Birthdays in History in 1883

  • Jan 1 Federigo Tozzi, Italian writer/journalist (La Torre, Tre Croci)
  • Jan 1 Ichirō Hatoyama, Japanese politician, Prime Minister (1954-56), born in Tokyo, Japan (d. 1959)

Person of interestClement Attlee

Jan 3 Clement Attlee, British Prime Minister (L-1945-51), born in Putney, London (d. 1967)

British Prime Minister Clement Attlee
British Prime Minister
Clement Attlee
  • Jan 4 Johanna Westerdijk, botanist/Neth 1st female prof (Utrecht, 1917-52)
  • Jan 4 Max Eastman, American critic/essayist and editor of The Masses (d. 1969)
  • Jan 6 Khalil Gibran, Lebanon, mystic poet (The Prophet, Broken Wings)
  • Jan 7 Andrew Browne, Irish/British admiral (WWII)
  • Jan 8 Pavel Filonov, Russian painter (d. 1941)
  • Jan 8 Patrick J. Hurley, United States Secretary of War (d. 1963)
  • Jan 10 Aleksei Tolstoi, Russian poet/writer (Pjotr Peroyj) [NS]
  • Jan 20 Betram Home Ramsay, English admiral/Commander Allied Naval Forces
  • Jan 21 Olav Aukrust, Norwegian poet
  • Jan 21 Amang Rodriguez, Filipino politician (d. 1964)
  • Feb 3 Clarence Mulford, Ill, western writer (Hopalong Cassidy)
  • Feb 7 Paul de Backer, Belgian radiologist
  • Feb 8 Joseph A Schumpeter, Austria/US economist/minister of finance
  • Feb 15 Sax Rohmer [Arthur Henry Sarsfield Ward], English author (Dr Fu Manchu novels), born in Birmingham, England (d. 1959)
  • Feb 16 Elizabeth Craig, British writer (d. 1980)
  • Feb 20 Shiga Naoya, Japan, novelist (Road Through Dark Night)
  • Feb 22 Alfred Wikenhauser, German RC exegetist (John-Apokalyps)
  • Feb 23 Karl Jaspers, Oldenburg Germany, existentialist philosopher
  • Feb 25 Princess Alice of Albany, Countess of Athlone (d. 1981)
  • Feb 26 Erich R Jaensch, German psychologist (eidetism)
  • Mar 3 Cyril Burt, educational psychologist (d. 1971)
  • Mar 5 Marius Barbeau, French Canadian ethnographer and folklorist (b. 1969)
  • Mar 9 Umberto Saba, Italian writer, born in Trieste, Austria-Hungary (d. 1957)
  • Mar 12 Zoltán Meskó, Hungarian Nazi (d. 1959)
  • Mar 16 Ethel Anderson, Australian poet (d. 1958)
  • Mar 17 Urmuz, Romanian writer (d. 1923)
  • Mar 19 Joseph W Stilwell, US general (China)
  • Mar 23 Faisal I ibn Hussein ibn Ali, 1st king of Iraq/Syria
  • Mar 24 James I Wedgwood, British theosophist and bishop (Liberal Catholic Church), born in London (d. 1951)
  • Mar 27 Marie Under, Estonian author and poet (d. 1980)
  • Mar 29 Donald Dexter Van Slyke, US chemist (Micromanometric analysis)
  • Mar 30 Jo Davidson, American sculptor (Woodrow Wilson, Walt Whitman)
  • Apr 6 Mien Labberton, Dutch poetress
  • Apr 7 Gino Severini, Italian painter (d. 1966)
  • Apr 8 R. P. Keigwin, English academic (d. 1972)
  • Apr 12 Imogen Cunningham, photographer (1965 ASMP award)
  • Apr 13 Demjan Bednyi, Russian writer and satirist, born in Hubivka, Ukraine (d. 1945)
  • Apr 15 Stanley Bruce, eighth Prime Minister of Australia (d. 1967)

Person of interestGetulio Vargas

Apr 19 Getulio Vargas, President of Brazil (1930-45, 1951-54), modernizer and dictator, born in São Borja, Rio Grande do Sul, Brazilian Empire (d. 1954)

