Historical Figures Born in 1882

  • Jan 4 Aristarkh Lentulov, Russian artist, born in Nizhny Lomov, Russia (d. 1943)
  • Jan 5 Herbert Bayard Swope, U.S. journalist who coined the term "Cold War", born in St. Louis, Missouri (d. 1958)
  • Jan 6 Aleksandra Ekster, Russian painter, born in Białystok, Poland (d. 1949)
  • Jan 6 Fan S. Noli, Albanian bishop, born in İbriktepe, Turkey (d. 1965)
  • Jan 6 Samuel Rayburn, American politician (US Representative (D) from Texas, 1913-61; Speaker of the House for 17 years), born in Kingston, Tennessee (d. 1961)
  • Jan 12 Jakob Jud, Swiss linguist and etymologist, born in Wängi, Switzerland (d. 1952)
  • Jan 14 Hendrik Willem van Loon, Dutch-American historian and writer (Story of America), born in Rotterdam, Netherlands (d. 1944)
  • Jan 15 Florian Znaniecki, Polish philosopher & sociologist, born in Świątniki, Poland (d. 1958)
  • Jan 15 Princess Margaret of Sweden, born in Surrey, England (d. 1920)

Arnold RothsteinArnold Rothstein (1882-1928)

Jan 17 American gambler and mobster who fixed the 1919 World Series, born in NYC, New York

A. A. MilneA. A. Milne (1882-1956)

Jan 18 English author of the Winnie-the-Pooh books, born in Hampstead, Middlesex

  • Jan 18 Jacob Clay, Dutch philosopher and physicist (cosmic rays as charged particles), born in Berkhout, Netherlands (d. 1955)
  • Jan 21 Pavel Florensky, Russian mathematician (d. 1937)

Virginia WoolfVirginia Woolf (1882-1941)

Jan 25 British author (Jacob's Room, To the Lighthouse), born in London

  • Jan 27 Giuseppe Prezzolini, Italian-American writer (La Voce, La Cultura Italiano), born in Perugia, Italy (d. 1982)

Franklin D. RooseveltFranklin D. Roosevelt (1882-1945)

Jan 30 32nd US President (Democrat: 1933-1945), born in Hyde Park, New York

  • Jan 31 Josef van Schaik, Dutch politician and lawyer (Vice-Premier of the Netherlands), (d. 1962)

Louis St. LaurentLouis St. Laurent (1882-1973)

Feb 1 12th Prime Minister of Canada (Liberal: 1948-57), born in Compton, Quebec

  • Feb 2 Andrew, Prince of Greece and Denmark, born in Monte Carlo, Monaco (d. 1944)

James JoyceJames Joyce (1882-1941)

Feb 2 Irish novelist and poet (Dubliners, Ulysses, Finnigan's Wake), born in Dublin, Ireland

