Historical Figures Born in 1884

  • Jan 2 Jacques Chardonne [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame), born in Barbezieux-Saint-Hilaire,, France (d. 1968)
  • Jan 3 E. Stanley Jones, American evangelist (Christ of Indian road), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • Jan 6 Harry Pace, American music label owner (Black Swan - 1st major label founded by a Black American), born in Covington, Georgia (d. 1943)
  • Jan 18 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons), born in Leeds, England (d. 1967)
  • Jan 20 (Abraham) A. Merritt, American magazine editor and sci-fi author (The Moon Pool; Burn, Witch, Burn!), born in Beverly, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin, American founder of the American Civil Liberties Union, born in Wellesley, Massachusetts (d. 1981)
  • Jan 26 Edward Sapir, American linguist and anthropologist (North American Indian languages), born in Lauenburg, Germany (d. 1939)
  • Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews, American scientist and explorer (found 1st known dinosaur eggs, director of the American Museum of Natural History ), born in Beloit, Wisconsin (d. 1960)
  • Jan 28 Auguste Piccard, Swiss scientist, explorer and balloonist (1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • Jan 28 Jean Felix Piccard, Swiss scientist, explorer and balloonist (1st flight into stratosphere, by balloon), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1963)
  • Jan 28 Lucien d'Azambuja, French astronomer (studied the solar chromosphere), born in Paris, France (d. 1970)
  • Jan 31 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian writer and Soviet dissident (We), born in Lebedyan, Russian Empire (d. 1937)
  • Feb 2 Julius Deutsch, Austria politician and general in the Spanish republican army, born in Lackenbach, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968)
  • Feb 4 Julius Callewaert, Flemish dominican/bringing up children
  • Feb 9 Frederik Gerretson [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)
  • Feb 10 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
  • Feb 12 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • Feb 12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Feb 12 Max Beckmann, German painter and graphic artist, born in Leipzig, German Empire (d. 1950)
  • Feb 14 Hezekiah M. Washburn, American Presbyterian Congo missionary, born in Brooksville, Bracken, Kentucky (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet, born in Burgas, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • Feb 17 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • Feb 18 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • Feb 23 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • Feb 26 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • Mar 11 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • Mar 13 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • Mar 13 Hugh S. Walpole, British novelist and playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1941)
  • Mar 13 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), born in Świecie, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Mar 14 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist, born in Noordhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Mar 18 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • Mar 21 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • Mar 24 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • Mar 25 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)
  • Apr 2 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)

Isoroku YamamotoIsoroku Yamamoto (1884-1943)

Apr 4 Japanese World War II Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, born in Nagaoka, Niigata

  • Apr 7 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • Apr 7 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • Apr 12 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Apr 17 Leo Frank, American convict (murder of a 13-year-old employee), born in Cuero, Texas (d. 1915)
  • Apr 20 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1966)
  • May 2 François de Vries, Dutch economist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • May 4 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), born in Sanshui, Guangdong, Qing Dynasty (d. 1944)

Harry TrumanHarry Truman (1884-1972)

May 8 33rd US President (Democrat: 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri

  • May 21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • May 23 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)

Edvard BenešEdvard Beneš (1884-1948)

May 28 Czech politician, statesman, and 2nd President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 1945-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary

  • May 28 Theo van Reijn, Dutch sculptor and lithographer, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Jun 5 Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (Manservant and Maidservant), born in Pinner, Middlesex, England (d. 1969)
  • Jun 7 Julius P. Hoste, Belgian journalist, daily newspaper publisher (Last News), and politician (Minister of Education, 1936-38; Senator 1949-54), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Jun 10 Leone Sextus Tollemache, British Army captain who was incorrectly alleged to have the longest English surname on record (Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1917)
  • Jun 13 Anton Drexler, German politician and founder of the German Worker's Party, born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • Jun 13 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1978)
  • Jun 13 Gerald Gardner, British occultist and Wiccan (founding the tradition of Gardnerian Wicca), born in Blundellsands, Lancashire, England (d. 1964)
  • Jun 17 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, born in Batavia (d. 1973)

Édouard DaladierÉdouard Daladier (1884-1970)

Jun 18 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, born in Carpentras, Vaucluse, France