President and Dictator of Brazil Getulio Vargas
President and Dictator of Brazil
Getulio Vargas
  • Apr 19 Richard von Mises, Austrian-born mathematician (d. 1953)
  • Apr 24 Jaroslav Hasek, Czech writer (Brave soldier Schweik) [or April 30]
  • Apr 25 Elsa Maxwell, writer (Jack Paar Show), born in Keokuk, Iowa
  • Apr 27 Hubert Harrison, St Croix Virgin Island, writer/freedom fighter
  • May 5 Archibald Wavell, British general (d. 1950)
  • May 6 Jose Ortega y Gasset, Spanish philosopher/author [or May 9]
  • May 7 Martin Albertz, German theologist (Church Jesus Christ)
  • May 13 Henk JFM Sneevliet, leader RSAP/editor Spartacus (Dutch-Indies)
  • May 13 Georgios Papanikolaou, Greek doctor, inventor of the Pap smear (d. 1962)

  • May 14 Jan Olieslagers, Belgian aviation pioneer (Antwerp Devil)
  • May 14 Julian Eltinge, Mass, vaudeville star/greatest female impersonator
  • May 18 Walter Gropius, architect (Bauhaus school of design), born in Berlin, Germany
  • May 19 Henricus WJM Keuls, Dutch lawyer/poet (Dancing Lamp)
  • May 20 Paul Arntzenius, painter/graphic artist/etcher
  • May 28 Vinayak Damodar Savarkar, Indian activist (d. 1966)
  • May 28 Clough Williams-Ellis, Welsh architect (d. 1978)
  • May 31 Lauri Kristian Relander, 2nd President of Finland (d. 1942)
  • Jun 2 Bokke R S Pollema, Dutch Frisian journalist/author (Lock of Hair)

Person of interestJohn Maynard Keynes

Jun 5 John Maynard Keynes, English economist whose ideas changed the theory and practice of modern macroeconomics, born in Cambridge, England (d. 1946)

  • Jun 7 Sylvanus Morley, U.S. archaeologist and spy (d. 1948)
  • Jun 11 Frank O King, Cashton Wisc, cartoonist (Gasoline Alley)
  • Jun 14 Lucien Cerfaux, Belgian bible expert
  • Jun 21 Feodor Gladkov, Russian socialist writer (Cement) (d. 1958)

Person of interestPierre Laval

Jun 28 Pierre Laval, Prime Minister of France (1931-32 and 1935-36) and Head of Vichy France (1942-44), born in Châteldon, France (d. 1945)

Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France Pierre Laval
Prime Minister of France and Head of Vichy France
Pierre Laval
  • Jul 1 Arthur Borton, English soldier (d. 1933)
  • Jul 3 Alfred Korzybski, Polish scientist (Science & Sanity)

Person of interestFranz Kafka

Jul 3 Franz Kafka, Czech author (Metamorphosis, Trial, Amerika), born in Prague, Austria-Hungary (d. 1924)

Writer Franz Kafka
Writer
Franz Kafka
  • Jul 3 Moses Leverock Crossley, US bio-chemist
  • Jul 4 Alan Brooke, English general [or Jul 23]

Person of interestRube Goldberg

Jul 4 Rube Goldberg, cartoonist (who made the easy outrageously difficult) Pulitzer Prize 1948, born in San Francisco, California

Cartoonist Rube Goldberg
Cartoonist
Rube Goldberg
  • Jul 10 Johann Blaskowitz, German general
  • Jul 17 Bart de Ligt, anti militarist theologist (Acting Peace)
  • Jul 23 Alan Francis Brooke, 1st viscount Alanbrooke fieldmarshal [or Jul 4]

Person of interestBenito Mussolini

Jul 29 Benito Mussolini [Il Duce], Fascist Italian dictator (1922-43), born in Predappio, Forlì, Italy (d. 1945)

Italian Dictator Benito Mussolini
Italian Dictator
Benito Mussolini
  • Jul 29 Porfirio Barba-Jacob, Colombian poet and writer (d. 1942)
  • Aug 6 Scott Nearing, US sociologist/pacifist/author (The Good Life)
  • Aug 7 Joachim Ringelnatz [Hans Bötticher], German writer and artist, born in Wurzen, Saxony (d. 1934)
  • Aug 11 Ernst Stadler, German poet (Der Aufbruch), born in Colmar, Alsace-Lorraine (d. 1914)
  • Aug 12 Jan Schouten, Dutch co-founder (Daily Trouw)/chairman (ARP)
  • Aug 14 Ernest Everett Just, African-American embryologist known for his pioneering work in the physiology of development, especially fertilization and cell division, born in Charleston, South Carolina (d. 1941)
  • Aug 15 Ivan Meštrović, Croatian sculptor and architect, born in Vrpolje, Croatia (d. 1962)

Person of interestCoco Chanel

Aug 19 Gabrielle "Coco" Chanel, French fashion designer (Chanel), born in Saumur, France (d. 1971)