  • Feb 3 Trijntje Jansma-Boskma; oldest person in the Netherlands (d. 1991)
  • Feb 8 Thomas Selfridge, American army officer, 1st person to die in an airplane crash, born in San Francisco, California (d. 1908)
  • Feb 9 James Stephens, Irish poet (Crock of Gold), born in Dublin, Ireland (d. 1950)
  • Feb 12 Walter Vaes, Flemish painter/etcher
  • Feb 14 George Jean Nathan, American editor, author and critic (American Mercury), born in Fort Wayne, Indiana (d. 1958)
  • Feb 22 Eric Gill, England, sculptor/engraver/typographer (Perpetua)
  • Feb 25 Jozef Goossenaerts, Flemish philologist (Language boundary)
  • Feb 26 Husband E. Kimmel, American admiral, commander of the Pacific Fleet during Pearl Harbour Attack, born in Henderson, Kentucky (d. 1968)
  • Feb 26 Walter Lucht, German artillery general (WW I/WW II)
  • Feb 28 Jose Vasconcelos, politician, essayist, philosopher, born in Oaxaca, Mexico (d. 1959)
  • Mar 3 Charles Ponzi [Carlo], Italian con-man (Ponzi scheme in the US), born in Lugo, Italy (d. 1949)
  • Mar 3 Floris H L Prims, Flemish priest/historian/archivist of Antwerp
  • Mar 4 Nicolae Titulescu, Romanian diplomat, government minister, and former President of the League of Nations (d. 1941)
  • Mar 6 F. Burrall Hoffman, American architect (d. 1980)
  • Mar 6 Geoffrey Mander, English industrialist (Mander Brothers Ltd.), born in Wolverhampton, England (d. 1962)
  • Mar 14 Waclaw Sierpinski, Polish mathematician (Sierpinski triangle), born in Warsaw, Kingdom of Poland (d. 1969)
  • Mar 19 Gaston Lachaise, American sculptor (Standing Woman), born in Paris, France (d. 1935)
  • Mar 20 René Coty, Le Harve France, president of France (1953-58)
  • Mar 23 C. Montague Shaw, Australian actor (Buck Rogers; Zorro's Fighting Legion), born in Adelaide, South Australia (d. 1968)
  • Mar 23 Emmy Noether, German mathematician (d. 1935)
  • Mar 26 Hermann Obrecht, Swiss jurist, member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Grenchen, Switzerland (d. 1940)
  • Mar 30 Melanie Klein, Austrian-British author and child psychoanalyst (object relations theory), born in Vienna, Austria-Hungary (d. 1960)
  • Apr 7 Kurt von Schleiger, German chancellor (12/2/32-1/28/33)
  • Apr 8 Lulu McConnell, American vaudeville, radio, and television comedienne (It Pays To Be Ignorant), born in Kansas City, Missouri (d. 1962)
  • Apr 9 Frederick Francis IV, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Schwerin, born in Palermo, Italy (d. 1945)
  • Apr 10 Simon F H J Berkelbach Van der Sprenkel, theologist (Fear & Religion)
  • Apr 14 Moritz Schlick, Austrian philosopher, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1936)
  • Apr 15 Giovanni Amendola, Italian anti-fascist and editor-in-chief (Il Mondo), born in Naples, Italy (d. 1926)
  • Apr 20 Holland Smith, American General in the U.S. Marine Corps, born in Seale, Alabama (d. 1967)
  • Apr 21 Percy Williams Bridgman, American physicist (Nobel 1946 - physics of high pressure), born in Cambridge, Massachusetts (d. 1961)
  • Apr 23 Max Winders, Belgian architect (WWII), responsible for bringing the Belgian gold stock, born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1982)
  • Apr 24 Hugh Dowding, commander of RAF Fighter Command during the Battle of Britain, born in Moffat, Scotland (d. 1970)
  • Apr 28 Alberto Pirelli, Italian industrialist, born in Milano, Italy (d. 1971)
  • Apr 29 Hendrik Nicolaas Werkman, Dutch artist (The Blue Barge) and resistance fighter, born in Leens, Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1945)
  • Apr 30 Nine van de Schaaf, Dutch author (To the Invisible), born in Terhorne, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • May 4 Wilhelm Lehmann, German writer, born in Puerto Cabello, Venezuela (d. 1968)
  • May 5 Douglas Mawson, Australian geologist, Antarctic explorer, and educator, born in Shipley, West Riding of Yorkshire, England (d. 1958)
  • May 5 Sylvia Pankhurst, English feminist and suffragette, born in Old Trafford, Manchester, England (d. 1960)
  • May 6 Wilhelm, the last Crown Prince of the German Empire and the Kingdom of Prussia, born in Marmorpalais, Potsdam, German Empire (d. 1951)
  • May 7 Willem Elsschot [Alfons Josephus de Ridder], Flemish writer (Mend), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1960)
  • May 8 Philips C. Visser, Dutch explorer and diplomat
  • May 9 George Barker, American portrait and landscape painter, born in Omaha, Nebraska (d. 1965)

Henry J. KaiserHenry J. Kaiser (1882-1967)

May 9 American ship builder and industrialist (Liberty Ships, Jeep, Boulder/Hoover Dam; Kaiser Broadcasting), born in Sprout Brook, New York

  • May 13 Georges Braque, French cubist painter and sculptor (My bicycle) who helped develop Cubism with Pablo Picasso, born in Argenteuil, Val-d'Oise (d. 1963)
  • May 19 Mohammed Mosaddeq, Prime Minister of Iran (d. 1967)
  • May 20 Sigrid Undset, Norwegian novelist (Kristin Lavransdatter, Nobel 1928)
  • May 29 Doris Ulmann, American photographer best known for her portraits of the people of Appalachia, born in NYC, New York (d. 1934)
  • May 31 Sándor Graf Festetics, Hungarian nobleman and politician, born in Dég, Fejér county, Hungary (d. 1956)
  • Jun 1 John Drinkwater, English poet/playwright (Abraham Lincoln)
  • Jun 10 Neville Henderson, British diplomat and Ambassador of the United Kingdom to Nazi Germany (1937-39), born in Sedgwick, Sussex, England (d. 1942)
  • Jun 14 Ion Antonescu, Romanian soldier and authoritarian politician (1940-1944), born in Argeș County, Romania (d. 1946)

