
  • Oct 29 Jean Giraudoux, French writer (d. 1944)
  • Oct 30 William "Bull" F Halsey, US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific)
  • Nov 2 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)
  • Nov 10 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • Nov 11 King Gustav VI Adolf of Sweden (d. 1973)
  • Nov 15 Felix Frankfurter, 80th Supreme Court Justice (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria
  • Nov 18 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas)
  • Nov 18 Wyndham Lewis, English author/painter (Tarr, Apes of God)
  • Nov 22 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • Nov 23 Johan C T Kikkert, Dutch painter/etcher/critic
  • Dec 10 Otto Neurath, Aust/British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences)
  • Dec 11 Fiorello La Guardia, (Mayor-R- 1933-45), born in NYC, New York (d. 1947)
  • Dec 11 Max Born, German physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Dec 11 Subramanya Bharathy, Indian poet (d. 1921)
  • Dec 16 Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner effect)
  • Dec 28 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)

Person of interestLili Elbe

Dec 28 Lili Elbe [born Einar Wegener], Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), born in Vejle, Denmark (d. 1931)

Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery Lili Elbe
Painter and 1st Recipient of Gender-Reassignment Surgery
Lili Elbe
  • Dec 31 David Cohen, Dutch historian and chairman of the Jewish Council
  • Dec 31 Martin O'Meara, Australian soldier (d. 1935)