Fashion Designer Coco Chanel
Fashion Designer
Coco Chanel
  • Aug 19 José Mendes Cabeçadas, 95th Prime Minister of Portugal and 9th President of Portugal (d. 1965)
  • Aug 19 Leonid Kulik, Tartu Estonia, Russian Minerologist who led the first research expedition to study the Tunguska meteor site, the largest impact event in recorded history
  • Aug 23 Jonathan Mayhew Wainwright IV, American army officer, born in Fort Walla Walla, Washington (d. 1953)
  • Aug 30 Theo Van Doesburg, [Christian EM Kupper], painter/architect (Style)
  • Sep 2 Archduchess Elisabeth Marie of Austria, "The Red Archduchess" (d. 1963)
  • Sep 10 Euphemia "Phemia" Molkenboer, Dutch author/poster artist
  • Sep 11 Grogorij J Zinovjev, [Gerson Radomyslski], Russian
  • Sep 14 Martin Dibelius, German theologist (Die Lade Jahwes)
  • Sep 15 Esteban Terradas i Illa, Spanish mathematician and engineer (d. 1950)
  • Sep 16 T. E. Hulme, English writer (d. 1917)
  • Sep 17 William Carlos Williams, American poet
  • Sep 20 John G van Dillen, historian (Of Wealth & Oligarchists)
  • Sep 20 Maria Baers, Flemish social female worker/senator
  • Sep 30 Robert H Lightfoot, English theologist/exegetist (St John's Gospel)
  • Sep 30 Bernhard Rust, Nazi education minister (d. 1945)
  • Oct 8 Otto Heinrich Warburg, German physician (Nobel-1931), born in Freiburg, Baden, Germany (d. 1970)
  • Oct 14 Adrianus PHA de Kleyn, throat/nose/otologist (ear doctor)
  • Oct 17 A S Neill, British headmaster (Summerhill)
  • Oct 22 Adolf A Joffe, Russian revolutionary/writer (Brest-Litovsk)
  • Oct 26 Napoleon Hill, American writer and philosopher (Think and Grow Rich), born in Pound, Virginia (d. 1970)
  • Oct 31 Marie Laurencin, French painter, born in Paris (d. 1956)
  • Nov 2 Jean-Marie-Rodrigue Villeneuve, French cardinal and Archbishop of Quebec, born in Montreal, Canada (d. 1947)
  • Nov 7 Lightfoot Solomon Michaux, African-American TV preacher, born in Newport News, Virginia (d. 1968)
  • Nov 14 Nikolaos Plastiras, Greek premier (1945, 50, 51-52)
  • Nov 18 Carl Vinson, U.S. Congressman (d. 1981)
  • Nov 23 Herman Baccaert, Flemish philological/writer (Along the water front)
  • Nov 23 Jose Clemente Orozco, Mexican painter (Epic of Culture in New World)
  • Nov 25 Harvey Spencer Lewis, American mystic (d. 1939)
  • Dec 4 Katharine Susannah Prichard, Australian author (d. 1969)
  • Dec 9 Alexander Papagos, Greek fieldmarshal/supreme commander
  • Dec 9 Nikolai Luzin, Russian mathematician (d. 1950)
  • Dec 10 Andrej J Vysjinski, Russian lawyer/foreign min/UN-ambassador
  • Dec 13 Belle da Costa Greene, American librarian, bibliographer and archivist (d. 1950)
  • Dec 14 Morihei Ueshiba "the founder" founder of the Japanese martial art of aikido
  • Dec 19 Louis Davids, [Simon David], Dutch cabaret performer/chorus performer
  • Dec 19 [Francis] Barry Byrne, architect, born in Chicago, Illinois
  • Dec 22 Arthur James Cook, British trade union leader (coal miners), born in Wookey, Somerset (d. 1931)
  • Dec 23 Hubert M E Pierlot, Belgian advocate/premier (1939-45)
  • Dec 25 Maurice Utrillo, French painter (Port St Martin, Montmartre)
  • Dec 26 Carl Oscar Ahues, German International Chess Master (1950)
  • Dec 26 Frank Debenham, Australian geographer/geologist

Person of interestCyrus S. Eaton

Dec 27 Cyrus S. Eaton, Canadian-American financier, industrialist and steel magnate, born in Cumberland County, Nova Scotia (d. 1979)

Steel Magnate Cyrus S. Eaton
Steel Magnate
Cyrus S. Eaton
  • Dec 28 Alfred Wolfenstein, German writer (d. 1945)