Mohammad MosaddeghMohammad Mosaddegh (1882-1967)

Jun 16 Prime Minister of Iran (1951-53) who was overthrown in a coup d'état aided by the CIA and the British SIS, born in Tehran, Persia

  • Jun 17 Adolf Friedrich VI, Grand Duke of Mecklenburg-Strelitz, born in Neustrelitz, Mecklenburg-Vorpommern, Germany (d. 1918)

Harold GilliesHarold Gillies (1882-1960)

Jun 17 New Zealand father of modern plastic Surgery who pioneered skin graft techniques on injured soldiers in WWI, born in Dunedin, New Zealand [1]

  • Jun 18 Georgi Dimitrov, Bulgaria premier (1946-49) [or 6/28]
  • Jun 21 Lluís Companys, Spanish politician, 123rd President of the Generalitat of Catalonia (1933-40), born in El Tarròs, Urgell, Catalonia, Spain (d. 1940)
  • Jun 21 Rockwell Kent, American artist, painter and illustrator (Canterbury Tales), born in Tarrytown, New York (d. 1971)
  • Jun 24 Athanase David, Canadian politician and businessman (d. 1953)
  • Jun 27 Eduard Spranger, German psychologist and educator, born in Berlin, Germany (d. 1963)
  • Jul 8 John Anderson, 1st Viscount Waverley, British civil servant, politician and Chancellor of the Exchequer (1943-45), born in Midlothian, Scotland (d. 1958)
  • Jul 11 Jim Larkin White, American cave explorer and guide (Carlsbad Caverns, New Mexico), born in Mason County, Texas (d. 1946)
  • Jul 18 Manuel Gálvez, Argentine novelist (La maestra normal), born in Paraná, Argentina (d. 1962)
  • Jul 21 David Burliuk, Ukrainian artist (d. 1967)
  • Jul 22 Edward Hopper, American painter (Nighthawks, House by the Railroad), born in Upper Nyack, New York (d. 1967)
  • Jul 25 George S. Rentz, U.S. Navy Chaplain (awarded the Navy Cross during WW II), born in Lebanon, Pennsylvania (d. 1942)
  • Jul 27 Geoffrey de Havilland, British aircraft designer, born in High Wycombe, Buckinghamshire, England (d. 1965)
  • Jul 30 Leo van Puyfielde, Flemish art historian and museum curator
  • Jul 31 Grete Gulbransson, Austrian writer and poet (Geliebte Schatten), born in Thüringen, Austria (d. 1934)
  • Aug 2 Johannes Tralow, German writer (Ottoman tetralogy), born in Lübeck, Germany (d. 1968)
  • Aug 5 Joe English, Irish-Flemish draftsman, painter, and soldier (designed WWI gravestones), born in Bruges, Belgium (d. 1918)
  • Aug 6 Gerrit Hendrik Kersten, Dutch vicar and founder (Calvinist party), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1948)
  • Aug 11 Rodolfo Graziani, Italian Marshal, fascist and Viceroy of Italian East Africa, born in Filettino, Italy (d. 1955)
  • Aug 14 Gisela Richter, English art historian, born in London (d. 1972)
  • Aug 16 Pierre H. Ritter Jr, Dutch literary, writer and journalist, born in Utrecht, Netherlands (d. 1962)
  • Aug 18 Eugeen Calleen, Flemish sculptor
  • Aug 21 Rik Wouters, Belgian painter (Lady in Blue), and sculptor (The Nymph), born in Mechelen, Belgium (d. 1916)
  • Aug 25 Seán T. O'Kelly, Irish politician and President of Ireland (1945-59), born in Abbotstown, Dublin (d. 1966)
  • Aug 26 Carl Wilhelm de Vries, Dutch jurist, born in Amsterdam (d. 1967)
  • Aug 26 James Franck, German-American physicist (Nobel Prize for Physics 1925), born in Hamburg, Germany (d. 1964)
  • Aug 26 Johannes Lindeboom, Dutch vicar and church historian (Neth Archives), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • Aug 30 Meijer de Hond, Dutch rabbi and writer, born in Amsterdam (d. 1943)
  • Sep 7 Johanna Zandstra-Giezen, Dutch supercentenarian (oldest person in Netherland - dies at 111 years and 9 days), born in Friesland, Netherlands (d. 1993)
  • Sep 13 Ramón Grau, 6th and 10th President of Cuba, born in La Palma, Spanish Cuba (d. 1969)
  • Sep 17 Anton Hendrik Blaauw, Dutch botanist (Perception of Light), born in Elst, Overbetuwe, Netherlands (d. 1942)
  • Sep 19 Christopher Stone, first disc jockey in the United Kingdom (d. 1965)