  • Jun 19 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1974)
  • Jun 21 Claude Auchinleck, British Army commander during the Second World War, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 25 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art dealer and publisher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Jun 27 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu), born in Bar-sur-Aube, France (d. 1962)
  • Jun 28 Lamina Sankoh, Sierra Leonean pre-independence politician and nationalist, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1964)
  • Jun 30 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • Jul 2 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria (d. 1931)
  • Jul 3 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • Jul 4 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian and archaeologist, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Jul 6 André Dunoyer de Segonzac, French painter and cartoonist, born in Boussy-Saint-Antoine, France (d. 1974)
  • Jul 6 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1974)
  • Jul 7 Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • Jul 12 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), born in Livorno, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1920)
  • Jul 13 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • Jul 16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Jul 18 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)
  • Jul 24 Abraham Rutgers, Dutch governor (Suriname, 1928-33), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)

Davidson BlackDavidson Black (1884-1934)

Jul 25 Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario

  • Jul 29 Henri Liebrecht, Belgian playwright and journalist
  • Jul 29 Ralph A. Bard, U.S. Navy Undersecretary (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • Aug 2 Rómulo Gallegos, 48th President of Venezuela (1948), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • Aug 8 Sara Teasdale, American poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
  • Aug 10 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • Aug 12 Frank Arthur Swinnerton, English novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
  • Aug 16 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • Aug 16 Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American inventor and sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo), born in Luxembourg (d. 1967)
  • Aug 23 Ogden L. Mills, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1927-1932), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • Aug 26 Earl Derr Biggers, American author ("Charlie Chan" detective series), born in Warren, Ohio (d. 1933)
  • Aug 27 Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), born in Revel, France (d. 1966)

Peter FraserPeter Fraser (1884-1950)

Aug 28 British-born New Zealand statesman and 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-49), born in Hill of Fearn, Scotland

  • Aug 29 Ehm Welk [Thomas Trimm], German writer, born in Biesenbrow, Brandenburg (d. 1966)
  • Aug 30 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926), born in Fleräng, Valbo, Gävleborg, Sweden (d. 1971)
  • Aug 31 George Al Sarton, Belgian-American chemist and historian, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Sep 2 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
  • Sep 17 Bastiaan de Gaay Fortman, Dutch historian and Justice of Curacao, born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)

Maxwell PerkinsMaxwell Perkins (1884-1947)

Sep 20 American editor and publisher for Ernest Hemingway, F. Scott Fitzgerald and Thomas Wolfe, born in NYC, New York

  • Sep 24 Hugo Schmeisser, German inventor and weapons designer, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, German Empire (d. 1953)
  • Sep 25 John Howard Lawson, American scriptwriter and playwright (Blockade, Algiers, Sahara), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Sep 25 Kees Boeke, Dutch reformist educator (Cosmic View), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Oct 5 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Oct 8 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Oct 9 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • Oct 10 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer and writer (Bint), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)

Eleanor RooseveltEleanor Roosevelt (1884-1962)

Oct 11 American diplomat (UN Commission on Human Rights), activist and First Lady of the United States (1933-45), born in NYC, New York

  • Oct 11 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel 1931), born in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany (d. 1949)
  • Oct 15 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Oct 16 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • Oct 21 (Don Stephen) "D.S." Senanayake, Ceylonese politician and leader of Sri Lankan independence movement (1st Prime Minister of Ceylon, 1947-52), born in Botale, British Ceylon (now Sri Lanka) (d. 1952)
  • Oct 25 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)
  • Nov 4 Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish aviator, engineer and inventor (Modern tractor), born in County Down, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • Nov 5 James Elroy Flecker, English poet and dramatist (Hassan), born in Lewisham, London (d. 1915)
  • Nov 8 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1922)
  • Nov 10 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Bird Phoenix), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • Nov 20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • Nov 22 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, born in British India (d. 1953)
  • Nov 24 Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • Nov 24 Michel de Klerk, Dutch architect (Amsterdam School), born in Amsterdam, Netherlands (d. 1823)
  • Dec 1 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)

Rajendra PrasadRajendra Prasad (1884-1963)

Dec 3 Indian independence activist and 1st President of India (1950-62), born in Zeradai, British India

  • Dec 3 Walther Stampfli, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Büren, Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Dec 6 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • Dec 7 Petru Groza, Austro-Hungarian born Romanian communist and President of Romania (1945-58), born in Băcia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1958)
  • Dec 10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • Dec 14 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1961)
  • Dec 19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czech communist politician (President of Czechoslovakia 1953-57), born in Zákolany, Kingdom of Bohemia (d. 1957)
  • Dec 26 Félix Éboué, French colonial administrator, born in Cayenne, French Guiana (d. 1944)
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian politician (Prime Minister of Belgian 1950-52), born in Liège, Belgium (d. 1968)

Hideki TojoHideki Tojo (1884-1948)

Dec 30 Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo