On This Day

Birthdays in History in 1884

  • Jan 2 Jacques Chardonne, [Boutelleau], French writer (l'Epithalame)
  • Jan 3 E. Stanley Jones, American evangelist (Christ of Indian road), born in Baltimore, Maryland (d. 1973)
  • Jan 18 Arthur Ransome, English author (Swallows & Amazons)
  • Jan 20 A[braham] Merritt, American sci-fi author (The Moon Pool, Burn Witch Bun ), born in Beverly, New Jersey (d. 1943)
  • Jan 21 Katie Sandwina, German legendary woman weight-lifter
  • Jan 21 Roger Nash Baldwin, founder (American Civil Liberties Union)
  • Jan 26 Edward Sapir, German linguist/antropologist (indians)
  • Jan 26 Roy Chapman Andrews, American scientist/explorer
  • Jan 28 Auguste Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist), twin brother of Jean Felix Piccard
  • Jan 28 Jean Felix Piccard, Swiss scientist/explorer (balloonist) twin brother of Auguste Piccard
  • Jan 28 Lucien H d'Azambuja, French astronomer (chromosome of sun)
  • Jan 31 Theodor Heuss, 1st President of Germany (Bundespräsident) (d. 1963)
  • Feb 1 Yevgeny Zamyatin, Russian novelist/playwright (We)
  • Feb 2 Julius Deutsch, Austria politician and general in the Spanish republican army, born in Lackenbach, Austria-Hungary (d. 1968)
  • Feb 4 Julius Callewaert, Flemish dominican/bringing up children
  • Feb 9 Frederik Gerretson, [Geerten Gossaert], Dutch poet/politician)

  • Feb 10 Frederick Hawksworth, GWR Chief mechanical engineer. (d. 1976)
  • Feb 12 Max Beckmann, German painter and graphic artist
  • Feb 12 Marie Vassilieff, Russian artist (d. 1957)
  • Feb 12 Johan Laidoner, Estonian military commander (d. 1953)
  • Feb 14 Hezekiah M. Washburn, American Presbyterian Congo missionary, born in Brooksville, Bracken, Kentucky (d. 1972)
  • Feb 14 Kostas Varnalis, Greek poet, born in Burgas, Bulgaria (d. 1974)
  • Feb 17 Arthur Vanderpoorten, Flemish minister of Internal affairs (1940)
  • Feb 18 Andrew Watson Myles, Canadian politician (d. 1970)
  • Feb 23 Herman Courtens, Belgian painter
  • Feb 26 Hildo Krop, Dutch modernistic sculptor
  • Mar 11 Lewi Pethrus, Swedish politician (d. 1974)
  • Mar 13 Emanuel Stickelberger, Swiss writer (Bluthochzeit), born in Basel, Switzerland (d. 1962)
  • Mar 13 Hugh S. Walpole, British novelist and playwright (Jeremy, Maradick at 40), born in Auckland, New Zealand (d. 1941)
  • Mar 13 Oskar Loerke, German writer (Longest Day-1926), born in Świecie, Poland (d. 1941)
  • Mar 14 Albert Egges van Giffen, Dutch archaeologist, born in Noordhorn, Netherlands (d. 1973)
  • Mar 18 Bernard Cronin, Australian author and journalist (d. 1968)
  • Mar 21 George D Birkhoff, American mathematician (Aesthetic measure)
  • Mar 24 Peter Debye, Holland, physical chemist (Nobel 1936)
  • Mar 25 Georges Imbert, Alsatian chemist (d. 1950)
  • Mar 31 Adriaan van Maanen, Dutch-American astronomer (d. 1946)

  • Apr 2 Sir J. C. Squire, British poet, writer, and historian, born in Plymouth, Devon (d. 1958)

Person of interestIsoroku Yamamoto

Apr 4 Isoroku Yamamoto, Japanese WWII Marshall Admiral and Commander-in-Chief of the Japanese fleet who led the attack on Pearl Harbor, born in Nagaoka, Niigata (d. 1943)

WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor Isoroku Yamamoto
WWII Admiral who Led the Attack on Pearl Harbor
Isoroku Yamamoto
  • Apr 7 Charles Dodd, English new testament authority
  • Apr 7 Louis H N Bosch van Rosenthal, Dutch politician/resistance fighter
  • Apr 12 Otto Meyerhof, German psychologist and biochemist (Nobel 1922), born in Hannover, Germany (d. 1951)
  • Apr 17 Leo Frank, American convict (murder of a 13-year-old employee), born in Cuero, Texas (d. 1915)
  • Apr 20 Princess Beatrice of Saxe-Coburg and Gotha, granddaughter of Queen Victoria, born in Eastwell Park, Kent, England (d. 1966)
  • May 2 François de Vries, Dutch economist, born in Groningen, Netherlands (d. 1958)
  • May 4 Wang Jingwei, Chinese politician (21st Premier of the Republic of China 1932-35), born in Sanshui, Guangdong, Qing Dynasty (d. 1944)

Person of interestHarry Truman

May 8 Harry Truman, 33rd US President (D - 1945-53), born in Lamar, Missouri (d. 1972)

33rd US President Harry Truman
33rd US President
Harry Truman
  • May 21 Manuel Pérez y Curis, Uruguayan poet (d. 1920)
  • May 23 Corrado Gini, Italian sociologist (d. 1965)
  • May 28 Edvard Beneš, 2nd & 4th President of Czechoslovakia (1935-38, 45-48), born in Kožlany, Bohemia, Austria-Hungary (d. 1948)
  • May 28 Theo van Reijn, Dutch sculptor and lithographer, born in Breda, Netherlands (d. 1954)
  • Jun 5 Ivy Compton-Burnett, English novelist (Manservant and Maidservant), born in Pinner, Middlesex, England (d. 1969)
  • Jun 7 Julius P. Hoste, Belgium minister and daily newspaper publisher (Last News), born in Brussels, Belgium (d. 1954)
  • Jun 10 Leone Sextus Tollemache, British Army captain who was incorrectly alleged to have the longest English surname on record (Leone Sextus Denys Oswolf Fraudatifilius Tollemache-Tollemache de Orellana Plantagenet Tollemache-Tollemache), born in Lincolnshire, England (d. 1917)
  • Jun 13 Anton Drexler, German politician and founder of the German Worker's Party, born in Munich (d. 1942)
  • Jun 13 Gerald Gardner, British occultist and Wiccan (founding the tradition of Gardnerian Wicca), born in Blundellsands, Lancashire, England (d. 1964)
  • Jun 13 Étienne Gilson, French philosopher and historian, born in Paris (d. 1978)
  • Jun 17 Christine Bakker-van Bosse, Dutch feminist and pacifist, born in Batavia (d. 1973)

Person of interestÉdouard Daladier

Jun 18 Edouard Daladier, 72nd Prime Minister of France (1933, 1934 and 1938-40) and PM at the start of World War II, born in Carpentras, Vaucluse, France (d. 1970)