Wilhelm KeitelWilhelm Keitel (1882-1946)

Sep 22 Nazi Military Leader (head of the German High Command), born in Helmscherode, German Empire

  • Sep 28 Eugenio d'Ors, Spanish Catalan essayist and philosopher, born in Barcelona, Spain (d. 1954)
  • Sep 30 Hans Geiger, German physicist (co-inventor of the Geiger counter), born in Neustadt an der Weinstraße, German Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 2 Boris Shaposhnikov, Russian military commander, born in Zlatoust, Ufa Governorate Russian Empire (d. 1945)
  • Oct 3 A. Y. Jackson, Canadian painter (Group of Seven), born in Montreal, Quebec (d. 1974)

Günther von KlugeGünther von Kluge (1882-1944)

Oct 3 German field marshal during World War II (Invasion of Poland, Battle of France, Operation Barbarossa), born in Posen, Kingdom of Prussia, German Empire

  • Oct 5 Giorgio Abetti, Italian astronomer (Solar physics), born in Padua, Italy (d. 1982)

Robert H. GoddardRobert H. Goddard (1882-1945)

Oct 5 American Rocket Pioneer (invented and built the first liquid-fueled rocket), born in Worcester, Massachusetts

  • Oct 11 Will Vesper, German author (Vom grossen Krieg), born in Wuppertal, Germany (d. 1962)

Éamon de ValeraÉamon de Valera (1882-1975)

Oct 14 Irish republican politician and President of Ireland (1937-48, 51-54, 57-59), born in NYC, New York

  • Oct 19 Vincas Kreve-Mickievicius, Lithuania, poet/philologist/playwright
  • Oct 29 Jean Giraudoux, French writer and playwright (The Madwoman of Chaillot), born in Bellac, Haute-Vienne, France (d. 1944)
  • Oct 30 William Halsey Jr., US vice-admiral (WW II Pacific), born in Elizabeth, New Jersey (d. 1959)
  • Nov 2 Leo Perutz, Austrian writer and mathematician, born in Prague (d. 1957)
  • Nov 10 Max Mell, Austria artillery officer and literary (Donauweibchen), born in Maribor, Slovenia (d. 1971)
  • Nov 11 Gustav VI Adolf, King of Sweden (1950-73), born in Stockholm Palace, Stockholm, Sweden (d. 1973)
  • Nov 15 Felix Frankfurter, American jurist and Justice of the U.S. Supreme Court (1939-62), born in Vienna, Austria (d. 1965)
  • Nov 18 Jacques Maritain, French Catholic philosopher (exponent of St Thomas), born in Paris (d. 1973)
  • Nov 18 Wyndham Lewis, English author (Tarr, Apes of God) and co-founder of the Vorticist movement in art, born in Amherst, Nova Scotia (d. 1957)
  • Nov 22 Charles Vildrac, French author, poet and playwright (La Brouille, Michel Auclair, Notes sur la technique poétique), born in Paris, France (d. 1971)
  • Nov 23 Johan Conrad Kikkert, Dutch painter and critic (promoted modern art in Netherlands through Modern Art Circle), born in The Hague, Netherlands (d. 1965)
  • Dec 10 Otto Neurath, Austrian-British philosopher (Foundation of Social Sciences), born in Vienna, Austro-Hungarian Empire (d. 1945)

Fiorello La GuardiaFiorello La Guardia (1882-1947)

Dec 11 American politician and Mayor of New York City (Republican: 1933-45), born in NYC, New York

  • Dec 11 Max Born, German physicist (quantum mechanics, Nobel 1954), born in Breslau, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Dec 11 Subramania Bharati, Indian poet and independence activist, born in Ettayapuram, Tirunelveli district, British India (d. 1921)
  • Dec 16 Walther Meissner, German physicist (Meissner effect), born in Berlin, German Empire (d. 1974)
  • Dec 28 Arthur Eddington, English astrophysicist, cosmologist and mathematician (stars), born in Kendal, Westmorland, England (d. 1944)

Lili ElbeLili Elbe (1882-1931)

Dec 28 Danish transgender woman, former painter, and 1st identifiable recipient of sex reassignment surgery (autobiography: Man into Woman), born in Vejle, Denmark

  • Dec 31 David Cohen, Dutch historian and chairman of the Jewish Council, born in Deventer, Holland (d. 1967)