Prime Minister of France Édouard Daladier
Prime Minister of France
Édouard Daladier
  • Jun 19 Georges Ribemont-Dessaignes, French Dadaist artist and writer, born in Montpellier, France (d. 1974)
  • Jun 21 Claude Auchinleck, British Army commander during the Second World War, born in Aldershot, Hampshire, England (d. 1981)
  • Jun 25 Daniel-Henry Kahnweiler, German-French art dealer and publisher, born in Mannheim, Germany (d. 1979)
  • Jun 27 Gaston Bachelard, French philosopher (La psychanalyse du feu), born in Bar-sur-Aube, France (d. 1962)
  • Jun 28 Lamina Sankoh, Sierra Leonean pre-independence politician and nationalist, born in Freetown, Sierra Leone (d. 1964)
  • Jun 30 Georges Duhamel, French author (Vie et aventures de Salavin, 5 vol.), born in Paris (d. 1966)
  • Jul 2 Alfons Maria Jakob, German neurologist, born in Aschaffenburg, Bavaria (d. 1931)
  • Jul 3 Moses Leverock Crossley, Dutch bio-chemist, born in Saba, Dutch West Indies
  • Jul 4 Alexander Byvanck, Dutch art historian and archaeologist, born in Leiden, Netherlands (d. 1970)
  • Jul 6 André Dunoyer de Segonzac, French painter and cartoonist, born in Boussy-Saint-Antoine, France (d. 1974)
  • Jul 6 Willem Dudok, Dutch architect (town hall Hilversum/Beehive Rotterdam), born in Amsterdam (d. 1974)
  • Jul 7 Lion Feuchtwanger, German dramatist (d. 1958)
  • Jul 12 Amedeo Modigliani, Italian painter and sculptor (Reclining Nude), born in Livorno, Tuscany, Italy (d. 1920)
  • Jul 13 Francis B Young, British physician/writer (White Ladies)
  • Jul 16 Anna Vyrubova, Russian lady-in-waiting, the best friend and confidante of Tsaritsa Alexandra Fyodorovna, born in Oranienbaum, Russian Empire (d. 1964)
  • Jul 18 Alberto di Jorio, Italian Cardinal and former head of the Vatican Bank, born in Rome (d. 1979)
  • Jul 24 Abraham Rutgers, Dutch governor (Suriname, 1928-33), born in Amsterdam (d. 1966)

Person of interestDavidson Black

Jul 25 Davidson Black, Canadian paleoanthropologist and doctor of anatomy who identified "Peking Man", born in Toronto, Ontario (d. 1934)

Paleoanthropologist Davidson Black
Paleoanthropologist
Davidson Black
  • Jul 29 Henri Liebrecht, Belgian playwright/journalist
  • Jul 29 Ralph A. Bard, U.S. Navy Undersecretary (d. 1975)
  • Jul 31 Carl Friedrich Goerdeler, German Leipzig mayor and Nazi regime opponent (20th July Plot)
  • Aug 2 Rómulo Gallegos, 48th President of Venezuela (1948), born in Caracas, Venezuela (d. 1969)
  • Aug 8 Sara Teasdale, American poet (1st Pulitzer Prize-1918-"Love Songs")
  • Aug 10 Panait Istrati, Romanian writer (d. 1935)
  • Aug 12 Frank Arthur Swinnerton, English novelist (Summer Storm, Sanctuary)
  • Aug 16 Adrian S Oppenheim, Dutch lawyer/adviser (British Petroleum/Shell)
  • Aug 16 Hugo Gernsback, Luxembourg-born American inventor and sci-fi writer (1960 Hugo), born in Luxembourg (d. 1967)
  • Aug 23 Ogden L. Mills, U.S. Secretary of the Treasury (1927-1932), born in Newport, Rhode Island (d. 1937)
  • Aug 26 Earl Biggers, author ("Charlie Chan" detective series)
  • Aug 27 Vincent Auriol, President of France (1947-53), born in Revel, France (d. 1966)

Person of interestPeter Fraser

Aug 28 Peter Fraser, British-born New Zealand statesman and 24th Prime Minister of New Zealand (1940-49), born in Hill of Fearn, Scotland (d. 1950)

New Zealand Prime Minister Peter Fraser
New Zealand Prime Minister
Peter Fraser
  • Aug 29 Ehm Welk [Thomas Trimm], German writer, born in Biesenbrow, Brandenburg (d. 1966)
  • Aug 30 Theodor Svedberg, Swedish chemist, worked with colloids (Nobel 1926), born in Fleräng, Valbo, Gävleborg, Sweden (d. 1971)

  • Aug 31 George Al Sarton, Belgian-American chemist and historian, born in Ghent, Belgium (d. 1956)
  • Sep 2 Frank Laubach, Benton Pa, educator, taught reading through phonetics
  • Sep 17 Bastiaan de Gaay Fortman, Dutch historian and Justice of Curacao, born in Amsterdam (d. 1961)

Person of interestMaxwell Perkins

Sep 20 Maxwell Perkins, American editor and publisher, born in NYC, New York (d. 1947)

  • Sep 24 Hugo Schmeisser, German inventor and weapons designer, born in Jena, Saxe-Weimar-Eisenach, German Empire (d. 1953)
  • Sep 25 Kees Boeke, Dutch reformist educator (Cosmic View), born in Alkmaar, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Sep 25 John Howard Lawson, American scriptwriter and playwright (Blockade, Algiers, Sahara), born in NYC, New York (d. 1977)
  • Oct 5 Hendrik Tilanus, Dutch artillery officer and political leader (CHU 1939-63), born in Deventer, Netherlands (d. 1966)
  • Oct 8 Walther von Reichenau, German field marshal, born in Karlsruhe, Germany (d. 1942)
  • Oct 9 Helene Deutsch [Rosenbach], Polish-American psychoanalyst, born in Przemyśl, Poland (d. 1982)
  • Oct 10 Ferdinand Bordewijk, Dutch lawyer and writer (Bint), born in Amsterdam (d. 1965)

Person of interestEleanor Roosevelt

Oct 11 Eleanor Roosevelt, American 1st lady (1933-1945) human rights advocate (UN), born in NYC, New York (d. 1962)

US First Lady Eleanor Roosevelt
US First Lady
Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Oct 11 Friedrich Bergius, German chemist (benzine from brown coal, Nobel 1931), born in Breslau (Wrocław), Germany (d. 1949)
  • Oct 15 Archibald Hoxsey, American pioneer aviator (worked for the Wright brothers), born in Staunton, Illinois (d. 1910)
  • Oct 16 Rembrandt Bugatti, Italian sculptor (d. 1916)
  • Oct 25 Eduardo Barrios, Chilean novelist (The Love-Crazed Boy), born in Valparaíso, Chile (d. 1963)
  • Nov 3 Apie [Adrian P] Prince, Dutch author (Me Own Way)
  • Nov 4 Henry George "Harry" Ferguson, Irish aviator, engineer and inventor (Modern tractor), born in County Down, Ireland, United Kingdom (d. 1960)
  • Nov 5 James Elroy Flecker, English poet and dramatist (Hassan), born in Lewisham, London (d. 1915)
  • Nov 8 Hermann Rorschach, Swiss psychiatrist and psychoanalyst (inkblot test - Rorschach test), born in Zürich, Switzerland (d. 1922)
  • Nov 10 Jan van Nijlen, Flemish poet and author (Bird Phoenix), born in Antwerp, Belgium (d. 1965)
  • Nov 20 Norman Thomas, American socialist, pacifist and presidential candidate (1928-48), born in Marion Ohio (d. 1968)
  • Nov 22 Syed Sulaiman Nadvi, Pakistani religious scholar and biographer of Muhammad, born in British India (d. 1953)
  • Nov 24 Michel de Klerk, architect (Amsterdam School)
  • Nov 24 Itzhak Ben-Zvi, President of Israel (d. 1963)
  • Dec 1 Karl Schmidt-Rottluff, German painter (d. 1976)
  • Dec 3 Rajendra Prasad, Indian leader, First President of India (1950-62), born in Zeradai, British India (d. 1963)
  • Dec 3 Walther Stampfli, Swiss politician and member of the Swiss Federal Council, born in Büren, Solothurn, Switzerland (d. 1965)
  • Dec 6 Rose Schneiderman, American socialist, feminist, trade union leader and secretary of labor for New York State (1937-44), born in Sawin, Poland (d. 1972)
  • Dec 10 Zinaida Serebriakova, Russian painter, born in Kharkov, Russian Empire (d. 1967)
  • Dec 14 Regina Ullmann, Swiss poet and writer, born in St. Gallen, Switzerland (d. 1961)
  • Dec 18 Philippe van Isacker, Belgian minister
  • Dec 19 Antonin Zapotocky, Czechoslovak president (Ceskoslovensky Spisouatel)
  • Dec 28 Joseph Pholien, Belgian premier (1950-52)/communist hunter

Person of interestHideki Tojo

Dec 30 Hideki Tojo, Japanese Prime Minister during WW II (1941-44), born in Tokyo (d. 1948)

Prime Minister of Japan during WW II Hideki Tojo
Prime Minister of Japan during WW II
Hideki Tojo